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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Danny Boyle's Biography
- Biography of John Dewey
- Biography of Luigi Lo Cascio
- Biography of Bela Lugosi
- Biography of Viggo Mortensen
- Biography of Arthur Rimbaud
- Biography of Candice Swanepoel
- Biography of Paul Valéry
- Mara Venier biography
- Biography of Christopher Wren
Danny Boyle's Biography
Who is Danny Boyle?The celebrated Director Danny Boyle was born on October 20, 1956 in Radcliffe, Lancashire, the son of Irish parents. Raised in a Catholic education, is an altar boy for eight years, partly because his mother wants it to become a priest; at fourteen, however, is persuaded by a priest not to move from school to the seminar. After studying at Salesian College, Bolton to Thornleigh attended Bangor University, where he took English lessons and recitation: during this period, he attended the actress Frances Barber. After leaving school, he began his career as an actor and Director at the Joint Stock Theatre Company, then moved to the Royal Court Theatre in 1982 to direct "The genius", by Howard Brenton, and "Saved", by Edward Bond. Meanwhile also has the opportunity to work in television for BBC Northern Ireland's producer of several tv movies, including the controversial "Elephant", by Alan Clarke; so is Director of shows like "Arise and go now," "For the greater good", "Not even God is wise enough" and "Scout", as well as two episodes of "Inspector Morse".
Become responsible for the series "Mr. Wroe's Virgins", broadcast on BBC2, he then also at the cinema: in 1995 his first film is "Shallow grave" (known in Italy as "little murders among friends"), one of the biggest commercial successes of that year in the uk. Realized together with producer Andrew Macdonald and the writer John Hodge (author of the novel from which the film is based), "Shallow grave", which includes the cast Christopher Eccleston, Ewan McGregor and Kerry Fox, allows Boyle to win the prize of "Best newcomer" awarded in 1996 by the London Film Critics Circle. Thanks to the positive results obtained from that film, he has the ability to create "Trainspotting", based on a story by Irvine Welsh. The film tackles the issue of drugs with a look ironic, bordering on the grotesque, and between the actors still sees the presence of McGregor: within a short time becomes a real cult.
After moving to Hollywood, Danny Boyle rejects a proposal to direct the fourth installment of the saga of "Alien", "Alien Resurrection" (participates only in the realization of certain scenes), devoting himself instead, in 1997, in "A life less ordinary" (released in Italy under the title "a life less ordinary"), also starring Ewan McGregor, Cameron Diaz: box office results, however, are not very encouraging. Later realizes the movie "The beach": shot in Thailand, starring Leonardo DiCaprio, imposed by the production instead of McGregor, who had been the one who had made the novel by Alex Garland (from which the film is based) to Boyle. Since then, aided by a situation of tension fueled by the media and the press, the British Director and his actor will not work together anymore. The film gets a poor match, both by the public and by the critics: over the years, however, will be reevaluated, particularly by travellers Backpackers.
Returned to television with "don't tell Mùm" and "The bad Sheppard", two music documentaries, Boyle collaborates again with Alex Garland for the post apocalyptic film "28 days later" (in Italy, "28 days later"); then he directed Kenneth Branagh in the short film "Alien love triangle". In 2004 the British Director back behind the camera for "Millions", written by Frank Cottrell Boyce, before joining Alex Garland for the fictional "Sunshine", in theaters in 20Full of references to "2001: a space Odyssey," but also to "Alien" and "Solaris", the film tells the story of a team of eight astronauts on a giant spaceship, engaged in a mission on the Sun: their purpose is to feed the star using a nuclear device as large as the island of Manhattan, a stellar bomb aimed to regenerate the thermonuclear reactions in the Sun.
The following year the British Director heads to Bollywood "Slumdog millionaire" (title in Italy: "slumdog Millionaire"), the story of a poor child (played by Dey Patel) participating in the Indian edition of "who wants to be a millionaire?"; the female protagonist is Freida Pinto. The film turns out to be a critical success, Boyle also the Oscar for Best Director (but a total of eight conquered the statuettes to the Academy Awards). After the triumph of "slumdog," Danny Boyle directs in the 2010 movie "127 hours," starring Kate Mara, Amber Tamblyn and James Franco, based on the autobiography of Aron Ralston "Between a rock and a hard place". Released 5 November 2010, the film gets six Oscar nominations, including best actor for Franco and best adapted screenplay for the same Boyle.
