Gestalt must be written with a capital I being a noun of German origin. Although it is often translated by theory of the shape or configuration, the original term is accepted as is, given that there is no exact equivalent in french.
Gestalt Psychology (said also gestalt) is a current of modern psychology, who appeared in the 1960s (20th century) in Germany through theorists like Wolfgang Köhler, Kurt Koffka, Max Wertheimer and Kurt Lewin.
This therapeutic argues that mind sets, by several laws, what it receives through perception or memory (intelligence). Gestalt psychology says that the whole is more than the sum of its parts.
Among the main laws announced by the current Gestalt, there is mention of salience (the tendency of the perceptual experience to adopt the simplest possible forms) Act, Act of closing (mind adds the missing elements to complete a figure), the law of similars (the spirit met similar items into a single entity), the law of proximity (the sequence of elements or partial agroupement based on distance) , Act of good form (off, symmetrical images are perceived as a single item) and the law of good continuity (the details that keep a direction tend to be assembled, making part of a template).
Should distinguish the Gestalt psychology and Gestalt Therapy, which belongs to the humanistic psychology and characterized his aims to develop human potential.