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The social context in which the Vanguards were developed was extremely agitated. The consequences of the industrial revolution were still fresh when the first world war and the Russian Revolution, charting a new political map. As made an aggravating circumstance of this troubled situation, the economic system was suffering its most serious crisis in the history. It is therefore, important changes that were suffering and feeling that could contribute positively to them, seeking the avant-garde have social interference through his art. Thus, a work already was not only intended to contemplation, but to reflect these changes.
Some examples of these movements are: Dadaism, which emphasizes the unreasonable, in the rebellion and the destructive; surrealism, which is based on the tenets of Freud about the unconscious trying to reflect on the work; futurism, which was inspired by technical advances; ultraísmo, favoring the free verse and the development of metaphor; Cubism, representing reality through geometric shapes; Expressionism, emphasizing the Interior experiences; and Fauvism, which purported to express feelings using colors.
In general, the Vanguards failed to prosper, mainly for lack of sustenance himself and only based on the rejection of other trends. However, needed to recognize that they have had an important influence on the artistic creations of the 20th century and the now.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.