In 2011, Danny Boyle is dedicated to Theatre staged in London Benedict Cumberbatch and Jonny Lee Miller in the play "Frankenstein", loosely based on the novel by Mary Shelley. In the summer of 2012, the English artist has the opportunity to direct the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games in London, at which also runs a short film starring Queen Elizabeth II and the interpreter of James Bond Daniel Craig.
Biography of John Dewey
20 October 1859
June 1, 1952
Who is John Dewey?John Dewey was born on day 20 October 1859 in Burlington (Vermont State). Here grows by receiving an education typical of the bourgeoisie of the time. He studied philosophy at Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore City), where the training follows the principles of neo-Hegelian, graduating in 1884 with a dissertation on Psychology in Immanuel Kant. The formation of Dewey will be strongly influenced by American pragmatism and the evolution of Darwin.
While the United States went through a period of tremendous economic growth, John Dewey after teaching in Detroit at Michigan University in 1894 became a professor at the University of Chicago; here after a couple of years he founded an adjoining workshop school grade.
Because of his positions in 1904 contrasts generated by anticonservatrici is forced to move to Columbia University in New York. Here Dewey creates a new experimental school financed by parents of pupils.
Abandoned teaching in 1930 for reasons of age. In addition to continuing in its philosophical and pedagogical research, he founded a political party (radical Democrats) that operates during the crisis that began in 19This field acts on social and ethical issues, such as women's suffrage, or how the delicate issue of the unjust conviction of the anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti.
John Dewey died in New York on June 1, 1952 day at the ripe old age of 93 years. His legacy was to have a profound influence on the culture, the American politician and costume on education systems.
Main works of John Dewey:
* Experimental Logic. Naturalistic theory of knowledge and thought, edited by r. Fernandes, Quodlibet 2008
* Logic, theory of investigation (Logic, the Theory of Inquiry), 1938 (Italian Edition, 1949)
* Experience and education, 1938
* 1935 liberalism and social action
* Art as experience, 1934
* The search for certainty, 1930
* Experience and nature, 1925
* Democracy and education, 1916
* School and company, 1899
* My pedagogic creed, 1897
Biography of Luigi Lo Cascio
October 20, 1967
Who is Luigi Lo Cascio?In just over three years has become one of the leading Italian cinema actors due to its intense expressiveness, capable of transmitting not only a wide range of emotions but also a profound humanity. Born on October 20, 1967 in Palermo grew up together with his parents, grandmother and four siblings, all people who cultivated the artistic hobbies, from poetry to music at the recitation.
This languid gaze boy's film career has literally exploded with Giuseppe Impastato's interpretation in the film by Marco Tullio Giordana "I cento passi", where he quickly proved a talent and an innate ability to characterization: receives the David di Donatello for best actor, the Grolla d'Oro, the Sacher d'Oro and numerous other accolades.
Luigi Lo Cascio is also a cultured and extraordinarily prepared, quality is not easy to find in asphyxial Italian cinema. The actor from the mysterious charm that transmits fragility and strength at the same time, he first attempted to address medical studies (specialization in Psychiatry) and then listen to the voice of the heart and follow the theatrical vocation.
Enrolled at the Silvio D'Amico National Academy of dramatic art, graduating in 1992 with an essay on Hamlet by William Shakespeare, directed by Orazio Costa.
His talent is apparent even from him all his creativity that allowed him to write several screenplays and collaborate on various theatrical performances.
After the Jordanian film, Lo Cascio became in demand, churning out a series of films within a very short time and never at the expense of quality.
In 2002 we saw in "light of my life" by Giuseppe Piccioni, with whom he won the Volpi Cup at the Venice Film Festival.
Then took part in the film-"the best of youth", also by Giordana (proof of plaintiff who collected other enthusiastic acclaim by critics and audiences) and turned "Vito, death and miracles" by Alessandro Piva.
In the film "my brother-in-law" appears in the guise of co-protagonsita with Sergio Rubini (the latter also Director).
Just before she turned a masterpiece of Italian cinema, an example of civic consciousness applied to movies such as "Buongiorno, notte" by the great Marco Bellocchio.
