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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Loredana Berté
- Biography of Andrea Berton
- Biography of Robert Emmet
- Biography of Theodor Fontane
- Sophia Loren biography
- Biography of George R. R. Martin
- Mia Martini biography
- Biography of Ernesto Teodoro Moneta
- Belen Rodriguez biography
- Biography of Nazario Sauro
- Biography of Vittorio Taviani
- Biography of Cesare Zavattini
Biography of Loredana Berté
September 20, 1950
Who is Loredana Berte?
It is not a lady, is constantly depressed and struggling with the world, difficult to manage and alien compromises. A back-track so suited, in our country, only one person and one singer. Let's talk about rockstar nostrana par excellence, his Majesty Loredana Bertè. That, born on September 20, 1950 in Bagnara Calabra, from that small town started to conquer the throne of Italian pop music, at least in the feminine. His is an all-female family, composed of four sisters, one of which, on Sunday, will become famous under the name of Mia Martini.
It's the mid-60 's who begins to Loredana take their first steps into the world of show business and precisely from the "Piper", the famous nightclub for a period that has seen her strangely protagonist. Her, so wild and rebellious, amid all those rich kids, alongside the "decadent" Nicoletta Strambelli, aka Patty Pravo? For goodness sake, that could only be a fatally short.
And so, met in the meantime another outsider like Renato Zero, slowly begins to climb the steps of Fame. Chosen both by Don Lurio, are part of the so-called "Collettoni" by Rita Pavone in its broadcasts, then it was the turn of musical: first "Orfeo 9" by Tito Schipa Jr., then getting together in scandalous then Italian version of "Hair," the musical history by burning issues at that time, including the Viet Nam war. But Loredana Bertè 's talent is in music, and in 1974 he released his first album: is for scandal, because with us conformists Loredana will fight for quite a while ... "Streaking" is the title and Loredana appears naked on the cover. It is only the first of a long series of complaints: the cover was changed, but meets the ostracism of public radio, disinclined to transmit songs from strong lyrics.
The true exploits of Loredana Berté takes place one year later, in 1975: the single "you're beautiful" achieved great success and is still considered-with respect-a classic of Italian music. The song was included in the album "regular or Super" of 1976; in 1977 "T.I.R.", her third LP.
Despite the artistic production of Mario Lavezzi who will be his partner in life and work for several years, and despite some already visible commitment is musical in both texts, the true consecration singer Loredana Bertè and interpreter comes in 1978 with the publication of a 45 rpm signed Ivano Fossati, newcomer author as well as part of a group for the times a little underground "Delirium", entitled "dedicated". For some sort of a political manifesto, a historical piece Loredana among the most loved by herself.
The song will be part of a wonderful album, "BandaBertè" (1979) which will confirm as one of Loredana protagonists of the Italian rock scene and you will see inside prestigious collaborations: in addition to the already mentioned Ivano Fossati, Pino Daniele, Alberto Radius, Battisti-Mogol, Lavezzi, Avogadro, etc. "... and the Moon knocked" is the album's most popular track and more historical piece in the Repertoire of Loredana First, and perhaps only singer to use reggae sounds in Italy.
The great collaborations in the next album, and in the following years will be numerous. From Ron to Renato Zero, by Mia Martini to Gianni Bella up to Enrico Ruggeri ("Il mare d'inverno"), the Brazilian composer Chico Buarque, Bruno Lauzi, Corrado Rustici, and many others.
In 1980 he made "Loredanaberte" with the enthralling piece "trawlers on the high seas" and then once again exceeding two years later with the huge success of "Non sono una signora", sealed the victory at Festivalbar. "Moving", the next album, is one of its most beautiful and intense disc.
This is the absolute Summit of gloomy singer, which could only follow a decline-albeit brief-marked by several attempts to return to prominence (as the fake baby bump shown an edition of Sanremo).
In 1989 materializes the spectrum instead of despair and depression in shape of tennis player Bjorn Borg: a love affair that threatened to destroy psicologimante, especially after the abandonment of him, Loredana nationally. It is a symbol of the aggressive and bitter single "I don't have any Friends," a song that says it all about his existential situation (not even mitigated by minor strokes while ironic). The dramas of Bailey House, however, did not have to end here. In May 1995 the loved-hated her sister Mia Martini, who is always looking for intestardita a personal success, far from the shadow of the cumbersome relative. The tragedy deeply marks the already proven.
The musical activities of Loredana doesn't stop anyway. The following album, "officially missing," Loredana debuted as a lyricist.
The album "A fighter" and Robin "quite Loredana" autobiographical contain pieces that reveal the latest Bailey.
Since 1998 there is a sudden stop, maybe a pause for reflection to find herself. Will be the 52nd Edition of the Sanremo Festival to return it to his fans, who promptly, casting doubt on that Throne from which, in fact, has never dropped.
The 2004 relaunched Loredana Berté with tv broadcast "Musicfarm"; In addition, its "open sea" has been revived and remixed to create "Waves of luv", one of the many summer catchphrases that inflamed the Italian clubs.
Participates in Sanremo 2008 and bursts a case: the song has, and which is entitled "music and lyrics" is actually "ultimate secret", a song sung by Ornella Ventura twenty years earlier, in 1988, and produced by Tullio De Piscopo together with Alberto Radius, which is also the author. RADIUS, leader of historic Formula Three, is also the author of "music and lyrics": then bursts a singular episode of "autoplagio" that leads to disqualification by Loredana Berté.
Back on stage of Sanremo with the song 2012 "Breathe" written and sung by Gigi D'Alessio.
Biography of Andrea Berton
September 20, 1970
Who is Andrea Berton?
Andrea Berton was born on September 20, 1970 in San Vito al Tagliamento, Pordenone, but grew up in San Daniele del Friuli, the land of ham. As a child it is impassioned to the kitchen, watching the mother behind the stoves. Earned a high school diploma, has the opportunity to work with Gualtiero Marchesi in Milan, and later in Florence, at "Enoteca Pinchiorri", together with Carlo Cracco.
After a short passage to Montecarlo to Alan Court Ducasse, Berton back in Italy, Erbusco, again together with the Marquis. Shortly after, take to the skies, opening the "Trussardi alla Scala", five star restaurant in the heart of Milan. In March of 2012, his experience in the restaurant of Trussardi ends, and the local Bobo is entrusted to Enrico Cerea brothers, owners of three-star Michelin restaurant From Vittorio, Brusaporto.
