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It is very common to hear tell someone that the car "not copied" the unevenness of the floor, while preserving passengers and avoiding them feel or suffer any kind of bump, ripple or whatever that it is there.
In short, the suspension is a system that has two very clear functions which are closely related: the comfort of the occupants of the vehicle and a proper control of the vehicle.
The suspension system of a vehicle is a nexus between the actual chassis and wheels which are those that draw directly the irregularities (or not) of the ground that is going. In this way and being located between both parts (chassis and wheels) makes that 'information' that comes from the ground reaches most attenuated to the cockpit so that the driver and the occupants can have a pleasant trip.
In the current car suspensions used are varied. The most widely used today is the use of independent suspensions that differs from the system where the wheels (wheels of the same axle, in reality) are linked by elastic media.
In cars front suspensions are usually more complex than the rear since the front wheels are usually drive (with exceptions) and, (this is a no-brainer but account...) are what make the car turn. For this reason, in the days running the front axle of the car is independent. The most commonly used on the front axle suspension is the MacPherson.
On the other hand we have the rear suspensions that (as already said) not having that absorb "extra work" of the directionality and the transmission has a mechanical and much more simple elements.
Needless to say that the emblematic of a suspension system element is among others the damper, a device that is intended to the absorption of energy to reduce unwanted oscillations of a repeated movement.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.