Anna Maria Chancellors… Catherine Deneuve… Jeff Goldblum… Franz Liszt… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Georges Brassens
  2. Anna Maria Chancellors
  3. Biography of Robert Capa
  4. Biography of Catherine Deneuve
  5. Biography of Luigi Carlo Farini
  6. Biography of Jeff Goldblum
  7. Valeria Golino biography
  8. Biography of Amerigo Armando Gilberto Govi
  9. Biography of Doris Lessing
  10. Biography of Franz Liszt
  11. Biography of Paola Severino

Biography of Georges Brassens

Download anarchist
October 22, 1921
October 29, 1981

Who is Georges Brassens?

Writer, poet, but especially "chansonnier" authentic and original, irreverent and ironic, Georges Brassens was born in Sète (France) on October 22, 19His passion for music accompanies him as a child. Listen to songs reproduced by Gramophone that her parents have received as a gift for the wedding, but also those transmitted over the radio, ranging from Charles Trenet (which treats it as his one, true master) to Ray Ventura, from Tino Rossi to Johnny Hess to others. His own family members love music: Father Jean Louis, who is by profession a Mason but you define "free thinker", and mother Elvira Dragostess skin (originally by Marsico Nuovo, in Basilicata, in the province of Potenza), devout Catholic, who croons melodies of his native land, and quickly learns what happen to hear.
The future chansonnier soon proves intolerant of the school system: it is precisely in the classroom, though, which is a crucial meeting for his life as an artist. Alphonse Bonnafè, a French teacher, transmits his passion for poetry and encouraged him to write.
After being sentenced to 15 days in prison on parole for several burglaries occurred in College Paul Valery in séte, Georges Brassens decides to stop his school career and moved to Paris, where he was hosted by an Italian aunt, Antoinette. Here, eighteen, starts doing odd jobs of various kinds (including the chimney sweep) until he hired as a laborer at Renault.
He devoted himself with ever greater commitment to his true passions: poetry and music, attending the "cantine" parisis, where breathes the atmosphere of the era, and Existentialist plays his first pieces. Learn to play the piano.
In 1942 he published two collections of poetry: "Des coups dépées dans l'eau" (holes in the water) and "A la la venvole" (lightly). Topics of the books the same facing in songs: justice, religion, morality, interpreted so irreverent and provocative.
In 1943 is forced by Compulsory work service (S.T.O., established in Nazi-occupied France in lieu of military service) to go to Germany. Here, for a year, works in Basdorf near Berlin, in a labor camp. During this experience he knows Andre Larue, his future biographer, and Pierre Onteniente, which will become its Secretary. Writes songs and began his first novel, but especially dreams of freedom: so when is able to obtain a permit, returns to France and is not covered.
Wanted by the authorities, is hosted by Jeanne Le Bonniec,, a woman of great generosity, to whom Brassens will dedicate "Jeanne", and "Chanson pour l'auvergnat" (song for the Auvergne).
In 1945 purchases his first guitar; the following year joined the anarchist Federation and begins to cooperate, under various pseudonyms, the newspaper "Le Libertaire". In 1947 knows Joha Heyman (nicknamed "Püppchen"), who will be his partner for life, and to whom Brassens will dedicate the famous "La non-demande en mariage" (non-wedding request).
Writes a novel grotesque ("La tour des miracles", the Tower of miracles) and especially dedicated to the songs, encouraged by Jacques Grello. On March 6, 1952 Patachou, famous singer, assists, in a Parisian Brasserie, an exhibition of Brassens. Decide to put some of his songs in his repertoire and convince hesitant chansonnier to open his shows. Thanks to the efforts of Jacques Canetti, one of the leading businessmen of the time, on 9 March Brassens takes the stage of "Trois Baudets". The public remains speechless in the face of this artist who does nothing to reveal a divo and seems almost embarrassed, awkward and clumsy, so distant and different from anything that the song of the period.
Scandalized his own texts, narrating stories of petty thieves, little rascals and prostitutes, without ever being rhetorical or repetitive (as is much of the so-called "realist", namely that of social character, which takes place also in the alleys less respectable in the French capital, fashionable at that time). Some of them are translations from great poets like Villon. Many spectators stood up and out; other, surprised before this innovation, remain to hear him. The legend of Brassens, success that does not abandon him more since then.
Thanks to him, the theatre "Bobino" (which from 1953 becomes one of her favorite stages) turns into a true temple of the song.
In 1954 the Academy Charles Cros "assigns to Brassens" disk "Grand Prix for his first LP: his songs are collected over time in 12 discs.
Three years later the artist makes his first and only film appearance: plays himself in the film by René Clair "Porte de Lilas".
In 1976-1977 he performs for five months without interruption. This is his last series of concerts: suffering from colorectal cancer, turns off the October 29, 1981 in Saint Gély du Fesc, leaving a huge void in the culture, well played by Yves Montand's words: "Georges Brassens made a joke. He left on a trip. Some say it is dead. Dead? But what does it mean to die? As if Brassens, Prevert, Brel could die! ".
Great the legacy left by the artist of Sète. Among the songwriters that most were fascinated by the music of Brassens remember Fabrizio De André (who has always considered his master par excellence, and has translated and sang some of his most beautiful songs: "Wedding March", "the gorilla", "the testament", "nell'acqua della chiara fontana", "The passersby", "Die for ideas" and "crime") and Nanni Svampa, who with Mario Mafia oversaw the literal translation in Italian of his songs , and suggest to it often during his shows and in some discs in milanese dialect.

