Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta… Ivan Alexandrovich Goncarov… Avril Lavigne… Andrew young… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Giulio Berruti
  2. Biography of Kathryn Bigelow
  3. Biography of Lorenzo Cherubini
  4. Biography of Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa
  5. Edgar Degas biography
  6. Biography of Grazia Deledda
  7. Biography of Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta
  8. Ivan Alexandrovich Goncarov
  9. Google biography
  10. Biography of Pietro Ingrao
  11. Avril Lavigne biography
  12. Andrew young biography
  13. Virginia Raffaele biography
  14. Francesco Totti biography

Biography of Giulio Berruti

September 27, 1984

Who is Giulio Berruti?

Giulio Maria Berruti was born on 27 September 1984 in Rome. After completing high school, approaches the world of acting: in 2003 has a small role in the comedy of Jim Fall "Lizzie McGuire-from high school pop star".
While studies to obtain the diploma of professional technician, arrives at the cinema: in 2005 she starred in the controversial film by Luca Guadagnino "Melissa p." alongside Elio Germano, playing the role of Roberto.
After a cameo in the film by Giancarlo Scarchilli "Scrivilo sui muri", alongside Christian Capotondi and Primo Reggiani, in 2006 became known by television audiences in the miniseries directed by Fabrizio Costa "The black arrow", with Thomas's character, playing alongside Carlo Cartier, Martina Stella, Ennio Fantastichini, Riccardo Scamarcio and Jane Alexander.
The success comes, however, the following year, when Giulio Berruti lends face to the Marquis Andrea Van Necker in the Channel 5 drama "La figlia di Elisa-Ritorno a Rivombrosa", in which she stars, directed by Stefano Alleva.
The year after Antonio De Feo says in "Deadly kitesurfing" and appears in the music video for the song by Daniele Stefani "nothing special" and the song by Rino De Maria "blood and heart", while in 2009 it is cast in the miniseries "the Hawk and the Dove", directed by Giorgio Serafini, where he impersonates Giulio Branciforte.
In 2010 appears in the video of "Unforgiven", a song by Britney Spears; -in the meantime-he graduated in dentistry, cinema is the screen with "taste of love", by David Pinillos, alongside Herbert Knaup, Unax Ugalde and Nora Tschirner.
After having starred for Thomas Bezucha in "Monte Carlo" in 2011 is in the tv series "warm-blooded", directed by Luigi Parisi, with the miniseries "Angels and diamonds", directed by Raffaele Mertes, and the miniseries "American girl", directed by Vittorio Sindoni.
In 2012 Giulio Berruti is directed by Peter Greenaway in "Goltzius and the Pelican Company", while in Italy it is the comedy by Cristiano Bortone "10 rules for making me fall in love", alongside Vincenzo Salemme. CINZIA Mascoli, Fatima Trotta and Tariq Saeed.
At the same time, lend her face in an advertisement for Lancia, directed by Gabriele Muccino, and an advertisement for Bulgarians, directed by Michael Hussman; also appears in the music video of the song "Show me" I'm your lover ", from The Public Radar.
After having starred in "love is imperfect", Francesca, in 2014 Muci Berruti back on television with Mediaset "secrets of Larch Village", directed by Alessandro Capone, alongside Nathalie Rapti Gomez, Simone Colombari and Serena Iansiti; at the cinema, on the other hand, appears in "Walking on sunshine", by Max Giwa & Dania Pasquini.
At the same time, the Chronicles give Pink a fling with the Hollywood diva Jennifer Lawrence, but Julius-directly questioned on the subject-he prefers not to comment on rumors. From October of the same year, Giulio Berruti is one of the contestants of "dancing with the stars," the show on Saturday evening of Raiuno conducted by Milly Carlucci, in which he performed alongside Samanta Togni.

Biography of Kathryn Bigelow

September 27, 1951

Who is Kathryn Bigelow?

Kathryn Ann Bigelow was born on September 27, 1951 in San Carlos, California, the only child of a librarian and Gertude entrepreneur Ronald Elliot. The first creative efforts of young Kathryn you are routed to painting: he attended the Art Institute of San Francisco in the fall of 1970, and two years later received the Bachelor of Fine Arts. After art studies, he moved to New York in the 1970s: in the Big Apple, he attended the environments of the avant-garde, and later chose to dedicate himself to cinema.
His first film dates back to 1978: it's called "set-up" and is a short film that is greeted with a certain enthusiasm for film festivals, both in the United States than in Europe. After graduating in 1979, at Columbia's Film School, where he studied theory and criticism (with professors Susan Sontag, Sylvere Lotringer and Vito Acconci), Kathryn Bigelow becomes a member of "Art and Language", a cutting-edge cultural group in England, and in the meantime is called to teach at California Institute of the Arts.
A few years later, in 1983, gives life to his first feature film, titled "The loveless" and set in the 1950s, among motorcyclists who try to escape from the American province. However, the Californian Director expresses an intention to overcome the limitations imposed by the independent productions, who are unable to reach a sufficiently broad: for this reason approaching the major Hollywood studios, and in 1987 he directed his second feature: it is a contemporary horror, called "near dark", whose existential gradients promote positive feedback from critics.
Nevertheless, subsequent projects of Bigelow more than meet an obstacle: it is only thanks to the intervention of Oliver Stone, who undertakes as co-producer, who in 1990 can exit the thriller "Blue Steel", starring Jamie Lee Curtis as a woman COP harassed by a psychopathic killer played by Ron Silver. The Director, however, proves to be at ease with the cadences, the scripts and quite obsessive rhythms of action films: not surprisingly already in following year gets behind the camera for "Point break break" movie based on bank robberies, car chases and protagonists always at the limit: the main character is Keanu Reeves secret Fbi agent involved in the hunt for Ex-Presidents, a group of robbers that irrupts wearing masks of Jimmy Carter, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan (at the head of which there is Patrick Swayze). The film is definitely a winner at the box office, earning only in something like 100 million United States dollars.
As he continues his collaboration with Stone, who leads her to direct an episode of "Wild Palms" miniseries aired in 1993, Kathryn is dedicated to a new thriller, "Strange Days", written and produced by James Cameron (the future Director of "Titanic" and "Avatar"), her ex-husband: movie, released in 1995, it looks like a sci-fi story, but morality proves to be a failure both critics and public (which many attribute just Cameron Noting how the Director is limited).
Following years of hiatus (interspersed only by management, in 1997 and 1998, some episodes of "Homicide: life on the street"), with the filmmaker who only goes back to work in the new millennium, with a refined and intense film: in 2000, in fact, comes "the weight of water", starring Elizabeth Hurley and Sean Penn, based on the novel (original title: "The weight of water") written by Anita Shreve Portrait of two women trapped in suffocating relationships.
After the claustrophobic "K-19: the widowmaker", the 2002 war film starring Liam Neeson and Harrison Ford (set inside a Soviet nuclear submarine), in 2006 the American Director directing on behalf of Pirelli "Mission: zero", short film with Uma Thurman as the protagonist, before starting work, in 2008, for "The Hurt Locker" (of which he is also producing), the war film that deals with the daily events of a group of American soldiers engaged in Iraq. The film, which premiered in September at the Venice Film Festival and released in American cinemas in June 2009, is initially snubbed by critics, that it re-evaluate with each passing month: not surprisingly, after the award given by the Directors Guild of America in 2010 Kathryn Bigelow WINS, thanks to "The Hurt Locker," the Academy Award for Best Director , first time in history for a female. For her it is a triumph, as the film won the awards for best sound, best film, best editing, best sound editing and best original screenplay.
In 2011, the American filmmaker back behind the camera for the tv movie "The miraculous year", before you get to work for "Zero Dark Thirty", out to the movies next year: the staging of Osama Bin Laden's capture by the Americans, however, it attracts several complaints about wearing torture represented. The film has, however, allowed to Kathryn Bigelow to win the best director award from the New York Film Critics Circle and the prize of best director at the National Board of Review.

