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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Agatha Christie biography
- Biography of James Fenimore Cooper
- Biography of Fausto Coppi
- Biography of Francois de La Rochefoucauld
- Oriana Fallaci biography
- Biography of Pippo Fava
- Tommy Lee Jones biography
- Caterina Murino biography
- Gianmarco Pozzecco biography
- Moana Pozzi biography
- Biography of Pino Puglisi
- Oliver Stone biography
- Biography of Umberto II of Italy
Agatha Christie biography
September 15, 1890
January 12, 1976
Who is Agatha Christie?Agatha Mary Clarissa Miller was born in 1890 in Torquay, England to an American father.
When the baby is still young, the family moved to Paris where the future writer undertakes inter alia vocal studies.
Her father just ten years, is bred by her mother (as well as that by bubbie), a woman with an extraordinary perception and collimante often not Romantic fantasy with reality. However, Christie's father was certainly not a paragon of virtue, being a family man devoted to cricket and that card to the family. However, Christie's childhood would be an ordinary middle-class childhood except for the fact that never went to school. Even his formal education took charge directly, and sometimes mother the various rulers of the House.
In addition, adolescence did much social life until marriage, in 1914, with Archie Christie who later becomes one of the first pilots of the Royal Flying Corps during the first world war. Christie had meanwhile developed a strong passion for music, and in fact, become a little more self-conscious about its own future, aspires to become an opera singer. Unfortunately (or fortunately, from the point of view of literary history), doesn't get many hits in this capacity, which persuades her to return to England. Agatha in this period began his career as a writer with fictionalized biographies under the pseudonym Mary Westmacott, but are ignored both by the public and critics alike.
The idea for her first novel, "Poirot at Styles Court, she was working in a hospital as an Assistant in the dispensary, in contact with the poison.
But the first success came in 1926 with "nine to ten". After the death of her mother and abandonment by her husband (after a divorce kept the surname solely commercial reasons), Agatha disappears and, after research conducted throughout the country, is found in Harrogate in Northern England under the effect of amnesia. For two or three years, under the influence of severe depression, he wrote novels, much less his most successful operas, until a train ride for Bagdad the inspired "murder on the Orient Express" and made her fall in love with Max Mallowan married in 1930.
In 1947 its success is now so strong that the Queen Mary, at his 80th birthday, asks the author, as a birthday present, the composition of a comedy. Christie, which flattered the request extends the story "Three blind mice", which the Queen proved afterwards to like very much. But the audience has always proven to be very attached to his works. Translations in 103 languages in some cases has become so popular by the myth. In Nicaragua, for example, was even issued a stamp with the effigy of Poirot. In 1971 she was awarded the highest honor granted by Great Britain to a woman: the D.B.E (Dame of the British Empire).
At Christmas in 1975 novel "Curtain" Christie decided to kill the now famous detective Hercule Poirot, while the January 12, 1976, at the age of 85 years, she dies in his country house in Wallingford. He is buried in the cemetery of the village of Cholsey in Oxfordshire. According to a UNESCO report, Agatha Christie in life earned about 20 million pounds, i.e. just over 23 million.
Still, Agatha Christie is a certainty for publishers who publish his novels, being one of the best selling authors in the world.
Her Winston Churchill said, "is the woman who, after Lucrezia Borgia, lived longer in contact with crime."
Biography of James Fenimore Cooper
September 15, 1789
September 14, 1851
Who is James Fenimore Cooper?James Fenimore Cooper is American writer best known for the novel "the last of the Mohicans". James Fenimore Cooper was born on 15 September 1789 in Burlington, New Jersey, the son of Elizabeth and William. He moved with his family when he was only one year, in New York State, at the border of Otsego Lake, where the father-judge and member of the Congress of the United States-is still uninhabited territories and founded a settlement and giving birth to what would become Cooperstown.
James goes to school in Albany, New York and New Haven before then; then, between 1803 and 1805 he attended Yale College. It is, however, expelled from college for having stolen food and dangerous conduct, after having blown the door of a companion.
The experience in the army
A few years later the future novelist joined the United States Navy: become a Lieutenant after two trips on a merchant vessel, the 18 May 2010 marries in Mamaroneck with Susan Augusta de Lancey, belonging to one of the most famous families of the place, and a year later resigned from Office.
Moved, then, in Westchester County, where he devoted himself to writing his first book, titled "precaution", is an old-school novel completed in 1820; It is followed by "the light", released in 1821 and a great success, and "pioneers", published in 1823 and the first of the series of stocking penpusher (Leatherstocking Tales).
The last of the Mohicans
Between 1824 and 1825 James Fenimore Cooper writes a bold and exciting story with "the pilot" and a less successful work as "Lionel Lincoln"; recalls, however, in 1826 with what is still considered his masterpiece, "the last of the Mohicans".
At the same time traveling in Europe: in Paris publishes "The Prairie" and "The Red Corsair" (considered by critics to be the worst book of his whole production). In the following years brings to life "The Wept of Wish-ton-Wish", "a traveler's opinions Bachelor" and "the sea witch".
In defense of the United States of America
In 1830, then writes a series of letters to a Parisian newspaper, the "National", in which he defends the United States against certain accusations from the Revue Britannique ": is this the beginning of a long series of run-ins with the press, where from time to time defends himself or his country.
It is precisely his Republican spirit to animate its three stories later: see the light in 1831 "Bravo" (set in a Venice ruled by an oligarchy rough behind the Venetian Republic), followed in 1832 "The Heidenmauer" and in 1833 the executioner ": i.e. the Abbot of Vigneron": Although "Bravo" is panned by critics, all three literary works get a good success.
The return home and criticism to the country
Back in the United States in 1833, Cooper published a "letter to my Countrymen", which provides its own version on the events in which he was involved and his fellow critics: an attack that is reiterated in 1835 in "Monikin" and "American Democracy".
Shortly after, James Fenimore Cooper is dedicated to the commemoration of their European travels and experiences across the Ocean: in "England", three volumes published in 1837, and in "Forced return" and "How I found my homeland", released the following year, stand out above all the vainglory and the high opinion which the author himself.
It is also for this reason that the gap between the writer and the audience goes progressively growing: Cooper must deal with numerous citations for contempt and Whig attacks. He manages, however, to win all the causes in which he is involved, so it has a chance to return to his work as a writer, with the pride that set it apart: in 1839 released "history of United States Navy", while the ' Pathfinder 1840 "(which continues the saga of Leather-Stocking) and" Mercedes of Castile ".