2000-I cento passi by Marco Tullio Giordana
2001-Luce dei miei occhi, directed by Giuseppe Piccioni
2002-the best day of my life, directed by Cristina Comencini
2003-La meglio gioventù by Marco Tullio Giordana
2003-Buongiorno, notte, directed by Marco Bellocchio
2003-my brother-in-law, directed by Alessandro Piva
2004-Crystal eyes, directed by Eros Puglielli
2004-La vita che vorrei directed by Giuseppe Piccioni
2005-La bestia nel cuore, by Cristina Comencini
2006-Black Sea, directed by Roberta Torre
2007-Il dolce e l'amaro, directed by Andrea Porporati
Biography of Bela Lugosi
20 October 1882
August 16, 1956
Who is Bela Lugosi?Ladies and gentlemen, I give you Dracula. Here's the actor that more and better than others has been able to interpret the dark Count vampire birth by the imagination of Bram Stoker. We're talking about that crazy actor by the name of Bela Lugosi: his real name was Bela Blasko and everything expected from life except becoming an actor, known to history. Born on 20 October 1882 at Lugos, Hungarian country not far-ironically-from Transylvania, this extraordinary character, in some ways unique in the history of cinema, before entering the Academy of Theatrical Arts of Budapest worked as a miner and later as an apprentice worker in a factory.
His acting career began on the sly. For a few years settle for supporting roles and appearing on posters using various pseudonyms: Geza Lugosi, Bela Lugossy, Deszo Lugosi.
Only later becomes Bela Lugosi (that is native to the town of Lugos), stage name he held until his death. Starting from 1915 interprets the first film roles, all of which are middle-class, Aristocrat, architect ... generalizing: a romantic character.
Has a strong national feeling and a passion not indifferent in 1918 civil claims the revolutionary Government and, with the counterrevolution of Admiral Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, is forced to flee the country. In 1919 fled to Germany where he appears in a series of films. In 1921 emigrated to United States and specializes in character roles in both theatre and cinema.
The first major theatrical role of Bela Lugosi's Dracula in a play that Broadway meets an extraordinary success. When he faces again the role in the film version of Tod Browning (1931), begins with the phrase "I-am-Dracu-": the voice well set up, emphasis Aristocrat, the inimitable pronunciation make it obvious to everyone that the American cinema has finally found a bad mefistofelica's greatness.
In the years ' 30 and early ' 40 Bela Lugosi gathers together with Boris Karloff, another great, the legacy of the great Lon Chaney on horror. Both come with a great personality and are no doubt actors of excellent quality, perhaps higher than Lugosi, but ours has nothing to envy to two masters as a force of suggestion. Unfortunately, Lugosi is not particularly skillful in choosing roles and ends early for surrendering to the Universal horror themed routines (his only comic role in the famous "Ninotchka" to Lubitsch) reserving his talent as an interpreter at the theatre. On-screen Lugosi Count Dracula's character becomes attached to or, Alternatively, that the mad scientist, running out in some sort of manner that does honour to her talent.
In truth, the reality is more surprising. His attachment to that role becomes more and more morbid, until it flows into a kind of worrisome sucked. Gives interviews while lying in a coffin, looks at Hollywood previews accompanied by a gorilla and in recent years plays roles autoparodistici. For more money problems and drug addiction.
In 1955 announces his comeback and his fourth marriage, but died shortly thereafter, on August 16, 1956 of a heart attack on the set of "Plan 9 from outer space".
He has remained alive especially the legend. There are those who say that it was even placed on the coffin dressed, by his will, with the costume of Dracula.
Biography of Viggo Mortensen
October 20, 1958
Who is Viggo Mortensen?Viggo Peter Mortensen was born on 20 October 1958 in New York, in Manhattan's Lower East Side, the son of Viggo Mortensen senior, Danish, and Grace Gamble, an American, whom she met her future husband on vacation in Norway, in Oslo. After spending his childhood in different parts of the world, between Venezuela, Argentina and Denmark, because of her father's job, at the age of eleven he moved with him (after his parents ' separation) prior to Copenhagen and then in the United States. Here Mortensen gets graduating from Watertown High School, and became passionate about photography.
