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What is the Meaning & Definition of Typhoon

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The Typhoon is an extremely strong winds result from the rotation of the air around an area of low pressure. We could say that typhoons are the Pacific Ocean what the hurricanes over the Atlantic Ocean. Because the Typhoon is just a typical cyclone who suffer the eastern coasts of Asia and is characterized by the virulence of the winds and storms that come with the wind.
Then, the low atmospheric pressure and condensation of the humid air from the environment which becomes of great importance and power showers are triggers of this particular climate phenomenon. Typhoons usually form generally in aquatic environments open sea or ocean, causing them to land or continental zones depending on the force to develop as they advance. Some of them lose speed and power before reaching land and are therefore harmless, while others added more and more force making arriving at Earth are extremely dangerous and harmful.
Features and impact of the typhoons on Earth
Typhoons are characteristic of tropical zones in them are the ideal climatic and atmospheric conditions for the formation of storms and permanent moist air condensation. One of the most distinctive features of typhoons, element that serves to differentiate it from other phenomena such as tsunamis or tidal wave, is that typhoons often formed from winds and storms combined together that are structured in a concentric manner and always keep an empty Center. As they gain space and strength, these typhoons become more visible on radars and specialized teams thanks to the amount of clouds that together.
The Typhoon is capable of producing very fast winds, towering waves, tornados and torrential rains which are capable of producing the most impressive consequences that you can imagine, including the impact on populations: buried under water a population, boot houses rennet and any other solid structure.
Note that when they penetrate into the Earth its strength begins to decimate it and this is the explanation that coastal areas are always the most affected by them while the interior areas can be it but to a lesser extent.
Classification
The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane scale is a scale that is used internationally to measure the strength of the Typhoon. It was developed by the American engineer Herbert Saffir and meteorologist Robert Simpson in 1969. It includes levels that are 1-5, being the weakest category number 1 and number 5 most important damage and impact level.
Hurricane Andrew, which hit the United States in August 1992, Hurricane Mitch affecting central America in 1998, Hurricane Katrina which also dealt a severe blow to the United States in 2005 and the recent typhoon Haiyan, which devastated several coastal towns in the Philippines in November 2013 are located within the highest category of this scale , the number 5.
While enrolled in the category 5 cyclones and to cause enormous damage in its wake are rather rare and not happen constantly, worth mentioning is that when they do occur they are capable of causing impressive damage to infrastructure and the loss of thousands of human lives, look no further than the best sample is Haiyan these days in the Philippines that has already left 10,000 dead and destroyed cities completely.
Study and prediction
Typhoons are undoubtedly one of weather events more analysed and investigated by scientists. Thanks to technological advances there has been in this sense, sophisticated computers, satellites, sensors, simulation programs, among other instruments and devices is to be predicted in advance these phenomena, although of course, beyond this sometimes violence with which they act is what is difficult to predict and generally it is such that nothing can be done to avoid their tremendous collateral damage.
Denomination
It is common practice for a long time to call with names to tropical cyclones, hurricanes and typhoons with the Mission of making easier the task of dissemination of their arrival by means of communication, to give them an important entity and not pass unnoticed by the public, to start the insurance damage claims , among other issues. Meanwhile, is the World Meteorological Organization, who is in charge of the decision to those names.
About Typhoon Haiyan that hit and devastated in the Philippines, we have a special article.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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