Between 1841 and 1844, however, is the time of "The Deer Hunter", "the two admirals", "wings and wings", "history of Wyandotte, a Pocket handkerchief", "Ned Myers" and "the adventures of Miles Wallingford".
The last years
In the last years of his life James Fenimore Cooper omits some of the works of fiction to pursue litigation, where art stands out: it is known, for example, in two Manuscripts of a few pages. " After realizing "lives of celebrated American naval officers" and "crater, which is the top of the volcano", in 1848 he wrote a review of "red", "Pirate Jack Tier", and "the hole in the oak".
In 1849 he published "the lion of the seas", and the following year gives rise to the "now". This is his latest creation: James Fenimore Cooper died of dropsy on 14 September 1851 in Cooperstown, a day before 62 years.
Biography of Fausto Coppi
September 15, 1919
January 2, 1960
Who is Fausto Coppi?Angelo Fausto Coppi was born in Castellania, Alessandria, September 15, 1919 in a family of humble origins. He spends his life in Novi Ligure, viale Rimembranza, then Villa Carla on the road to Serravalle. Little more than a teenager is forced to get a job as an apprentice of delicatessen. Guy and polite way is immediately appreciated for his dedication, his introverted and his natural kindness.
For hobbies running here and there on a rudimentary bicycle given to him by his uncle. Relaxes from work with long outings, where intoxicates on contact with the outdoors and nature.
In July 1937 his first race. The path is not easy, even if everything takes place mainly from a provincial village to another. Unfortunately halfway through the race is forced to retreat because a tire suddenly deflates.
The beginnings are not so promising, despite the withdrawal is due to chance and luck rather than the athletic prowess of the young Fausto.
While Chan thinks cycling above his head blows up World War II. Military in Tortona, corporal of the third team of a platoon in the company square under the orders of Fausto bin, is taken prisoner by the British in Africa, in Cape Bon.
On May 17, 1943 he was interned in Megez el Bab and then transferred to the concentration camp of Blida, near Algiers.
Fortunately come out unscathed from this experience and, once back home, he was able to resume his workouts on a bicycle. The November 22, 1945, Sestri Ponente, married with Bruna Ciampolini, which will give him the first of his children (Faustino, following the scandalous relationship with the White Lady).
Shortly after, some observers, convinced of his talent, he calls the Legnano, which becomes the first professional team in which it takes part. Later will defend the colors of the following teams: Bianchi, Carpano, Tricofilina (the last two down your name). At the end of 1959 to the s. Pellegrino.
The first year of professionalism, coming with 3 ' 45 "ahead in Florence-Modena of Italy won a victory that allows him to disprove general forecasts they wanted Gino Bartali race winner. In Milan he came rose, Fausto Coppi Angel.
Some of the other solitary rides that made rivers of ink were: 192 Km stage in Cuneo-Pinerolo Italy Giro d'Italia of 1949 (plus 11 ' 52 "), 170 Km of Giro del Veneto (plus 8 ') and 147 Km of Milan-Sanremo in ' 46 (14 advantage ').
The Champion of cycling, won 110 races including 53 per posting. His arrival on the solitary great achievements was announced with a phrase, coined by Farney in a famous commentary of the time: "A man in command!" (Farmer had added: "[...], his Jersey is Lazio, named after Fausto Coppi!").
The great cyclist won the Tour de France twice in 1949 and in 1952, and five times the Giro of Italy (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952 and 1953) and went down in history for being one of the few cyclists to have won the Giro and the Tour in the same year (also including Marco Pantani, 1998).
To his credit, there were three times the Milan-Sanremo (1946, 1948, 1949), five rounds of Lombardia (1946-1949, 1954), two Grands Prix of Nations (1946, 1947), Paris-Roubaix (1950) and a Flèche wallonne (1950).
Fausto Coppi died on January 2, 1960 for a malaria contracted during a trip to Upper Volta and not diagnosed in time, which crushed the life just 41 years.
His story of the cyclist, characterized by rivalry with Gino Bartali Alliance, and the vicissitudes of life, marked by secret relationship with the "White Lady" (which caused enormous scandal in post-war Italy), have made the legendary cyclist a figure that, beyond the fact, sports is truly representative of Italy of the years ' 50.
Biography of Francois de La Rochefoucauld
September 15, 1613
March 17, 1680
Who is Francois de La Rochefoucauld?François VI, Duc de La Rochefoucauld, Prince de Marcillac was born in Paris on September 15, 1613.
It is considered one of the most important writers of epigrams and the greatest French writer of maxims.
Francois de La Rochefoucauld was representative of the ancient French nobility in time where the Royal Court was for the nobility, swinging, sometimes help and sometimes a threat.
His most important work is the "maximum" of 1665; the author combines the capability of psychological introspection with a concision that gives elegance and balance in each epigram.
Thanks to its noble origins Francois de La Rochefoucauld has the ooprtunità to have a good education. At sixteen years of age not yet decide to enlist in the army. At the same time debuted in French public life; formally, a year before his enlistment nominally marries Andrée de Vivonne. For some years the Prince de Marcillac takes part in military campaigns, in which proves to have a bold font; However it won't get no recognition for his military values.
After the military experience is taken under the wing of Madame de Chevreuse, the first of three women that most affect the author's life.
Through Madame de Chevreuse, Rochefoucauld nears Queen Anne of Austria and Cardinal Richelieu.
Marcillac acquires increasing importance at Court, but will never find that luck needed to take the leap. Even after the death of his father, his unfortunate period doesn't seem to end, and during the battle of the Faubourg Saint Antoine in 1652, is shot in the head, risking blindness.
Shortly after recovering, La Rochefoucauld starts dating the salons of Madame de Sable. It was during this period that he began to write the "memories", and "high". Three years later, in 1665, publishes the "high" (original title: "Reflexions ou sentences et maximes morales"). Posting him among the law writers of the time.
In the same year he began his friendship with Madame de la Fayette, which will be by his side until the end of his life. After a long and troubled Francois de La Rochefoucauld disease dies in Paris on March 17, 1680.
Oriana Fallaci biography
June 29, 1929
September 15, 2006
Who is Oriana Fallaci?The controversial writer challenged in his later years mainly because of its actions regarding relations with Islam, was born in Florence on June 26, 1929, in full Fascist era. The years of his childhood are those of Mussolini's power: maybe a little thinking about the effect "passionaria" and rebellious writer struggling with a similar climate.
The air we breathed in the House is certainly not conducive to dictatorship. The father is an active anti-fascist, so convinced of his choices and his ideas that even involves small Oriana-then just ten years-in the fight with strength or similar lookout. The baby learns to use weapons thanks to hunting parties organized by his father, dragging behind the baby during his hunting trips.