Anna Maria Chancellors

October 22, 1943

Who is Anna Maria Cahill?

Born in Rome the day October 22, 1943, after graduating in political science, Anna Maria Cahill began in 1972 to the Ministry of the Interior directive career starting from Milan.
Gets the appointment of prefect in 1993 and exercises this role in different areas of Italy: his early assignments take her in the cities of Vicenza, Bergamo and Brescia. In the year 2003 comes in Catania. He returned to the North in the year 2008 when it passes at the helm of the Prefecture of the city of Genoa.
Ending his service for the Interior Ministry in 2009.
In February 2010 Anna Maria Cahill receives the appointment of Commissioner of Bologna; in October of the following year plays the same role for the city of Parma; back to help the municipality emiliano after previous experience, dating back to 1994.
Anna Maria Cahill is married to Nuccio Pan: the couple have two sons, one of whom, Marco Patuano, worked at Unicredit and served for a brief period as General Manager of Fondiaria-SAI between 2011 and 2012.
From November 16, 2011 's Interior Minister for the Government mounts. In April of 2013 is appointed Minister of justice by Prime Minister Enrico Letta, vowing the next day. In the history of the Republic is the second woman to hold this position, succeeding his former colleague Paola Severino in Government mounts.

Biography of Robert Capa

Seize the moment
October 22, 1913
May 25, 1954

Who is Robert Capa?

Endre Friedman (Robert Capa's real name) was born in Budapest on October 22, 19Exiled from Hungary in 1931 for having participated in student activities of the left, he moved to Berlin where he enrolled in the autumn, the journalism class of the Deutsche Hochschule fur Politik. At the end of the year acknowledges that the task of tailoring of the parents goes bad and you can no longer receive money for studies, food and accommodation.
A Hungarian acquaintance helps him to find a job of Bellman and laboratory assistant at Dephot, a leading photo agency in Berlin. The Director, Simon Guttam, he soon discovers his talent and begins to give him small shoots on the local news.
Gets the first important assignment in December when Guttam sends him to Copenhagen to photograph a lesson in Lev Trotsky to Danish students. In 1933, when Hitler's rise to power, however, escapes from Berlin, shortly after the Reichstag fire on February 27 drama. He went to Vienna, where he obtained permission to return to Budapest, the birthplace. Here spends the summer and, to survive, still works as a photographer, although his tenure lasted very little. Just facing the winter season and part for Paris, following his instinct Wanderer and restless.
In the French city meet Gerda Taro, a German refugee, and falls in love.
At that time, is sent to Spain for a series of photo journalistic services on the efforts of Simon Guttmann. It's the year 1936 when, with a fantasy, you invent a fantasy character, posing in all her work as the result of a successful American photographer.
It's the same Gerda, in truth, that sells to editors the photographs of Edward under "disguise". Soon the trick is discovered, then changes its name with that of Robert Capa. Photographing the riots in Paris under the election of leftist coalition known as the popular front. In August he went to Spain with Gerda Taro, to photograph the civil war broke out in July. Make a second trip to Spain in November to photograph the resistance from Madrid. It is present on many fronts Spaniards, alone and with Gerda, become Meanwhile an independent photojournalist. In July of ' 37, while he was in Paris on business, Gerda goes to photograph the battle of Brunete West of Madrid. During a retreat, in the confusion, die crushed by a tank of the Spanish Government. CAPA, who hoped to marry her doesn't abandon its never in pain.
The following year he spent six months in China in the company of the filmmaker Joris Ivens for documenting the resistance against the Japanese invasion but returned to Spain in ' 39, has time to photograph the capitulation of Barcelona. After the end of the Spanish civil war, in March, portrays the soldiers loyalists defeated and exiled in internment camps in France. Perform all services in France, including a long service on the tour of France. After the outbreak of the second world war, in September, embarks for New York where he began producing various services on behalf of "Life". He spent some months in Mexico, then right on behalf of "Life", in order to photograph the presidential campaign and the election. Not happy, crossing the Atlantic with a convoy of American aerial transport in England, making several services on the warfare of the allies in Britain. Meanwhile, the war broke out and Capa, from March to may of ' 43, realize a photo essay on the victories of the allies in North Africa, and in July and August, he photographed the Allied military successes in Sicily. During the remainder of the year documents the fights in continental Italy, including the liberation of Naples.
The events are always turbulent and relentlessly follow one another, requiring its indispensable work of Visual record. In January 1944, for example, participating in the allied landings at Anzio, while on 6 June arrives with the first contingent of American forces at Omaha Beach in Normandy. It's in the wake of American and French troops during the campaign that ended with the liberation of Paris on 25 August. In December, he photographed the battle of the Bulge.
Parachuted with troops in the Allied invasion of Germany, photographer at Leipzig, Nuremberg and Berlin. In June he meets Ingrid Bergman to Paris and starts a story that will last two years.
Finished the war, became an American citizen. Spending a few months in Hollywood, writing his memoirs of the war (which was intended to fit in a script), preparing to become a producer-director. Finally, he decided that the world of cinema doesn't like and part from Hollywood. At the end of the year, he spent two months in Turkey for the filming of a documentary.
In 1947, together with Henri Cartier-Bresson's friends David Seymour (called Chim "), George Rodger and William Vandivert founded the photo agency Magnum cooperative. For a month he travels in the Soviet Union in company of his friend John Steinbeck. Travels in Czechoslovakia and in Budapest, Hungary, Poland and also visiting Czechoslovakia with Theodore h. White.
His work is tireless witness of the century: in the two years that vannodal 1948 to 50 makes three trips to Israel. During the first manufactures shoots on the Declaration of independence and subsequent fighting. Over the past two trips instead focuses on the issue of the arrival of the first refugees. Finished "doing his duty", he moved back to Paris, where he became President of Magnum, devoting much time to the work of the Agency, research and promotion of young photographers. Unfortunately, those are also the years of McCarthyism, the witch hunt unleashed in america. Due to false accusations of communism, therefore, the Government of the United States will confiscate the passport for a few months, preventing him from travelling to work. The same year is suffering from severe back pain that forced him to be hospitalized.
In 1954, in April, spending a few months in Japan, hosted by the Publisher Mainichi. Arrive in Hanoi around May 9 as submitted by Life magazine to photograph the French war in Indochina for a month. On 25 may, accompanied by a French military mission from Namdinh at the delta of the Red River. During a stop in the convoy along the way, Capa recedes in a field together with a squad of troops where tramples an anti-man, killed in the process. The year after, "Life" and Overseas Press Club shall establish the annual Robert Capa "for photography of the highest quality backed by exceptional courage and initiative abroad." Twenty years later, spurred in part by a desire to keep alive the work of Robert Capa and other photojournalists, Cornell Capa, Robert's brother and colleague, he founded the International Center for Photography in New York.

