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What is the Meaning & Definition of surrealism

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Considered one of the most representative of 20th century artistic styles, Surrealism emerged in the Decade of 1920 as part of the advance of the artistic avant-gardes that sought to represent ideals other than the academics, breaking the laws of traditional painting and therefore achieving, the attention of the viewer in a direct way. In the case of surrealism, the presence of unrealistic images and in many cases even figurative, which aimed to follow the designs of feelings rather than of the reason can be designated.
As its name implies, Surrealism as avant-garde art was characterized by represent what was observed in reality so unreal, fantastic or absurd. In many cases, surreal pictures are not the product of reality if not of dreams and of the non-rational ideas that the artist had in his mind at the time of the work. Works do not have a graphic linearity, spaces are usually broken, the proportions of the figures are not real, and colors often are invested.
The socio-political context of the time certainly is related to the development of this artistic avant-garde since it was inserted in a historical period of widespread crisis caused by the war and by the different economic and social complications. This reality of despair, fear and disorder had on surrealism one of its most representative to these artists show a different, altered reality and in many cases chaotic.
However, Surrealism was not simply a group of artists who sought to represent reality in a different way. Thanks to the work of French André Breton, the movement spread to much of Europe and made it especially at the level of philosophical and theoretical, to establish what they called "the surrealist revolution" or the total absence of logical and rational thinking.
Among the most important artists of Surrealism should mention without doubts to Salvador Dalí, Joan Miró, René Magritte, Man Ray, Paul Klee and others whose works are unmatched in their unique, challenging and deeply poetic style.

Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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