What is the Meaning & Definition of Temple of Luxor

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In the modern city of Luxor (ancient city of Thebes the ancient Egypt) stands one of the most lavish temples of this civilization, the Temple of Luxor.
This building was built 1300 years before Christ, in the time of the Pharaohs Amenhotep III and Ramesses ll, who drove this building to worship the gods, especially to the God Amon, which each year was honored with a procession to celebrate the arrival of the new year. The procession began at the Temple of Karnak and ended at the Luxor.

Structure of the Temple of Luxor

Its architectural structure is based on a courtyard of great size, a lobby, the Hypostyle open, solar patio and the sanctuary, although later joined other elements (chapels, the birth and some added at the time of Alexander the great, as the Hall of the boat). The main entrance has a great pylon which describes the military deeds of Ramses ll. The obelisks that were near the pylon were moved to France after the campaign military Napoleon in Egypt. Two granite statues are preserved in the outside and especially highlights the set of columns with capitals surrounding the courtyard.
The temple has a length of 260 meters and is connected to the Karnak Temple through a path decorated by statues, especially Sphinxes representing the Pharaohs.

Between the divine and the human

The Luxor Temple is also oriented to the veneration of the Pharaohs, who had a divine origin. In this respect, to reaffirm their earthly power held a ritual to commemorate the divinity of the Pharaoh in one of the rooms (the divine birth room). This ritual was serving another function: transmit to the people that the Pharaoh would continue to ensure its prosperity. In this way, the Luxor Temple had a double meaning: as a sign of respect to God and as a symbol of power of the Pharaoh.

The figure of el Aire de Dios in the Center

Ls Egyptologists agree that the central figure of the temple is the Dios Amon (also known as Amun-re), which is the most important divinity of this civilization. Amon is the symbol of air, because it remains hidden even if it is present. This God was very revered by the people and for this reason were made offerings that were performed in the Temple of Luxor and the Karnak. Between the village and the Pharaohs, were the priests who officiated in the rooms of the temple rites.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.