He studied Spanish literature and political science at St. Lawrence University, he worked for the Swedish ice hockey team as a translator during the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid. After a short stop in Denmark, back in the Usa and embarked on an acting career: studied at Warren Robertson's Theatre Workshop, and after several theatrical experiences you move to Los Angeles, where he earns the first television appearances. The first cinema role comes only in 1985, in "Witness", directed by Peter Weir. Actually in 1984 Viggo had already debuted in front of the camera, "Swing shift-swing time": but his scene was cut during editing. The same, however, will happen in Woody Allen's film "the Purple Rose of Cairo".
Discarded "Platoon" tryouts for the role of Sergeant Elias who then will end to Willem Dafoe, Mortensen is dedicated to television, participating in "Miami Vice" and "search for tomorrow", trashy soap opera. After the blockbusters "not April that door 3", however, her big break at the movies arrive in Sean Penn's debut behind the camera in "Lone Wolf": the cast of actors, including Dennis Hopper and Valeria Golino. Two years later, it was the turn of "Carlito's Way", starring opposite Al Pacino: follow "red alert", directed by Tony Scott, and Sinister "obsessions", directed by Philip Ridley.
In 1995 he has the role of Lucifer in "the prophecy", while the 1996 proposes "G.i. Jane," along with Demi Moore, "Daylight-trap in the tunnel", starring Sylvester Stallone, and "albino alligator," Kevin Spacey's directorial debut. In short, Mortensen now forms part of the Hollywood elite: in 1998 he took part in "Psycho," Gus Van Sant remake of the Hitchcock films, and "the thin red line" by Terrence Malick. Even in this case, however, the Director cut his scene in post-production.
World consecration and extraordinary economic gains come through "the Lord of the rings" trilogy directed by Peter Jackson in which the actor plays the role of Aragorn, heir to the throne of Gondor. Mortensen, actually, at the beginning proved hesitant and does not seem convinced of the role, also due to the fact that the shooting of the film will take place in New Zealand; then decides to accept the part only at the insistence of his son Henry, fond of the Tolkien novels.
The international success, therefore, opens the door to other films: for example "Hidalgo", or "A history of violence", by David Cronenberg (Director with whom, moreover, will return to work for "Eastern promises"). In "Appaloosa" Viggo participates in 2008, western directed by Ed Harris, and to "Good-indifference of good", in which she plays a literature teacher who remains intrigued by the Nazi thinking. After "The road," published in 2009, Mortensen found Cronenberg in 2011 in "A dangerous method," in which plays the role of the famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, while in 2012 says it produces "Everybody has a plan", by Ana Piterbarg.
In addition to film work, the actor of Danish origin also performs as a musician, painter, poet and photographer. In 1993, for example, dates back "Ten last night", his first collection of poetry. His experience as a photographer, instead, is enhanced by Dennis Hopper, which has the ability to expose their shots, run in the 1970s, Robert Mann Gallery in New York, as part of the staff called "Errant Vine". But this is not the only experience: in 2006, for example, in Santa Monica serves "Recent forgeries".
His passion for art, however, is revealed in the round: in 2002, for example, Mortensen, taking advantage of the gains arising from the "Lord of the rings," fonda Perceval Press, a publishing house that aims to showcase the work of young artists in search of visibility; in the same year he published a catalog of poems, pictures and paintings by him. In 2004, however, dates back "The horse is good", photo book dedicated to horses, with shots taken in many parts of the world including New Zealand, Iceland, Argentina, Brazil and Denmark. Must not be forgotten, finally, the painting of Mortensen, whose paintings have been exhibited around the world: paintings that are seen in "perfect crime" are all composed of him.
In Italy, Viggo Mortensen has been voiced especially by black ice, who has lent her voice to, inter alia, in three films the Lord of the rings ", in" Appaloosa, "" Hidalgo ", in" The road "and" A history of violence ". Francesco Pannofino was also voiced in the movie "Lone Wolf", by Luke Ward in "perfect crime", by Simon Mori in "Chainsaw Massacre 3", by Massimo Rossi in "Psycho" and by Mino Dicaprio in "Carlito's Way".
Posted in 2002 on the list of the fifty most beautiful people in the world according to the magazine "People", Viggo Mortensen is the father of Henry Blake, had by Exene Cervenka, punk singer whom he married in 1987 and divorced in 19Supporter of Christiania, expressed criticism of the administration of George w. Bush and has questioned against Denmark's entry into the war in Iraq. A curiosity: in addition to English and Danish, speaks Spanish, Norwegian, Swedish, French and Italian.