Biography of Catherine Deneuve

When you say or think. Femme fatale
October 22, 1943

Who is Catherine Deneuve?

Catherine Fabienne Dorléac, famous only with his mother's name and better known as Catherine Deneuve, was born on 22 October 1943, in the French capital, Paris. Internationally acclaimed actress, then presenter of television programmes, was one of the most beloved women by the general public between the years ' 60 and ' 70, thanks to its beauty. It is also a popular singer in addition to Unesco Ambassador.
Catherine was born and raised in a family of art, where the film and the acting are the favorite Arts from all of its components. Her father is the acclaimed actor Maurice Dorléac, known to the public primarily as m. Teynac, and her mother, also an actress, Renée Deneuve. Catherine is the third of four daughters, all stars: François, Sylvie and Danielle, which retain all the paternal surname.
The young and ambitious Catherine has since undergone some contrasts with the sisters, especially with the eldest, François, who died prematurely at the age of 24 years old in a car accident in 19To differ from others three though almost immediately takes the mother's surname, Deneuve.
The debut comes soon. When just a teenager at the age of thirteen, the small and talented Catherine Deneuve made his debut in the film "The College", by André Hunebelle, dated 1956.
It is the beginning of a brilliant career, but takes off alone in the next decade. The film of ' 56, in fact, followed by small roles in mediocre movies.
To change personal and artistic life of young Catherine is Director Roger Vadim, who soon makes its knowledge falls madly in love with her. It is he who impose it as a new female icon of the French cinema of the years ' After having admired in "Les Parisiennes", directed by Marc Allégret, in 1961, and "hot love" of Grisha m. Dabat, a year later, Vadim wants it in sensuous film "Vice and virtue". The next year, then, exactly on 18 June 1963, in confirmation of their passion in bloom, the two have a son, the actor Christian Vadim.
Meanwhile, Deneuve continues to play the role of femme fatale, as in the 1963 film, "Anthology", by Pierre Kast. The year is also important for the portion covered in episodic film titled "the most beautiful fraud in the world". A year later, accompanied by the great Jean-Paul Belmondo in the comedy "male" while hunting in 1965 came the meeting with the American Director Roman Polanski, signing the Fort and at times outrageous movie titled "Repulsion."
Catherine Deneuve leaves Vadim and marries his new flame, the photographer and Director David Bailey. The two get married in wedding on August 19, 19Unfortunately, the two are unable to be happy and after a few years, as early as 1972, divorced.
The actress and it ties into a strong friendship with the great actor Philippe Noiret, who works in the movie "l'armata on sofa", dated 19A year later knows Michel Piccoli, in "Les creatures", who finds himself in the musical "Josephine", 1966, with actor Gene Kelly.
These are the most successful years for Deneuve that reaches the peak of his art and popularity when the filmmaker Luis Bunuel the crop on the scandalous "Bella di giorno" in 1967, which became a cult film of genere and sees her play the role of a bored, bourgeois for three hours, turns his house into a whorehouse. Her performance, according to Premiere Magazine, is included among the hundred best ever in international cinema.
Even beyond the notice of her talent. And the lovely Catherine goes to support the beautiful Ava Gardner and James Mason actor English film "Mayerling," dated 19A year later he began a new relationship by fire, so that professional father loving of the nouvelle vague Director François Truffaut. These wants it with Jean-Paul Belmondo in the movie "my drug is called Julie", in 19Despite his marriage to Bailey, who in this period begins to break up, love blossoms between the two artists and when Deneuve interrupts the relationship, Truffaut feeling the pinch, falling victim to a nervous breakdown.
Finally comes the call from Hollywood. The movie that leads Catherine Deneuve in theaters is "I feel that something is happening to me", dated 1969, which starred Jack Lemmon. A few years later, in 1975, with two great actors of cinema stars and stripes, Ernest Borgnine and Burt Reynolds in the film "an extremely dangerous". However, the actress, halfheartedly American productions of roles that the hold true, decides to return to Europe.
Italy is now the second homeland of the French artist. In 1972, in fact, on the set of "the bitch", by Marco Ferreri, meet the actor Marcello Mastroianni and falls in love with her totally. Divorced from Bailey the Deneuve gives birth to 28 May 1972 the daughter Chiara Mastroianni. Is the beginning of one of the most talked about and photographed reports ever, at least in Italy. With Mastroianni French actress finds herself in other successful films, such as "no big deal, her husband is pregnant," of 1973, and "don't touch the white woman," published in 1974, starring alongside great Ugo Tognazzi.
In 1977 Catherine Deneuve is one of the "lost souls" of the homonymous film by Dino Risi, together with Vittorio Gassman, repeated success with the singles "Casotto" in the same year and directed by Sergio Citti.
The 1980s mark the Parisian artist his artistic association with the "White King" Gérard Depardieu. The first movie turning together is "I love you", 1980, followed in the same year, "the last Metro", in which, for the last time under the direction of Truffaut, Deneuve won the César award for best actress and the David di Donatello for best performance. The following year, again with Depardieu, starred in "code of honor", while in 1982 is with Philippe Noiret in "African" Holidays.
The 1983 is famous for her performance alongside the actress Susan Sarandon, in atypical horror "Miriam wakes up at midnight," in which she plays the part of a vampire. The film becomes a cult hit especially for the scene in which the actress lets go to fellow American in a moment sapphic that goes around the world.
After "Fort Saganne," of 1984, with Depardieu and Noiret, receives the call by the great Director Mario Monicelli, who in 1986 he wants in the memorable film "Speriamo che sia femmina".
With the film "Indochine" received his first Oscar nomination in 1992, almost in surprise. Two years later, she was appointed vice President of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival, 1994 edition.
The following year the filmmaker Manoel De Oliveira wants in "Il convento", with the American actor John Malkovich. It is the beginning of an artistic collaboration with Director which invokes to the movie "home" in 2000, and "a talking picture" in 20Meanwhile, after the honorary Golden bear at the Berlin Film Festival, thanks to the scathing "8 women" mystery "of 2002, he won the silver bear for best actress. In 2000 he also works with the controversial and original Danish Director Lars von Trier, "Dancer in the Dark".
The breakthrough as a writer comes after the film "changing times," published in 2004, with the diary A L'ombre de moi-meme ".
In 2006 Catherine Deneuve was named President of the jury at the Venice Film Festival. Between 2007 and 2010, finally, take part in some other movies more or less like "The girl on The train", "Christmas tale" and "Bancs Publics" in addition to "The Big Picture" and "Potiche", where he finds his friend and colleague Depardieu.

