What is the Meaning & Definition of University

Referred to as university educational establishment dedicated to higher education and to the investigation of a particular topic, which is also empowered to give academic degrees and professional qualifications.
University institutions of public character and many other management private, regulated in all cases by government agencies responsible for the control of educational levels are available in most parts of the world. In almost all over the world, the public university system is not free of charge, given the high costs caused by variables such as building maintenance, local laboratories and other parameters.
The University is the optional educational stage, because remember that primary and secondary education is compulsory in any part of the world. University, precisely, happens to the secondary stage and has a huge responsibility to form who tomorrow will be diagnosing or prescribing any remedy for the treatment of a disease, in the case of physicians, or imparting justice in any court.
The need of man to build up and expand their knowledge is what led to the creation of several universities in various ancient civilizations, why top universities date back to remote times, even before Christ, such is the case of the Academy founded by the Greek philosopher Plato in Greece in the year 387 BC
But apparently the modern University model would have been taken of the various Persian and Arab universities that were characterized by their rigor in study, research and teaching, including many European universities, the oldest, was founded by the Arabs. Remember even the famous institution of Avicenna, current Iranian territory, perhaps the first 'modern' University, although it dates back to the 10th and 11th centuries.
It was in these houses of European studies where it would appear the bases of thinking that gave rise to the technological society and the industrial revolution there by the 18th century. However, this golden age will last until the 20th century when this hegemony that knew how to reach and hold the world is snatched by the universities or colleges (as like to call them Americans).
This devaluation had much to see the decline suffered in Europe after the war, which made United States to order as a super power from every point of view and the knowledge area is one that most grew thanks to the migration of men of science and European intellectuals who left their devastated countries in search of a better chance. Thanks to this is that the Americans concentrated the best universities in the world.
However, in the first half of the 20th century, Latin American universities were a boom driven by the formation of professionals in other parts of the world, with contribution of knowledge later in their Nations of origin. This circumstantial splendor is extinguo in the second part of the century. Anyway, there is currently a tendency to change, driven no doubt Brazil, since that nation is the headquarters of the Latin American universities most prestigious and sought after in that region of the world.
Traditionally, universities are divided into several fields and within each of these appears another division (in schools), which shared libraries, halls of studies, among other things. Each school ("school", in English, such as the primary or secondary school) can teach several university degrees, for example, the Faculty of Sciences of education and Social communication, is responsible for the teaching of these two races. Sometimes, especially in the case of membership of several references in a discipline, a lot of students, or both circumstances, the same area can be divided in several departments. Thus, the departments of Anatomy in the faculties of medicine usually have various teaching bodies differentiated, which share a common strategy and a programme.
In addition, the impact of modernity has given rise to the birth of chairs, departments and faculties to complete based on digital resources. In addition to the increasingly less common one-way lecture, new students have access to the content offered through lectures and videos online, taught by a teacher who can interact with learners located in distant parts. Some institutions offer comprehensive materials, seminars, courses or workshops with these platforms, through which students are able to ask the teachers in the field of forums, debates, exchanges of emails, chat rooms and other resources. It is speculated that the future of much of the universities is heading in this direction, given that, as well as increasing the number of students, a significant reduction of numerous costs with cheaper races and the possibility of greater access to knowledge is achieved.

Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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