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Metacognition, also known as mental theory, is a concept that is arisen in psychology and cognitive science to refer to the capacity of human beings humans to match the thoughts/reasoning and intentions to other persons or entities.
Specialists found that this ability is congenital. When a person is in metacognition, is that she is able to understand and reflect on the mental state of oneself and of others.
Metacognition also refers to the ability to prevent his own behavior and that of others through the perception of sensations, emotions and beliefs.
Among the leading experts on the subject, there is mention anthropologist and psychologist Gregory Bateson, who began to investigate these issues compared to animals. Bateson found that puppies (dogs pups) played to fight and found clues and signs, they were able to detect if it were a battle simulated in a game or if it was a real fight.
Concerning human beings human, meta-cognition begins to be activated around the age of three or four years. One speaks of activation insofar as it is a congenital ability which is turned by means of effective stimulation. After childhood, the subject is constantly appeal to metacognition, without even being aware.
If meta-cognition is not developed, the person may have many pathological complications. Some are convinced that autism is a mental theory any anomaly. There are even several tests to verify how the metacognition is implemented in the spirit and the brain of an individual.