Wednesday, January 13, 2016

What is the Meaning & Definition of scientific theory


Human beings need to understand what surrounds him and at the same time seeking solutions to the problems that are presented. To do this, create explanations that are convincing, and which serve to meet challenges of all kinds. There are many possible explanations of reality (spiritual forces, mythological visions, or the acceptance of an idea as valid because apparently it is satisfactory). However, the explanation that now has greater acceptance is scientific, which arises through a scientific theory.
A scientific theory is a set of laws, facts and hypotheses that constitute a complete vision about an aspect of reality. The theory of evolution, relativity or the cell theory are examples of conceptions of scientific considered as a theory.
A scientific theory helps to explain a number of phenomena in an objective manner, subsequently phenomena must be understood in all its dimensions, and finally, the explanation and understanding the enable predictions.

Relevant aspects in relation to the concept of scientific theory

The scientific method is the way by which a researcher presents an explanation of a few facts. Currently the most accepted in the majority of science method is the hypothetical-deductive. Any scientific theory involves the use of a method of inquiry.
Scientific theory is basically explaining, but it must be borne in mind that there are different forms of explanation: deductive type, which is based on the probability, the functional explanation or one that is based on the origin of something, its genesis (each science is inclined to a sort of explanation or another).
-The technical and methodological requirements of the scientific theories are useful to delimit what is science and what isn't. It should not be forgotten that some theories are presented as scientific but do not meet the conditions to be (are the pseudoscientific theory).
-The concept of scientific theory is associated to the infallibility of the scientific method, permanent progress and the objectivity of science. This image is questioned by some thinkers, who recall that throughout history the scientific theories have been happening and, accordingly, its claim to truth was limited to a specific time (if current theories denying the past, stands to reason that the theories of the future also will oppose those of the present).
To illustrate this idea, remember a historical case of great significance: the geocentric theory replaced the heliocentric theory of the universe and the change from one model to another was very slow and controversial (for a long period of time the two theories were rival positions until the heliocentric vision was imposed as a new paradigm).
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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