Author of a fine and complex from the intellectual point of view, Andrea Berton inherits a small portion from each style of his teachers. During his career, Berton has reached the prestigious goal of two Michelin stars in two consecutive years, 2008 and 2009, as previously only managed to Gualtiero Marchesi, in 1977 and in 1978, in Riverside, where Bonvesin Cook friulano grew.
In his career, he also experiences from "Mossiman's, in London, and at the" Taverna "di Colloredo di Montalbano (the latter experience, enriched by the conquest of a Michelin star).
Biography of Robert Emmet
March 4, 1778
September 20, 1803
Who is Robert Emmet?
It is an Ireland torn by Penal Lows-introduced by James II of Orange in the second half of the 17th century-and pervaded by a widespread and ever domo revolutionary spirit that welcomes small Robert Emmet, who came into the world on March 4 of 1778, in Clonakilty, County Cork, in the extreme south of the island.
It is an Ireland expropriated its assets, in which the vast majority of landowners is English, and more than half of the farmers live in inhuman conditions dibattendosi between hunger and disease; the reigning monarch, George III, promotes the island domain of Protestants until, in 1800, the Irish Parliament was abolished by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Robert Emmet grows so nourishing of patriotic feelings and antibritannici, and soon begins to work on manifesting considerable political oratory skills and charismatic. In 1798 he was expelled from the college where he studied for joining and becoming Secretary of the society of United Irishmen (Society of United Irishmen), a semi-clandestine revolutionary organization and Republican proponent of Catholic Emancipation and independence of Ireland. But the wind of the French and American revolutions spira now strong, and Irish nationalists are invested in full.
In the spring of the following year, followed by an arrest warrant, repairs to Paris where, three years later, he manages to meet Napoleon and Talleyrand that make part of an imminent invasion of England. Back in Dublin in late 1802 and begins to organize the insurgency alongside the French attack.
During the preparations, however, realizes that the insurgent movement you go: weakening accidental explosion of a bomb in one of the clandestine arms deposits is what causes it to not wait further anticipating the rivolta date without waiting for France. But the company is in bankruptcy, much to be remembered as a "little rebellion". The motions, exploded on July 23, 1803, cause the death of Viceroy lord Arthur Wolfe Kilwarden and his nephew. But during the night the Government forces were able to quell the rebellion by dispersing the rebels only a few and disheartened. Emmet has only 25 years, and probably the impulsiveness of young age contributes to the failure of the revolt; But companies making are certainly worthy of more seasoned action men. Captured, is convicted and sentenced to death on 19 September. Immediately after the reading of the sentence, Robert Emmet took the floor and pronounce a fierce and moving speech which will remain engraved in Republican history of Ireland.
Those were his last words: "men don't write my epitaph ... until other times and other men cannot do justice to my character. When my country takes its place among the Nations of the Earth, then and only then, write my epitaph ".
On September 20, 1803, in Thomas Street, Dublin, Robert Emmet was hanged and then beheaded.
Its heartbreaking human belongs also the poignant love story, all correspondence, with Sarah Curran, also died young of tuberculosis two years after Emmet. The story of Robert and Sarah has inspired over the years, poets, writers and directors.
Biography of Theodor Fontane
September 20, 1898
Who is Theodor Fontane?
Heinrich Theodor Fontane was born on 30 December 1819 in Neuruppin (Germany). After attending technical school in Berlin, in 1835 he met Emilie Rouanet-Kummer, who would become his wife; the following year he interrupted his studies and is dedicated to the technical training to be a pharmacist, beginning shortly after the traineeship near Magdeburg.
During the same period he wrote his first poems and publishes "Geschwisterliebe", his first novel. In 1841 must deal with a bad disease, typhus, but manages to recover to Letschin, at his family; right here, working in his father's pharmacy. Meanwhile, Bernhard von Lepel introduces him in "Tunnel über der Spree", who will attend literary circle for over twenty years, and in 1844 he military.
Obtained, three years later, the pharmacist first class, fighting in the revolution of March and write on the "Berliner Zeitung-Halle". In the late forties choose to abandon definitively drugstore to devote himself to writing: "Dresdner Zeitung", radical leaf, welcomes its first political writings. Between 1849 and 1850 public Fountains "Men and heroes. Eight Prussian songs ", her first book, and married Emilie, with which he went to live in Berlin.
Despite the financial problems, initial Theodore Fontane manages to recover after finding work at the "Centralstelle fur pressangelegenheiten". After moving to London, he came into contact with the Pre-raphaelites, artistic movement known to readers of his "Englischer Artikel"; then, back at home with the Prussian government. Is dedicated to the literature of travel, which is experiencing an explosion in that period.
In 1861, his articles "the County of Ruppin" booklet which is followed a year later by a second edition featuring the sovratitolo "journey in Magdeburg". Entered in the drafting of the "Neuen Preussischen (Kreuz-) Zeitung, conservative and reactionary sheet founded, among others, from Bismarck, travels to Denmark to talk about the war of 1864, before returning to Berlin. Having gone to Paris during the franco-Prussian War, he was arrested for spying: but, once verified the inconsistency of the accusation, is released after Bismarck.
Follow years in which Theodore Fontane traveling between Italy, Austria and Switzerland. After wanderings in southern Europe, he decides to live as a freelance writer, abandoning magazines: in 1876, he was appointed Secretary of the Academy of fine arts in Berlin, although he left the post shortly afterwards. Hit by a severe cerebral ischemia in 1892, received by your doctor on board to tell his childhood memories in writing: in this way he was able to recover from the Fountains and has no way to make the novel "Effi Briest" and his autobiography "from twenty to thirty".
After losing his first son George, in 1897, Theodor Fontane died in Berlin on 20 September 1898 at the age of 79 years: his body is buried in the cemetery of the French reformed church in Berlin.
Sophia Loren biography
September 20, 1934
Who is Sophia Loren?
The famous Italian diva, born in Rome on September 20, 1934 but raised in Pozzuoli, near Naples, before you break into the world of cinema has taken all the streets of those who try the climb to success.
