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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Carmen Serdan
- Biography of Victor Hugo
- Biography of Jorge Luis Borges
- Biography of Virgil
Biography of Carmen Serdan
(1875/11/11 - 1948/08/21)Carmen Serdan
Maria of the Carmen Serdán Alatriste
He was born on November 11, 1875 in the city of Puebla. Daughter of LIC. Manuel Serdán and Carmen Alatriste, sister of Aquiles Serdán, who started in Puebla revolution Madero on November 18, 1910.
He studied at the private school for girls of the Colegio Teresiano. It was a valuable partner in the campaign antirreeleccionista Madero carried out in the State of Puebla, particularly in the capital city of that State.
His revolutionary pseudonym was Marcos Serrato. In the month of October 1910 he travelled to San Antonio, Texas, to bring money to his brother for the revolutionary struggle. His house, located on Santa Clara Street in the city of Puebla, was attacked on November 18, 1910 by the federal army and the State police. Rifle in hand came out to the balcony to encourage people to join the fight antirreeleccionista, act in which it was wound. His brother Achilles died in the military operation, and she along with her mother and the wife of his brother, were driven to the prison of La Merced, then sent them to the municipal hospital of San Pedro. During the constitutional stage, it was a nurse.
Carmen Serdan died in Puebla on August 21, 19
Biography of Victor Hugo
(1802/02/26 - 1885/05/22)Victor Hugo
Victor Marie Hugo
He was born on February 26, 1802 in Besançon.
He was educated by private tutors and in private Paris schools. In the year 1817 the French Academy he awarded him a poem, five years later he published his first volume: Odes and poems various.
Exponent of French romanticism and master of the movement in the world. Writes 'Islande (1823) and Bug-Jargal (1824), and the poems of Odes and ballads (1826). In his historical drama Cromwell (1827), it raises the release of restrictions imposed by the classicism that was to become the manifesto of romanticism.
His second play, Marion de Lorme (1829), was censored as too liberal. On 25 February 1830 his theatrical work in verse, Hernani, had a tumultuous premiere that assured the success of romanticism. Between the years 1829 - 1843 wrote works of great success. This period is the historical novel Our Lady of Paris (1831), Claude Gueux (1834), where condemned criminal and social systems of the France of his time. He also wrote volumes of lyric poetry , among them Are Oriental (1829), autumn leaves (1831), the edges of twilight (1835) and inner voices (1837). As theatrical works are noteworthy: the King sports (1832), the drama in prose Lucrezia Borgia (1833) and Ruy Blas (1838) melodrama. His work Les Burgraves (1843) was a failure. Somehow he abandoned poetry devoted fully to the policy.
In 1845 the King Louis-Philippe appointed him pair de France, but became a Republican in the revolution of 1848. In 1851, after the defeat by Napoleón III, he was forced into exile in Belgium. In 1855 he began his exile for fifteen years on the island of Guernsey. In this period he wrote satire, Napoleon the small (1852), satirical poems punishments (1853), the book of lyrical poems contemplations (1856) and the first volume of his epic poem the legend of the centuries (1859-1883). On the island she completed Les miserables (1862), novel which describes and condemns the social injustice of the 19th-century France.
The fall of the second empire in 1870, he returned to France and he was first elected to the National Assembly and some time later to the Senate. Of his last fifteen years are noteworthy: the ninety-three (1874), novel about the French Revolution; and the art of being a grandfather (1877), lyric poems about his family life.
Their political views made him a hero for the Third Republic. It was contrary to the death penalty; He was in favour of human rights, against any religion, in favour of secularism (although believed in one supreme being), he fought for the rights of children and women, public, secular and free education for all, freedom of expression, of total democracy and by the United States of Europe.
He married Adèle Foucher in 18His first son Leopoldo, was born in July of 1823 and die shortly thereafter. His daughter, Léopoldine, born in August, 1824, and in November 1826, Charles Hugo. In 1830, was born to his second daughter, Adele.
Victor Hugo died on May 22, 1885, inParis. Their bodies remained exposed under the Arc de Triomphe and was transferred, according to your desire, to the Pantheon, where he was buried.
Biography of Jorge Luis Borges
(1899/08/24 - 1986/06/14)Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges
"I have committed the worst of sins / that a man can commit." I haven't been / have not been happy... My parents I gave birth to the game / risky and beautiful life, / to the land, water, air, fire / cheated them. I was not happy. Fulfilled / wasn't his will. "My mind / applied to the symmetrical friction / art, interweaving nothings".
Jorge Luis Borges
His paternal grandfather, on Tucumán Street, Buenos Aireswas born on August 24, 1899 to the eight months of gestation at casa de Isidoro Acevedo. Son of Jorge Guillermo Borges and Leonor Acevedo. In the year of 1901, when his mother gave birth to her second daughter, Norah, the family moved to a House more in the neighborhood of Palermo. Bilingual since childhood, you will learn to read English before that in Spanish by influence of his maternal grandmother of English origin. The family of the writer travels to Europe and, after London and Paris, finds himself forced to settle in Geneva (Switzerland) at the outbreak of the First world war.