Become a little bigger Oriana joins the clandestine resistance movement, always guided by his father, becoming a member of the Corps of volunteers for freedom against the Nazis. It's a very hard period for the Fallacious, and perhaps from those events that can be traced back his famous temper iron woman, who will distinguish-hardened in the years of maturity and stardom.
These events which we mentioned consider the father not only captured, imprisoned and tortured by the Nazi troops (fortunately managed to survive), but see also the future writer receiving a honorary recognition from Italian Army for his activism during the war, and that he was only 14 years old!
After the war he decided to dedicate himself to writing in an active and ongoing basis, with the serious intention of making a profession of life.
Before coming to the novel and the book, Oriana Fallaci is dedicated mainly to journalism, one that in fact she later gave him international fame. Well deserved fame, because you have reports and interviews, memorable indispensable analysis of some events of contemporary history.
Beginnings are tied to the context for various newspapers Chronicle, but the directors with whom he meets struggling to not recognize in her a little more fabric type. Begin flocking broader assignments and great responsibility, as interviews with important personalities of politics or the report of international events. His exceptional skill at port "European", a prestigious weekly of great depth and cultural journalist, and then collaborate with other newspapers, both in Europe and in South America.
Among the most memorable exploits is to remember his inflamed interview with Ayatollah Khomeini, leader of Iran's theocratic regime and disinclined to recognise women's rights and dignity, in contrast to Fallaci, who has been at the forefront in this kind of claims. Khomeini, among others, has not been treated with indulgence or remembered better even in the declarations contained in the article – "the rage and the pride".
Also to remember the meeting with Henry Kissinger, induced by the journalist, with pressing questions, talking about topics ever dealt with others, as some questions regarding his private life (later the same Fallaci said surprisingly to be extremely unsatisfied with this interview, seen as one of its worst failures).
Afterwards the summa of talks with the powerful of the Earth is collected in the book "interview with history".
The fundamental attitude that has always characterized the Fallaci is based in an exemplary manner in his statement that refers just to the book and his way of conducting the interviews: "on every personal experience I leave bits of soul and participate in what I see or feel like I was myself and I had to take a position (in fact I always based on a precise moral choice)".
From this it should be noted as writing the Nazca by precise always Fallacious justifications of ethical and moral order, all filtered through a hardening of writer as few civil our country can boast. Somehow his name can be combined, with all the diversity only Pasolini, who wrote a heartfelt letter and historical-memory following the tragic event of his death. As reported by the "input" which typically causes it has take pen and paper "is to tell a story with meaning [...], is a thrill, an emotion or psychological and intellectual policy. ' Nothing so be it ', the book about Viet Nam, for me it's not even a book about Viet Nam, is a book about the war. "
Another example that fits is a best-selling text and impactful, that did not fail to raise its output (like almost all her lyrics), great discussions: we are talking about "letter to a child never born", published in 1975, written following the loss of a son.
A significant example of the pathos that Fallaci pours in his books is the best-seller "a man" (1979), novel spread following the death of fellow Alekos Panagoulis. In the novel "Inshallah" writes the history of Italian troops stationed in Lebanon in 19As in most of his books also in this case the writer view, stress to normal individuals rather than large groups, to throw off the yoke of oppression and injustice of various kinds and species.
His books have been translated into more than trena countries; among the recognitions is an honorary degree in Literature received from Columbia College of Chicago.
Although originally from Florence, Oriana Fallaci has long resided in New York: "Florence and New York are my two homelands", tells herself.
And it is precisely the great attachment to the United States, from great admiration that Fallaci feel for this country, that his reaction to the terrible September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the Twin Towers.
In a letter sent to the then Director of the Corriere della Sera Ferruccio De Bortoli, Oriana Fallaci broke the silence that lasted a long time. He did it in his own style, a visceral and powerful style that never leaves indifferent and who raised a vast echo in the world. We don't just bring back below the beginning of that script:
"You ask me to speak this time. You're asking me to break the silence that at least this time I chose, I force myself to not mingling at cicadas. And I do. Because I knew that even in Italy some joy as the other night on Tv rejoiced Palestinians in Gaza. "Victory! Victory! " Men, women and children. Assuming that whoever does such a thing may be called men, women and children. I hear some cicadas luxury, politicians or so-called politicians, intellectuals or so-called intellectuals, as well as other individuals who do not deserve the status of citizens, behave essentially the same way. They say: "serves him right, the Americans are good." And I am very, very angry. A cold anger angry, lucid, rational. A rage that eliminates any posting, every indulgence. I sort of answer him and spit on him first of all on him. I spit on you ".
Long suffering from an incurable Oriana Fallaci has disappeared in Florence at the age of 77 years the September 15, 2006.
His latest work, entitled "a hat full of cherries", was released posthumously in 2008 and tells the story of the family that Oriana Fallaci had worked for over ten years. The book is published on determination of Edward Perazzi, grandson and heir of Oriana Fallaci, who followed precise provisions concerning publication.
Bibliography of Oriana Fallaci
The seven sins of Hollywood
The useless sex
Penelope at war
If the Sun dies
Nothing so be it
That day on the Moon
Interview with history
Letter to a child never born
The rage and the pride
The force of reason
Oriana Fallaci intervista Oriana Fallaci
Oriana Fallaci intervista sé stessa
UN cappello pieno di ciliege
Biography of Pippo Fava
September 15, 1925
January 5, 1984
Who is U Liotru?Giuseppe Pippo Fava was born on September 15, 1925 in Palazzolo Acreide, Syracuse, the son of Helen and Joseph, teachers at an elementary school. He moved to Catania in 1943, he graduated in law and became a professional journalist: collaborates with several newspapers, both local and national, including "time shown in Milan," Tuttosport "," La Domenica del Corriere "and" Sport ".
In 1956 he was hired by the "night Express": appointed editor-in-Chief, writes about football and cinema, but also news and politics, interviewing Cosa Nostra bosses such as Giuseppe Genco Russo and Calogero Vizzini. Meanwhile, he began to write for the Theatre: after the unprecedented "Vortex" and "something" (designed in collaboration with Pippo Baudo), in 1966 creates "Chronicle of a man", which won the Premio Vallecorsi, while four years later "violence", after winning the award is taken to IDI, on tour throughout Italy (with debut at the Teatro Stabile di Catania).
