Monday, January 04, 2016

What is the Meaning & Definition of regular and irregular verbs

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A verb is a word used to express some kind of reaction which affects one or several subjects. The different languages have a verbal structure to refer to events of the present, the past or the future. Each language has its peculiarities in terms of verbal forms.
Verbs have a primitive form, the infinitive, used to name them. It is a non-personal, such as the participle and the gerund form, because they do not require a person accompanying (me, you, him...) to use them.
The verbs are conjugated, that can be expressed in many ways: present simple, past perfect, future simple, pluperfect, etc.
Verbs have a root and a few terminations or endings, which vary depending on the time and the verbal mode.
There are two types of verbs: the regular and the irregular. Both belong to one of the three conjugations in Spanish, that end in ar (love, be or play), ending in er (pleasure, to protect or enforce) and ending in go (sleep, leave or go).
Those who do not change their root when combine them are regular verbs. The verb amar maintains am root in any of its forms (love, I loved, I love...). On the other hand, irregular verbs have alterations in its root in some of its forms (the word fit, it would be yo quepo, cabré I or yo cupe).
Lexeme or root remains fixed in the regular and you are modifying in the irregular. Some of the most commonly used regular verbs are: working, drinking, live and learn. Among the irregular would be: count, smell, hear or put.
If we say that a verb is regular this implies that a pattern, a same schema follows. Consequently, it is easier to use in their various forms. The irregular are not subject to a pattern or model, are changing. Thus, it is more difficult to combine them correctly and often make mistakes when using them; especially if the speaker is a foreigner and are not familiar with the language.
The difference between the regular verbs and the irregular is due to a language is not a fixed and theoretical structure, but is a living and changing reality. If all the verbs are regular, the communication would be easier, but also simpler, more boring and less rich. Indeed, the only attempt of creating a common and universal language (esperanto) has not been very successful; probably because must like human beings to express themselves in their mother tongue, although it has regular and irregular verbs.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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