Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Abraham Maslow… David Ricardo… James Prescott Joule… Santo Tomás de Aquino… Biographies Multiposts

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Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Abraham Maslow
  2. Biography of David Ricardo
  3. Biography of James Prescott Joule
  4. Biography of Santo Tomás de Aquino

Biography of Abraham Maslow

(1908/04/01 - 1970/06/08)

Abraham Harold Maslow
American psychologist
He was born on April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. It was the first of seven children from a marriage of semiliterate self-pictures immigrants.
His intelligence quotient was 195, the second highest of the season. He married his cousin Bertha, despite opposition from his family.
He studied at the University of Wisconsin. Most of his teaching career was spent at Brandeis University.
During the second world war he left experimental psychology and tried to understand the causes of hatred, prejudice and war. He considered Orthodox Behaviorism and psychoanalysis too rigid theoretically, and troubled by mental illness, held a theory of motivation that the description of the process whereby the individual goes from basic needs, as feeding and sexual intercourse, the higher needs. He called it self-realization and consists of the development of the personal potential. Humanistic psychotherapy, usually employed as a group therapy, is applied to help the individual to progress through the stages ranging from elementary basic needs to the top.
His most important works are motivation and personality (1954) and toward a psychology of being (1962).
Abraham Maslow died in Menlo Park from a heart attack, on June 8, 19

Biography of David Ricardo

(1772/04/19 - 1823/10/11)

David Ricardo
British Economist
He was born on 19 April 1772 in London. Was the third of seventeen children of a banker Jew who emigrated from Holland to England.
He dropped out of school at age 14 to work in a brokerage agency. The reading of the works of Adam Smith pushed him, since 1799, to devote much of his time to the study of the economy.
When he was 25 years old already it was rico thanks to their investments in stock market. His retirement from the business allowed him to engage in intellectual work from a young age. In his first title of economic theory, The High Price of Bullion, to Proof of the Depreciation of Bank Notes (the high price of bullion, proof of the depreciation of banknotes, 1809), he defended a strong currency whose value depended on some precious metal.
In his most important work, Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (principles of political economy and taxation, 1817), exposes theories based on his studies on the distribution of wealth in the long term. He argued that population growth would lead to a shortage of productive land. It supported the theory of international trade, stressing the importance of international specialization and free competition.
His theory of value work, which influenced the thought of Karl Marx, says that wages depend on the price of food, which in turn depend on production costs, which depend on the amount of work required to produce the food. Marx and Henry George were inspired in their doctrine and also many conservative ideas were based. His monetary ideas, which had a decisive influence in England, were the result of a controversial fight against inflation - to avoid an excessive expansion of bank credit-, and are a clear reflection of reality. During the last four years of his life he was a member of British Parliament.
David Ricardo died in London 11 October 18

Biography of James Prescott Joule

(1818/12/24 - 11/10/1889)

James Prescott Joule
British physicist
He was born on 24 December 1818 in Salford, Lancashire (Great Britain).
Known primarily for his research on electricity and thermodynamics. In the course of their investigations about the released heat in an electrical circuit, formulated the currently known as Joule law which provides that the amount of heat produced in a conductor by the passage of an electric current each second, is proportional to the resistance of the driver and to the square of the current. He was able to determine the numerical relationship between thermal energy and mechanics, or the mechanical equivalent of heat. The unit of energy called July is named in his honor; is equivalent to 1 Watt-second.
Discovered, together with the physicist William Thomson (lord Kelvin), to the temperature of a gas decreases when expanded without any work. This phenomenon, which is known as Joule-Thomson effect, serves as basis to normal refrigeration and air conditioning systems.
James Prescott Joule died in Sale, Cheshire, on October 11, 1889.

Biography of Santo Tomás de Aquino

(Unknown - 1274/03/07)

St. Thomas Aquinas
Italian theologian and philosopher
"In this life it is better to learn to love things than us, but it is better to love things that are superior. Respect of Dios is best to love him to know it, because knowledge makes things come to us and adapt to our way of being; but love, which is the charity, makes us leaving us and us launches toward the beloved."
Thomas Aquinas
He was born in a noble family in Roccasecca (near Aquino, in Italy).
She furthered her studies at the Benedictine monastery of Monte Cassino and in the University of Naples. When still not had graduated, in 1243, he entered the Dominicanorder. His mother, who opposed the entry of shots into a mendicant order, kidnapped him and kept him in custody in the family Castle for more than one year in a vain attempt to get him to abandon the path he had chosen. When it was released in 1245, he traveled to Paris to complete his training.
He studied with the German scholastic philosopher Albertus Magnus, following him to Cologne in 12Finally ordered priest in 1250 and began to teach at the University of Paris in 12Two years later appeared his first writings.
Chief Representative of the scholastic tradition; founder of the Thomistic school; known as the "Angelic Doctor", "Common Doctor" or "Universal Doctor". As first important work highlights Scripta super books Sententiarum (c. 1256), consisting of comments about an influential work related to the sacraments of the Church, known as the Sententiarum libri quatuor, Italian theologian Pedro Lombardo. His best-known work is the Summa Theologica, treated in which exposed the Catholic doctrine. In 1256 they awarded a doctorate in theology, as well as being appointed Professor of philosophy at the University of Paris. The Pope Alexander IV, who occupied the Papal Chair from 1254 to 1261, called him to Rome in 1259, where he served as Director and Professor at the papal curia. In 1268 he returned to Paris, where was involved in a controversy with the French philosopher Siger of Brabant and other followers of the Islamic philosopher Averroes.
Before Aquino Tomás, Western thought had been dominated by the philosophy of St. Augustine, great father and Doctor of the Western Church in the IV and V centuries, who considered that in the pursuit of the truth should rely on the experience of the senses. At the beginning of the 13th century the main works of Aristotle were available in a Latin translation of the school of translators of Toledo, accompanied by the comments of Averroes and other Islamic scholars. Vigor, clarity and authority of the teachings of Aristotle returned confidence in the empirical knowledge, giving rise to the formation of a school of philosophers known as averroistas. Under the leadership of Siger of Brabant, the averroistas claimed that philosophy was independent of the revelation. This position threatened the integrity and supremacy of the Roman Catholic, Apostolic doctrine, and filled with concern the Orthodox thinkers. Ignore to Aristotle, as the averroistas did it was impossible, and condemn his teachings were useless. He had to be taken into account. San Alberto Magno and other scholars had tried to make against the averroistas, but with little success. Santo Tomás triumphed with brilliance. He first suggested his opinion matured in De unitate intellectus against averroistas (1270). This work became the trend against his opponents, who were censored by the Church.
1272, left Paris to live in Naples, where he organized a new Dominican school. In March, 1274, while traveling to attend the Council of Lyon, which had been sent by Pope Gregory X, he fell ill. He died on March 7 at the Cistercian Monastery of Fossanova.
He was canonized half a century after his death by Pope John XXII and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius V in 15Her feast is celebrated on January 28.

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