U liotru is also dedicated to nonfiction (in 1967 for public Process to Sicily "Ites") and fiction ("pages", always with the same Publisher) before, in 1972, "On proboviro. On Italian Opera buffa ". As a result, approaches to cinema, since Florestano Vancini directs "La violenza: Quinto potere", film adaptation of the first drama of Falcon. While Luigi Zampa brings to the big screen "Gente di rispetto", his first novel, Pippo Fava continues to be inspired by his creativity: writes for Bompiani "Gente di rispetto" and before "kill you", without losing the passion for theatre with "beautiful, beautiful", "Delirious" and "Opera buffa"; then leave the "Espresso" and moves to Rome where for Radiorai leads the radio program "you and I".
While continuing its collaboration with il Corriere della Sera and Il Tempo, wrote "love Symphony", "Foemina ridens" and the screenplay for the film by Werner Schroeter "Palermo or Wofsburg", taken from his book "passion of Michele": the film won the Golden bear at the Berlin Film Festival in 19In the same year, the Sicilian journalist and author became Director of the "Giornale del Sud": greeted with skepticism at first, gradually gives life to a young editorial staff which includes, among others, Rosario Lanza, Antonio Roccuzzo, Michele Gambino, Riccardo Orioles and his son Claudio Fava.
Under his leadership, the newspaper changes course, and among other things, denounces the interests of Cosa Nostra in drug trafficking in Catania. The experience at the "journal", however, ends in a short time: both U Liotru aversion towards the realization of a missile base in Comiso, both for supporting the arrest of boss Alfio Ferlito, both for the newspaper to a group of entrepreneurs (Giuseppe Aleppo, Gaetano Graci, Salvatore Costa and Salvatore Lo Turco, the latter in contact with the boss Nitto Santapaola) from not very transparent.
Fava, in the early 1980s, an assassination attempt narrowly put into practice with a bomb made with a pound of TNT; shortly after the newspaper was censored before printing the first page dedicated to infringing activities of Farah. Foo is then permanently laid off, despite the opposition of his colleagues (which occupy the editors for a week, receiving very few claims of solidarity), and remains unemployed.
With his colleagues, therefore, decides to create a cooperative, called "Radar", which aims to fund a new publishing project: the Group publishes the first issue of a new magazine, titled "the Sicilians", in November 1982, despite not having operational means (only two Roland presses used, bought with bills). The magazine, with a monthly, it becomes a reference point for the fight against the mafia, and that investigations are published to draw media attention from all over Italy: not only ordinary crime stories, but also the complaint of mafia infiltration and opposition to missile bases on the island.
The first article signed by U Liotru is called "the four horsemen of the Apocalypse mafiosa", and is a detailed denunciation of illegal activities of four entrepreneurs in Catania, the Knights of Labor: Francesco Finocchiaro, Mario Rendo and Gaetano Graci, and Carmelo Costanzo would have direct links with Nitto Santapaola clan. Just two of them, Garcia and I, in 1983 they try to buy the newspaper (together with Salvo Andò) to try to control it: their demands, however, are empty. On 28 December 1983 Fava gives an interview to Enzo Biagi for Filmstory "aired on Raiuno, that reveals the presence of mafiosi in the Parliament, the Government, in banks.
That's what his last public intervention before his assassination that is staged on January 5, 1984: is the second intellectual, after Giuseppe Impastato, to be killed by Cosa Nostra. At half past nine in the evening, the journalist is in via Catania Stadium, and is heading to the Teatro Verga to fetch his granddaughter, committed to "think it over, Giacomino!": is gunned down by five shots, 7.65 caliber bullets, which hit him in the back of the head.
In the beginning the police and the press speak of a crime of passion, highlighting that the gun used in the murder is not normally used in the massacres mobsters. Mayor Angelo Malone, however, supports the hypothesis of economic reasons behind the murder: this is also the reason that prevents public ceremonies.
Pippo Fava's funeral is held in the Church of Santa Maria della Guardia in Ognina, the presence of a few people: the coffin is accompanied mainly by workers and young people, and the only authorities present are the Commissioner Augustine Chan (one of the few believe the crime of mafia track), il presidente della Regione Sicilia Saints Nadkarni and some members of the Italian Communist Party. The magazine "the Sicilians" will continue to leave even after the death of the founder. The Big Dipper 3 process, completed in 1998, will identify as organizers of the assassination by Giuseppe Fava, Marcello D'agata and Francesco Giammauso, as principal the boss Nitto Santapaola and as performers Maurizio Avola and Aldo Ercolano.
Tommy Lee Jones biography
Who is Tommy Lee Jones?Tommy Lee Jones was born on 15 September 1946 in San Saba, Texas, the son of a COP and a worker. After graduating from Robert e. Lee High School, he graduated from the St. Mark's School of Texas and enrolled at Harvard college, graduating cum laude in English in 1969 with a thesis on the mechanisms of Catholicism in Falnnery O'Connor. By Guy is passionate and great football player (thanks to his skills had gotten a scholarship to go to St. Mark's School and Harvard before then), and the college years is one of the players taking part in the famous match between Yale and Harvard finished in 29 His dream of becoming a professional player, however, is shattered by his Constitution too thin: for this, abandoning Sports ambitions to pursue acting.
Then Tommy Lee Jones moved to New York with the goal of becoming an actor: Broadway debut in 23 years in "A patriot for me.", while in 1970 she got her first role in a movie. This is, coincidentally, to interpret a Harvard student in "Love story". He returned to Broadway to star in "Four on a garden", Abe Burrows, starring opposite Sid Caesar and Carol Channing, has the opportunity to work in the first half of the 1970s, even on television, wearing the clothes of Dr. Mark Toland on the ABC soap opera "One life to live". Married, meanwhile, with Kate Lardner, daughter of the journalist, Ring Lardner Jr., in 1974 Jones back on stage with Zero Mostel in "Ulysses in nighttown", while shortly afterwards is the protagonist of the tv movie "The amazing Howard Hughes" which was a great success. On the big screen, he plays an escaped convict in "Jackson County Jail", 1976, and a Viet Nam veteran in "Rolling Thunder", the following year, while in "The Betsy," by Harold Robbins, has the opportunity of acting with Laurence Olivier.
