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Education is a process of socialisation through which the individual acquires and assimilates knowledge of any kind. It is a process of cultural and behavioural awareness, materialized under a set of skills and values.
When people suffer a certain intellectual or physical disability, their needs may not be met by the traditional educational system. It is at this point that appears the concept of special education, which, as its name suggests, differentiated features (i.e., special).
Special education provides the technical and human resources to compensate for the disadvantages suffered by pupils. Thus, students can complete the process of learning in an environment conducive to their abilities.
Special education dates back to the 16th century, at the time where the deaf had access to differentiated classes. Over time, special education is institutionalized and is oriented to all kinds of different capacities. Moreover, there are special education for gifted children, which capabilities are more advanced compared with other students of their age.
The purpose of special education is to provide the educational tools to those who have different needs of the average. Thus, children with a any disability have the right to training (teaching) and develop into any development, so that they can fit into adult life more easily. The goal is to help children to become independent, able to fend for themselves through feedback education adult insofar as possible.