Biography of Lorenzo Cherubini

A tribal chief who dances
September 27, 1966

Who is Lorenzo Cherubini?

Lorenzo Cherubini, aka Jovanotti, was born on 27 September 1966 in Rome. His family is from Cortona, a small and charming village in the province of Arezzo where Lorenzo spends long periods as a child. His passion for music started very early in: engages as a dj in various clubs and radio in Rome.
Jovanotti's beginnings are tied to some sort of dance music that mixes the sounds of hip hop, a genre overseas very little known in Italy in the 1980s. His image is easygoing and fracassona, very different from that which exhibits today. And yours is a hyper-commercial artistic orientation the testiomonia his mentor and discoverer, that Claudio Cecchetto holds many other pop revelations.
Lorenzo Cherubini then debuts on Radio Deejay (Carvalho) and becomes Jovanotti. Legendary remained the new year's Eve between 1987 and 1988 during which Lorenzo remains glued to the microphones of Radio Deejay for eight hours straight, without interruption.
His early successes recorded at the tender age of 19 years, an age in which obviously the Italian guys are still immature, tend to have titles that already have a whole program, ranging from the mythical "Gimme five" to "here's the party?", all hit then inserted in the first album, "Jovanotti for president"; Meanwhile, under the pseudonym Gino Latino Jovanotti also publishes more markedly music dance.
While "my bike", his second album, sells about 600,000 copies success leads him to the 1989 edition of the Sanremo festival, with the song "Vasco", in which hints to Vasco Rossi, one of his idols.
In addition to Lorenzo music is also involved in "Deejay tv television" and "1, 2, 3", not forgetting casino "Yo," brothers and sisters ", the first literary effort of party boy.
No one could suspect at the time which would have been the evolution of the artist. A first, modest artistic breakthrough with "Giovani Jovanotti" that includes a little more thoughtful tracks like "numbers", "hi mom" and "people of the night", although in the same year he participated with Pippo Baudo the edition of "amazing", which helps with slogans such as "50% contained and 50% movement", directly borrowed from the 1991 album, "a tribe that dances".
The year after, in a burst of civic consciousness, carries out the single "Heart", to remind the judge Giovanni Falcone died in the massacre of Capaci.
With the following disk "1992", remains for many weeks. The disc follows a tour with Lady Gaga: the two take turns on stage and offer unusual duets. It is the time of songs that marked the career of Michael Jackson like, "I'm a lucky guy" and "I don't get bored."
The same year the Association "summer" with Gianna Nannini at the "Radio baccano".
Over the years, and the songs, change the texts and the ideals of Lorenzo: Lorenzo "1994" is not just an album, but a way of seeing life, signed by the famous "Think positive" (also appreciated by Osservatore Romano).
Besides that you are sure to remember "Serenata rap" and "Piove" love songs that come running into the top of the charts. Climbing in the hit parade is not limited to Italy: soon "Serenata rap" becomes the more video broadcast in Europe and South America.
The album is accompanied by a second book "Casey".
In 1994 Michael Jackson performs in a long tour in which he is engaged both in Italy and in Europe, first alone and then together with Pino Daniele and Eros Ramazzotti. It's an important year with the creation of the record label "Soleluna".
In 1995 the first collection 1990-1995 "" with two unreleased tracks "l'ombelico del mondo" and "Marco Polo". With the first of two tracks Lorenzo participates in MTV music awards for best European singer.
The 1997 is the year of "the tree", an album that arrives at multiethnic international music trends but that does not satisfy the desire to do and curiosity of Lorenzo. Thus began to focus on painting, much to exhibit her works at Brescia, Music Art and made his debut as an actor in the film by Alessandro d'alatri "Eden gardens".
He also took part in two charges: one is The "You" dedicated to Robert Wyatt and another dedicated to Gershwin entitled "Red Hot + Rhapsody".
Another project is "United Artists for the Zapatistas of Chiapas", compilations that raises funds for the construction of a hospital in Mexico.
In October another book comes out: it is of "the great boh", Journal of his last journeys. Other satisfaction (completely personal this time) in 1999 when Francesca, his partner, gave birth to Theresa.
Jovanotti, understandably elated, "for you", a Lullaby dedicated to the daughter.
With the release of "Cape Horn", the summer of 1999 was marked by "a ray of sunshine", the album's second single. In June of that year, Lorenzo had already given life, with Lambert and Piero Pelù, to a song-manifesto, "my name is never again" (complete with video shot by Gabriele Salvatores), anti-militarist and pacifist connotations.
The song won two IMPS, as best video and best song of the year. All proceeds from the sale of the CD were donated to associating "Emergency".
But Lorenzo's commitment continued with other initiatives. His memorable performance at the festival di Sanremo with the song 2000 "Clear debt", a piece that has allowed many young people to become aware of the dramatic problem of the debts imposed on third world countries.
After the album "Il quinto mondo" of 2002, Jovanotti back in 2005 with "bad blood", released in mid May, preceded by the single "(so much)" 3 (cubed), a piece with elements of funk, electronic, rock and especially hip hop.
After some collaborations in 2007 including Negramaro and Adriano Celentano, at the beginning of 2008 he released his new album "Safari", which contains the beautiful "you". In 2009 he published the album "OYEAH", only for the American market. Back in the studio to release a new album in 2011: the title is "Now".
To celebrate 25 years of activity in late November of 2012 leaves the collection "Backup-Lorenzo 1987-2012." At the end of February 2015 publishes the album "Lorenzo CC 2015.": is his 13° studio album and contains a considerable number of 30 new songs.

Biography of Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa

The example of a man, the indifference of a country
September 27, 1920
September 3, 1982

Who is Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa?

Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, Carabinieri General, known for his commitment to the fight against terrorism of the Red Brigades and the mafia before then, he will be the victim, was born in Saluzzo, Cuneo, on 27 September 19Son of a carabiniere, Deputy Commanding General of the weapon, he attended the Academy and not go in the police as an officer at the outbreak of World War II.
In September 1943 is serving as Commander in San Benedetto del Tronto, when going through the partisan resistance.
After the war with the rank of Captain, he married Deborah F, which will give him three sons, Nando (which will become a politician repeatedly elected member of Parliament), Rita (Note tv presenter) and Simona. After positive experiences in combating banditry in 1949 arrives in Sicily Corleone, to his request. In territory the mafia is being organised and the separatist movement is still strong. Here the captain from the Church is investigating as many as 74 murders, including that of Socialist trade unionist Placido Rizzotto. At the end of 1949 the Church indicates Luciano leggio as responsible for the murder. For great results will receive a silver medal of military Valor.
It then moved to Florence, then to Como and Milan. In 1963 he was in Rome with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. Then moves again in Turin, which is somewhat enigmatic: years later finds out he was ordered by General Giovanni De Lorenzo, who was organizing the "Piano Solo", a coup attempt to prevent the formation of the first centre-left Government.
Starting from 1966-to coincide with the release of De Lorenzo from the gun-and until 1973 he returned to Sicily with the rank of Colonel, in command of the Legion carabinieri in Palermo. The results, as you'd expect from the Church, there are: justice criminals gives the boss as Gerlando Alberti and Frank Coppola. Starting also to investigate alleged ties between the mafia and politics.
In 1968 with its departments involved in Belice in relief to people affected by the earthquake: customers will receive a bronze medal for civil valor personal participation "in the forefront" to operations.
Conducts surveys on the mysterious disappearance of journalist Mauro De Mauro (1970), who shortly before had contacted the Director Francesco Rosi promising material that hinted the case controversial Mattei (ENI President who died in a plane crash: the aircraft departed from Sicily, crashes while approaching the airport of Linate). The investigations are carried out in a partnership between the police and the police; the police chief in charge is Boris Giuliano, later killed by the mafia.
In 1973 the Church was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General. A year later he was commander of the military region of the Northwest, which operates out of Piedmont, Valle d'Aosta and Liguria. Select a dozen officers of the weapon to create a counter-terrorism structure (based in Turin): in September 1974 in Pinerolo captures Renato Curcio and Alberto Franceschini, prominent members of the Red Brigades, thanks also to the infiltration of Silvano Girotto, also known as "frate mitra".
The Government entrusted him with special powers: he was appointed coordinator of law enforcement agencies and Information agents to combat terrorism, a sort of special Department of the Ministry of the Interior, created to counter the phenomenon of the Red Brigades who in those years, raged with particular reference to the investigation of research responsible for the assassination of Aldo Moro.
Thanks to the Church and its reminders to the Government of the country in this period is formalised the legal figure of the turncoat. Leveraging on pentito, not to mention the actions of infiltration and espionage comes to identify and arrest the perpetrators of the murder of Aldo Moro and his escort, as well as shut down hundreds of supporters. Thanks to his work is delivered to the carabinieri renewed trust popular.
Although involved in events that shake him, at the end of 1981 he became Deputy Commanding General of the weapon, as was the Roman father already in the past. Amid controversy continues its work, confirming and consolidating its official public image integrity.
In early April of 1982 by the Church says the Prime Minister Giovanni Spadolini these words: "the Sicilian Christian Democrat heads to Andreotti would be the" political family "more polluted by contamination of mafia". A month later he was suddenly posted in Sicily as Prefect of Palermo to combat the onset of the emergency, while mafia investigations proceeded on terrorists goes into other hands.
In Palermo repeatedly complains about the lack of State support; emblematic and full of bitterness remains his sentence: "they send me into a reality as Palermo, with the same powers as the prefect of Forlì. Asks to meet Giorgio Bocca, one of the most important journalists of the period, to launch a media state message, a message that has as its objective the request for help and support from the State. In the interview (August 7, 1982) there is the acknowledgment of the failure of the State in the battle against Cosa Nostra, connivance and collusion that allowed the mafia to act undisturbed for years.
The publication of the article by Mouth is not the State but the reaction of the mafia had already in the viewfinder General policeman.
It's on the evening of September 3, 1982, Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa is sitting alongside the young second wife (married only a few weeks earlier), Emanuela Setti Carraro which is driving a A112: in the via Carini in Palermo, is flanked by a BMW carrying Antonino Madonia and Calogero Ganci (afterwards regretted), which fire through the windshield with a kalashnikov AK-47 rifle.
At the same time the car carrying Domenico Russo, driver and escort agent of the prefect of the Church, was flanked by a motorcycle driven by Pino Greco, that cold.
The papers relating to the kidnapping of Aldo Moro, which the Church had brought to Palermo after his death vanish: has not been established whether they were stolen in the via Carini or stolen in its offices.
Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa was awarded the Gold Medal for civil valour in memory, with these words:
"Already staunch fighter, which the highest officer of the Carabinieri Corps, organised crime, assumed the position as Prefect of the Republic, to fend off the challenge from Democratic State mafias, constituting a very serious threat to the country. Brutally murdered in a cowardly and treacherous ambush, soft drinks with brutal ferocity, sublimava with his own sacrifice a life dedicated, with high sense of duty, service institutions, victim of relentless hatred and violence of those who wanted to fight. "
If it is true that institutions were not present in its hour of need and this absence is even heavily encumbered family since the immediate aftermath of the death, remembering the civil value generations of this important Italian character there are across the country numerous symbols of gratitude as monuments of Manhattan project, schools, barracks, squares , streets and parks.

Edgar Degas biography

New shots
July 19, 1834
September 27, 1917

Who is Edgar Degas?

Born in Paris on July 19, 1834, his real name is Hilaire Germain-Edgar De Gas.
Sensitive and has a dreamy character but at the same time determined, is immediately attracted by the humanities, father attraction helps to cultivate personal "lessons" of letters and art. About his character, the same Degas will describe this way: "I was or seemed as hard as everyone, a sort of impulse to the brutality that I was by my question and my bad mood. I felt so hurt, so naïve, so weak, and I thought that my calculations were so fair art. I held a grudge at all and even myself. "
The Degas mature was a loner, although sometimes he himself complained about this. Often lived locked up in his studio, totally taken from his job and his experiments with different painting techniques.
In his younger years, enrolled in high school, are becoming more prominent in him the inclinations to pure pictorial material, to the detriment of poetic and literary research. A strong signal of this provision it is when we learn that the young Degas was usually attend diligently the Cabinet des Estampes of the Biblioteque National, a place that allows him to get in touch with reproductions of old masters.
Not content to passively contemplate the wonderful works, begins to copy some of those prints: in essence, a study of artists such as Mantegna, Durer, Rembrandt or Goya.
Unfortunately, among the largest commitments to be met include the attendance at lectures to which participates as a freshman. But it is just a formality, because his mind runs only to images of great paintings or works to be carried out.
Begins to be pronounced stradauna creative urgency.
Degas soon leaves his studies to devote himself entirely to art. To a young man of that era were not great prospects in this regard, apart from adherence to forms and dictated by in-depth studies Academy of art so all-encompassing.
In 1854 he began to take lessons of Louis Lamothe, artist appreciated at the time, but today almost forgotten. Lamothe, a former student of Ingres, Degas able to convey the importance that Ingres drawing attached to.
In 1855 he met Edgar Degas even the maestro, settantacinquenne at the time, from which it receives this advice: "line Drawings, young man, so many lines, no matter if they are from memory or by nature".
Degas with courageous choice decides not to embrace the models proposed by the Academy, considered antiquated by him without creative force, but prefers to devote himself to the representation of what surrounds him, with great attention to life as well as in its raw took historical tension, although the painter will always try to grasp the more poetic aspects.
Could not miss a trip to Italy, home of great works and artistic elevation. Between the years 1856 and 1860, in the company of another great and visionary painter, Gustave Moreau, Degas visited Naples, Rome, Florence, Pisa and Siena.
If Italy is undoubtedly a source of profound artistic reflections, analysis and influence on pictorial sensibility, Degas is also looking for "other" items that are not covered in (tired?) Western tradition. Thus it concerns (a bit following the fashion of the time), at giapponeserie, and in particular to the most typical product of that figurative school: prints. These new and original drawing Eastern perspectives the infuse the belief that we can use figurative language in a different way, so less conventional and untied from the Western tradition and then fatally academic "perspective" and the "right" way of arranging objects and figures.
We must not forget that those are the years in which explodes like a thunderbolt a new invention will revolutionize the same conception of pictorial art: photography. From the latter, the study of the image of reality achieves after being filtered by the lens, Degas draws about transfer onto canvas part of that new concept, trying to catch himself those moments of reality blurred and difficult to grasp, that appear, at first glance like random snapshots, especially in spatial arrangement.
His paintings are taking shots then. In this sense, the paintings remain "Orchestra" (1869) and "limelight" (1876-77); Finally, with regard to photography, the contribution of this medium in his studies of horses in the race, where the artist works from 1861.
Not surprised by Degas interest for horses, as well as for more famous dancers (the poetics of representation which is the real reason to glory by Degas from the public). In fact, the movement of the horse, in its essential mystery (before the advent of the camera), represented an opportunity to study interesting and inexhaustible to capture the variety of poses of a body in action.
In those same years Degas Edouard Manet, knows the great subverter of good "customs" of the bourgeoisie that Visual after encouraged him to indulge his interest in the contemporary realities, introduces him to a group of young artists who would later become famous as the Impressionists.
Membership in a higher social class door though Degas and Manet to develop habits and interests different from those of other impressionists, who loved to paint outdoors, preferring the landscapes and a life tied to "bohème". The two artists like horse racing and share a passion for music, which leads them to attend theaters.
It is during these years that Degas faces often theatrical and musical subjects, although sometimes certain does not disdain the landscape.
It is worth noting that the only solo exhibition organized by Degas dates back to 1892, in which there appeared twenty-six "imaginary landscapes" which underline this difference in specificity compared to Impressionist colleagues.
"La lezione di danza", completed in 1875, is the first large painting dedicated to the dancers. His painting is done, artificial lights, movement studies. A statement of the same painter tells us these words: "painting is primarily a product of imagination, must never be a copy. The air that you see in the pictures is not breathable.
And speaking of Degas ' nudes, J.K. Haysmans, in 1889, wrote: "..." No longer flat and smooth meat, always nude goddesses, ... but it is just undressed meat, real, live, flesh touched by ablutions and his cold grits about to melt ".
In 1883 the death of his friend Manet hits him deeply, so much so that withdraws and isolates herself from the world. Progressive visual impairment results in a substantial crash of its production.
Edgard Degas dies in his hometown, now totally blind at the age of eighty-three years, the September 27, 1917.
Some works by Degas
Race horses in front of the grandstands (the parade) (1866-1868)
Ballet Rehearsal on stage (1874)
Dance class (1873-1875)
Green dancer (1877-1879)
The Ironers (1884-1886)