After separating from his wife in 1978, in 1980 the actor won his first Golden Globe nomination, thanks to the interpretation of the husband of country singer Loretta Lynn, Doolittle Mooney Linn, in "Coal miner's daughter". Having participated in the comedy "Back Roads", Tommy Lee Jones received an Emmy as best actor in 1983 for the role of murderer Gary Gilmore in a television adaptation of "The executioner's song by Norman Mailer", and at the same time, participates in "Nate and Hayes", a film about pirates. Meanwhile, became a father for the first time: his second wife, Kimberlea Cloughley, daughter of former San Antonio Mayor Phil Hardberger, gave birth in 1982 Austin Leonard. A new Emmy nomination came in 1989, when as as Woodrow f. Call in the tv miniseries "Lonesome Dove," based on Larry McMurtry's best-seller.
In the 1990s, Tommy Lee Jones, now rank interpreter, is called to take part in commercial successes: the case of "The fugitive", together with Harrison Ford, "Batman forever", alongside Val Kilmer, and especially of "Men in black", where he co-starred with Will Smith. Become one of the highest paid actors most popular in Hollywood, he still manages to satisfy even the criticism: not surprisingly receives an Oscar for best supporting actor for "The fugitive", and at the same time have the opportunity to work in the finest productions. This is the case, for example, "JFK", films of 1991 (the year of the birth of his second daughter, Victoria Kafka) in which he plays the role of Clay Shaw (which earned him an Oscar nomination), but also "Under Siege" (as a terrorist) and "Natural born killers".
In 1995 Jones sets off for the first time behind the camera, directing the tv movie "The good old boys". In 2000 (the year presents the speech to the National Congress the candidacy of Democrat Al Gore-his roommate in college-as a candidate of the Democrats in the White House) States along with Clint Eastwood in the movie "Space cowboys", where both interpret former drivers who drive a rescue mission in space; the following year he married for the third time, with Dawn Laurel.
After taking part in "The three burials of Melquiades Estrada" (which also marks his debut as a Director in the cinema), presented at the Cannes Film Festival of 2005, Jones is chosen as the face of the Japanese company Suntory, and cinema plays "In the valley of Elah" (in which film gets an Oscar nomination, for the first time in his life as best actor because of its portrayal of a former soldier engaged in finding the murderers of her son), Paul Higgis, alongside Susan Sarandon and Charlize Theron, and "no country for old men" (No country for old men), the Coen Brothers film that won four statuettes at the Academy Awards.
After being directed by Bertand Tavernier in "In the electric mist", along with John Goodman, in 2008, in 2010 the Texan appeared in "The company men" movie drama inspired by the economic crisis, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival, and in "Captain America: the first avenger", where he plays Colonel Chester Phillips. Very rich in opportunities is 2012, with the romantic dramedy "Hope springs", the third episode of "Men in black" and participation in Steven Spielberg's historical epic "Lincoln".
In Italy, Tommy Lee Jones is voiced primarily by Dario Pens (which lends vocals, among other things, in three episodes of "Men in black" and "Sunset limited") and Renzo Stacchi (his voice in "Batman forever," "Natural born killers" and "Space cowboys"), but also, among others, by Saverio Moriones ("Captain America: the first avenger") and Chevalier ("The company men").
Caterina Murino biography
Who is Caterina Murino?Born in Cagliari on September 15, 1977, Caterina Murino begins to get known in 1997 when coming fifth in the Miss Italy pageant. After small parts in tv dramas he moved to France.
After some experience between theatre and cinema, is chosen as the Bond girl in 2006 for the film
"Casino Royale": as you'd expect, it's a success worldwide success.
His first film role came in 2008: it's called "Il seme della discordia", directed by Pappi Corsicato and starred together with Alessandro Gassman, Isabella Ferrari and Martina Stella.
The December 5, 2008 appears unveiled the first issue of the renewed Italian magazine "Playboy".
Involved in and attentive to social problems of Africa, Caterina Murino is testimonial to Amref and, after a trip to Kenya to observe the situation in schools, in 2009 lends his image for the advertising campaign for the project "adopt an Ambassador."
Gianmarco Pozzecco biography
September 15, 1972
Who is Gianmarco Pozzecco?Gianmarco Pozzecco was born in Gorizia on September 15, 19Although born in Gorizia and raised cestisticamente in Udine, Pozzecco is proudly triestino although so far has never played with his hometown team.
He made his debut for the first team in 1991 playing for Pallacanestro Udine in serie B1.
In 1993 he moved to serie A with Livorno and begins to put on display his numbers all speed, flair and brilliance. Closes the season with 10 points in 17 minutes of use.
The years 2000
The following summer the Pallacanestro Varese ensures its performance. With the spaghetti straps of the Lombard historical society Pozzecco play until 2002 and live the best moments and winners in his career. With Varese lives Calvary A2 series but once back among the big emerging as leaders in attracting attention to himself around the national basketball scene.
Is not among the tallest players in the League (180 cm) is equipped with a speed and unpredictability for a playmaker of the Italian school. Gianmarco Pozzecco also combines a great shot by three points and a remarkable vision of the game that allows him to win for seven consecutive years the ranking of assists-men Italian Championship.
With Varese won the Championship and the Italian Super Cup in 1999 in addition to participating at the last McDonald's Championship in Paris.
He's also rumored among the NBA champions; Tim Duncan of the San Antonio Spurs said: "I was impressed that little player with red hair".
The eccentricity of Pozzecco is contagious and helps to deliver the "Pozzecco character". Between 2000 and 2001 leads along with Samantha De Grenet-Television Show Candid Camera "on Italy 1, proving once more to his liking. There are numerous appearances on TV and its popularity exceeds that of giants of basketball as Dino Meneghin and Carlton Myers.
In 2001 Pozzecco became top goalscorer in the League with 27 points per game: is the highest point of the parable of racing "Poz".
In The United States
Finished the League embarks for the United States where he tries to convince some excess to give it a chance in the NBA. Play a summer league with the Toronto Raptors but age (29) and minute physical do not allow him to compete with the powerful American giants.
Back from the USA with much bitterness and motivations are no longer the same.
The return in Italy
In 2002 gives a turning point for his career by signing for Fortitudo Bologna.
With the team finishing second in Euroleague Emilian (champions) and in Italy, but played less and less. The nervous and the bench in April 2005 after having ripped from the hands of coach Blackboard playing schemes, he terminated the contract.
Fold in the Spanish second division so as not to miss the train with the national team at the European Championships.
With the national basketball
With the blue shirt Gianmarco Pozzecco has always had a love-hate relationship. Onset dates back to 1997; in 1998 is part of the shipment arrives sixth at the World Championships. Difficult temperament Pozzecco port to the collision with the CT Tanjevic that keeps him out of the squad that won the European Championship in 1999.