Participate in beauty pageants, plays in soap operas and in small film parts under the name Sofia Lazzaro. On the set of "under the sea" (Giovanni Roccardi-, 1952) was noticed by Carlo Ponti, her future husband, who has a seven-year contract.
Thus began a film career that first sees acting in common parts, such as in "Neapolitan Carousel" (1953) by Ettore Giannini, "the gold of Naples (1954) by Vittorio De Sica and" La bella mugnaia "(1955) by Mario Camerini, and then in Hollywood alongside stars such as Cary Grant, Marlon Brando, William Holden and Clark Gable.
Soon the world renowned thanks to its exuberant beauty that barely leave indifferent. Sophia Loren was also because of his unquestionable talent, and this is one reason why it has never waned. Not only has become a veritable icon but also got some of the most coveted awards in the industry: the Coppa Volpi in 1958 for "black Orchid" from Martin Ritt and an Oscar Award for best actress in Cannes for "La ciociara" (1960) by Vittorio De Sica.
In 1991 she received in one fell swoop the Oscar, César lifetime achievement and the Légion d'honneur. Not bad for someone who was accused of being able to only support the popular roles.
However, after the pomp of his Hollywood heyday (linked inevitably to youth and middle age), since 1980 has partially withdrawn from film sets, devoting himself mainly to television. Thus interpreted, among others, the biography "Sophia: her story" by Mel Stuart and the remake of "La ciociara" (Dino Risi, 1989).
In the course of his long career was managed, to the greater glory of the Italian image, by leading directors including Sidney Lumet, George Cukor, Michael Curtiz, Anthony Mann, Charles Chaplin, Dino Risi, Mario Monicelli, Ettore Scola, André Cayatte. However, critics agree that was with Vittorio De Sica (with whom she starred in eight films), which formed an ideal partnership, often supplemented by unforgettable presence of Marcello Mastroianni.
Biography of George r. r. Martin
Who is George r. r. Martin?
George r. Martin, author and writer, prolific and imaginative mind, author of the famous saga of "throne" (Game of Thrones) was born in New Jersey, Bayonne, on 20 September 1948, son of Raymond, a port worker, and Margaret.
Grew up in a working class neighborhood not far from the city, he attends the Mary Jane Donohoe School; took the name Richard from confirmed at thirteen, she studied at Marist High School, where he was able to showcase their talent in the field of writing.
As a boy has a great imagination: writes and sells for a few pennies horror stories that are purchased by the sons of his neighbors, and became passionate about reading books of Andre Norton, Eric Frank Russell and Robert a. Heinlein. During high school, also approaches to comics, becoming a connoisseur and collector.
After his studies, the first collaborations
It is precisely in the comic book industry who take away his first collaborations. In 1970 Martin graduated with honors from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, in journalism, and sells the magazine "Galaxy" his story, entitled "The hero", which was released the following year.
During the Viet Nam war, between 1972 and 1974, he became a conscientious objector in an association, the Vista, which is headed by the legal aid Foundation of Cook County. After having directed many chess tournaments, in 1975 she married Gale Burnick and won the Hugo Award for "song for Lya", who is elected best short story of the year; starting from the following year, however, teaches journalism in Iowa, at the Clarke College in Dubuque.
Complete dedication to writing
In 1979 he divorces his wife and abandoned teaching to devote himself entirely to literary career.
While the number of prizes increases (for "King of the sand" won the Nebula Award for best short story), writes in the 1980 novel "the planet", followed in 1982 "the boat of delirium", in 1983 "Armageddon Rag" and, since 1986, the number of "Wild Cards", which imagined a reality supereroistica.
Trying your luck in Hollywood
The works of George r. r. Martin attracts the attention of fans of the genre, but-until now-fail to excite the general public: it is also for this reason that in the second half of the 1980s he moved to Hollywood to work as a developer and writer of several tv series for Cbs.
Is, for example, screenwriter of "The twilight zone", as well as consultant of the screenplays of "beauty and the beast", which is pure: join the writer writing, among others, of "Terrible saviour. Angels and demons "and" Ozymandias. Underground alert "of the first season, and" Dead of winter ". Die in winter "of the second season.
For Columbia Pictures Television works as a writer and executive producer of "Doorways", but in 1991 he decided to return to the literary career leaving Hollywood and the limits imposed by large production houses. Begins to write what would become "series a song of ice and fire" (original title: "A song of ice and fire"), fantasy series based on "Ivanhoe" (historical novel by Walter Scott) and the war of the roses.
The global success of "game of Thrones"
The first of seven volumes that are part of the series is called "A Game of Thrones" (in Italy is divided into two books, "game of Thrones" and "the great winter"), and was released in 19Among other successful books, "A feast for crows" (in Italy divided into "the domain of the Queen" and "the shadow of the prophecy"), which in November 2005 reached first place in the charts.
It is the fourth novel in the saga, which is followed by "A dance with dragons" (in Italy, distributed in the trilogy "the ice warriors", "the fires of Valyria" and "dragon dance"), which is given to the press in the summer of 2011.
Meanwhile, HBO Productions, an American television production company, which in 2007 had bought the tv rights to all the books of the "song of ice and fire", kick off the filming of "A game of thrones", tv series based on the novels.
George r. r. Martin, executive producer of the show, participate directly in the script. The series debuts on HBO, American cable channel, on 17 April 2011, and quickly reaches a substantial success throughout the world: the complete first season winning 13 Emmy Awards nominations, winning two.
Within a short time, "A game of thrones by George r. r. Martin, tv broadcasting, takes the characters from a cult phenomenon not only in the us but also in the rest of the world.
Mia Martini biography
September 20, 1947
May 12, 1995
Who is my Martini?
Italian voice among the most beautiful, in circumstances never fully clarified, Sunday art Berté, Mia Martini, was born in Bagnara Calabra, Reggio Calabria, September 20, 1947, the second child of four children. Among these, there is also her Loredana Berté, Italian singer is greatly appreciated.
