What is the Meaning & Definition of typhus

Typhus is the name given to a group of infectious diseases generated by the presence of a bacterium, Rickettsia. This bacterium is a parasite that is inserted on the skin of an individual and can leave in it a multitude of harmful elements that are feeding from the organism. Normally the typhus is spread from the presence of lice, fleas or ticks from animals that carry the bacteria, passing through human skin, deposited it over it and allow to start the cycle of growth and development. It is estimated that the typhus gets its name from the Greek word typhos, meaning hazy or filled with smoke, in relation not to the form of bacteria or their brands if not to the State of mind in which a person with typhus acts, a mental state of confusion, ditraccion, lack of concentration and semi unconsciousness.
The history of typhus is not very old and its earliest records lead us back five centuries when at the end of the 15th century. At some moments in history, the presence of this disease became major epidemics that required much effort and time to be controlled, causing thousands of deaths due to its rapid spread. In general, specialists estimate that this type of disease is usually more easily attack humble social sectors since they have less chance of acting against the infectious focus. Similarly, people with malnutrition or lack of normal health were always the clear objective of this type of infection had. Such is the case of the thousands of dead by typhus which took place in different concentration camps nazis of World War II, fields in which were kept detainees in inhumane living conditions, with high levels of malnutrition and greater contagion-prone by overcrowding.
Typhus occurs through the symptoms of high fever, chills, pain in the joints, severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and muscle, redness of the skin, dry cough, back pain and abdominal, photophobia or intense sensitivity to light, delirium, and low blood pressure. Today there are vaccines that are important to prevent the spread of the disease and even though it has been eradicated in much of the West, there are still regions of Africa, Latin America and Asia in which can be found which are always asked to visit those regions having the appropriate vaccine.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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