Biography of Grazia Deledda

Grace sarda
September 27, 1871
August 15, 1936

Who is Grazia Deledda?

Grazia Deledda Nuoro was born on September 27, 1871 by Giovanni Antonio and Francesca Cambosu, the fifth of seven children. The family belongs to the wealthy bourgeoisie: the father who holds a diploma of legal procurator, is dedicated to the trade of coal and is a Catholic.
Seventeen post "latest fashion magazine" of Rome was the first written publication: "blood is the Sardinian", a story in which the protagonist kills the man you fell in love with and who is not, but aspires to a wedding with her sister.
The text falls under the genre of popular literature and Appendix in the footsteps of Ponson du Terrail. Uncertain news of a previous work, dated by some critics to 18Between 1888 and 1890, collaborates intensely with magazines, sardines and Roman Milan, uncertain between prose and poetry. The work marks the beginning of more literary career is "Fior di Sardegna" (1892), which gets some good reviews.
The writings are influenced by a late romantic climate, expressing in conventional terms and without psychological thickness a love lived as inevitable fatality. It is also, for her, an era of romantic dreams, rather than actual relationships: men who share his own artistic aspirations seem to approach her, but mostly a concrete project is conceived by her alone. This is Miss Stanislo, noble Sardinian resident in Rome, by Giuseppe m. Laur, musician who devotes a romanza, Trieste journalist Julius Caesars and elementary school teacher Giovanni Andrea Pirodda, "folklorist gallurese".
Solicited by Angelo De Gubernatis, deals with Ethnology: collaboration with the "Italian folk Traditions magazine", which runs from December until May 1893 1895, the best results are the eleven episodes of the "Tradizioni popolari di Nuoro in Sardinia".
In 1895 at Cogliati in Milan, is on "honest souls".
The following year he released "evil" that meets the favour of Luigi Capuana.
During a stay in Cagliari, in 1899, he met Palmiro Madesani, functionary of the Ministry of finance. At the same time appears aimed at "new anthology" the novel "the old man of the mountain".
The 11 January the following year, he married Palmiro and in April moved to Rome: this way is realized his dream to escape from Sardinia. Although lead secluded life in the capital will be in contact with some of the greatest interpreters of contemporary Italian culture.
Between August and the dicemdre 1900, "Nuova Antologia", exit "Elias Portolu".
The eldest son was born December 3, Sardus; in announcing the De Gubernatis (later will have another son, Franz). Grazia Deledda's day is divided between the family and writing, which devotes several hours every afternoon.
In 1904 he published his book "Ashes", which will be made into a movie starring Eleonora Duse (1916).
The two 1910 novels, generally considered the result of a tenacious will to write rather than of authentic inspiration, however, are notable for being the first, "our master", a clear social text and the second, "to the border" in some ways autobiographical.
The rapid pace of almost two year lyrics are the tales of "Chiaroscuro" (1912), the novels "Doves and hawks" (1912), Canne al vento (1913), "the sins of others" (1914), "Marianna Sirca (1915), the collection" the child "(1916)," fire in the olive grove "(1917) and" the mother "(1919).
This is the happiest season. The novels have a first publication in journals (from time to time "Nuova Antologia italiana", "Illustration", "reading" and "time"), then prints the types of Treves.
In 1912 out "a lonely man", the story of a hermit who chose to hide their past. "The God of the living," published in 1922, is the story of an inheritance from which trtaspare dicarattere religiosity immanent.
On September 10, 1926 Grazia Deledda receives the Nobel Prize for literature: is the second author in Italy, preceded only by Carducci twenty years earlier; remains so far the only Italian writer.
In "Josh Bilsini" you feel a certain weariness, affecting especially criticism following recent awards. The last novel "The Church of solitude" is from 19The protagonist is, like the author, ill with cancer.
A little later Grazia Deledda, shuts is the 15 August.
Leave an unfinished work, which will be published next year by Antonio Baldini with the title "Cosima, almost grace."

Biography of Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta

September 27, 1943

Who is Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta?

Son of Aimone, count of Savoy, Aosta (Duke of Spoleto and then appointed King of Aosta Croatia) and Irene of Greece and Denmark (sister of King Paul of Greece) Amedeo Umberto Costantino Giorgio Paolo Elena Maria Fiorenzo Zvonimir of Savoy, Aosta, is the grandson of the last King of Italy, Umberto II. Born in Florence on September 27, 1943 is related to many European Royal dynasties, beginning with the British and Spanish.
A few weeks before the birth of Amedeo, the Kingdom of Italy had signed the Armistice of Cassibile, ceasing hostilities against British and u.s. forces in the second world war. After the Armistice, personally signed by Heinrich Himmler, Amedeo and his mother are deported by Germans in a concentration camp in Austria, where he lived his early years in captivity.
After the release from Hirschegg concentration camp in May 1945, Amedeo lives for a few weeks in Switzerland.
He served in the military as a Navy reserve officer, he married firstly Claude of France and, after the cancellation of the sacred Rota, Silvia Paternò dei Marchesi di Regiovanni. He has three children, Bianca, Aimone, Duke of Apulia and Mafalda. He currently lives between Tuscany and Sicily. He worked for years in Italy and abroad representing Italian firms, also of his farm (Aosta Wines).
In 1996 he was appointed representative of the municipality of Palermo to the Fondazione Internazionale Pro Herbario Mediterraneo ", and, since 1997, is President.
In 2003 he was appointed by the Italian Government Chairman of the permanent management of State natural reserve island of Vivara. Amedeo of Savoy-Aosta is also honorary citizen of Marigliano, Pantelleria, and Abetone.
As head of the branch family Aosta inherited by her uncle Amedeo-viceroy of Ethiopia, hero of Amba Alagi, Gold Medal of military valor, died in Kenya the British prisoner-his collection of journals.

