In the network configuration is called family of protocols to the Group of standards that establish the connection to the Internet. Commonly, it known as TCP/IP, because those are the most recognized protocols that make up this family. However, the whole is composed of more than 100 protocols.
The first, TCP, is the Transmission Control Protocol, while the second, IP, Internet Protocol. Others also present are HTTP or HyperText Transfer Protocol, ARP or Address Revolution Protocol, FTP, File Transfer Protocol, SMTP or Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, and many others. These are frequently used in Internet operations such as web browsing, sending and receiving e-mail, and rise and downloading files to web sites. TELNET, to cite another case, is a protocol that provides access to remote computers.
Again in reference to TCP/IP, you can say it is Internet base where they are standards that allow you to connect multiple computers together, setting up networks of greater or lesser extent, as a local (LAN) or a wide (WAN). Often, to set up a home network will have to enter parameters of operation of TCP/IP, among other information.
These protocols had its origin in the military area, since they were developed in the ' 70s from the United States Department of Defense.
All of these protocols are intended to serve in the transmission of data at different levels, being the superiors of those that relate to the user, and the lower the most basic network. Today, our typical home Internet connections are still based on this Protocol which already has more than 25 years of life.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.