Ode is a latin word borrowed from Greek and referring to a poetic composition of the operatic genre. Ode can be developed in various intonations and forms, and can tackle any indole themes. In general, it is divided into stanzas or equal parts.
The original odes were sung to the sound of a musical instrument like the lyre. The odes were monodies (sung by one voice) or choirs (performed by a group of people).
Despite its thematic variety, the ode expresses admiration for something or someone. That said, an ode is a poem creates to pay tribute or make an exaltation. Several Greek poets were dedicated odes to the gods, athletes, warriors and heroes; others, on the other hand, preferred to exalt the figure of love and pleasures.
The Chilean poet Pablo Neruda is one of the best representatives of the Latin American ode. Neruda wrote odes themes-based spiritual (such as Joy), but also to pay tribute to his colleagues (Federico García Lorca, Walt Whitman) and objects seemingly unimportant (of the odes to the onion and socks, for example).
The German Friedrich Schiller is the author of "Ode to Joy" ("«Ode an die Freude" from its original name "). This poem has inspired Ludwig van Beethoven when he composed the Symphony No. 9, also known as the Ode to joy.
Symphony No 9 by Beethoven and Schiller poem gave birth to the European anthem, applied by the European Union in 1985. This masterpiece, which includes changes to the original poem, was interpreted for the first time on May 29, 1985.