Charles I of Spain - Charles V of Germany… Bob Marley… Maria Elena Walsh… Franklin D. Roosevelt… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Charles I of Spain - Charles V of Germany
  2. Biography of Bob Marley
  3. Biography of Maria Elena Walsh
  4. Biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt

Biography of Charles I of Spain - Charles V of Germany

(1500/02/24 - 1558/09/21)

Carlos I
Charles I (V of the Holy Roman Empire), King of Spain (1516-1556) and, as Carlos V, Emperor of the Holy Roman Emperor (1519-1558)
Son of Philip of Habsburg (the beautiful) and Joanna of Castile (la Loca).
During the celebration of a grand ball in the Palace House of the Prince, the Archduchess, Juana felt the first pains of childbirth. Within hours, three o'clock in the morning of the 24th of February in the year 1500, the daughter of the Catholic monarchs, gave birth to the second of their children, who would be heir to the crowns of Castile and Aragon, of the houses of Austria and Burgundy and the Holy Roman Empire.
He was baptized with the name of "Carlos" in memory of his great-grandfather Charles the bold (1433-1477), last Duke of Burgundy. His grandfather Maximilian left Austria Central European territories and rights to the Empire, his grandmother Maria inherited Burgundy the Netherlands, Fernando el Católico got the kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon, Sicily and Naples, with her grandmother Elizabeth I the Crown of Castile, Canary Islands and all the new world discovered and undiscovered.
His childhood spent in the Flemish Court. He was educated by Adriano de Utrecht. Luís de Vaca was commissioned, teach Spanish. Years later, only spoke French, was unaware of the flamenco, chapurreaba Spanish and knew latin, although it was learning them later.
In 1515 was made by the Government of the Netherlands, which for some time was Guillermo de Croÿ, Señor de Chièvres. In 1516 when their grandfather Fernando died, became King of Spain. He became Emperorin 15After his arrival in Spain produced a series of claims policy, resulting in the lifting of the communities (1520-1521). The main Castilian cities joined in a revolt. The memorial of grievances (Constitution de Ávila) addressed to the King, reflected the aspirations of the community. These were defeated in the battle of Villalar (1521) which meant the submission of Castilla. Almost at the same time, took place in Valencia the hoists of the Germanías or Christian brotherhoods that reflected the protest against the power of the nobility and his Moorish vassal. Their destruction (1521-1524) was another victory.
The conflict with France will harden to feel the French encircled by the Imperial domains, as well as take into account the territorial claims of Francis I of Navarre and the Roussillon and Carlos on Burgundy and Milan. Spain was the power of Navarre in 15Francis I personally occupied Milan, being defeated and imprisoned in Pavia, promised to deliver Burgundy and withdraw from Milan. Not to carry out their proposals resumed fights until the Peace of Crépy (1544), which confirmed virtually the clauses of Cambrai (1529), in which Francisco I recognized the sovereignty of Carlos V Artois and Flanders and withdrew its claims about Milan and Naples, while Carlos I was abandoning Burgundy.
In Central Europe, they tried to contain the Turkish attacks without going to the counteroffensive. Carlos had to fight for the Western Mediterranean and penetrate the East getting the conquest of Tunisia (1535), although its failure in Algiers (1541) clinched the Berber positions.
His final failure came after the emergence of Protestantism in Germany which, as well as connecting with the spiritual concerns, brought economic and political interests opposed to imperial programs and divided the Empire into Catholic and reformed. Charles I decided to act with force against the Protestants, who had formed the Schmalkaldic League. He obtained the victory in the battle of Mühlberg (1547), although it failed to neither the religious and political unity.
It retained until 12 September 1556 his imperial title, but gave his son Felipe - the future Philip II - the Netherlands (1555), Spain (1556) and retired to the monastery of Yuste, where he died September 21, 15

Biography of Bob Marley

(1945-02-06 - 1981/05/11)