Childhood and early youth are already dedicated to music. The small Sunday, spent his early years in Porto Recanati but it takes little to convince his mother, Mary, Given her Hajj in Milan, in search of fortune in the world of music. Here, in 1962, he met record producer Carlo Alberto Rossi and becomes a "ye-ye girl", i.e. a pitch pipe to twist and rock songs of the period. But the singer calabrese already at that age is inspired by Aretha Franklin and producer Lance with his first 45 rpm, in 1963, with the stage name of Mimì Bertè. The following year, he won the Festival of Bellaria and imposes itself even to the press as promising interpreter, thanks to the song "lump". This little prominence, however, does not last long. In 1969 the future My Martini moved to Rome, together with her mother and sisters. Renato Fiacchini knows, also aspiring singer still not "became" Renato Zero, and with his sister Loredana earns a living in a variety of ways, not giving up the dream of music. It is a delicate moment of his life, one of many. To confirm, in 1969, his arrest for possession of soft drugs and the resulting four-month prison sentence in Tempio Pausania.
The decisive encounter, however, came in 19The founder of the local historian Piper, Alberigo Crocetta, the projects in an international horizon, propelling it to the general public. Mimì Bertè e Mia Martini becomes the rebellious young Calabrian singer finds her size, in an artistic look and closer to his identity. "Father" is the first track on behalf My Martini and leaves as early as 1971, for Rca Italiana. Rai puts little to censor it: the topic is that of a daughter who rebels against the abusive father. Nevertheless, the song won the Music Festival d'avanguardia e Nuove Tendenze di Viareggio. On the back of this first 45 laps there is also "love ... love ... a horn", another song written by breaking a young Claudio Baglioni.
In November 1971 always the album "over the Hill", one of the best of the singer, which addresses issues such as despair and suicide. Even in this work is the young Baglioni, in a couple of tracks, while Lucio Battisti, attracted by the amazing vocals of "Gypsy", the singer wants in the Tv special "all together". Here, Mia Martini sings "father", without any censorship. The consecration is around the corner.
In 1972 the second daughter of Alberigo Crocetta follows to Berté Ricordi of Milan, where he recorded "little man", which turns out to be a great success. The text is by Bruno Lauzi and interpretation is masterful, so much that he won the Festivalbar that year. The album "in the world", in which the great Vinicius De Moraes, and awarded by critics as best 1972 LP.
Their criticism until the 80 's is always on his side, putting a value and an innovative force that is unmatched in Italy. This is confirmed by the critics ' award winning right in 1982 at the Sanremo Music Festival, which is specifically created for that issue in order to give it recognition and that, since 1996, is called "Mia Martini Prize".
But it is the year 1973 masterpiece. "Minuet", signed Franco Califano and Dario Baldan Bembo, is by far his best selling turns With the song wins again the Festivalbar, tied with Marcella Bella. By this time, his albums and songs are translated abroad, Germany, Spain and France, especially. Alps, compare to the legendary Edith Piaf. European criticism in 1974 as the singer of the year and "how to live", Mia Martini wins gold: a million records sold in the last three years. A year later, in 1975, the Rai the tribute due, with the special "My", also including Lino Capolicchio and Gabriella Ferri.
Record cover "Donna con te", which depopulated of the referendum and vote for the "voice", organized by the weekly magazine Tv Sorrisi e Canzoni, female vocalist of the year proclaims. These were years of great commercial success, accompanied by interpretations that the singer performing mainly for contractual charges. The marriage with the Memories breaks but the Milan House mentions in court, Mia Martini would loose the contract early, and gets the seizure of assets and earnings, in addition to paying a high penalty.
Switch to Rca and recorded "you want it to be ... se t'ho aspettato tanto". The album receives other authors not yet famous, like Amedeo Minghi and Pino Mango, while the arrangements are by Luis Enriquez Bacalov. In France, the famous French singer Charles Aznavour and want to note with him in a big recital at the Paris Olympia, a sacred Temple music in France. The show is repeated at the Sistina in Rome and in 1977 My Martini was chosen to represent Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest with the song "free". He ranks 13th in the standings, but the single is translated almost worldwide.
These are the years of the relationship with Ivano Fossati, of which falls during the recording of the album "to love you", which has the song "portrait of a woman", which won the critics prize at the Yamaha World Popular Song Festival in Tokyo. With Fossati, Mia Martini passes to Warner and publishes the "flies" and "dance" of 1979, which contains the achievements signed by songwriter "Canto alla luna" and "building a love".
In 1981 it operates to the vocal cords, seeing his tone changed towards a more Husky. Is an American singer-songwriter and now the album "Mimi", arranged by former Blood Sweet and Tears, Dick Halligan, offers ten songs almost entirely autographs. In 1982 participated for the first time in Sanremo with the song written by Ivano Fossati "and doesn't end mica il cielo", which opens the critics ' prize. In the same year, he realizes "how many times", arranged by Shel Shapiro, who achieved great success abroad as well.
The 1983 was the year of his retirement from the scene, caused by a rumor that would tie into his presence and adverse events for some years behind. The silence lasted until 1989, when the friend Renato Zero convinces the artistic director of the Festival of Sanremo, Adriano Aragozzini, participate in the famous singing competition. "Almeno tu nell'universo", "was a hit and won the critics ' award again. On the wave of enthusiasm, Mia Martini influenced album "Mia Martini", for Fonit Cetra House. The song "woman", signed by the musician Enzo Gragnaniello, goes to the Festivalbar and he won gold for more than 100,000 copies sold. The year after, in Sanremo, song written by Franco Califano, "La nevicata del ' 56", won the third prize of the critics.
In 1992 he returns to the stage of the Ariston with another success, "men don't change". Comes second, after Luca Barbarossa. In the same year he recorded "Tears", which gives the last gold disc and was chosen to represent Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest in Sweden, where he was much applauded.
These were the years when returned to his sister Loredana Berté, after many years in which relations were cold and with her, in 1993, agreeing to sing at Sanremo. The song "we are as we are," However, does not break. A year later, in 1994, Mia Martini, Penrose RTI Music House music that turns me around ", in which he sings cover choices between the repertoires of singers like Fabrizio De André, De Gregori and Lucio Dalla. This is just one of his projects declared to be of reinterpreting songs by other artists, such as Mina and Tom Waits. On the way, however, fails to have a sequel.
On 14 May 1995, forty-seven years old, my Martini was found dead in her apartment, in Cardano al Campo, Varese. For months, the singer suffered from uterine fibroids, and took copious doses of blood-thinning drugs. According to the Prosecutor's Office in Busto Arsizio, however, died due to cardiac arrest, caused by drug abuse.