Biography of Luigi Carlo Farini

The "shadow of Cavour"
22 October 1812
1 August 1866

Who is Luigi Carlo Farini?

Luigi Carlo Farini was born in Russi, in Ravenna, the Papal States, on 22 October 18Medical student in Bologna, where will the degree, he devoted himself to his passion for politics is among the earliest members of the "Young Italy" by Mazzini.
Because of his subversive activities in 1843 is expelled from the Papal States and repairs in France. Fall into Italy in 1845, on the eve of the advent to the papacy of Pius IX, and publishes the famous "Manifesto of Rimini", in which he denounces the lack of freedom in the domains of the Church and calls for the start of a season of reform. During the same period he became a friend of Massimo d'Azeglio.
His hostility towards the Papal States is meanwhile to fall with the election of Pius IX, of that Pope, that is, the first words spoken from the loggia of Saint Peter's square are: "great God, bless the Italy!". It is the announcement of his political program.
In the first Liberal Government wanted by Pius IX in 1848, Luigi Carlo Farini is vested with the General Secretary of the Minister of Internal Affairs and war of independence broke out, goes to represent the Papal Government took the campo di Carlo Alberto. Is then elected and Pellegrino Rossi, Minister of the Pope, gives the general direction of health.
With the Pope's flight to Gaeta, embittered, he resigned from his Government posts and sided in favor of the monarchy. He then moved to Turin, in 1850 he published "the Roman State from 1815 to 1850", a historical dissertation heavily critical of the Democrats who is also translated into English by William Gladstone, one of the most eminent statesmen of the 19th century.
In 1851 Massimo d'Azeglio, who became head of Government, called Faith which Minister of education. Then comes close to Cavour, which fully shares ideas and projects. His support for the Piedmontese statesman is such as to be worth the nickname of "shadow of Cavour".
In 1859, after the Armistice of Villafranca, he was appointed dictator of "Emilia", a name which he assigns to that land which includes the duchies of Parma and Modena and the Papal Legations ex of Ferrara, Bologna, Ravenna and Forlì, beginning to work towards their annexation to Piedmont.
In 1860, in the post of Interior Minister, inaugurates, along with his Prime Minister Cavour, the Kingdom of Italy. With the plebiscite in southern Italy and the subsequent annexation of the Kingdom of the two Sicilies (1860-1861), Farini was appointed Lieutenant General of the southern provinces.
In 1862, after the resignation of Rattazzi, becomes Prime Minister, but is an experience short because his health problems soon forced him to abandon.
Suffering from a serious mental illness, Luigi Carlo Farini 1 August 1866, the day dies in Fourth, at 54 years old.
Other works by Luigi Carlo Farini: "the history of Italy from 1814 to the present days" and three volumes of "Correspondence".

Biography of Jeff Goldblum

October 22, 1952

Who is Jeff Goldblum?

Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum was born on October 22, 1952 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to a Jewish family. Passionate about acting since high school, once he moved to New York to be an actor. Working in several theatre productions, including Shakespeare's "two gentlemen of Verona" on Broadway, then begin to film in 1974 with "death wish", by Michael Winner. In the same year, is directed in "California split" by Robert Altman, who finds the following year in "Nashville".
In the second half of the seventies Jeff Goldblum increases her appearances on the big screen, often with prominent filmmakers: in 1976 is part of the cast of "Next Stop, Greenwich Village," by Paul Mazursky, while the following year is behind the camera with Woody Allen in "Annie Hall". After having taken part in "thank God it's Friday", by Robert Klane Prince, and "Terror from outer space", by Philip Kaufman, in 1980 Jeff married the actress Patricia Gau (the two divorced six years later). Afterwards, she starred in "the big chill", Lawrence Kasdan, and again by Philip Kaufman in "real men", as well as in the tv movie "three acts for a murder".
In 1984 is present in "Buckaroo Banzai", by W.D. Richert, while the following year back "into the night" by John Landis, and "Silverado", by Lawrence Kasdan. After being among the stars of "the fly", by David Cronenberg, and "group therapy", Altman, in 1987 Jeff Goldblum married again, this time with an actress: Geena Davis (also in this case, the marriage will last, and the couple will separate four years later).
In the early 1990s, is directed once again by Altman in "protagonists", but mostly she starred in Steven Spielberg's blockbuster "Jurassic Park": is the 19Two years later, the interpreter of Pittsburgh is part of the cast of "moving and deep Powder-an extraordinary encounter with another being," the controversial Director Victor Salva, and "Nine months--Chris Columbus, Unexpected love. Follow movie collection samples as "Independence Day", Roland Emmerich, and "the lost world: Jurassic Park," still of Spielberg.
After being one of the voice actors from the cartoon "the Prince of Egypt," in the early 2000s Jeff starred in "cats & dogs", by Lawrence Guterman, and "Igby goes down", by Burr Steers. In 2003 appeared in an episode of the ninth season of the sitcom "Friends", while the following year he was among the actors in "the life aquatic with Steve Zissou". After you laugh viewers of "Will & Grace" in three episodes of the seventh season of the show, in 2006 the American actor starred in "man of the year" by Barry Levinson, and in "mini's first time", by Nick Guthe.
In 2010, while participates in over twenty episodes from the tv show "Law & Order: Criminal Intent," Jeff Goldblum is among the stars of "a good day in the morning", by Roger Michell; two years later lends his voice to the cartoon by Wayne Thornley "Zambezia". During the same period, is guest star of tv series "Glee" wearing the clothes of Hiram Berry, homosexual father of the heroine Rachel. In 2014 returns to the cinema in the film by Wes Anderson "The Grand Hotel".

Valeria Golino biography

October 22, 1966

Who is Valeria Golino?

Valeria Golino was born on 22 October 1966 in Naples, the daughter of a Greek painter with Egyptian and French origins and an Italian student of Germanic. Raised in his hometown and Athens, embarks on a modeling career in the Greek capital, before being discovered and exploited by the Director Lina Wertmuller, who makes her debut in the cinema at the age of seventeen in the film "twist of fate lurks around the corner as a highway robber", in 1983.
After starring in "Under ... under ... scrambled from abnormal passion" for Wertmuller, in "Blind date" by Nico Mastorakis and "Figlio mio infinitamente caro" by Valentino Orsini, in 1985 know Director Peter Del Monte, with which it binds sentimentalmente for two years, and that he directed in the film "small fires" (first nomination for Silver Ribbon). Later, Valeria Golino works, still very young, for directors like Francesco Maselli ("love story", which won the award for best actress at the Venice Film Festival), Giuliano Montaldo ("Gli occhiali d'Oro") and especially Barry Levinson, who chose her for the Hollywood masterpiece "Rain Man" in 1988 rain man. In the same year she acted in "fear and love" by Margarethe von Trotta, and in "Big Top Pee-wee-my life Rani", Randal Kleiser, on the set of which he knows the actor Benicio Del Toro. The two fall in love and go to live together in the Los Angeles home of Gardiner, in Mulholland Drive.
In those years the Neapolitan actress working mainly in America, taking part in "Spring Waters", by Jerzy Skolimowski, and "traces of love life", by Peter Del Monte. In 1990 visit auditions to become star of "Pretty Woman", but in the end for that role is chosen Julia Roberts: the competition between the two is repeated the following year, for "flatliners" and even then it is the American interpreter to get the upper hand. Valeria Golino anyway is consoled when entering the cast of "Lone Wolf", by Sean Penn, and of "the year of terror", by John Frankenheimer. We are in 1991, when Valeria is directed also by Jim Abrahams in comical "Hot shots!". The following year, however, is once again directed by an Italian Director Gabriele Salvatores, choice as the star of "Puerto Escondido", alongside Claudio Bisio and Diego Abatantuono. At the same time, he met the actor Fabrizio Bentivoglio, with whom he began a relationship.
After taking part in the sequel to "Hot Shots!" reads in "like two crocodiles", by Giacomo Campiotti, and in the short film "Submission". During those months, she was chosen by James Cameron to play alongside Arnold Schwarzenegger in the role of Helen in "True lies", but is forced to give up because it committed on the set of "I sfagi tou kokora" Greek, which helps to produce: in its place is called Jamie Lee Curtis. In the second half of the 1990s, alternates between Hollywood career to Italian (man with a participation in the music video for the song "Bittersweet me" by Rem): in America reads, inter alia, in "leaving Las Vegas" by Mike Figgis, in "escape from l.a." by John Carpenter in "side streets", by Tony Gerber, and tv series "Fallen angels"; in Italy, however, is starring in "Escoriandoli", by Antonio Rezza, in "Le acrobate", directed by Silvio Soldini, and "L'Albero delle pere", by Francesca Archibugi.
In 2000 leaves California and began to focus primarily on Italian cinema: appeared in "against the wind" by Stefano Vicario, and is the award-winning star of "breath", by Emanuele Crialese, which allows it to get a nomination at the Academy Awards and the Silver Ribbon as best actress. It's 2002, when he falls in love with the actor Andrea Di Stefano and takes part in the film by Nina Di Majo "l'inverno", for which also contributes to the soundtrack singing "Maybe once more." After "take me away", and "36 Quai des Orfevres, Tonino Zangardi", by Olivier Marchal, in 2005 Valeria Golino plays the movie by Fausto Paravidino "Texas": on set knows the coworker herself, which binds sentimentalmente.
Increasingly oriented to work with Italian filmmakers, takes part in "Mario's war" by Antonio Capuano (that is another Academy Awards and a Golden Globe as best actress in a leading role), and "A casa nostra" by Francesca Comencini; in 2007, however, it was the turn of "the girl by the Lake," by Andrea Molaioli, and "let it go, Johnny!", where it is directed by his former team-mate Fabrizio Bentivoglio. After "the Black Sun" by Krzysztof Zanussi and the controversial "quiet chaos," by Antonello Grimaldi, Valeria starred in "La fabbrica dei tedeschi", by Mimmo Calopresti, and "Giulia non esce la sera" by Giuseppe Piccioni: for this film also sings, along with Baustelle, "cry Rome", a song that was awarded as best original song at the Taormina Film Festival with Silver Ribbon.
Sergio Rubini in 2009 starred in "the black man, and the following year was part of the cast of" school's out ", by Valerio Jalongo. Back to comedy with "kryptonite in her bag," by Ivan Cotroneo (which won Ciak d'Oro, a Golden Globe nomination and a Silver Ribbon), he devoted himself to television, taking part in the Italian remake of the series "In treatment", broadcast on Sky. In 2013 the Cannes Film Festival presents his first feature film, "honeymoon", inspired by the dramatic theme of euthanasia; as manufacturers there is the mate Sadat.

