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Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), known in french as the Glasgow scale, is a neurological scale that can measure the State of consciousness of a person who has suffered cranio-brain trauma. It is used during the first 24 hours following the injury and it is used to measure three parameters: the opening of the eyes, the motor response and verbal response.
Cranio-brain trauma (TCE) is a blow to the skull that can cause many lesions. Its most common symptoms are headache, drowsiness, nausea and convulsions.
Regarding the response of the patient, the doctor sets a note each parameter. The sum of the three scores is the final result of the Glasgow scale. For what it is the opening of the eyes, the score can range from 1 (when the person does not respond) to 4 (where the opening occurs spontaneously). In the case of verbal response, notes begin with 1 (when the patient does not respond) and go up to 5 (response-oriented). Then, regarding the motor response, wide contemplates notes ranging from 1 (not responding) to 6 (when the person responds to the orders expressed by voice).
Concerning notes, the lowest you could get on the ladder of Glasgow is 3 points, while the highest is 15 points. Patients with the lowest scores are those whose cranio-Encephalic damage are more important. With regard to the result of the Glasgow scale, it is the physician to indicate the treatment to follow.