Ivan Alexandrovich Goncarov

June 18, 1812
September 27, 1891

Who is Ivan Alexandrovich Goncarov?

Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov was born on 18 June 1812 in Simbirsk, Avdotya and son Alexander, belonging to the merchant class.
Raised in a stone house in the center of his hometown, remains his father died when he was seven years old: only thereafter receives treatment from Nicola Tregubov, his godfather, retired sailor.
Between 1820 and 1822 Ivan studied in a private school run by Reverend Fyodor s. Troitsky: in recent years has the opportunity to learn German and French, and start to read some European writers, works borrowing from the library of the Reverend.
In August 1822 he moved to Moscow, where he joined the College of business: he spends here eight years of misery, hated poor quality of the education received and the strict discipline.
In this period, therefore, chooses to study as an autodidact, reading Nikolai Karamzin and Aleksandr Pushkin.
Academic studies
In 1830 Goncharov leaves College and the following year, after having passed unscathed the cholera epidemic that had hit Moscow, he enrolled at the Moscow State University at the Faculty of Philology, where he studied architecture, art and literature. At the University, he found enthusiasm, thanks to the atmosphere of intellectual freedom and the lively debate of that environment. Ivan Alexandrovich Goncharov has, among other things, to assist at a public debate between his idol Pushkin and Mikhail Professor t. Katechenovsky.
Unlike his fellow University Vissarion Belinsky, Alexander Herzen and Nikolay Ogaryov, Goncharov remains indifferent to political and social revolution that are taking place in that time: his main occupations are reading and translation
The first publications
In 1832, Ivan debuts in publishing thanks to the publication of the magazine "Telescope", of two chapters of the novel by Eugene Sue "Atar-Gull" translated by him. He graduated in 1834 Goncharov and returns home, intending to join Governor's Chancellery of Simbirsk Zagryazhsky.
A year later, he moved to Saint Petersburg and started to work as a translator for the Department of foreign trade of the Ministry of finance. Here, in what was at the time the Russian capital, he came into contact with the family. "Maykov
Become a member of the most elite literary circles which are based at home of Maykov and are attended-among others-by writers such as Dmitry Grigorovich, Fyodor Dostoevsky and Ivan Turgenev, Goncharov officially debuts in 1838 with a satirical novel entitled "The wicked disease": this is a story that appeared in "Snowdrop" where is teased romantic sentimentalism.
After you have posted another novella in 1839, in 1842 he devotes himself to writing an essay inspired by the naturalistic and psychological school called "Ivan Savvich Podzhabrin".
The novels
In 1847, was published instead, Goncharov's first novel, titled "a common history", which portrays the conflict between the excessive romanticism of a young Russian nobleman arrived recently in Saint Petersburg by the province and the moderate pragmatism of emerging merchant class in the capital. "A common history" divides the critics but, at the same time, helps to increase the fame of its author, to the point that the term "aduyevschina" (named after the protagonist, Aduyev) will become known as a synonym for "useless" aspiration.
In 1849 "Sovremennik" publish "Oblomov", retrieved from the future according to Goncharov's novel "Oblomov" (at the time known as the temporary title of "artist"), which is also excellent as a short story. In 1852 Goncharov embarks on a long journey from Britain to Japan, passing through Africa and return to Russia, on board the frigate Pallada as Admiral Yevfimy Putyatin Secretary, whose mission is to inspect the Alaska and other distant outposts of the Empire, but also to establish trade relations with Japan.
Ivan back to St. Petersburg on 25 February 1855, after travelling across Siberia and the Ural mountains: only the "crossing" Russian lasts six months. An account of this voyage, entitled "the frigate Pallada", will start to appear first in "Zapiski Otechestyennye" in April 1855, and subsequently in "Anthology of the sea" and in other magazines.
In 1858, "the frigate Pallada" is published as a book in itself, and receives numerous positive reviews and became quite famous: the work is a revelation particularly to descriptions of the places depicted.
In 1859, he released his most famous novel by Ivan Goncharov, titled "Oblomov", which tells the story of a Russian landowner who renounces any attempt of action and struggle due to its inertia not only physical but also mental. The book, however, it achieved great success at the contemporary audience.
Ivan Goncharov died on 27 September 1891 in Saint Petersburg.

Google biography

If the answer is not in you, is here
September 27, 1998

Who is Google?

Google is a search engine. Google is the search engine. For some, Google is the Internet.
Even someone is used to say "the answer is within you. Or Google ".
Google's popularity is so great that it's been a few years since its inception which in English is born the verb "to google" (meaning "do a search on the web") and the verb "googeln" in the German language.
The word "Google" comes from googol, which refers to the number represented by a 1 followed by 100 zeros. the term was coined in 1938 by Milton Sirotta, nephew of American mathematician underage then Edward Kasner. The use of the word reflects precisely the will of Google to organize the immense amount of information that is available on the Internet.
The Google search engine was officially founded on September 27, 1998 (the company is instead founded on 4 September): fathers of the creature that would revolutionize the World Wide Web are Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The two boys are still students at Stanford University when they develop the theory that a search engine based on the mathematical analysis of the relationships between websites would produce better results than empirical techniques used up to that time.
On the basis of principles of "network theory", convinced that the pages cited with a greater number of links are the most important and deserving, decide to deepen their theory inside of their studies, with the Foundation for what will be their future activity.
In January 1996, Larry and Sergey are starting to collaborate in the construction of "BackRub" project of a search engine with which to analyze the links pointing to a site. The Stanford University funds seemed however not be sufficient to fund that project. Armed with patience and enthusiasm the young begin to explore University room in hopes of finding computers that you can borrow to build a large network. Larry (former electronics expert, at that time known among students for having built a printer using Lego pieces) takes on the task of creating a new type of server environment that uses common personal computers instead of expensive bodywork server. Sergey Meanwhile opens a sales office in search of buyers.
Larry and Sergey are working throughout the first half of 1998 perfecting their technology. Purchase various hard drives at bargain prices and build their computer in Larry's room (which can be considered the first data center Google!).
The first potential customers that Sergey's contact David Filo, a friend and founder of "Yahoo!". Strand agrees fully with the Mission of the project but pushes the two to develop it yourself without trying to sell it to others. Considered efforts to attempt to contact other existing search engines that sell the new technology, and given the poor attention received them that remains is to try it yourself.
Google Inc. opens in a garage in Menlo Park, California. Already, in beta stage, answers questions for 10,000 per day. Printing starts to notice this engine with really relevant results: very positive items begin to appear on "Usa Today" and "Le Monde". In December, "PC Magazine", one of the top 100 Google sites and search engines of 1998.
The site-which engine in terms of simplicity did school (a logo, a search box and a button) is growing quickly: in February 1999 the narrow spaces of Menlo Park give way in favour of an Office on University Avenue in Palo Alto. Google now has 8 employees and 500,000 queries per day. As you would expect in these cases the interest in the airline grows: "Red Hat" (one of the leading companies in the field of Linux operating system) signs up with Google on his first contract for supplies of search services.
Little by little key figures (such as Omid Kordestani, Urs Hölzle) begin to fill the modest offices of the company. Removed the word "beta" on September 21, 1999, the company had become so great that once required a new seat. The company's headquarters in Mountain View, California, becomes, in the so-called "Googleplex".
At the end of 2000 Google responds to 100 million queries per day; It's time to look for new ways to provide access to their content wherever and whenever they want.
Hockey games in the parking lots, dogs and cooks who roam free among the desks, meetings around a ping pong table give a pretty good idea of how it works at the Googleplex.
In 2001 Eric Schmidt, former ceo of Novell and Chief Technology Officer of Sun Microsystems, becomes head of the Board of Directors at Google. Google learns new languages 40, doubles the number of indexed pages and expands the wireless world. Meanwhile, Larry Page and Sergey Brin become respectively President and President products technology.
Managed with private capital (major holders are Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers and Sequoia Capital), in October 2003 the Microsoft giant Bill Gates's attempt to gain Google but refuses the offer. At the beginning of 2004 is announced an initial public offering (by Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs Group), which could reach 4 billion; This gives Google a market capital that is around 12 billion dollars.
Meanwhile, the company's expansion strategy has evolved to other areas; does not pausing only to web cataloguing, has produced (or bought existing producing companies) services of various kinds, from managing e-mail (GMail) to videos (YouTube, acquired in 2006) up to a new way of advertising (AdWords AdSense) that allows you to show ads on a site relevant to the content of the site.
On an article in Corriere della Sera, March 30, 2009 Massimo Gaggi writes:
"Some of the historians who argued yesterday that the 20th century September 11, 2001 is over, buried under the rubble of the twin towers, now begin to think that in the future the date that will be chosen as the boa that divides the second from the third millennium will be the September 27, 1998: the day when two students at Stanford who had rented for $ 1700 per month on a detached garage at 232 Santa Margarita's number Avenue in Menlo Park, in the heart of Silicon Valley, California founded Google. "
The rest is recent history, written day by day ... clicked:

Biography of Pietro Ingrao

The story left
March 30, 1915
September 27, 2015

Who is Pietro Ingrao?

Pietro Ingrao was born in collecammino on March 30, 19She's only nineteen when he participates with its own poetry to Littoriali of culture and art, an event that involves multidisciplinary competitions dedicated to those who want to make a career in the national fascist Party; the poem is called "Chorus for the birth of a city (Littoria)" and characterized by the mussolinian rhetoric, gets third place.
The anti-fascist activities began in 1939 between the students of the University of Rome. He graduated in law and philosophy, then became a journalist. In 1940 he joined the Communist Party formally and actively participates in the partisan resistance.
At the end of the second world war Ingrao will be one of the undisputed reference points in a certain area, children's Party fielded to Marxist-Leninist acronyms locations. Representative of the "left wing" of the "left" political will often profound Ingrao political clashes with Giorgio Amendola, who within the Pci will represent the opposite faction.
During his long career is Director of the newspaper "unity" from 1947 to 1957 and Deputy of the Republic from 1948 and 1994 (without interruption).
Become part of the management and of the National Secretariat of the Party (VIII Congress, 1956), arrives to fill Ingrao (happens to Sandro Pertini) high institutional role of President of the Chamber of deputies from 1976 to 1979: the history of the Italian Republic is the first Communist representative to hold this position.
After the 14th Congress of the PCI (1975) has been appointed President of the Centro iniziative e studi for State reform.
In the years ' 90, while objecting to his birth, contributed to the founding of the Democratic Party of the left. Shortly after will come off. After the European elections of 2004 he joined the Communist Refoundation Party, Fausto Bertinotti.
The literary production of Pietro Ingrao includes poems and political essays; among his most important works there is "Dates from the turn of the century" (essay published in 1995 in collaboration with Rossana Rossanda). Other titles are "high fever", "masses and power" (1977), "crisis and third way. Romano Ledda interview "(1978)," Parliament, regions, noon "(1982)," doubt "winners (1986)," the field "(1990)," evening Variations "(2000)," conversation about "doubt" winners "(2002)," I'm Not! Appunti per un mondo migliore "(2003)," the war on hold. The new alliance between politics and arms "(2003)," a letter from Pietro Ingrao. With a reply by Goffredo Bettini "(2005)," la luna "(2006)," the practice of doubt. Dialogue with Claudio Canfield "(2007).
Pietro Ingrao dies in Rome at the age of 100 years, the September 27, 2015.

Avril Lavigne biography

Escaping the banality
September 27, 1984

Who is Avril Lavigne?

Born in Ontario, Canada, in the town of Napanee, on September 27, 1984, Avril Ramona Lavigne is now one of the most popular rock stars from the audience of adolescents for its independent character, a bit rebellious perhaps, but at the same time discreet enough.
Everything except the ordinary. This is the characteristic to keep in mind when describing Avril Lavigne. A free spirit, a wild girl, Avril is one of those rare creatures who are starting to make their voices heard and their personalities already around two years of life. A girl in a small town that in class you cannot curb, animated by a strong determination and the desire to break through, so much so that almost with his own strength, he left for New York City and Los Angeles to test his thirst for music. A 17-year-old fierce, with the right cards to achieve success.
"I want to be myself and my conviction make my way, write what I feel and not worry about other people's judgment, I wear what I want, recite what is best for me and sing what belongs to me and is closer to my sensibility".
Avril Lavigne has put these into practice his intentions in his debut album, "Let go" (2002), a disc that makes beautiful view of his vocal qualities, her crystalline voice and his lyrics, mirror of her generation and what is she really. "Anything but ordinary" is an ode to individuality, while the first single, "Complicated", is a song whose momentum rug makes the bad intentioned. "I'm with you" reaches the connection point with the softer side of Avril, but tracks like "Losing grip" and "Unwanted", courageously confronted topics like rejection and betrayal, with all the flurry of reactions that these topics carry within them. Then there's "My world" and the metaphorical "Mobile", which perfectly articulate the experience of Avril Lavigne.
"I have the great opportunity to fulfill my dreams: be everywhere, flitting from place to place, doing a thousand different things every day. This is my lifestyle and I'd hate for bored or being "normal".
Apparently Avril was born with all this unrest. A little girl who "always wanted to be the center of attention" and meant to leave his native Napanee, town of five thousand souls. "I always knew what I wanted to be," he said. "I remember when I was little I was standing on the bed pretending to be on a stage, singing their hearts out and imagining thousands of people crazy for my music." Starting from her room Avril tries all possible ways to approach the actual singing-starting with the church choir, singing gospel music, through festivals and singing country music in competitions for young talents-up to land the gig with Arista Records.
On a trip to New York Avril Lavigne attracts the attention of Antonio "LA" Reid, who immediately realizes his extraordinary talent and puts it under contract with Arista. At 16 she moved to Manhattan and began working on his first CD, plunging without fear in the heart of the creative process. "I love writing. When I'm sad and I want to get rid of this mood, I my guitar. Sometimes I think my guitar is my therapist ".
Despite the great dedication during his stay in New York, Avril's initial efforts in the studio didn't seem to have much desired effects. "I started working with extraordinary people, but I still felt at ease. It was as if the songs I represent fully, "she admits. "I realized how much was a vital need for me to write my own songs, then my music from me. It's been pretty stressful, but I never wanted to give up. " Inspired by the compelling need to express herself in her music Avril change coast and flies to Los Angeles where he found that concentration and freshness of which feel needed.
In Los Angeles he met songwriter and producer Cliff Magness ... "I thought ... Yes, I found the right guy! We immediately understood, because it was for me a decent Guide; He really understood what I wanted to do and allowed me to express myself freely. " The songs "Let go" start to flow, with Magness at the helm and with the emerging team "The Matrix", whose previous works include songs for Sheena Easton and Christina Aguilera. Avril attaches to the Nettwerk Management, already at the helm of the careers of Sarah McLachlan, Dido, Coldplay, Barenaked Ladies and Sum 41.
His second work comes two years after the first and seems to confirm the talent of Canadian girl crazy teenagers of all continents: the title of the album is "Under my skin" and the single "don't tell me" is enthralling as few other songs featured in the panorama of international pop and rock of the period.
Avril Lavigne everytime he can't wait to play his music live. She jokingly points out that going on tour with his band, is not so different from what he did as a child. "I've always been a" bad boy "and I guess I am still. I played hockey in the cold seasons and baseball in the summer. Adored by sports guys. "
But the music of Avril Lavigne is able to both boys and girls, and of course, all those adults still animated by the spirit of adventure indeed, the reaction of the latter that want to provoke, awaken their latent desire for fun. "I can't wait to play live around the world! I want people to realize that my music is real, honest, which is straight from the heart. For me it's important to be yourself in what you do. "
At the end of September 2004 begins with a concert in Munich the first part of the new 32-stage world tour called "Bonez Tour", which will end on November 25 in Vancouver in Canada. At the end of 2004 the album will count more than 7 million copies sold.
The March 12, 2005 in Kobe in Japan begins the second part of the tour, full of well 99 dates, which will end on September 25 in São Paulo in Brazil. In Italy: two concerts in Milan on May 29 and Naples on 31 May. In 2005 the world Avril of animated films: before contributing to the soundtrack of "Spongebob", then giving voice to Heather, a character in the film "Over the Hedge".
In autumn recorded a cover of "Imagine" by John Lennon for an initiative in favor of Amnesty International. In concert-tribute to Metallica Avril is called to interpret "Fuel", the famous piece of James Hetfield's band that, present at the concert, she defined her performance one of the best.
On February 21, 2006 will perform in Turin in an acoustic concert with her guitarist Evan Taubenfeld historian during the awards ceremony of the Olympic Games. It also performs on 26 March for the closing ceremony, with the song "Who knows".
On July 15, 2006 Avril marries boyfriend Deryck Whibley, singer of "Sum 41", on a private estate in Fresno, California. Will fly to Italy for his honeymoon, liking, it seems, the beautiful country and its cuisine.
His latest album is "The Best Damn Thing" (2007).