Bob Marley
Robert Nesta Marley
Jamaican singer and musician
He was born on February 6, 1945 in Nine Miles in the area of St. Ann, Jamaica.
Son of Cedella Booker, an African woman of 18 years, with a white 50 years Navy Captain named Norval Marley. At the end of the 1950s, he moved with his mother to Kingston, the capital.
He recorded his first album when he was 16 years old "Judge Not". In 1963, the Wailers form a group which was then engaged in the ska with Marley, Peter Toshand Bunny Livingstone. His first song "Simmer Down" was number one in Jamaica. In the year 1966, Haile Sellasie visited Jamaica and Bob and the Wailers are Rastafarians. One of the Central beliefs of Rastafarians is faith in the importance of a return to the "Mother Africa". Ethiopia as the country promised, is considered and grass (ganja) is sacred, the Emperor Haile Selassie, Negus is God.
Reggae became the most representative of Jamaica music. He was born and developed in the hands of the heirs of African slaves. Its beginnings are on the coasts of the United States, where many Jamaican immigrants settled in the ' 50's, mixing their rhythms with the black influence of blues and jazz. It is almost impossible to separate this style of music of the main religious movement in Jamaica, since the majority of their representatives are adherents or practitioners of Rastafarianreligious beliefs. For them, the reggae is a spiritual music, a hymn to hope and, at the same time, a weapon against the oppression of Babylon, i.e. against the excesses of the white power.
Eric Claptonon his album 461 Ocean Boulevard, included a song of yours, I Shoot The Sheriff. In 1972, Chris Blackwell joined the Wailers for his "Island" label, they recorded "Catch Fire" in 1973, debut album that gave them international recognition. Peter Tosh left the group to start a solo career. One of his songs, No Woman No Cry is radiated from all stations in the world. The Group was restructured, calling himself "Bob Marley and The Wailers". In the battery, Aston Barrett, and bass, his brother Carlton, as well as a chorus of vocalists calls "I-Threes", one of which was his wife Rita. The first album of the new formation, "Natty Dread" was a great success.
Bob and Rita remained a passionate love story. It all started when one night, before a concert, while both rehearsed, we join our lips while singing, as if we gave us oxygen mutually. And I thought: This is love?. Life and work together, hence was born the emblematic song:Is this love?. When the singer began to reap success, the singer of the I-Three and "Bob Marley and the Wailers" showgirl, left to accompany him to care for the increasingly numerous stems: up to eight only with Rita. The label recommended him to his marriage do not public and Rita became his "sister" face to the public.
Prime Minister Michael Manley offered him give a concert on December 5, day of national elections, which involved an explicit support for Bob to the ruling party. On the afternoon of 3 December a group of gunmen broke into the House of Marley on Hope Road (Kingston) and shot Bob, his wife and his manager.
The following year, cancels his European tour when doctors diagnosed a malignant melanoma in the toe of his foot. It was the legacy of an old football injury. Back in Jamaica, the leaders of the two opposing political factions (the Labour Party of Jamaica and the people's national party) proposed to Marley a concert to sign a truce. The concert was titled "One Love" and took place on April 22, 19In 1979, gave concerts in Japan, Australia and New Zealand.
In 1980 he fainted while jogging in Central Park in New York. Cancer believed to had been removed, stretched his lungs and his brain. In Pittsburgh , he gave his last concert at the Stanley Theatre. It was in New York, but doctors told him they could do nothing for him. He moved to Bavaria, where he was treated by doctor Issels.
On May 11, 1981, Bob Marley died at age 36 in hospital Cedars of Lebanon, from Miami, United States. His prolific career music, comparable only to the large number of children he had - 13 in total, made him win the consideration of 'Prophet of reggae'. His body was moved to his home town, Nine Miles, where it rests in a mausoleum.

Biography of Maria Elena Walsh

(1930/02/01 - 2011/01/10)

Maria Elena Walsh
Argentinean writer
He was born on February 1, 1930 in Ramos Mejía, Buenos Aires.
He studied at the National School of fine arts. Since 1945, he published his first poems in the magazine El Hogar, Sur and La Nación. In 1947 he published his first book, unforgivable autumn. In 1948, he traveled to the United States and settled in Paris, where together with Leda Valladares spread Argentine folklore in 1952.
Since 1959 she has worked as screenwriter for television, writes plays and songs for children songs for look, Doña nonsense and Bambuco. Their songs are part of the cultural background of the elderly and teenagers. Many school libraries carry his name. His books: the backwards Kingdom, Tutú Marambá, Crazy Zoo, Dailan Kifki, Chaucha and stick, The poems and Novios de antaño, among others were translated into other languages. The publishing house Alfaguara Argentina launched in September 2000,AlfaWalsh collection that gathers all the children work from the Argentinean writer.
He received the Premio Municipal de Poesía, the Grand Prix of honor of SADAIC and the National Endowment for the arts, among others. Doctor Honoris Causa of the Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.
María Elena Walsh died on January 10, 2011 at age 80 in Buenos Aires after a long illness.

Biography of Franklin D. Roosevelt

(1882/01/30 - 1945/04/12)

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
American politician
He was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York.
Son Sara Ann Delano and James Roosevelt a landowner who was Vice President of the Delaware and Hudson railway.
He studied at Harvard and the University of Columbia. In 1905 he married Eleanor Roosevelt, niece of President Theodore Roosevelt and which met at a reception at the White House.
He started his political career very young in the democratic ranks, and after winning a seat in the Senate of the State of New York, later is Secretary of Navy, forming part of the Joint Committee of the Secretary of Defense of United States. His career was interrupted by his suffering from polio , which left him partially paralyzed.
It was the thirty second President of the United States; the only to win four presidential elections in the nation. When he assumed the Presidency, the United States suffered a major crisis. The foundations of capitalism was at its worst because of liberal economic policies. 25% of the labor force was unemployed and the gross national product had fallen by half. In 1933 it was guiding her voice to the American people; He was the man who had been waiting for for years, he had the security of a fighter.
He began his term with the New Deal or new dealpolicy. In just three years the Americans regained their faith in democratic institutions. During his tenure the World War II broke out and with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill decided to continue joint strategies. It was that victory created the context for a lasting peace. Supporter of diplomacy with allies, met on several occasions with Stalin to reach agreements at the end of the war as in the so-called Yalta Conference.
In 1936 he returned to get elected. She lost the battle with the Supreme Court , but it began a series of constitutional changes through which the Government could a legally control the economy. Long devoted to the conception of the United Nations, so that in this sphere is could resolve international conflicts. At the end of the war, his health was in decline.
Franklin D. Roosevelt died of a cerebral hemorrhage on April 12, 1945, in Warm Springs, Georgia.

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