Back in Italy with Carlo Recalcati (his trainer at the time the League) but before the Europeans of 2003 is author of a mischief pozzecchiana. During the retreat in Bormio, at night, tired of austerity, takes without permission the team bus in search of recreation. It is driven by the withdrawal but Recalcati gives him a second chance summoning him for the Athens Olympics: Pozzecco becomes decisive in victory.
Europeans also dispute of 2005 and is one of the few that saves face.
Privacy and the farewell to basketball played
Long boyfriend with Maurizia Cacciatori volleyball player, in the summer of 2004, two at the last minute they canceled the scheduled wedding.
In 2006 Pozzecco is playing in Russia with the Khimky Moscow, in a sort of forced exile. His character hard to control the closed doors of many Italian teams but many people hope that at the end of the contract to return in Italy. And so it is: in 2007 back at home. He initially appears to be tying the knot to Virtus Bologna, then thinks better of Gianmarco shortly before signing: at the end of July 2007 signed with Orlandina Basket, Capo d'Orlando (Messina).
Leave the professional basketball in May 2008, giving publicly to Avellino announcement at the end of his last race.
The coaching career
In November 2012 was appointed new coach of UPEA Capo d'Orlando in place of Massimo Bernardi (Legadue). Took over the team in last place (0-6) and closes the season in eleventh place. In summer decide to extend its relationship with Orlandina Basket.
In the season of 2013/2014 becomes the coach of Matteo Soragna and Gianluca Basile, his former teammates in the national team, recruited in the summer market from a champion. His close second Orlandina regular season and will come in the final losing the series 3-0 against the Eagle Basketball.
On June 13, 2014 Gianmarco Pozzecco signed a two year contract with Pallacanestro Varese, in the top League (Serie A).
Moana Pozzi biography
April 27, 1961
September 15, 1994
Who is Moana Pozzi?A woman, a legend. Needless to hide it, Moana Pozzi, the most famous pornstars of all time (along with Ilona Staller, alias "Cicciolina"), has become, thanks to his class and his undoubted intelligence, not only an icon of eroticism but also a woman to be admired for his courage and moral and intellectual open-mindedness. So it is, paradoxically, almost a symbol of a new model of feminism. A matter of opinion, of course.
There is no doubt, however, that Moana Pozzi have embodied the kind of mysterious and sensual woman able to lose your head to men, exercising an undoubted power, bewitching influence on who surrounded her. There is also those who arrovellato about the origin of his name, coming to speculate that it was a transliteration from English "to moan", which means "moan".
In fact, "Moana", chosen by parents referring to mythical locations searched on geographical Atlas, simply means, in Polynesian language, "the place where the sea is deeper."
A name, by the way, on which many embroidered legends around the "diversity" of blonde actress, on his outsider's fate irretrievable (However, a famous Pornstar is never really accepted by the conformists). Instead the Moana's life, in spite of appearances, has always been linear and serene as ever in his "abnormality". Even the sudden and premature death is not a heroine "maudite", but becomes an icon to worship with melancholy and respect.
Born in an extremely Catholic genovese crime family (his father an engineer, worked at a nuclear research center and her mother was a simple housewife), Moana Pozzi studied at an Institute of the Sisters Marie Pie and Scolopie. He attended high school and studied classical guitar for six years at the Conservatory. At eighteen, already high and shapely girl with a disarming smile, is in search of freedom and transgression: feel the need to break away from the environment for her too formal in her family. Begins to participate in beauty contests, posing nude for photographers and painters and moved to Rome to attend the cinema.
The parents remain traumatized when they discover that the daughter turns erotic films. Their initial reaction is drastic to break any relationship with her for a year. Fortunately, past the period of shock, comes together and even father and mother is ensuring that, when the need, aid, moral and material support.
Although the choice of Moana will never be fully accepted by them (Chambers, in particular, the continuous attempts of father to let her study theater).
Meanwhile the name Moana Pozzi began to get noticed in the environment. Not only in the hard, but also in more institutional. His vèrve and his charisma to deal quietly increasing television appearances, which is always called with the purpose of adding some "pepe" in General and General dressing.
In 1981 he worked in BBC two for boys "Tap Dance" 2, while a couple of years later gets some appearance in "normal" movie. It's the girl who leaves naked by Faiq "talcum powder" by Carlo Verdone; even appears in "Ginger and Fred" (1985) by Federico Fellini.
The 1986 is the year of the explosion as Pornstar. Enter the note Riccardo Schicchi's stable and runs many films that produce receipts from dizziness. The kind of market now is almost totally focused on home video, and so Moana enters into the homes of millions of Italians.
In 1987 together with Fabio Fazio leads "Jeans 2" on Raitre, afternoon programme for children. The Federcasalinghe goes on a rampage and Moana Pozzi. A few months pass and Antonio Ricci hires to "Matrjoska", aired on Italy Writes a bet that Moana appears completely naked: still controversy, cries of censorship and the transmission is suspended. Ricci then changes the title of the program "Araba fenice" and manages to convey Moana as valletta nude, which becomes, needless to say, a national-popular character, subject of debates and editorials, as well as analysis by intellectuals and writers, columnists and polemisti. All to highlight the beauty, its role as a cultural phenomenon but also his class, his total lack of profanity in the place itself. For many, it is the ideal woman: sweet, attentive but also determined and on occasion dominatrix.
The 1991 is the year of another scandal, which ended with one of the most incredible occult censorship of our days. In fact comes out that sort of Memorial that is "the philosophy of Moana", a book of Pornstars in the form of a dictionary. It's a roundup of thoughts, tastes and inclinations, but also descriptions of relationships with famous men "met up close", making quite a stir. Moana does not shy away from making some real player ratings related to the respective quality of amatory singers, actors and comedians: nobody is spared, least of all any politician who with Moana had more or less legitimate trade.
The book is still nowhere to be found. In the same year Las Vegas wedding Antonio Of Heather, her former driver, apparently the only man who has managed to keep it tied to itself.
In 1991 Moana Pozzi Mario Verger with an animated film titled "Moanaland", along with "I Remember Moana", after being presented at the Palazzo delle Esposizioni and collecting Enrico Ghezzi's attention to "Blob" and "Overtime" was the only cartoon awarded the special mention at the International Erotic Film in New York. Today the two films, held in Rai, are a real little cult for admirers of Moana.
A year later it was the turn of his first adventure "politics": the general elections with the Partito dell'Amore, a sort of "political arm" Diva Futura Agency of Schicchi. The operation fails, but the rate of celebrity ruffle to the stars. Moana Pozzi is now a machine that produces money. Buy a penthouse from two billion in Rome, lives a life of luxury and wealth.