Biography of Arthur Rimbaud
20 October 1854
10 November 1891
Who is Arthur Rimbaud?Rimbaud, considered the incarnation of the cursed poet, born in Charleville-Mézières (France), on 20 October 1854 in a typical bourgeois family (where he had neither the affection of the father, who soon left the family, nor his mother, inflexible Puritan imbued with religiosity). The abandonment of the family by her father, when little Arthur was only six years old, was certainly his whole life, though in a more subtle than you might imagine. The choice of the father not only his family condemned to poverty, but left the responsibility of educating their children only to the mother, which was certainly not an example of liberality.
Educated in the family and at school according to more traditional schemes, he signaled for the extraordinary intellectual precocity composing verses at the age of ten years, encouraged by a local artist in his attempts to write.
At sixteen, following his inclination visionary and wild, threw up the quiet life that had been prepared, fleeing first repeatedly then undertaking a wandering loner who carried him far away from his family environment. One of the first escapes to Paris coincides with the writing of his first poem (the date is that of 1860). However, arrested for failing to carry the train ticket, he was forced to return home
On this long wandering lived between experiences of all kinds, including alcohol, drugs and prison. Escaped indeed once in Paris, in those days the city of Paris, is enthused by the convulsive traveled on foot, without money, through France at war, and made life as a road. It was then that he began to read and to know poets considered "immoral", as Baudelaire and Verlaine. With the latter he had then a long, passionate love story, so difficult and divisive that in the summer of 1873, during a stay in Belgium, Verlaine, in a State of drunken frenzy, wounded his friend to a wrist and was jailed. But the most lasting influence on him was undoubtedly that of Baudelaire.
Influenced also by books of Alchemy and the occult which was reading, he began to see himself as a prophet, a Saint of poetry and, in two letters, known as "letters of the Seer," elaborated the conception according to which the artist must achieve the "confusion of the senses".
Rimbaud returned to his home, where he wrote one of his masterpieces, "a season in hell". In 1875, at the age of twenty-one years, Arthur stopped writing, but always traveller and lover of languages, set off to the East, sailing up in Java, worked as Chief mine in Cyprus, settling finally in East Africa, where he spent his last years as a dealer and smuggler of weapons. In 1891 a tumor in his leg forced him to return to France to receive adequate medical care. It was there that, in a hospital of Marseille, died on November 10 of that year. The sister, who stayed with him until the end, he stated that, on his deathbed, he had returned the same Catholic faith which had characterized his childhood.
"Rimbaud? so-traveled like a meteor. all the way from Baudelaire to symbolism, grasped in his decadent phase and moribund, and impressions of surrealism. Theorized, conscientiously more lucid than any other decadent, the thesis of the "poet Seer", capable of achieving, by way of a "rules of disorderly business" from all directions, in a vision of the unknown that is both vision of the absolute. Where the art of Rimbaud coincides with his life is in "denial", in "disgust": the rejection included himself, his own formation and extraction, indeed from there start. Consistently, the life of Rimbaud was a frantic search of their annulment, pursued by all means, including the non-publication of their works (left out manuscripts and then collected by Verlaine), and perhaps the removal immediately after the print run, the only work he printed, "a season in hell".
Finally, we can say that "Rimbaud is the largest and most poetic interpreter of the crisis nichilistica integral; and, like many authors of the times of crisis, is characterized by a powerful ambiguity, which will make it possible interpretations of his poetry: suffice it to say that Paul Claudel was able to read in "Season in hell" a sort of unconscious route to a God unknown but necessary, while many others have noticed the negative moment of a whole culture, culminating in the awareness of the futility of tradition and in its radical repudiation. Among the most important and most prolific evidence of ambiguity of the poetry of Rimbaud (and, at worst, of each poem), is precisely the fact that this work of destruction has translated into an amazing creative work; that his instance of freedom "against" each institution (including literature) has taken place in a grandiose proposal of Liberation through literature "[literature encyclopedia Garzanti].
Biography of Candice Swanepoel
Who is Candice Swanepoel?Candice Swanepoel was born the day October 20, 1988 in Mooi River, KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa.
