Biography of David Ben Gurion

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A father to Israel 16 October 1886
December 1, 1973

Who is David Ben Gurion?


David Ben-Gurion was born the day 16 October 1886 as David Grün in Plonsk (Poland), then part of the Tsarist Empire. Very young emigrated to Palestine: David is the son of one of the leaders of the movement that claims the independence of Palestine from the oppression of the Jews of Eastern Europe. The idea of bringing Israel to independence became the goal of his life.

At the age of twenty, in 1906, he worked for some years as a breeder. Changes its name into that of Jewish origin Ben Gurion, and joined the labor Zionist movement, of which he became leader.

In 1915 he was expelled from Palestine owing to his nationalist activities: Decides to go to New York, where he manages to create close links with local Zionist party.

After the first world war back in Palestine, designated by the United Nations as a "National Home" for the Jews. In 1930 he founded the Mapai (Israel workers ' Party) and from 1921 to 1935 is the Secretary General of the Histadrut (General Federation of workers).

From 1935 to 1948 David Ben Gurion acquires as Chief Cabinet of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. His involvement ranges from the development of the country in resolving the question of immigrants, active secretly against Arab Governments and British.

During World War II intervenes in defence of his people exterminated in Nazi concentration camps. Convinces ten thousand Jews to take up arms in the British army to fight the Germans, and at the same time authorizing a body secret to hide Jewish refugees in the country.

On May 14, 1948 Israel declares independence, but at a high price: the Arab militiamen join the Palestinian troops to destroy the nascent Jewish State, led by Ben Gurion, knows how to contain and repel the attack.

It is the Prime Minister in the country's history and Defense Minister from 1948 to 1953 and from 1955 to 1963. During the Suez crisis of 1956, he ordered the invasion of Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula. Winning operations are coordinated by the franco-British militias. Agrees to withdraw its troops only after the request of the United Nations. For the Arabs this conflict represents the affirmation of Jewish imperialism, for the Jews was the only system to make eleven years of relative peace.

David Ben Gurion retires from political life in 1963; He died ten years later, the day December 1, 1973.

Today he is revered as the "father of the nation".