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Utilitarianism is a philosophical doctrine that usefulness is a principle of morality. It is a teleological ethical system that determines the moral conception to the final result.
The results are therefore the basis of utilitarianism. Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) was one of the pioneers in the development of this philosophy, who proposed his ethical system around the concept of pleasure and away from physical pain. The utilitarianism of Bentham has a link with hedonism insofar as it considers that moral actions are those that increase maximum pleasure and which minimize pain.
John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was able to develop this philosophy while away from the hedonism. For Mill, general happiness or pleasure must be calculated from the good major for the largest number of people although it admits that some pleasures have a 'top quality' to others.
Please note that utilitarianism has changed the way of thinking. While religious morality based on rules and divine revelations, utilitarianism antéposait results. Thus, the reason replaced faith in the determination of morality.
Utilitarianism has always distinguished itself for its relative simplicity. To determine whether an action is legal, simply estimate its positive consequences as well as the negative. When the well Super evil, we can consider it as a moral action.
Besides the philosophical system, the concept of utilitarianism was a critical sense to designate the attitude which enhances the usefulness of overreacting and that antépose its achievement to anything else.