The girl was discovered when only fifteen, at a flea market Durban City: his talent scout is Kevin Ellis.
Candice, which hitherto practiced dance and if she had a little dream was to become a dancer, preparing a her photo book with which occurs in a modeling agency of South Africa: his photos arrive at the Agency Select Model Management "which asks her to fly to London for a service.
After various selections taking place between London and New York, Candice Swanepoel is launched on the catwalks of the world: literally catapulted into a new world, at the age of sixteen can already boast the conquest of covers of "Fornarina", "Top Shop" and of the Italian Edition of "Vogue".
Between 2005 and 2006 pose and parades through Philosophy, Moschino, Max Mara and Tommy Hilfiger.
From 2007 provides 175 cm tall by participating each year in the Victoria's Secret fashion shows and in 2010 she was chosen by this major u.s. brand as the face of their line of swimwear.
She's engaged to Joshua David Jones, American soldier who fought in Iraq.
Biography of Paul Valéry
20 October 1871
July 20, 1945
Who is Paul Valery?His full name is Ambrose Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry. Paul Valéry was born on 30 October 1871 in Sète, France, Genoese mother and father going on. After attending the Lycée in Montpellier he enrolled, in 1889, at the Faculty of law. During his college years he met some important literary figures including Pierre Louys, Stéphane Mallarmé and André Gide, and approaches to poetry. In this period was the publication of some of his poems on the pages of a Symbolist magazine. He studied the poetry of Mallarmé and Edgar Allan Poe's work, and both become for him the important masters.
In 1892 the literary vocation of Valery undergoes a harsh backlash: he falls in love with a young Spanish and simultaneously is shaken by a personal crisis that led him to repudiate the writing as a form of vain personal self-affirmation. The malaise grasps on the night of 4 and 5 October 1892 while located in Genoa. And, as he himself says in an essay on Poe, are the doubts and uncertainties of his twenties to have determined what bluntly calls "the crisis of the spirit." Then decides to write down daily all his thoughts in a diary with the aim to achieve the highest degree of knowledge and control of his intellect.
The diaries are full of important anthropological and philosophical reflections, aesthetic, religious, will be published only after his death. This is a monumental work that consists of ben 261 notebooks manuscripts totaling 26600 pages.
Between 1895 and 1896 writes "the introduction to the method of Leonardo da Vinci" and "an evening with Mr. heads", works in which attempts to focus his philosophical method and reveals his inclination towards the Cartesian philosophy.
Despite the decision taken at the famous night genovese, Updike does not abandon altogether the poetry, but she keeps at arm's length. In 1894 he moved to Paris and finds a job as an editor at the Ministry of war. His dedication to the job allows him to become personal Secretary to Edouard Lebey innovation, ceo of the first news agency.
In 1900, her private life is enlivened by marriage with Jeannine Giobillard, with whom he has three children. His poetic career, instead, takes up altitude thanks to the intercession of André Gide allowing him to publish at the publishing house Gallimard collection "Le jeune parque". The collection is very successful, and is leading the way with two other publications: "La cimitière marin" (1920) full of melancholy and marine and visions "Charmes" (1922). His compositions are collecting support and endorsements from a growing number of readers, and Valéry finds himself in a short time in the post of official poet.
Her new position won him a series of professional and social recognition, including the election in 1925 at the Académie français, the highest recognition for a French man of letters. Meanwhile continues to publish a series of works such as the Analects "l'anima e la danza" (1923), "Eupalinos or the architect" (1923), the essays collected in five volumes "gazes on the present world" (1931), the opera "Dialogue of the tree" (1943) and the comedy published posthumously "My Faust" (1945).
By this time his appointments to increasingly prestigious charges accumulate in a whirlwind. Gets the role of the President of the Commission responsible for organising synthesis of the universal exhibition of 1936; at the College of France establish a Chair of poetry especially for him.
During the Nazi occupation, he worked as an administrator at the University of Nice, but the flat refusal to cooperate with the regime causes her removal from Office. Continue to maintain relations and exchanges with key members of the cultural world of the period, including the philosopher Henri Bergson. The intellectual relationship established with the latter testifies to the independence of Paul Veléry, as Bergson is Jewish.
