Solvent is a name that belongs to the field of chemistry. It is known for its property of fluid dissolve some substances, i.e., it dilutes or extract other substances without causing chemical modification of these and change itself. This compound is very common in everyday life, in particular in the paints and coatings industry. The homogeneous mixture between a solvent and a solute is the solution.
That said, in solutions, solvent or thinner is used in greater quantities than the chemical to dissolve and allows the solute to dissolve. In other words, solvent allows the dispersion of solute in its midst. In general, the solvent is precisely the substance that determines the physical state of the solution.
It is worth mentioning the polar solvents (which, in turn, are divided in protic polar and polar aprotic) and apolar solvents, depending on their molecular composition. Solvation is the process through which the solvent molecules disperse around the solute while allowing the dissolution. Solvent the courant, also considered the universal solvent is water.
The concentration of the solution shows the relationship between the quantity of solvent and the quantity of solute in a homogeneous mixture. Finally, we will retain most solvents are toxic, which may enter the body through respiratory, dermal or digestive track, reason why it is important to follow all the safety instructions.