At the age of four I knew reading and writing; the seven type in English a summary of Greek mythology; at eight, the fatal visor, inspired by an episode of Don Quixote; the nine translates the English "the happy Prince" by Oscar Wilde. He studied in Geneva and spent some time in Spain, where he met writers ultraist. In 1921 he returned to his native country and participated in the founding of several publications, literary and philosophical Prism (1921-1922), bow (1922-1926) and Martín Fierro.
He wrote lyric poetry that was collected in volumes as Fervor de Buenos Aires (1923), Moon opposite (1925) and Cuaderno San Martín (1929). This time date from their relationships with Macedonio Fernández, Alfonso Reyes , Ricardo Güiraldes, Oliveiro Girondo.
He worked in the National Library (1938-1947) which became director (1955-1973). With Adolfo Bioy Casares published anthology of fantasy literature (1940). In 1955, year in which Perón's Government is overthrown, named him director of the national library, was a member of the Academia Argentina de las Letras, awarded the National prize for literature and is recognized as a Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of the.
He worked at the University of Buenos Aires teaching English literature. It was gradually leaving the poetry in favour of short stories. But it is most known for his Tales, his first steps in writing were with philosophical and literary essays, some of which are assembled in inquisitions. The history of infamy (1935) is a collection of stories based on real criminals. Jorge Luis Borges never wrote a novel in his long life. In 1960 his work was valued universally as one of the most original Latin American.
During the 1930s, because of a head injury, was gradually losing sight, until it was completely blind at the age of A visit to the ophthalmologist confirms you what for it becomes an early death: his view is very tired. "Forbidden reading", says the doctor. The writer becomes a cripple who depends on her mother, and a chosen circle of friends, who do not hesitate to do with solidarity work scribe. Borges agreed to marry in 1967 with an ex-girlfriend of youth, Elsa Astete, by not going against his mother, but the marriage lasted only three years and was "white". Wedding night was spent each in his house. His friends agree that the saddest day of his life was on July 8, 1975, when her mother died after a long agony.
Borges published in La Nación newspaper his saddest poem: remorse ("I have committed the worst of sins / a man can make.") I haven't been /No I've been happy...) Stunned by the solitude in which lets the absence of their best friend, writer launches an inexhaustible series of trips around the world. It is accompanied by María Kodama, who became his Secretary and his right hand.
In 1961, shares the Prize Fomentor with Samuel Beckett, and in 1980 the Cervantes with Gerardo Diego. On March 27, 1983 he published in the newspaper La Nación of Buenos Aires "August 25, 1983" story, in which prophesies his suicide for that exact date. Asked time later on why not had committed suicide on the announced date, answered smoothly: for"cowardice". That same year the Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize William Golding. Borges was a candidate for nearly thirty years to the Nobel Prize for literature.
Their political stances evolved from youth leftism to nationalism and then to a skeptical liberalism from which was opposed to fascism and peronism. He was condemned to remain in Argentina during the 1970s military dictatorship, although he never supported the military junta. With the restoration of democracy in 1983 became more skeptical.
On April 26, 1986 he married by proxy in Cologne Rojas Silva, in the Paraguayan Chaco, María Kodama. The writer of "Universal history of infamy" never came to live with her, whom he married 45 days before his death. Hasty wedding, that raised the suspicion of some well-known writer and media, Kodama became heir to a rich heritage both economic and intellectual. "Borges and I are the same thing, but people can't understand it," he said. Kodama became President of the Jorge Luis Borges International Foundation.
Jorge Luis Borges died in Geneva, Switzerland, on June 14, 1986, because of liver cancer. He was buried in the Cimetière des Rois. He professed no religion and declared sometimes as agnostic and sometimes as an atheist.
Biography of Virgil
(Unknown - Unknown)Virgilio
Publius Vergilius Maro
Publio Virgilio Marón
The October 15, 70 BC was born on a farm near Mantua.
With twelve years he moved to Cremona to pursue his studies, then departed to Milan and 17 years to Rome to continue his training. He learned rhetoric and philosophy.
After the civil war between Julius Caesar and Pompey is expropriated her family farm. His friends presented it to Octavio, who was about to become the Emperor Augustus. Patron, Chief Minister of Augustus, was his best friend. Thanks to your generosity could devote themselves entirely to literature.
He studied at the Greek poets. According to Theocritus as a model, he wrote his "Eclogue", pastoral poems. By suggestion of patrons he wrote a work on the art of cultivation and the charms of life countryside which he called the "Georgicos". A year later he began his great work, the "Aeneid". It took as a hero to the Trojan Aeneas, supposedly founder of the Roman nation. It had devoted more than ten years to this work when on a visit to Greece contracted a fatal fever. On his deathbed, he begged the "Aeneid" is destroyed.
The poem, published after his death, in Brundisium, Brindisitoday, 21 September of 19 b.c., exerted a tremendous influence on literature. Dante worshipped him as master and represented it as his guide in the "Divine Comedy". Chaucerand Spenser, Milton, Tennyson also did.