Biography of Ernesto Teodoro Moneta
September 20, 1833
February 10, 1918
Who is Ernesto Teodoro Moneta?
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta was born in Milan on September 20, 18His family belongs to the oldest milanese nobility and two generations is active in Commerce and industry detergents. The family was founded by his grandfather that his father, Carlo arrives coin. The young Ernesto spent his teenage years in a political climate. In those years, the continuing social unrest drive and affect the lives of individuals, without excluding anyone. The riots and uprisings are routed to that feeling of rebellion typical of a people invaded claiming even with the use of arms, independence. The stakes are high and the Austrian invaders must "negotiate" a quest for independence without compromise.
His father and brothers fighting during the five days of Milan. Ernesto has only 15 years and the horrors of war come partisan in his young life with all their hardness: the view of some dying men and the rattle that portends death, will be commemorated by Coin as one of the most dramatic aspects of their lives. In 1849 he left the Lyceum of Brera in Milan and moved to Torino to enlist as a volunteer in the Piedmontese army, which was preparing for war against the Austrians, but the claim is rejected for her young age (the minimum age to enlist as a volunteer was set at 17 years time) so he was sent to study at the Military Academy in Ivrea.
In 1855, at the age of 22 years, Ernesto confirms its anti-Austrian orientation and joins the newspaper Unit "," organ two years later will come to support the "Società Nazionale Italiana" by Daniele Manin and Giorgio Pallavicini, promoters of the unification of Italy. The "Società Nazionale Italiana" enjoys the support of the monarchy of Victor Emmanuel II. Despite the political vision of the coin is not favorable to the monarchy, his admiration for the political project of Manin and Pallavicini, induce the coin to partner with "the small Carrier of Italy", official organ of the Italian National Society.
In 1859 he Coin the garibaldine and became aide-de-camp to General Salah.
In the following years, fights valiantly and gets official degrees; in 1866, the year of the ill-fated battle of Custoza (lost against the Austrians for lack of coordination of the two generals at the head of the army, The Marmora and Cialdini), money decides to end his military career. Notes that the war, in addition to spill rivers of blood, does not bring any real benefit and although less is the solution to the problems that aims to solve. Coin in the same year he began to write some articles for the newspaper "Century". A year later, Edoardo Sonzogno, founder of the newspaper, coin has to become its Director. After accepting the appointment to, within a few years, the newspaper circulation increases going from 30,000 to 100,000 readers. The journal contains articles anti-clerical and anti-militarist controversies. Often sided in favor of upgrading social battles in the field of compulsory and free education, health care and wage issues.
In those years in Europe several associations of pacifist nature. Protagonists are Frederick Pussy and Hodgson Pratt; the aim is the establishment of a Court of arbitration to solve international conflicts by resorting to the law and not to violence. After several attempts to create a society for peace in Italy, in 1887, it is the so-called "Milan Lombardy's Union for peace and arbitration", then "society for peace and international justice", to which the Foundation cooperates, Coin while not officially offering its largest contribution. During these years gradually pass Money from journalist to that of pacifist ideas.
Coin colonialist policy openly contrasts of then-Prime Minister Francesco Crispi; consider the policy against France a big mistake (the formation of the Triple Alliance which saw Italy, Austria, Germany and Allied had been the pretext for a rupture of relations with France), so much so that between 1888 and 1889 floods the Italy of leaflets to induce citizens to stand against a possible entry into the country's war.
"In gallofobia", writes, in his articles "ignoble feelings predominate and cowardly"; on the "Century" publishes a letter entitled "we will have war or spring?" where are obvious references to the aggressive policy towards France inaugurated by Crispi. His commitment and his activism in order to avoid war between the two countries will be recognized when in 1903 he finally reaches a franco-Italian agreement. There are official statements of gratitude money from representatives of the two States.
Going back to 1889, Rome held the first international peace Conference with the participation of institutions and 90 37 congressmen as well as a good representation of the Government; Coin has the honor of being the first speaker. His speech focused on the theme "disarmament and of practical ways to achieve it by Governments and parliaments".
In 1890 he founded the "Almanac of peace", a newspaper that, in addition to humorous cartoons inspired by the horrors of war, has frequent updates on the Conference national and international peace. Thanks to the collaboration of many artists and writers, the newspaper reaches within a few years the print run of 40,000 copies. Money does not contain his disdain for the policy of conquest of Crispi in those years in Africa, publishing a manifesto urging Italians to rebel at colonial conquests.
In 1896, after 29 years of intense activity, leaving the direction of "Century", and in 1898 he founded the new fortnightly: "international life" that became the official organ of the Union "Lombarda". Some articles in the magazine, will be reunited in the compendium "wars, insurgencies and peace in the 19th century" issued in four volumes, published respectively in 1903, 1904, 1906 and 19The latter is an accurate and complete treatise on the wars that took place in 1800 and the pacifist movement formed in parallel.
In 1904 he was Chairman of the first National Congress of peace in Turin and in the same year, he is Vice-President to the 13th World Congress of peace in Boston. In 1906 is organizing a "peace tent" at the international exhibition in Milan, on the occasion of the opening of the Simplon tunnel. The Hall emphasizes a large collection of signatures that are working for the cause of peace; among the most important ones of Cavour, Mazzini and Hugo.
In 1907 Currency join the 16TH World Congress in Munich; in the same year he was appointed Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Federation of Italian Society of peace, established during the III National Congress in Perugia. For his meritorious work and activism against the war and for its many actions aimed at creating an international peace movement, on 10 December 1907, coin receives the renowned Nobel Peace Prize. The prize, in addition to being a universal recognition for what he did, is accompanied by a check for $ 95,0Coin does not keep anything for himself and pours the entire Union coffers Prize Lombarda; for the occasion, the Union, approves the establishment of a prize money (a great Gold Medal with the image of the coin), to give to those who had distinguished themselves in support of the cause of peace in Italy.
In 1909 he went to Norway, where the Nobel Institute show for Christian peace (Oslo), held a long Conference on the theme "Peace and law in the Italian tradition". The pacifism of currency is not "absolute" as to Tolstoy for which "pacifism" meant not to kill under any circumstances. Currency has in mind the precise methods to realize its plans for international peace:
1-DISARMAMENT: dismissal of standing armies and the formation of a "Country army". Teach you to defend homeland to kids in schools, but without a conscription, therefore reducing expensive war, and encourage investment in culture and education;
2-INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION: the formation of an organization that manages the hostilities between Member States.