The silence that condemn the Nazis ends at the end of the second world war, when the French poet takes again the word in public on the occasion of the anniversary of the birth of Voltaire. Unfortunately Paul Valéry died in Paris a few weeks after the end of the war, on 20 July 1945, at the age of 73 years. Is buried in the small cemetery of his hometown, starring in one of his most famous poems.
Mara Venier biography
Who is Mara Venier?Mara Venier (whose real name is Mara Provoleri) was born on 20 October 1950 in Venice. After moving, still a child, in Mestre, he moved to Rome in 1971 to pursue a career as an actress. After debuting as the protagonist (complete with scene of nudity) in "diary of an Italian", taken from "Wanda" by Vasco Pratolini, also featured in the episode "the doll" of the television series "the dark," and the films "La badessa di Castro", "down with us all, viva", "bad thoughts" (written by and starring Ugo Tognazzi) and "emotion". In the 1980s, Mara takes part in numerous Italian comedy films: "Digger", Alfonso Brescia, of 1980, while "heads or tails", by Nanni Loy, is three years later. At the time, companion of Jerry Calà, reads with him in "sports bar", that also has Lino Banfi.
On the big screen also appears in the plays "Gum", "city animals" and "Kamikazen-ultima notte a Milano", in the film by Franco Ferrini "Candy from a stranger" (in which he plays alongside Athina Cenci and Antonella Ponziani, the role of a prostitute) and Sergio Corbucci "nightclub". The 1990s mark the transition of the Venier by movies (his last film dates back to "Pacco, doppio Pacco e contropaccotto" of 1993) on television, both as an actress and as presenter. He took part in the tv series "the voice of the heart" of 1995, followed by "The goal of the Kingfisher" and "Return to fly ', but above all as a conductor that Mara is revealed in great form: after participating in the past to some" Candid Camera "by Nanni Loy and have been at the helm of a" Cantagiro "(alongside a Fiorello at the time almost unknown) , "rotonda sul mare" and "rush hour" for the season 1993/94 is called by Carlo Fuscagni for "Domenica In" Sunday box of Raiuno which gives an extraordinary success.
At the helm of the program until 1997, it was renamed "Lady", obtaining a personal affirmation and high level professional and consecrating characters like Luke Juror (which episode the drops involuntarily and gives a leg fracture), Giucas Casella, Stefano Masciarelli and Giampiero Galeazzi "T-bone". During the year 1996/97, Mara salt to the headlines despite himself for having discovered a scam within the telephone transmission game show: the competitor that calls from home, in fact, gives the correct answer to a question originally scheduled but later replaced by the authors.
Meanwhile the Venier, upon being landlady of the "Dopofestival" of 1994, is also one of the presenters of "Luna Park", aired in early evening of Raiuno. Also at this time, end up in the eye of the storm, along with Rosanna Lambertucci and Pippo Baudo, accused by the Court of Milan have alleged personal compensation more to take part in some tv promotions: in 1998, after having granted compensation for damaged businesses, settling the penalty of one year and four months for extortion.
In 1997 the Venetian presenter leaves the Rai moved to Mediaset (where else had already conducted on Retequattro "Viva Napoli", alongside Mike Bongiorno in 1994, and the "Gran Premio Internazionale dello Spettacolo", alongside Corrado Mantoni in 1995 and in 1996). In Berlusconi's tv Mara starts with "Donna sotto le stelle", early evening dedicated to fashion; so, is entrusted with "Hello Mara", broadcast daily on the air in the Sundial which however is closed early because of the plays not excellent. Feedback equally lukewarm are those obtained by Force "Dad" and "a drop in the bucket" in 1998, and for "life is beautiful" in 1999: and so the Venier already in 2000 back from mamma Rai, introduced with Massimo Lopez "Fantastic".
Back in those days, the early evening presented with Katia Ricciarelli "Katia and Mara to the East", entered the history of Italian television as it stopped a few seconds after the start due to a violent thunderstorm: the same fate will cover in 2001 the show "Venezia, la luna e tu", conducted always in the company of the singer. After returning to "Domenica In" in 2001, together with Antonella Clerici and Carlo Conti, in 2002 Mara presents "a bridge to the stars-the Witch of children victims of war and terrorism" on Raiuno. The hostess again Sunday container first network Rai, was forced to abandon it in 2006 (the year she married Joshua Canales, Publisher and producer), following a brawl which took place within the program amongst Antonio Zequila and Adriano Pappalardo: his place will be taken by Lorena Bianchetti.
