What is the Meaning of: Republic | Concept and Definition of: Republic

Meanings, definitions, concepts of daily use

From latin res publĭca ("public thing"), the Republic is a form of organization of the State. In the Republic, the maximum authority shall keep his functions during a given time and is elected by the citizens, directly or through Parliament (whose members are also elected by the people).
By extension, Republic means the State that is organized and all non-monarchical regimes. This term is also used to refer to the political body of the society and the public cause (for example: "corruption of Ministers impair the Republic", "the Republic cannot tolerate the mistreatment of its officials").
The main channel for citizen participation in the Republic is the vote. The elections must be free and secret ballot. Thus, citizens can exercise their participation without pressures or constraints.
It is worth mentioning that among States which, throughout history, have are auto-dénommés republics, several of them failed the participation of their citizens in the elections and did not respect nor human rights. This is the case of totalitarian like China States or the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.). It is a little of the Islamic Republics, which are based on the Koran and not the Illustration (therefore, they are based on beliefs of faith and religious).
In addition to political participation active citizens, other principles are essential for the functioning of the Republic, namely, the division of powers, the concretion of the justice and the quest for the common good.
Note: This translation is provided for educational purposes and may contain errors or be inaccurate.