3-Federation: Coin as an example using the Swiss cantons, emphasizing as in the past they had resolved their conflicts by joining in one nation, despite the Swiss nation existed various linguistic and cultural barriers. This model, according to Moneta, Europe-wide, would have averted a war in Europe.
In 1911 against Turkey and in 1914 during the first world war, Moneta stands in favor of Italy's entry into the war; in anticipation of a stable Europe, a Confederate he considers the war in those years as part of a pacifist. Inevitably his support for Italy's entry into the war did not fail to create bitterness and misunderstanding between the representatives of various European pacifist.
In the last years of his life suffering from glaucoma and Currency undergoes numerous eyes. He died of pneumonia on February 10, 1918, at the age of 85 years. He is buried in Missaglia (Lecco), in the family tomb.
Comune di Milano, six years after his death, dedicated a bust, sculpted by Tullio Brianzi, erected in the gardens Indro Montanelli in Porta Venezia; a plaque reads: "Ernesto Teodoro Moneta: Partisan-thinker-Publicist-Apostle of peace between free Nations".
To date remains the only Italian personalities to have received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Belen Rodriguez biography
September 20, 1984
Who is Belen Rodriguez?
Belen Rodriguez (whose full name is María Belén Rodríguez Chapman) was born in the city of Buenos Aires (Argentina) on September 20, 1984 where began his career at the age of seventeen, as a model.
He graduated from an art school of Buenos Aires in the year 2003; later he enrolled in the Faculty of Sciences of communication and performing arts of the University of Rome.
Always dreaming anyway to work in fashion and entertainment. These are critical years for the launch of his career. Despite about Pink Magazine his photos fill Belen pages is still little known compared to her colleagues. Despite its origins, the beautiful Neapolitan argentina arrives in Italy with a residence permit which allows only modeling: has your pass to work on television and maybe it's just why not realized immediately his figure in the world of show biz.
After a year in Italy was noticed by an agent but the television parts that are proposed are those of black cat transmission "Mercante in fiera" (Italy), the coupon to "Those of football" (BBC two), the Prima Donna in "Controcampo", etc.
The specimens are fine, but then everything fades because they lack contractual warranty terms. When he finally is confirmed, the residence permit of Belen has expired, so he sees shade many contracts for television.
More than a few appearances on TV, Belen Rodriguez seems to gain notoriety due to its relationship with the footballer milanista Marco Borriello (two years older), confirming the matched-sample beautiful sport.
Belen was landed in Italy thanks to the model agency "Elite", which made Argentina a casting where occurred five thousand men; of that multitude there were only fifteen choices including the beautiful Belen. Hence the publicity and the many casting of underwear and swimwear have opened doors for all runways. Belen awhile to gift a bit because cultivates a passion for fashion and catwalk shows, only a few years, like breakthroughs discrete to become official testimonial of Yamamay in 20Then pose for the catalogue of the important House of lingerie. The year ends in a big way, posing for the magazine "Fox Uomo" which dedicates a photoshoot and the cover of the December issue.
The 2006 is characterized by the preparation of the famous calendar, which will be released only in this year, for FER. Belen Rodriguez is photographed by Luca Cattoretti who skillfully portrays her showing her generous curves in a marine context, enhancing sensuality and his disturbing beauty. This opportunity becomes a real springboard to joining BBC three screens in 2007, when he made his debut on television leading with Taiyo Yamanouchi, the second edition of the comic "Dyeing" in late evening, replacing Carolina Marconi. Then "Circus" and "Circo Massimo Show with Fabrizio Frizzi, always on Rai Tre. Then his face spreads to the airwaves thanks to her role of donna dei sogni, alongside starring Christian De Sica and Elisabetta Canalis in spot TIM.
Modest heart, Belen seems not to be the classic "Panther" social climber, rather the classic girl next door. You don't see nice and not posing as a big star, but mostly does not believe that it is enough to have a nice body to make cinema. Watching hot shots of her super sexy calendars (in 2007 for Maxim, in 2008 for Matrix) is very difficult to think that Belen Rodriguez is, once away from the spotlight, a girl SOAP and water as there are many around with the belief that there may be improvised, as many do.
Distinguishing marks, two tattoos: a butterfly and a moon with two stars (done same identical to his sister).
In 2008 becomes comic program sent by Rai Due "pirates" with Marco Cocci and Selvaggia Lucarelli; marks his debut as a singer and recorded a single with Nek. In September is one of the contestants of the sixth edition of "l'isola dei famosi", led by Simona Ventura: will come up at the bottom of risking to win the game, but will Vladimir Luxuria.
The 2009 is a year of consecration, between television appearances and commercials. To complete the recipe there is also the new boyfriend, Fabrizio Corona. After several wrangling the relationship with the Crown, however, ends in the summer of the following year.
His public persona WINS and convinces: to bear witness to him are the numerous advertising campaigns dedicated to mobile phone operator TIM, participation in the cinepanettone "Christmas in South Africa", but also the marketing data that the Crown first female character most admired by young people and then most searched celebrity on the net. Not surprisingly the Belen is chosen to Sanremo Festival 2011: along with Elizabeth Hurley will join the designated conductor Gianni Morandi.
In April, goes to the movies a comedy of author, the title of which is "If you're so, I say yes" directed by Eugenio Cappuccio, in which Belen is protagonist along with Emilio Solfrizzi. Shortly afterwards (in early November) know to be expecting a child, by his partner Fabrizio Corona.
Biography of Nazario Sauro
August 10, 1916
Who is Nazario Sauro?
Nazario Sauro, Italian soldier and patriot, was born in Capodistria (Pola) on September 20, 1880.
Istrian irredentist, even at a young age he commanded small ships with which covered the entire Adriatic, particularly impratichendosi of the Dalmatian coast, the routes in narrow channels, the hydrographical conditions and weather on the vicissitudes of this stretch of sea.
Of Italian origin, at the outbreak of World War 1° took for Venice, volunteered in the Regia Marina where he obtained the rank of Lieutenant.
As pilot embarked immediately on surface and underwater torpedo. Within 14 months of intense activity carried out 60 missions. Some of Nazario Sauro missions remained legendary and memorable for the admirable way in which supported the commanders of various units.
