He is considered that Teotihuacan was a citadel or urban centre that was built prior to the arrival of the Spaniards in America by the maya civilization. It has been estimated a good date to date this urban complex would be around 200 BC, making it one of the oldest urban creations of America. Teotihuacan means "the place of the gods" in the original language of the Maya and is therefore also considered that this place may have been created for religious and ceremonial purposes as well as housing.
Teotihuacan is a vast space surrounded by nature and mostly built in stone. There are a number of varied monuments built pyramid-shaped and mostly ceremonial purposes, in honor of gods such as Quetzalpapalotl or Quetzalcoatl. There are also buildings constructed in honor of the Moon and the Sun since the Mayans had, like many other pre-Columbian cultures, had a special relationship with the astros not only religious but also astronomical terms.
The pyramids have impressive staircases and are decorated with gargoyles representing typical wildlife of the region, as well as also having sculptures and decorations of different type across its surface. Some of them have beautiful galleries and corridors through which explore different parts of the construction. All these constructions are linked together by a kind of main street called street of the dead, which is wide almost like an avenue. In different temples that comprise the archaeological complex the Maya performed different types of ceremonies and ritual acts to honor these gods or others.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.