What is the Meaning & Definition of guillotine

Machine used to decapitate people sentenced to capital punishment

The guillotine is a machine used in the middle ages who would take on even greater importance at the behest of the French revolution in the 18th century to behead people.
It was at that time the most popular instrument in European countries to apply to prisoners, the death penalty.
Consists of a wooden frame on which falls a hyper-sharp blade that is responsible for cutting the heads of the imprisoned to which places him in her knees unto the fulfilling of the aim of cutting the neck.

A violent, cruel and famous method

Without a doubt the guillotine is one of the methods of more violent and cruel death penalty that were applied in the history of mankind and as noted it gained great popularity during the late 18th century when it was used it widely to execute persons sentenced to capital punishment or death penalty. As was the case with the French monarch Luis XVI and his wife María Antoinette, who were trimmed after the judicial process that was initiated against the French revolution that would put an end to the institution of the monarchy. Executed them to the monarch and his wife in the famous Plaza de la Revolución.

It takes its name from the medical and Deputy Frenchman who promoted its use during the French Revolution

Its name derives from the doctor and French Deputy Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin who proposed their use in France of the revolution. Anyway and as already noted above, Guillotin, was its creator nor much less since similar machines were used from the 13th century.
We must emphasize that while this doctor was the promoter of the use of the guillotine when he occupied a seat in the Assembly, paradoxically, he knew how to demonstrate against the death penalty. His proposal had the handle to propose a more humanitarian method of execution to which had been using so far.
In those years and of course in earlier centuries the executions were characterized by their tremendous violence and cruelty.
Fortunately in the first years of the 20th century its use was extinguished from the hand of the abolition of the death penalty in many States.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.