On July 30, 1916 embarked on Pullino submarine with which he would have had to carry out a RAID on the River, but the unit, due to the strong current and heavy fog in the area, went to get stuck on the rock of the island Galiola.
Showing all bays hoisting attempts, destroyed ciphers & equipment and prepared for the scuttling, the unit was abandoned by the crew and Nazario Sauro, voluntarily and alone on a boat, it was later captured by the destroyer Satellit.
Capture and death
Brought to trial, and was sentenced to death for high treason, by hanging.
At 17.45 hours of August 10, 1916 Nazario Sauro ascended the gallows with the name on the lips of Italy.
Had not yet reached 35 years.
Medaglia d'Oro al valor militare alla memoria
Nazario Sauro is among the most important figures of Italian irredentism and highest representative of that. He was awarded a gold medal for military valour, for this reason:
«The war Austria declared, was to enlist volunteer under our flag to make the contribution of his enthusiasm, his daring and skill to conquer the land on which it was born and who yearned to rejoin Italy. Regardless of the risk to which it is exposed, he took part in numerous missions, daring and difficult war Naval, whose success helped effectively with practical knowledge of the places and always showing courage, fearless spirit and disregard of danger. Taken prisoner, aware of the fate that now lay ahead, he kept until the last, wonderfully serene demeanor, and cry loud and repeated several times before the executioner of "long live Italy!" breathed his noble soul, giving unparalleled example of the purest love of country. "
(Adriatic, May 23, 1915-August 10, 1916)
Biography of Vittorio Taviani
Who is Vittorio Taviani?
Vittorio Taviani was born on 20 September 1929 in San Miniato, Tuscany; just over two years later, was born November 8, 1931, also in San Miniato, his brother Paul. The pair of Directors is considered one of the most important Italian cinema.
Children of an attorney during the years of fascism has more of a problem with justice and with the authorities because of his anti-fascist thought, the Taviani brothers are both movie buffs ever since I was young boys, and animate the Cineclub of Pisa: Meanwhile, attending the University of Pisa (Paul joined the Faculty of Arts, Vittorio to law) and together with the partisan Valentino Orsini , their friend, organizing screenings and shows between Livorno and Pisa before moving, in the mid-1950s, in Rome, where work on documentaries.
Among these, also "San Miniato luglio ' 44", which relies on the contribution of Cesare Zavattini and script that is based on events which occurred during the second world war in Tuscany.
Gli anni ' 60
In 1960 together with Joris Ivens the Taviani brothers direct a documentary titled "Italy is not a poor country"; two years later signed with Valentino Orsini movie "a man for burning", followed in 1963 "I fuorilegge del matrimonio".
In the second half of the 1960s the Taviani brothers appear as independent filmmakers: is the 1967 when sees the light "subversives", which advances film in many respects the events of ' 68.
In 1969 the couple of Tuscan filmmakers directed Gian Maria Volonté in "under the sign of the Scorpion".
Gli anni ' 70
In a 1972 adaptation of a story by Tolstoy called "the divine and the human": it's "San Michele aveva un gallo", feature film that gets many compliments. Two years later it was the turn of "Allonsanfàn", dedicated to film restoration starring Lea Massari, Laura Betti and Marcello Mastroianni.
In 1977 the Taviani brothers won the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival with "Padre padrone", film based on the eponymous book by Gavino Ledda: it addressed and narrated the struggle that a Sardinian Shepherd must fight against the cruel rules of the patriarchal universe to which it belongs.
Gli anni ' 80
After the echoes de neorealistici "The meadow", in 1982 the directors of San Miniato are the fathers of "La notte di San Lorenzo", which chronicles the escape of a group of inhabitants of a small Tuscan town battered by the fascist and Nazi reprisals.
"La notte di San Lorenzo" is widely celebrated by critics, and it shows also assigned the prize of the Ecumenical jury and the Grand Prize of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival; in Italy, wins two silver ribbons (Director of best film and best screenplay and a nomination for best subject) and two David di Donatello Awards (best film and best director).
In 1984 the tavianis engage in another adaptation of a literary work: "Kaos", episodic film inspired by the Novel "for one year" by Luigi Pirandello, which won the David di Donatello for best script (it was also nominated for best film and best director).
Two years later, the Taviani brothers you see assign the Leone d'Oro at the Mostra internazionale d'Arte cinematografica di Venezia in 1987 while trying to jump into the international market with "Good morning Babilonia", the story of two brothers who leave Italy in search of fortune and America began working in films.
Set in the past is also "the Sun at night", with the 18th century Naples location despite being its subject inspired by a Tolstoy tale, "father Sergius".
Gli anni ' 90
In 1993 the directors are dedicated to "Fatty", dedicated to the power of money, often while in the corruptor, 1995 are appointed Commanders order of merit of the Italian Republic.
A year later, bring on the big screen "you laugh", inspired by the novel explicitly pirandelliane. "You laugh" is a film divided into two episodes: in the first, a former baritone (Antonio Albanese) obliged to not sing more for health reasons vents his frustration with laughter at night; in the second, the kidnapper of a boy (played by Lello Arena) kills the seized.
The years 2000
In the 2000s, the Taviani brothers receive the title of Grand'Ufficiale dell'ordine al merito della Repubblica Italiana and dedicate themselves even on television: in 2004, for example, sees the light "Luisa Sanfelice", starring Adriano Giannini and Laetitia Casta, dressing as two guys who live a great love story on the scenario of a war.
In 2007 the directors return to cinema with "the Lark Farm", that is of genocide by the Turks against the Armenian population during the years of the first World War: the work is presented in the Berlinale Special section at the Berlin Film Festival and received the recognition of Efebo d'Oro.
The following year, filmmakers receive from Pisa University (Faculty of Humanities) honorary degree in cinema, theater and multimedia production. In 2009 we see Camillo Marino Award for lifetime achievement award and the Monsignor Pierazzi Torello; two years later, however, are honored at the Bif & st di Bari with the Federico Fellini Prize 8 .5.
In 2012 the Taviani's return to Berlin, where competition is offered and consecrated "Caesar must die," the film in which the inmates of the prison Rebibbia Lazio stage the tragedy that gives the title to the film: "Caesar must die" won the Golden bear in German, but he also won the David di Donatello for Best Director and best film.
