Biography of Carlos Drummond de Andrade

October 31, 1902
August 17, 1987
The poet Carlos Drummond de Andrade was born on 31 October 1902 in Brazil, in Itabira, a mining village in the State of Minas Gerais, in the southeast of the country, two factors that belong to families of Portuguese origin. His cultural education starts in Belo Horizonte and continues in Nova Friburgo, where Carlos attended the Jesuit College "Anchieta". He enrolled in the University course in pharmacy, but after getting a degree never works as a pharmacist; undertakes the teaching career and as a journalist, before accepting an assignment from an official of the Ministry of education. Meanwhile, he devoted himself to writing and poetry.

The early literary works

His early works are satirical; thereafter Drummond leave attract from new forms of Brazilian modernism that develop in the 1920s, encouraged by the work of Mario de Andrade. While he devoted himself to cultural activities of various General (based, among other things, "Revista", a literary magazine), makes it more and more substantial production. His literary debut officer can be traced back to 1930, when publishing "Alguma Poesia" (in Italian, "poems"), collection of poetry in which the dictates of modernist blend with introspective tones quite innovative. Four years later it was the turn of "Brejo das Almas" (in Italian, "the swamp of souls"), in which Carlos Drummond de Andrade showcases an obvious sarcastic and humorous charge.

The recognition of talent

It was not until 1940, however, with the publication of "Sentiment do Mundo" (in Italian, "Feeling in the world"), which the author of Itabira gets the true consecration. With this collection, in fact, the talented Carlos is fully and unanimously recognized, aided by the contrast between lyricism and irony that characterizes most of his work.

The war years

Later, in the 1940s, World War II underway exerts a significant influence on the writer, whose works become more impetuous and tackle more social. After "José", 1942, you're "A rosa do Povo" (in Italian, "La rosa del popolo"), in 1945.

The years ' 50 and ' 60

In the 1950s, then, Drummond approaches poetry characterized by a climate almost haunted, mysterious and at the same time of contemplation. It is known, among other things, "Claro Enigma" (in Italian, "clear enigma"), entitled pretty explanatory, of 1951, but also in "Fazendeiro do ar" (in Italian, "Fixer") of 1954, and in "Quadrilha" (in Italian, "Irish"), of the same year. In 1955 is published the collection "Viola de Bolso" (in Italian, "Viola da Pocket"), while for the next nine years wait poetic work: it was not until 1964 that is given to the press "Liçao de Coisas" ("Lesson"), followed in 1968 "Boitempo".

The years ' 70 and ' 80

In the late sixties and early seventies are published "A falta que ama", "Nudez", "As" and "Menino do Branco Impurezas Antigo" ("Boitempo II"). In 1977 are given to the press "to visit," "Discurso de Primavera" and "Algumas Sombras", while the year after turn "or marginal clorindo gato". Among his later works include "Esquecer para Lembrar" ("Boitempo III") of 1979, "in 1980," "Case do Paixao Medida Vestido" of 1983, 1984 's "body", "Amar se aprende amando" 1985 and "Wandering" Poetry: in this decade, the verses often acquire a strong erotic charge. Always in the 1980s, the Brazilian writer Carlos Drummond de Andrade is particularly prolific in the production of children's literature: since 1981, when it is published "Contos plausìveis", until 1987, the year of release of "Moça deitada na grama", passing by "Boca de luar", "O observador no escritòrio" and "Tempo vida". Carlos Drummond de Andrade died at eighty-four years on 17 August 1987 in Rio de Janeiro.
Article contributed by the team of collaborators.

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