In 1993 the designer Karl Lagerfeld makes catwalk in Milan. Stylists rage, but he replies: "women move like Moana, not like a supermodel".
Sabina Guzzanti makes an amusing imitation of "Leftovers". And is apotheosis.
On September 17, 1994 comes the terrible news: Moana Pozzi died on day 15 in a clinic in Lyon for a liver tumor. Funerals are conducted privately, nobody can photograph the body. For most cities unleashed several: Moana would still be alive, but doesn't want someone portray moribund and enacts an early exit; others argue that it is withdrawn from the scene by fleeing to India.
Of course there's the legal battle between her husband and parents for the inheritance of billionaire. A Holograph without signature, then discontinued. The apartment of Olgiata is robbed by unknown assailants and remains uninhabited since then.
Fans don't forget.
His videos continue to be among the most sold and displayed on the walls of Rome and graffiti written in his memory.
Finished the story, begins the Moana, the woman who has cleared the porn.
In 10 years after his death was published the illustrated book "Moana" (2004, Marco Garcia), a volume-covering diary with pictures, documents, and statements by this outrageous and contradictory character. It is also a journey into the world of porn as seen through the eyes of its protagonist, a most excellent look overbearing on the private life of so many celebrities and politics that have not been able to resist its charm.
In February 2006 the tv transmission "Chi l'ha visto" (RaiTre) Emily Partridge, until then considered Moana's brother, claimed to be the son. On this occasion he added have gained the decision to declare his identity and to tell the story in a book entitled "Moana, tutta la verità".
But the mystery that hovers around his death but also to his entire life, that's not all: in the spring of 2007, Heather's husband confesses that at the behest of his wife, to whom he had been diagnosed with a tumor on his return from India, not wanting to suffer him to let small air bubbles in his IV. Details will be collected and published in a book written by Antonio Di Heather.
Biography of Pino Puglisi
September 15, 1993
Who is Pino Puglisi?Giuseppe Puglisi (pine) was born on 15 September 1937 in Palermo, in the suburb of Brancaccio, into a family of humble conditions: the mother, Giuseppa Fana, a seamstress, and her father, Carmelo Puglisi, he worked as a shoemaker.
In 1953, at the age of sixteen, enters Pine seminar: is ordained a priest in the Church sanctuary of Madonna dei Rimedi on 2 July 1960 by Cardinal Ernesto Ruffini.
Become a friend of David in the meantime Denensi (until the latter's transfer in Switzerland) and Charles Palmer, supporting it and support it daily, in 1961 he was named Pino Puglisi curate in the parish of the Holy Saviour in the Township of palermitan Settecannoli, not far from Brancaccio.
After being chosen as Rector of the Church of San Giovanni dei Lebbrosi and as confessor of Brazilian sisters daughters of Saint Macrina eponymous Institute, is appointed – in 1963-chaplain to the orphanage "Roosevelt" at Addaura and served as Vicar of the parish Maria Santissima Assunta in the fishing village of Waldensians.
Don Puglisi, educator
In this period, Vice-Rector of the seminary and take part in a mission in Montevago, country affected by the earthquake; Meanwhile, became passionate about the education of boys (Professional Institute teaches Einaudi "and" middle school "Archimedes"), keeping this vocation even when, on 1 October of 1970, he was appointed parish priest of Godrano, a small town in the province of Palermo forced, in those years, to cope with the fierce fights between two Mafia families: families, thanks to the work of evangelization of Don Puglisi , reconcile.
Continue to teach until 1972 the Archimede middle school, and in the meantime also teaching to Middle School of Villafrati.
In 1975 is a professor at the section of Godrano Villafrati middle school, and the following year the istituto magistrale "Saint Macrina. Since 1978, the year he began to teach at the liceo classico "Vittorio Emanuele II", leaves the parish of Godrano and becomes pro-Rector of the minor seminary of Palermo; Subsequently he was appointed Diocesan Director of vocations, and then accept the role of head of regional vocations.
In the late 80 's and 90 's
Meanwhile, a member of the National Council and contributes to the activities of Catholic action and Fuci. Since May of 1990 carries out his priestly Ministry also Boccadifalco, Madonna House of reception of the Opera Pia Cardinal Ruffini, helping single mothers and young women in difficult situations.
On September 29 of the same year, FR Pino Puglisi was appointed parish priest in San Gaetano, returning then to Brancaccio, its area of origin: a neighborhood run by mafia-and in particular by the brothers Gaviano, closely related to the family boss of Leoluca Bagarella.
Against the mafia and mafia mentality
In this period, so begins Don Puglisi's fight against organised crime: not so much trying to bring back on the straight and narrow existing mafioso, but trying to avoid that crime involving children living on the streets and who believe that the mobsters are the authorities and people worthy of respect.
During his sermons, however, father Pino frequently turns to mobsters, proving to be not afraid (at least publicly) consequences. Thanks to its activities and games that organizes, Sicilian priest takes away from the many street children, without his presence, would be used to peddle or to carry out robberies involved irretrievably into criminal life.
For this activity, Don Puglisi are addressed and delivered numerous death threats by mafia bosses, which however he never talks to anyone.
In 1992 he was commissioned by the spiritual director of the Seminary of Palermo, and a few months later opened the Center our father in Brancaccio, aimed to evangelization and human promotion.
On 15 September 1993, on the occasion of his 56th birthday, FR Pino Puglisi is killed shortly before eleven at night in Anita Garibaldi Square, the front door of his house, in the East of Palermo.
After being dropped from his car, a Fiat Uno, approached the gate by a man who shoots him against some direct hits to the head. The last words of father Pino are "expecting", accompanied by a smile.
The killer-determined from investigations and subsequent jobs-is Hannah gates (author of more than 40 murders, as he himself confesses), together with Gaspare Spatuzza and three other people: a real commando also Gamor, Cosimo Lo Nigro and Nino Mangano.
The instigators of the murder are, instead, the Mafia bosses Giuseppe and Filippo Gaviano (which for the murder will be sentenced to life imprisonment in 1999).
Parish funerals are held on 17 September: his body is buried in the cemetery of St. Ursula, Palermo and the grave will appear the words "no one has greater love than this, to lay down his life for his friends", taken from the Gospel of John.
The film "Alla luce del sole"
In 2005, the Director Roberto Faenza directs the film "Alla luce del sole", in which FR Pino Puglisi is played by Luca Zingaretti: the film is set in Palermo in 1991, and tells the story of the priest and of his commitment to remove children from the claws of the underworld.