In 2015 the Tuscan directors bring to the big screen, for the umpteenth time, a literary work: this time it's even "Decameron of Giovanni Boccaccio, represented in the film" Boccaccio "Wonderful, with Kasia Smutniak and Herself.
Biography of Cesare Zavattini
September 20, 1902
October 13, 1989
Who is Cesare Zavattini?
Scriptwriter and writer Cesare Zavattini, was born in Luzzara (Reggio Emilia) on September 20, 19After the baccalaureate, he enrolled at the Faculty of Law in Parma and in 1923 he enters as a tutor in the College Maria Luigia.
Having discovered over time to have a strong literary vocation, in 1930 he moved to Milan, where he was able, thanks to his obstinacy and its flexibility, break in time publishing environments.
Noted for his talent, for the nice write up and for the wisdom of his remarks, he developed a successful career beginning to collaborate on numerous magazines and going as far as directing for Rizzoli Publisher's periodicals all. In particular, in the 30 's, pick up the magazine rizzoliano "Cinema illustrazione", very important for understanding the evolution of the writer, strongly attracted by the cinema and decided to put into practice its attitudes of screenwriter, still dormant at that time.
Alongside the journalist activity don't forget the exceptional ability of Zavattini as a writer, to whom we owe rich books of fantasy and a surreal humor, such as "Let's talk about me", "poor people are crazy", "I am the devil" or "Totò il buono", works that require the attention of critics and the public, as one of the most original Italian comedians in those years.
In cinema, he began working as a scriptwriter and screenwriter in 1935, beginning with "Darò un milione" (m. Camerini) and continuing with other minor film thickness. In 1938 also began painting, one of the great passions of his life never abandoned.
At this time can give concrete thickness Zavattini to his true passion, the screenwriter, thanks to contact with extraordinary filmmakers (such as Alessandro Blasetti, with which in 1942 he collaborates to the movie "a walk in the clouds"). But on all these meetings include the brilliant Director Vittorio De Sica. With him and expresses Zavattini especially in his inventive skills autonomy, which will find their expression in more participatory film passed into history as "neo-realist".
More or less neorelista style can be seen, as well as in the films Bal, already in desichiano "the children are watching us" of 19Later masterpieces will be passed to the history of cinema as "Sciuscià", "bicycle thieves", "miracle in Milan" and "Umberto D". The meeting with Vittorio De Sica is the first chapter of a friendship and artistic collaboration that will see them protagonists of the Golden season of neorealism (basically, all the years ' 50), and that will affect all future film work of two authors.
The "dictionary of Italian Cinema 1945/1969" by Gianni Rondolino (published by Einaudi in 1969), speaking of Zavattini reads: "since 1945, will be imposing itself as the advocate and a film theoretician, antiromanzesco Chronicle, daily, all intent on seizing the man in the most intimate and revealing its existence. [The films directed by De Sica] are increasingly adjusted to each element to false drama critical contemplation of a particular human condition. "
Next to the vein more properly "Neorealist" of his work has always been present but also a vein that could be described as "surrealist", his first feature as a writer but who also punctuated his entire career as a writer (although with mixed results). This is very well known in "miracle in Milan" (1951), or "the last judgment" (1961), both directed by Vittorio De Sica Lovebird.
Among his other notable works should be at least remember "it's spring" (1949, a. Castellani), "Beautiful" (1951, l. Visconti), "first communion" (1950, a. Balachandran), "Buongiorno, elefante!" (1952, g. Franciolini) and "the roof" (1956, v. De Sica), which can be considered the film which begins the involutional period of poetic zavattini-like and marks the crisis of neo-realism.
Zavattini has nonetheless worked during his long and brilliant career with other great directors of Italian and international cinema. Just to mention a few: Michelangelo Antonioni, Jacques Becker, Mauro Bolognini, Mario Camerini, Renè Clement, Damiano Damiani, Giuseppe De Santis, Luciano Emmer, Federico Fellini, Pietro Germi, Alberto Lattuada, Carlo Lizzani, Citto Maselli, Mario Monicelli, George Wilhelm Pabst, Elio Petri, Gianni Puccini, Dino Risi, Nelo Risi, Roberto Rossellini, Franco Rossi, Mario Soldati, Luigi Zampa.
Limits granted by the necessary construction of film, Zavattini will try to go beyond these restrictions with a series of film-investigation made by several filmmakers on topics specifically chosen: "love in the city" (1953) where he wanted to go to the direct contact with reality in its making in the episode "Storia di Caterina" (f. Maselli); "Siamo donne" (1953), "the Italian and love" (1961), "the mysteries of Rome" (1963), which led to the extreme its Poetics of "stalking" reality.
On the organizational plan closely engaged in battle for a new organization of culture and film, playing an important function in the filmmakers ' associations and cooperatives.
While he continued to paint and write (in 1973 published a collection of poems in luzzarese dialect), promotes many initiatives, including an annual review of naïve painting and the rediscovery of their collective history of a country, St. Albert (RA). Of particular importance in his life the long presence in Cuba, where they called to collaborate in the creation of new cinema after the revolution.
The work in the cinema "for sale" and in tv shows allows him to detect contradictions and limitations: theorizes and promotes experimentation of new filmic forms, including newsreels free.
In 1979, together with other personalities of culture and politics, Zavattini participates in the founding of the Archivio audiovisivo del movimento operaio e democratico, becoming President: will continue to be for the next ten years.
In the end we give the word to Gianni Rondolino: "For the great creative contribution which he gave to post-war Italian cinema and the emergence of neo-realism and the fervor of initiatives, especially among young people, who promoted, facilitated and influenced, Zavattini holds a position of great importance in the history of cinema, not just Italian. His name remains tied around a period, extremely rich in valuable artworks and cultural revival, which featured a large film production sector: neorealism ".
Cesare Zavattini died in Rome on October 13, 1989, is then buried in his beloved Luzzara.
1948-49: Silver Ribbon for best story and best screenplay (Ladri di biciclette)
1949-50: Silver Ribbon for best story and best screenplay (it's spring)
1950-51: Silver Ribbon for best story and best screenplay (first communion)
1957: Silver Ribbon for best story and best screen-screenplay (roof)