In two or three bullets of a comic strip a cartoonist (or a draughtsman and a screenwriter in conjunction) have something about an aspect of everyday life. There is a majority theme; It may be a strip with a political approach, social criticism or satire about a character of today. On the other hand, should take into account that this format can also be oriented a childish and appear in magazines and books.
This journalistic tradition began in the nineteenth century in the context of the Anglo-Saxon world press (the strips are known as comic strip). It must be borne in mind that the press emerged historically as a genuine instrument of freedom of expression.
The comic strip can be understood as a subgenre of literature and it is worthwhile to emphasize that it is related to other genera or creative activities: comics, graffiti, the medieval romances of blind, satire or the popular joke.
Some featuresAs a general guideline the comic focuses on a singular character (a superhero, a humanized animal or a child). These comics have traditionally resorted to black and white and the use of color is minority. Its main feature is the combination of two elements: drawing and the word, being the dialogue more employee the way the majority of strips. The purpose of the comic strip is obvious: cause a smile in the reader. However, that smile has different approaches: encourage reflection on a problem, defend or censure a position or draw attention to an issue of general interest. In any of its variations, humor is always the core of the cartoon.
The success of the comic stripsIf the comic strip of the nineteenth century have become popular around the world, it might be wondered what reasons explain this global phenomenon. The format presented probably has much to do (drawing reinforces the word creating a message that arouses the sympathy of the reader). On the other hand, there is a direct and easy to understand communication so you don't need a calm and slow reading. The comic strip creates a kind of complicity between the author and the reader, the first seeks to surprise and the second being caught.
Finally, must insist on the essence of the comic strip: humor as a form of communication. The humor is more than just a resource to entertain and proof of this is its presence in all the art forms (theatre, cinema, painting or the circus). In this way, if there are hundreds of serious and worrisome news, in a newspaper comic strip is the only element that alters the dynamics of seriousness and gives a comic touch that contrasts with the tragedies of the events, the political crises or human dramas of daily newspapers.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.