Biography of Amerigo Armando Gilberto Govi

GAL stundo
22 October 1885
April 28, 1966

Who is Amerigo Armando Gilberto Govi?

Amerigo Armando Gilberto Govi, real name, symbol and emblem of the teatro genovese, was born on 22 October 1885 into a family of origin valance; for three years he attended the Academy of fine arts and at the age of sixteen he was hired as a draftsman by the Genoese power Workshops.
Passionate about Theatre reads from the little boy and the love for this art form leads him to join the Italian National Theatre Academy hosted amateur dramatics stradone St Augustine.
Here, at the initiative of Carissa, for years on the scene, around 1914 began her acting career in plays until, two years later, the "dialect" led by Govi were expelled from the Academy (the actor was then reinstated as an honorary member, only in 1931).
Form a new company: the "Compagnia genovese dialect", and began performing in major theatres of Genoa, attempting the first sortie in Turin in 19The success at national level came in 1923 when Gasper presents at the teatro Filodrammatici di Milano comedy "I manezzi pe maja na figgia" by Nicolò Bacigalupo.
From December 31, 1923, after the success of Milan, leaving the craft as a cartoonist to devote himself to the life of actor building a series of characterizations which have entered in the history of Italian theatre.
His first tour abroad is in Latin America in 19His partner in the scene since the first "company dialect" and from September 26, 1917, even in life, it's Catherine Francs G.
Govi presents on stages around the world 78 plays (some of which are recorded by Italian television and recorded on vinyl) among which included "Pignasecca e Pignaverde", "rudder", "marrying off a daughter" riding.
The career of Govigama sees it also engaged in four films: the "rudder" (1942), "what times!" (1947), "Il diavolo in convento" (1950), "he, she and Grandpa" (1961).
Govi to viewers across the world represented the true genovese: smart, smiling and rude. At the scene, enriched with the Genoese dialectal Theatre comedies moods lyrics telling the Ligurian character as a coexistence of opposites: contradiction between form and feeling, between external image and inner lines between public and private sectors; the ligure which looks over the zest of things and read in yourself with a good dose of humour under the attitudes from serious people, indeed, in the words of his beloved dialect, "stundaia".
Gilberto Govi died in Genoa on April 28, 1966.

Biography of Doris Lessing

October 22, 1919
November 17, 2013

Who is Doris Lessing?

