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What is the Meaning & Definition of trauma

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A trauma is an injury that can occur in any part of the body product of the mechanical effect of an agent or external object that occurs in abrupt or violent way. Injuries give rise to trauma or injury, when they occur in several parts of the body speaks of Polytraumatism.
The main causes of injury are falls, blows, accidents, Burns, wounds by weapons, electrical shock, drowning and situations of natural disaster such as earthquakes, floods, fires, among others. The degree of injury that occurs depends on several factors such as the intensity of the event and the organs or tissues that were affected.
The most common injuries affect the skin, producing wounds that can be sharp, stabbing or stab, as deeper tissues causing bruises, bruises, sprains, tears of muscles and ligaments, or fractures. When trauma affects deep structures are called according to the cavity affected, as the case of trauma is head injury, which affects the brain and other structures of the central nervous system; trauma spinal cord; thoracic trauma, which affect structures like lungs and heart; or abdominal trauma, where can be pierced viscera or shatter organs such as the spleen and the liver capable of producing massive bleeding. The trauma of cavities are of a more serious and can cause complications able to compromise the life by direct injury to vital organs or blood vessels there located.
The management of patients with trauma begins even before your arrival to the hospital or health centre, basic first aid and wound care measures are of great importance for stabilizing the victim until you can receive the care of a team of trauma. These measures are put into practice by fire department personnel and paramedics, however anyone who has received some kind of training can provide valuable help.
Basic implementation in people with polytrauma measures are to assess the State of awareness and airway, check if the person is breathing and verify pulse, you have to control the bleeding by direct compression on injured blood vessel and limit movements to avoid possible fractures that may be present, to move should be important attention to the spine especially your cervical segment lesions at this level have serious consequences with permanent sequelae.
Once in the hospital carry out various interventions to sustain life while they evaluate and diagnose existing lesions, extensive injuries or in cavities can warrant procedures such as exploratory surgery to be able to assess and treat injuries.


Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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