Pacifism is the set of doctrines that seek to promote peace among nations. The concept follows peace, or the absence of violence or war, and the State of calm and tranquility.
Examples: "the opposition candidate is a recognized leader of pacifism", "leaders should understand that pacifism is the only option in international relations", "When the world has set aside pacifism, wars have dominated the scene again".
Pacifists, therefore, oppose all forms of violence. Pacifism may be regarded as an ideology, but it often results in a political, social or religious movement that actively encourages the spread of violent clashes.
Pacifism promotes dialogue, cultural exchanges and diplomacy in the relations between peoples. To deal with the violence, obviously, it is against violent methods, but it promotes conscientious objection (the rejection of certain legal rules considered unethical personal), (disobedience to the law for moral issues) civil disobedience and non-violent resistance (such as a strike, a boycott, etc.).
As a doctrine, pacifism dates back to the first years of Christianity, at the time where the sermons supported nonviolent action. From the 18th century, it gave him a different theoretical basis and has associated it with human rights.
Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948) and Martin Luther King (1929-1968) are some of the great leaders of modern pacifism. Both were killed while they were defending their beliefs.