What is the Meaning & Definition of Habeas corpus

Habeas corpus is a concept that has an extended usage in the field of law. Consists of a legal institution whose purpose is the avoid the arbitrary arrest of persons and guarantee the personal freedom of all individuals, without exception. Normally this legal remedy used it is to curb abuses by the police or political authorities since it forces the situation of the detainees be brought to the knowledge of a competent judge.
I.e., habeas corpus is a right that everyone has that it is stopped to testify before a judge or authority as soon as that is possible and publicly, meanwhile, once the judges listen to the testimony of the detainee shall determine whether or not his arrest is coming and if they consider that it is not must immediately order the release.
Then the habeas corpus process intends to defend and contain two very important rights, such as individual freedom and integrity, that is, a person can not stop unfair way, without reasons and nor may be assaulted or tortured during his detention.
Any person who considers that their freedom is threatened with irregularly entitled according to habeas corpus to ask to review your situation. And in those cases in which the person feel that his honor has been damaged may also require the rectification to a judge.
There are local and international organizations that are concerned with ensuring these rights and of course defend the institution of habeas corpus.
It should be noted that the use of this resource goes back to the time of the Roman Empire where being used as a legal tool to prevent violations of the freedom of citizens who suddenly were deprived of their liberty by any person and not by a competent authority.
Meanwhile, formally, the institution of habeas corpus would begin to apply in the first years of the 14th century, in England, when Eduardo I ruled and required him to report about the arrest of a subject.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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