UNESCO is an acronym for «United Nations Educational», Scientific and Cultural Organization (Organization of United Nations Education, Science and Culture). It is an organization belonging to the United Nations that was founded in 1945 and based in Paris (in France).
UNESCO is dedicated to helping nations to manage their own development through the maintenance of the natural and cultural resources. The goal is that each people can modernize and fit into the world panorama without losing its own identity.
Many of the tasks performed by this organization, there are mention the teacher training, construction and development of schools, the preservation of cultural heritage and encouraging freedom of expression.
UNESCO is responsible to appoint and confirm the declared world heritage sites. The programme receives support from 184 countries and aims mainly to preserve and disseminate important reputed places for their unique culture or nature, considered as part of the common heritage of humanity and which must be protected for future generations.
Currently, there are 936 properties that UNESCO considers as belonging to world heritage. The Italy and China are two countries that include more sites of outstanding universal value. Alhambra (Spain), the cave of Altamira (Spain), the Palace of Versailles (France), the Acropolis of Athens (Greece), the historical Centre of Rome (Italy), Westminster Abbey (United Kingdom), the Kremlin (Federation of Russia), the Statue of liberty (USA), the old city of Havana (Cuba), the falls of Iguaçu National Park (Argentina/Brazil) and the Galapagos Islands (Ecuador) are some of the property included in the UNESCO list.