Andrew young biography

Print the story
August 30, 1905
September 27, 1957

Who is Ophelia?

Leo Longanesi was born in Bagnacavallo (Ravenna) on August 30, 19His family lives in a rather wealthy: Paul father belongs to a family of wealthy farmers and her mother, Angela, is descended from the family of landowners Marangoni. Leo at age six moved with his family to Bologna and like all children of that period falls within the youth ranks of fascism. This is the period of the scheme for Longanesi becomes a kind of mythologizing of the Duce.
He enrolled at the Faculty of law and began his collaboration with various magazines. He founded a number of newspapers, including: "is it allowed?", "the bull", and "domain". Twenty years gets the direction of fascist newspaper of Bologna, "the assault", but was soon ousted by management because of an article against a Senator. Meanwhile, Longanesi adheres ever more deeply to fascism; his is the aphorism: "Mussolini is always right".
Lost the direction of "the assault" he founded and directed "The Italian", a cultural magazine in which, while claiming to be a fascist, he stresses the importance of the independence of art and culture by the regime. Many important signatures magazine collaborate including: Vincenzo Cardarelli, Giovanni Comisso and Mino Maccari. Unfortunately on 14 May 1931 Leo Longanesi becomes protagonist of the sad episode of aggression to maestro Arturo Toscanini, at his refusal to perform the concert "youth".
Left Bologna, he moved to Rome, where he collaborated with the magazine "Cinema" by Vittorio Mussolini. Through his friendship with Vincenzo Cardarelli knows the painter Armando Spadini whose daughter marries Mary. From this marriage three children.
Thanks to the support of Benito Mussolini, with whom he has a direct relationship, founded in 1937 "Omnibus" magazine. The magazine is important also for the journalistic tradition, as Italian is the first national sample of rotogravure. The newspaper, edited by Angelo Rizzoli, a big success, but the unscrupulousness of the pieces signed by Longanesi attracts the eye's on me of censorship, which suspends publication in 1939.
The journalist goes to designer, although in reality it is a messy drawer that entrusts his creative streak in leaflets and annotations. His inspiration comes from the tradition of the Moon, the almanacs, books and dreams of playing cards. His drawings were exhibited in several exhibitions: the tenth anniversary exhibition of the fascist revolution (1932); the XIX Venice Biennale (1934); the View of Berlin (1937). In 1941 holds an important staff in the Gallery of Milan. Barbaroux
Before the end of the war he moved briefly to Naples. He returned to Rome and, after the fall of fascism, immediately changing political orientation, writing from the columns of "the Messenger" an article extolling freedom.
In 1945 he moved to Milan, where he founded the publishing house Longanesi at the suggestion of John Monti, industrialist brother-in-law of writer Elio Vittorini. Leo with his publishing the first novel by Ernest Hemingway, gives space to Soviet fiction, founded a series of thrillers and launches authors as Alberto Moravia, Vitaliano Brancati, Goffredo Parise, Dino Buzzati and Ennio Flaiano. The Publishing House also publishes a monthly newsletter, "the bookseller", in which Elsa Morante and Mino Maccari.
Then in 1950 he founded the magazines "the burgher" and "today." "The burgher" first came out with biweekly and then weekly Edition, is a news and culture magazine that counts among its student collaboratoti Longanesi, which will become a famous signature of Italian journalism: Indro Montanelli. The magazine acquires notoriety mainly due to book covers designed by Leo and satirical picture against the ruling class of the period. In particular the photographs become representative of a critical attitude towards the political class, that any other photos have the same characteristics is called "bourgeois".
Directs the magazine until his death. Is caught by a heart attack while in his Office: transported to hospital, Leo Longanesi dies shortly after just 52 years. It is the 27 September 1957.
At his school were formed in the Italian panorama famous journalists, including Benedetti (the European and the Espresso), Pannunzio (World) and the aforementioned Montanelli (day). Just dedicate to Indro Montanelli a biography co-written with Marcello Staglieno, Longanesi editions in 1984.

Virginia Raffaele biography

September 27, 1980

Who is Virginia Raffaele?