Oliver Stone biography
September 15, 1946
Who is Oliver Stone?"Platoon," "born on 4 July," "JFK," "The Doors" or even violent "Natural Born Killers" are all titles released by prolific imaginative aptitude (and at the same time investigation) of that great Director by the name of Oliver Stone. Which, incidentally, is never limited to just do that behind the camera but has extended its capacity even as writer and producer of films with him congenial.
Born in New York City on September 15, 1946, therefore, Oliver Stone is still a relatively young director and who can give a lot, as it seems to prove his tireless activity. The desire to do has always been inherent in this extraordinary artist: to Pertinax as American father and French mother, Stone, left for Saigon, Viet Nam, where as well as improvised soldier also teacher of English and mathematics, ends up in a Mexican prison for possession of a small amount of marijuana. Back at home he enrolled at New York University Film School.
Influenced by the French new wave, gives life to a group of moviegoers, perhaps not too original given the weather of the time, theorizes the political use of cinema. The idea is to use a seemingly ephemeral medium but strong and perhaps indelibly evocative power as an instrument to declare their own ideas as a means to send messages and transform the collective knowledge, reversing the slight consumption that often becomes this art.
A goal definitely centered for the Stone, if it is true that every movie trailer always punctually to splitting public opinion and criticism.
In 1977 he met and knows the Director Alan Parker, for which he wrote the screenplay of the dramatic movie "Midnight Express", winning his first award, the Oscar for best screenplay.
In 1983 goes toe-to-toe in one of the masterpieces of the seventh art, by signing the screenplay of Scarface, directed by Brian De Palma. A detail that few know.
Its first Director is important for 1986 's "Salvador", a film of denunciation of South American dictatorship and the complicity of the us Government. In the same year, "Platoon" (Willem Dafoe was nominated for the Academy Award for best supporting actor) is another indictment against the American Government. In the same way as the latter film is the dramatic story of the award-winning "born on 4 July", with Tom Cruise as the lead.
The years pass but the anxiety of the Director's complaint not subsiding, so as it stands his desire to make an inquiry capable of addressing the most pressing issues of our time and his. In 1991 it was the turn of the key episode in American history, the citizens of that country is almost an obsession, partly because of mysterious background of where that event is widely covered. This is the murder of President John f. Kennedy, to which Stone devotes an extensive re-examination, with the masterpiece "JFK". The Director uses this case to another famous name, Kevin Costner, while in the film expertly mixes the filming of documentary images Director.
With "Natural Born Killers-natural born killers" (taken from the subject of Quentin Tarantino, who then questioned, because of arbitrary script created by Stone), the filmmaker offers a disturbing fresco of two sick minds, namely two serial killer played by Woody Harrelson and Juliette Lewis, raising a hornet's nest of criticism that, after the rivers of blood present in the movie metaphorically, they turn into rivers of ink unanimously turned to stigmatize the film.
In 1996 he produced "Larry Flynt. Over the scandal "by Milos Forman, the Publisher's portrait of hard material, American mind in 1998 back to directing with" u-turn ", where raging a great Sean Penn.
As said man with a strong personality and by many as varied interests (he also appeared in 1988 one of his autobiographical novel, written before embarking on the road of the Director), Oliver Stone continues to work behind the camera so much that, after a series of not-so-successful film, has just announced the release of a film, starring none other than lìder, Fidel Castro.
Biography of Umberto II of Italy
September 15, 1904
March 18, 1983
Who is Umberto II of Savoia?On September 15, 1904, in the Royal Castle of Racconigi, Cuneo, Elena of Montenegro gave birth to his first (and only) son, Umberto. The father, the King of Italy Vittorio Emanuele III seems to ensure a future of small Umberto, as rightful heir to the throne of the Kingdom. Extraordinary events intervene, though, to mark the life of the Scion of the House of Savoy and the same history of Italy: Umberto will be King, but very sui generis.
Raised with a strict military education, he graduated in law and start a rapid career in the armed forces. In 1930 he takes as his wife Marie-José of Belgium, with whom he had four children: Maria Pia, Vittorio Emanuele, Maria Gabriella and Maria Beatrice. In 1936, General four years later without any conviction assumes command of the army group of the western sector. The war in France and England, alongside Germany, was decided by Mussolini against the advice of Savoy who wished the continuation of Italian neutrality. In 1942 goes to the command of the troops of the southern and insular Italy: a very marginal role, a consequence of his (and his wife) said less and less aversion to Mussolini and Hitler.
Il duce, aware of the hostility of Umberto, working in turn to place it in the shade and look bad, favoring instead the duca d'Aosta-a collateral branch of the House of Savoy-on which begins to aim for the likely succession. The dash of the tide of World War II lead to mistrust of the Grand Council in July 24, 1943, Mussolini, and Victor Emmanuel III allows stopping nominating Badoglio Government.
The 8 September armistice was signed between Italy and the allies, but the war continues, this time against former German ally. Cut down on fascism, popular resentment now turns to the King and to the monarchy itself. Vittorio Emanuele III in an attempt to save the Crown, on June 5, 1944 waiver basically to the royal prerogative in appointing his son Lieutenant: is the first step towards the abdication, formally the 9 May 1946, less than a month after the referendum that will decide between monarchy and Republic. The principe di Piemonte salt so the throne under the name of Umberto II and, among the first actions, agrees to allow the referendum, saying he was willing to accept any verdict.
However, when the Supreme Court announces the birth of the Republic, and while the former royalist Alcide De Gasperi are entrusted temporarily the functions of head of State, Umberto II proclaims in which spreads a fraud complaint in carrying out the count. To prevent the riots exploded already in Naples and other cities from escalating into civil war, he decided to leave Italy to Cascais, near Lisbon, in Portugal, where he took the title of count of Sarre.
This concludes his reign after just 24 days before the Ascension to the throne, on 2 June 19Such transience will be worth the mocking nickname of "King of may".
In Cascais with reports Maria José, never been idyllic, deteriorate further up the de facto separation: Umberto remains in Cascais with daughters while his wife moves to Merlinge, Switzerland, with small Vittorio Emanuele.
At the age of 60 years is suffering from a tumor that will accompany him slowly and painfully to death. Umberto II of Savoia, turns off settantanovenne, in Geneva, March 18, 19In his will stipulates that the shroud of Turin, Savoie properties for over four centuries, will be donated to Pope John Paul II; Italian State also gives the precious historical archives of the House of Savoy. His remains, along with those of Maria José, rest in the historic Abbey of Hautecombe, in Haute-Savoie.