Specially composed by the population of the privileges the Yes enjoyed by the nobility and the clergy, also used to them are referred to as non-privileged group. Other denominations also received the third State throughout history: taxpayers, plain State, people, common people and populace, common.
The sectors composing this third State are, on the one hand the peasantry, which was the greater part of the population, commonly enrolled in servitude or in the seigniorial regime and on the other hand the bourgeoisie, who were those inhabitants of the cities, theoretically free, unlike farmers who were not in fact; Meanwhile, the bourgeoisie were part: organized in guilds in turn each trade craftsmen, traders and merchants, who also had an organization similar to the farmers, especially in cities and regularly at fairs and finally the urban populace.
Usually existed large differences in wealth between the members of the third estate, since for example the peasantry were farmers rich that they were owners, or alternatively, tenants of large farms and on the contrary, labourers, belonging to the same group but who were not even owners of tillage tools. There were also important differences within the bourgeoisie itself, differing in high-middle-class and lower-middle-class. To give a just idea, those who were members more rich of the third State even exceeded in power to the lower nobility.
However, despite constituting the majority sector of the population, in some situations, they had no rights and were subject to the decisions of the monarchs and other walks of life.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.