Extraordinary impersonator and comedian and actress, Virginia Raffaele was born on 27 September 1980 in Rome, descendant of a circus family: his grandmother was an Acrobat and ran the circus rider Pascual. Grown in the luna park of Eur in Rome founded by her grandparents, Virginia and graduated at the age of nineteen at the Theatre Academy of Integrated Farhad. After studying modern dance and ballet at the Accademia Nazionale di Danza, shape with Francesca Milani and Danilo De Santis "two integers and a reduced", comedy trio that starts to get noticed on the cabaret scene. She works in theatre, acting, inter alia, to Vincenzo Zingaro "clouds" by Aristophanes and Farhad in "love of Don Perlimpino for Belisa", Federico Garcia Lorca play. Also onstage alongside Carlo Croccolo in "Plautus", and Max Tortora in "Doppia coppia", before being directed by Lorenzo Gioielli in "Iressa".
Then starts a collaboration with Lillo and Greg, embodied both in the theater (with The Blues Brothers-"plagiarism", "Wild West Story", "La baita" Spectra "and Trapped in the comedy") and television ("Bla Bla Bla", broadcast on BBC two in 2005). On the small screen Virginia Raffaele says, among other things, "classmates", with Massimo Lopez, "Mr right", with Enrico Montesano, and other fiction as "Police", "Spell" and "Il maresciallo Rocca". Since 2009 working with the Gialappa's Band in "Mai dire Grande Fratello Show on Italy 1, proposing among other things the imitation of Malika Ayane singer and contestant on the" big brother "Federica Rosatelli, before joining La7 in" Victor Victoria ", alongside Victoria Cabello, to interpret the Chat presenter Annamaria mechanics.
In January of 2010 Virginia Raffaele began collaborating with singer Luca Barbarossa and comedian Andrea Panday in conducting "Radio2" Social Club, Radio2 programme, while the following summer joined the cast of "Quelli che il calcio". In Sunday's program of Raidue proposes many imitations of famous personalities, including Renata Polverini, Lazio region President, Roberta Bruzzone, criminologist, and Eleonora Brigliadori, competitor "Isola dei Famosi". The following year, "those who" passes from the hands of Simona Ventura to those of Victoria Cabello, but Virginia is confirmed: his new characters include Carlo Gozzi (the designer of "But how do you dress?"), Belen Rodriguez and Ornella Vanoni, in addition to the poet transsexual Paula Gilberto Do Mar, fantasy character.
Back then the cinema (the big screen had small roles in "Ladri di barzellette", "Romanzo criminale" and "Lillo e Greg-The movie"), "I jump in Havana", with Francis Pannofino, and "honey, I love you ..." by Gian Paolo V.. After a brief stop in La7, host of "brothers and sisters of Italy", back to "those", proposing, by 2012, the imitation of Nicole Minetti, a regional councillor of the Lombardy Pdl (imitation challenged by some party leaders, including Deputy Jole Santelli). In the same year, Virginia Raffaele returns to Fausto Brizzi comedy "how beautiful love", alongside Claudia Gerini, Filippo Timi and Fabio De Luigi, and leads with Francis Pannofino on May Day Concert, broadcast on Raitre. On this occasion, was to present an imitation of Renata Polverini, but the performance is cancelled on orders "from above".
Back to "Those that" even for the 2012/2013 season, offers among other imitations of Michaela Biancofiore, exponent of the Pdl, and Francesca Pascale, girlfriend of Silvio Berlusconi. With the character of Pascale also breaks in transmission of Michele Santoro "Public Service", on LaAfter conducting the first edition of the Mtv Awards with his colleague of "those" Ubaldo Pantani, joined the cast of "the last wagon wheel", film directed by Giovanni Veronesi with Ricky Memphis, Elio Germano and Alessandra Mastronardi.
In the summer of 2013, after having won the Premio Regia Televisiva as newcomer of the year, says goodbye to "the ones", and persistent rumors that the show as one of the new hosts of "Striscia La Notizia", alongside Michelle Hunziker. The news of "Strip" is confirmed in September and start this new adventure.

Francesco Totti biography

The class is not discussed
September 27, 1976

Who is Francesco Totti?

Francesco Totti was born in Rome on September 27, 19Shows great confidence from an early age with the leather ball. His first team is Fortitudo, small companies in the San Giovanni district, where the family lives. From Fortitudo to Tan, Francis goes to Smit Trastevere, pergolas and Padilla.
The role occupied in the field is that of midfielder, obvious choice for mister who are fortunate enough to coach him, given the "clean" class that performs with utmost ease. Then, in 1986, moving to Langley, the first important step towards the football that counts.
Totti has trained first by Mags and then by Emidio Neroni, two important figures from the footballing point of view for the boy.
After two more seasons, Totti is submitted to family dilemma: the Lane points out that Francis tempts both at Rome and Lazio.
No hesitation for romanistissimi parents: the young footballer di Porta Metronia lands at Trigoria in 1989, beginning his career in the Club, starting with the youth.
The natural talent of Francesco pushes all technical representative at convene often. In the same season he happens to play with the under-17s and spring (1991-1992 season) or even be decisive for winning the League again with students while playing in the spring holder and finding ways to make his debut in serie A (season 1992-1993). Boskov, the note at Trigoria during training matches against the first team and he does start in Serie A against Brescia in the 2-0 victory of March 28, 1993.
From that moment the relationship between Totti and the first team will be always on the rise, although in the meantime continue the experience even as a youth. Even the rewards National: since Under 15 by Corradini and the trained representative from Sergio Vatta, Francis finds a way to shine, reaching the pinnacle of his career in blue with the conquest of the European Under-21 title with Cesare Maldini, beating Spain in the final on penalties (May 31, 1996).
A few months before Totti had known the taste of a meeting request in the senior national team: Arrigo Sacchi had summoned him for an internship at the Borghesiana (February 1996), giving him words of great esteem and consideration.
Returning to Rome in 1994 at Trigoria arrives Carletto Mazzone, man who will launch permanently Francesco on the big stage of football that counts and that he will always remain an important point of reference, a second father to ask for advice in difficult times.
The September 4, 1994 comes his first goal with the jacket of the "big": at the Stadio olimpico before the public, which until a few years before, as a small fan, scored against Foggia.
Maybe that's the real beginning of the fable of the current ten of Rome, who has known fable also difficult moments as the lack of consideration of Carlos Bianchi, Argentinian coach who do not "saw" (which was about to succumb to Sampdoria), but which has found its most splendid in continuation-Zeman: Czech coach, just another important figure in Tan story , makes the most of the technical background of the attacking midfielder left Trident including it. It's the boom: everyone, even the most skeptical, admit to being a true phenomenon of international football and he responds with goals and awards for the high rating averages maintained on all newspapers throughout the League.
The rest is history.
With the arrival of Roma's Fabio Capello has seen a year of transition that involved the same Tan, also harmed earlier in the season that has affected the yield for a few months. The Giallorossi captain, however, maintained a performance well above the standard of the rest of the League, making assists and leading man even in the most difficult moments.
The summoning of Dino Zoff for Euro 2000 and the conquest of a Jersey with the Blues confirm positive season. And in fact the Europeans played in Belgium and the Netherlands represents the final consecration for Francis international, after the beautiful evidence offered above all against the Belgium (his head goal that paves the way to victory), against Romania (another goal that broke the deadlock), and in the final against France by Zidane.
Two exciting moments of last summer: the Netherlands bei backheel that gave away the illusory action of blue advantage Delvecchio and especially the legendary spoon penalty pulled against the Netherlands in the semifinals played in the Amsterdam Arena. An act technician who amazed the world.
Francesco's career continues the successes with the giallorosa team: the conquest of the third title in the season 2000/2001 and stunts in the Champions League. Also inspires National fans and wearing the number 10 shirt is the unmovable pin blue attack.
To understand how this is loved by the people gamble simply assist, at the stadio olimpico in Rome, one of the few occasions when it is replaced. The speaker Carlo Zampa sort: "people gamble, standing. The captain comes out ". And 70 thousand people make up a thunderous standing ovation.
Him Pele said: "Totti is one of the greatest artists of modern football".
Francis is a very sensitive guy, and is often engaged in works of charity and solidarity. Another personal record was that of sale (summer 2003) of "his" book "all the jokes about Totti (raccolte da me)", the proceeds of which were devoted to Unicef and to the service "remote assistance and remote rescue" of the city of Rome.
On June 19, 2005 Francesco Totti married the well-known anchorwoman (ex-letter) Ilary Blasi: the ceremony was followed live by Sky TG24 and the income of the couple were devoted to charitable works.
After an injury that seemed to keep long away from the fields, Francis makes a remarkable recovery in the Germany 2006 World Cup; Although it will not shine its contribution will be crucial for the historic achievement of the World Cup.


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