Doris May Taylor was born on October 22, 1919 in Iran (which at the time was still "Persia") to British parents. A few years after his father leaves the job at the Bank and she moved with her family in the British colony of Southern Rhodesia (today Republic of Zimbabwe) to devote himself to agriculture. Doris studied first at a nunnery and then attended Salisbury High School for Girls (now the capital of Zimbabwe, Harare), but already at the age of thirteen he abandons school starting a long journey of his own.
At fifteen, tired of maddening maternal educational rigor, all the way home decided to face life with its own power. She works as a nanny and, at the same time, it begins to engage in politics and sociology, while cultivating a particular inclination for literature for some time. In Salisbury, where he moved shortly after, he met and fell in love with Frank Wisdom. They were married in 1939 putting had two sons, John and Jean, but the Union will lead to divorce after four years.
Sometime after Doris takes to attend a cultural Association of Communist orientation, the "Left Book Club: here know Gottfried Lessing, who became her second husband but this time, after the birth of Peter, marriage dissolves, in 19After 30 years of living in Africa-who profoundly in its formation and during which he began to write--Doris Lessing moved to London with Peter, where he published his first work titled "the grass is singing (1950).
The first decade of his literary production is focused on the failure of British colonial policies-through the stories of desperate living conditions of white settlers in Africa-and the hypocrisy that is at the Foundation of the modus vivendi of the bourgeoisie. These efforts will cost the expulsion from Zimbabwe and South Africa. Belong to this stage "African tales" (1951-54); the cycle of "Martha Quest" talking "children of violence", which began in 1952; "The other woman" (1953).
From 1956 Doris Lessing is dedicated to subjects more introspective and definitely autobiographical, drawing particular attention to the situation of women, with "the boredom of being a wife" (1957), "the habit of love" (1957), "the Golden Notebook" (1962). After 1969, thanks to frequent visits with the British writer Idries Shah, enters the spiritual sphere of Islamic mysticism (sufi) with the series "Canopus in Argos: Archives", consisting of six novels published between 1979 and 19But his multifaceted sensibilities, without prejudice to the common thread--always autobiographical-the defense of freedom particularly with regard to women's emancipation and in the third world, has led to many other areas, from the world of cats to science fiction, from life in the suburbs of London.
His rich literary production includes, among others: "the diary of Jane Somers" and "If the old could ...", published respectively in 1983 and 1984 under the pseudonym Jane Somers. " The good terrorist "(1985); "The wind blows away our words" (1986); "London's Tales" (1986). In 1994 he published the first part of his autobiography, "under the skin", entirely dedicated to long years in Africa, while the second part, "Walking in the shadow", was released in 1997; If he waits until the last. Follow in 1996 "to love again"; in 1999 "Mara and Dann"; in 2000 "in the world"; in 2001 "The sweetest dream". The last book published is "Alfred and Emily", in 2008.
During his long career, Doris Lessing has received many awards: the Somerset Maugham Award in 1954; the Shakespeare Prize in 1982; the Los Angeles Times Book Prize in 1995, and in the same year, the "James Tait Black" and an honorary doctorate from Harvard University; in 1999 was proclaimed a "Companion of Honour"; the David Cohen British literature prize ", the" Italian "Grinzane Cavour-a life devoted to literature," and Spanish "Prince of Asturias", all in 2001; the "S.T. Dupont Golden Pen Award" in 2002 and, dulcis in fundo, the Nobel Prize for literature in 2007 with the following motivation: "female singer of the experience, with skepticism, passion and visionary power put under scrutiny a civilization divided».
Doris Lessing dies at the age of 94 years in London on November 17, 2013.

Biography of Franz Liszt

Visions composed
22 October 1811
31 July 1886

Who is Franz Liszt?

