From the latin fallacĭa, a fallace is a lie or a deception exerted on anyone bad intent. For example: "his job was just a fallace. He fooled me for years", «Paul manipulates everyone by its fallaces». Moreover, it is customary to give the name of fallace falsehoods designed to deceive or harm.
Concerning logic, a fallace is a fallacy, an apparent rebuttal which is appeal to defend something false by reasoning that is considered real even if they are not valid. It is a cognitive process that seeks to appear as logic but that the result is independent of the truth of the premises.
That said, the logical fallace is a misapplication of a logical principle valid. It may also include the application of a non-existent principle.
Here is an example of fallace:
1. the emeralds are green.
2. this ring is green.
3. However, the ring is in emeralds.
The two mentioned premises can be true. However, the conclusion is not necessarily true, since the ring may be emeralds or any green material. In the first case, the conclusion is true, but in the second, we would be facing a false conclusion.
It is necessary to mention another example of fallace, known under the name of ad hominem, either when it discredits a person to then discredit everything she says:
1 Martin asserts that it took Pierre in blatant stealing money.
2 Martin has a habit of lying.
3. However, Pierre has not stolen money.
In these cases, the fallace does not concern the validity of the claim, but rather the person (that makes the assertion).
CONTENIDO | Etiqueta: Definitions and meanings