What is the Meaning & Definition of Tornado

Known as one of the most dangerous meteorological phenomena, the tornado is a column of air that moves in space and that can destroy everything that is in its path due to the energy of the air currents that compose it. The tornado is a column of air in movement that can vary in thickness as well as its destructive power.
One of the most important characteristics of a tornado is that it remains a point of union with both ground or the Earth and clouds in the sky from which it is formed. The clouds that can form a tornado are known as cumulonimbus clouds. These clouds are characterized by being low, with vertical development and balanced currents of cold and hot air, which keeps them constantly on the move. In addition, a cumulonimbus cloud is a cloud with much presence of moisture and great power which begins to be generated from the movement and exchange of gas between the hot and cold air.
A tornado is usually that of a funnel. This means that their center of power is located in the upper part, where the cloud begins to form the column of energy. As this low towards the Earth, the thickness decreases forming a narrower column at the bottom. Anyway, the narrowest part of the tornado may include many kilometres away to the ground. It is on this bottom where there is destruction as they scroll tornado exerts its power against what is, by air lifting and destroying it in their center of power. Many times, however, tornadoes can be as violent and powerful that the column of air keeps the same thickness both at the top and at the bottom.
Usually, tornadoes are accompanied by a momentary change in the climate, appearing rain and darkening the sky suddenly due to the intense presence of clouds. Tornadoes usually last a few minutes and when they end the climate it can be clarified. However, during those minutes of duration tornado are actively displaced and can cause damage in very large geographical areas.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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