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Classification into types used at the behest of various fieldsTypology is the study or classification in different existing types that takes place in any discipline. Types are copies that they possess the typical traits of a species or of a genre that represent.
Then, the focus of study of the typology will be classes, differences that can mark and identify the most basic forms of a model. As consequence of this task is that the typology is extensively used in systematic studies that are conducted in different fields to precisely determine the categories.
Most of the fields of science demands a categorization methodology, to print order and organization.
As already noted, this study or classification is widely used in various disciplines, then mention some of them and how to apply effectively.
Use in Linguistics, anthropology, graphic arts, architecture, archaeology, and psychologyFor example, the linguistic typology compares the different languages taking into account its major grammatical features to classify them and establish relations between them.
Then, we find the archaeological typology or lithic typology, which are the two disciplines dealing with instances of archaeology to classify those elements exhumed in-situ in archaeological excavations.
By his side, anthropological type, is responsible for the division between different cultures based prominently on most distinctive traits of the same.
Theology is also another of the disciplines that boasts its own typology, the theological typology, which deals with the interpretation of some of the characters, stories and most representative omens that appear in the old testament.
Graphic arts also used this concept to designate the type or shape of letters that make up a text, for example the type of letter that you choose to edit a text document, Arial, helvetica, Times New Roman, to name a few of the most popular.
On the other hand, in the construction of buildings, homes, and any other structure, also involved the typology studying the basic types that are part of the architecture, for example, in the design of a house the number of rooms that will have, the amount of bathrooms, among others.
The precise study about our ancestors also applies the typology and thus it is possible to study various utensils and objects that the man knew how to use in the past and which were appropriately found in excavations and missions carried out by archaeology. Found once they are classified and sorted depending on presenting.
And psychology, recursively uses the classification carried out promptly by the prestigious psychologist Carl Gustav Jung, which is based on archetypes, those ancestral images present in the collective unconscious of humanity. Meanwhile, the classification of Jung, usually, it accompanied with test of personality or other controls to classify these emotional characteristics, thoughts and behaviors specific to each person.
In the final reckoning, typology, enters game in those sciences that require the classification of elements.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.