Back on the screens Rai with the "Christmas concert" presented on Raidue in 2007, in 2008 and in 2009, he moved again to Mediaset in 2009, when the calls in Brazil of the channel 5 reality show "the farm", presented by Paola Perego. In 2010, Mara is called to lead with Lamberto Sposini "live life", the program of the afternoon by Raiuno. Also confirmed for the subsequent seasons (but at his side there is Carol Langford, who took over from Lamberto Sposini-sick-), becomes the "Lady of the afternoon", defeating daily-in the war of plays-the rival Barbara D'Urso, while not renouncing to other tv events: again the "Christmas concert" (in 2010), but also "The Persuaders-the challenge" (which is part of the jury) , "L'anno che verrà" (saluting the transition from 2010 to 2011) and "La partita del cuore".
Back to the cinema, in 2008 (after a brief appearance in "Paparazzi" by Neri Parenti in 1998), "I get to live alone," by Jerry Calà, and in 2011, still with Neri Parenti, in "Christmas holidays in Cortina". Mother of two children, Elizabeth (daughter by actor Francis Ferracini, is in turn tv presenter) and Paul (son by actor Pier Paolo Capponi), the Venier in the past has been romantically linked, besides the already mentioned Calà, also to Renzo Arbore.
Biography of Christopher Wren
20 October 1632
25 February 1723
Who is Christopher Wren?Historical note and fame of the architect Christopher Wren is due to the important role that he has held on the occasion of the reconstruction of London after the great fire of London in 1666.
Wren was born on 20 October 1632 in Wiltshire, the son of the Dean of Windsor, Royal appointment assignment during the Commonwealth (1649-1660 by Cromwell, the Puritan Government) will cause the family hardship and persecution.
Teenager, Christopher Wren knows Prince Charles, who would later ascend to the throne. Charles II then entrusted to the trusty Wren the architect.
He studied at Westminster School and then at Wadham College, Oxford; later he was accepted at All Souls College.
In 1657 he became Professor of astronomy at Gresham College. Four years later gets a professorship in Astronomy Savile Foundation at Oxford, a position he held until 1673, when he resigned.
Isaac Newton, a character known as stingy on praises to colleagues, will be able to recognize Christopher Wren as a brilliant scientist.
Wren is a founding member of the Royal Society, of which occupies the post of President in the years 1680 to 1682.
His first real test as an architect is the Sheldonian Theatre, still visible today at Oxford; designing a number of University buildings in Oxford to Cambridge, which is the most important British campuses: among his works are the chapels of Pembroke College and Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
After the great fire of London, Wren was chosen as architect for the new St Paul's Cathedral, which was to be built on the ashes of the medieval church; Wren is totally dedicated to the architecture of this what will be his most important work. St Paul's Cathedral is one of the few English cathedrals built after the middle ages, as well as the only Cathedral in Renaissance style in the country. Wren meets strong opposition, but nonetheless manages to build a building of artistic and architectural value; inspired by the Basilica of Saint Peter in Rome, Wren creates the second largest church in the world.
The design and construction will require 35 years, from 1675 to 1710; at the same time as the construction of St. Paul's, along with colleagues Robert Hooke and Nicholas Hawksmoor, Wren designs many other buildings in London, including 51 churches that replace the 87 destroyed in the fire. Many of these churches are still present today: they include St Bride's, St Mary le Bow, St Clement Danes, St Benet Paul's Wharf, and St Stephen Walbrook.
Wren is also working on the project of the monument to the great fire of London, the Greenwich Royal Observatory, the Chelsea Hospital, Greenwich hospital, Marlborough House, the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, the Wren Library at Trinity College, Cambridge, and several other buildings.
Is knighted in 1673 and became a member of Parliament in the years between 1685 and 1688, and between 1702 and 1705.
It seems that Wren entered Freemasonry in 1691, and it has long been assumed that he was the Grand Master prior to 1717, but in reality these facts are missing the tests.
Sir Christopher Wren died on 25 February 17Yet now is buried in St Paul's Cathedral.
The inscription dedicated to him reads: "Lector, si monumentum requiris, circumspice" (O you who read, if you want a monument, look around you).