When it is said to be underestimated. A great author, so great to tap the giant, a composer who could safely sit alongside ministering gods like Beethoven, Chopin, Brahms, Schumann and via listing, is considered less than an actor, a freak show good only to exhibit bellurie techniques of great effort and easy to grip. And instead we are talking about not only the greatest pianist ever existed (and this is obvious), but also one of the most brilliant and truly visionary composers in history.
Mystical character and carnal, depressive and at the same time vitale, Liszt's name has generated a cult following, a clique of worshippers well aware that behind the genius of the now famous "Sonata in b minor" (and it took a century to realize that this is a huge masterpiece) is (also) he that has dried in traditional tonal horizons mature works by reducing the concept of melody to a mass of gloomy sound fragments; the man who first dared to write a song openly atonal, the wonderful "Bagatelle without tonality" (well before Schoenberg).
The adepts know that in incunabula Liszt survey are hidden esoteric mazes, pages alongside the best known ones where the glitter of the fingering stun the listener naïve-but the claw is also lisztian most harmless pages ready to strike.
Because Liszt is also this: a world to explore, a planet in which you incur wastelands as in fertile hills, in place punitive as invigorating clearings sacrificial offerings.
His life reflects that more complex lives and kaleidoscopic variety characteristic. Born in Doborjan (now Raiding), Hungary, on 22 October 1811, after starting very early studying piano with father Adam, official of Prince Esterházy, Franz Liszt was eleven he moved with his family to Vienna, where may follow composition lessons with Salieri and piano with Czerny, one of the most famous virtuosos of the time. In 1823 he was in Paris where he studied theory and composition with Paer but is rejected at the Conservatory in the capital by Cherubini.
In 1825, when already had made himself known as a pianist, playing in London in the presence of King George IV. The same year he completed his only opera "Don Sanche" which will debut in Paris. His fame as a performer is growing and in 1826 is touring France and Switzerland while continuing his studies with Reicha.
By 1828 he settled in Paris where he lives by teaching music; run into an unfortunate affair with Caroline de Saint-Cricq which leads him into a State of frustration and depression who can overcome only with the help of reading and faith. In 1830 was part of the audience that attends the premiere of Symphonie fantastique by Hector Berlioz; will do the knowledge of Mendellsohn and Chopin.
In 1833 Liszt meets a women who will mark his life, the countess Marie d'agoult. the following year George Sand. In 1835 he fled Switzerland with Marie d'agoult he will become the father of Blandine; Meanwhile begins to compose "Album d'un voyageur". In 1836 Chopin became known to George Sand. The following year, writes the "12 grand études" and fights the famous musical duel against Thalberg. Comes out victorious.
Meanwhile, her second child was born in Como in 1839 the son Cosima and Daniel; Liszt began the composition of the Italian part of its "Annes de Pelerinage" but also makes the acquaintance, in 1840, two key figures (for him and for the history of music): Schumann and Wagner. With the latter, the Association, in the name of the project of a dreams of the future, is immediate and becomes the demon pianist, now even Idol strictly fully modern, in one of the most vocal supporters of the total art of Richard Wagner. The correspondence that has been there is a poetic document of rare intensity and depth.
The concerts around the world follow hectic but in 1844 breaks with Marie d'agoult. meets in 1847 in Kiev Princess Caroline Von Sayn-Wittgenstein with whom he moved to Poland. Settled in Weimar in 1848 began composing the symphonic poem "Les Préludes" and of the Symphony "Berg".
During the uprising of 1849, Liszt Dresden helps Wagner, known revolutionary, to flee to Switzerland. These were years of feverish regurgitation creative, there are innumerable masterpieces that come from his pen (the symphonic poem "Mazeppa", the Sonata, the two concertos for piano and orchestra n. 1, the "Totentanz", and hundreds of piano pieces), although the death of 13-year-old Daniel prostrates himself greatly.
In 1861, during a trip to Paris, will perform to Napoleon III and includes Georges Bizet. The same year in Rome will try to marry Caroline Von Sayn-Wittgenstein, but fail to be cancel the previous marriage.
In 1862 composes the magnificent "Cantico del sol di San Francesco d'assisi" and must bear the death of firstborn daughter Blandine. At this point a mystical crisis led him to the decision to enter the monastery of our Lady of the Rosary of Rome. The report which had sprung up between his daughter Cosima and her protégé Richard Wagner undermine relations with the latter.
In 1864, in memory of Blandine, writes "the night" and in 1865 finally can rejoice in the birth of Isolde fruit of the Union of Cosima and Wagner. At the Vatican, meanwhile, received minor orders. His compositional vein turns more and more toward sacred music; composes the "Missa Choralis" and "Christus" (1867).
In 1870 his daughter Cosima gets a divorce from a previous marriage and may marry at last Wagner, an event that takes the two to reconcile two years later. Even these last years are still quite fruitful, suffice it to recall, next to dozens of pages of extraordinary beauty, now powerful and engaging now, some versions of metaphysical Romance oubliée, the orchestration of the second Mephisto Waltz # 1, 2, 3, Valse oubliée and 4.
In 1886 Liszt faces a trip to London to receive some awards and meet the Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria, and in Paris, the man destined to upset him perhaps even more the concept of the art of music: Claude Debussy. In Germany, the same year Bayreuth festival (festival as you know created by Wagner) Franz Liszt falls seriously ill with pneumonia. He died on 31 July 1886.

Biography of Paola Severino

Experience given to Country
October 22, 1948

Who is Paola Severino?

Born October 22, 1948 in Naples, Paola Severino Di Benedetto is an Italian jurist become Minister of Justice of Government assemble 16 November 2011: she is the first woman to hold this position.
After graduating with a score of 110 cum laude graduated in law from the University "La Sapienza" of Rome, Severino attends at the same University the school of specialization in criminal law and Criminology; a pupil of Giovanni Maria Flick (future Minister of Justice for the first Prodi government and President of the Constitutional Court), later wins a contest for the post of Assistant Professor in criminal law at the University of Rome, where he stayed from June 1975 to February 1987: at this time he also won a scholarship of the Cnr, which allows her to stay at the Max Planck Institute in Freiburg in 1983.
In 1987 gets the post of Associate Professor, which is the Chair of commercial criminal law at the University of Perugia, Faculty of Economics and business administration. Become part of the editorial staffs that produce legal Encyclopedia Treccani and the magazine "Bank, stock exchange and securities", obtained from 1987 the possibility of teaching at Luiss afferent at the Department of criminal law at the Faculty of law. In 1989, then, also teaches commercial criminal law, always to the same Faculty.
Became Professor of criminal law at the School Officers in 1990 also won the Carabinieri deputising commercial criminal law at the University of Perugia. Full professor since 1995, in 1998 became Professor of criminal law at Luiss University, where from 2003 to 2006 is also Dean of the Faculty of law. Meanwhile, from 1997 to 2001, he also served as vice Chairman of the Military Council of the judiciary.
In May 2006 Paola Severino became vice Rector of Luiss, where previously it was also Coordinator of the specialization school for legal professions.
Rapporteur at several scientific meetings and conferences, an expert in criminal law and criminal law, trade Advisor to several associations and society and Director at Luiss Master in criminal law. During his career from 1977, lawyer Paola Severino represented among other things the Union of Italian Jewish communities on the occasion of the trial against the former Nazi SS Captain Erich Priebke, but among its customers include industrial giants such as Telecom Italy, Enel and Eni.
In addition, it lent legal support to Romano Prodi during the process for the sale of Cirio, Francesco Gaetano Caltagirone in the Enimont affair in Perugia, Giovanni Acampora (Fininvest's legal) in the Imi-Sir, to Cesare Geronzi about Salvatore Buscemi Santal of Cirio, on the occasion of the process concerning the massacre in via d'amelio (in which killed judge Paolo Borsellino) and Gaetano Gifuni , former Secretary General of the Quirinale, in the investigation that has been looking into money for the estate of Castelporziano.


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