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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Daniel Defoe
- Biography of Jose of the Riva Agüero
- Biography of Taylor Swift
- Biography of Charles II the Bewitched - Charles II of Spain
Biography of Daniel Defoe
(1660/10/10 - 1731/04/24)Daniel Defoe
He was born in London around 1660, he put the 'of' to its name around 1700.
He studied with the intention of becoming a Presbyterian priest, although in 1685 he left to devote himself to business.
Trade expert, travels to Spain, France, Italy and Germany and writes for make a living. On his return in 1683, of Foe opens a haberdashery and the following year, he married Mary Tuffley, which had seven children. Enemy of James II, participated in 1685 in the failed uprising led by the Duke of Monmouth against the King.
He held a position in Government in 1695 and that same year wrote essay on the project, an analysis of the education of women. Also highlights the satirical poem the real English (1701), an attack on the belief in racial or national superiority. A year later, published a libel entitled the most effective means for dissidents, where ironically about religious intolerance. He was arrested in 1703, when it was discovered that he was the author of the libel and sentenced for defamation.
Robert Harley, the spokesman of the House of Commons, won his release in November 17The bankruptcy of his business made him to devote himself to journalism to make a living. Between 1704 and 1713 wrote in a journal called The Review. In 1709, he wrote a history of the union.
The first novel by Defoe, life and extraordinary and prodigious adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, sailor, was published in 1719, when the author was already almost 60 years. It's about a shipwrecked and is based on the adventures of a marine, Alexander Selkirk, who had been abandoned on an island in the Juan Fernández archipelago, off the coast of Chile. The novel has become a classic of children's literature.
He also wrote: memories of a gentleman (1720), life, adventures and piracy of the famous Captain Singleton (1720) and fortunes and adversities of the famous Moll Flanders (1722). His other important writings include Journal of the plague year (1722), Colonel Jack (1722), the lucky courtesan or Lady Roxana (1724), a journey across the island of Great Britain (1724-1727), stories of pirates (1724-1728) and the perfect English merchant (1725-1727).
Daniel Defoe died in Main completo Alley, Moorfields, London, 24 April 17
Biography of Jose of the Riva Agüero
(1783/02/26 - 1858/05/21)José Mariano de la Cruz de la Riva Agüero and Sánchez Boquete
He was born on 26 February 1783 in Lima (Peru).
He fought the French in the war of Spanish independence (1808-1814) and returned to the Peru in 18In 1818, he wrote the booklet entitled 28 reasons, which justified the independence revolt and which was confined from 1819 to 1820.
In 1822 he joined José de San Martín and a year later the army proclaimed President of the Republic. Accused of collusion with the realistic, it was fired that same year and had to leave the country. After his return in 1831, served as President of the State nor-peruano (1838-1839), integrated in the Peruvian-Bolivian Confederation (1836-1839). From 1839 to 1843 he lived in Ecuador.
Spouse of the Carolina Princess Arnoldina Irene Looz Corswarem and the Nue. Father of José Carlos Pedro Fulgencio; Carolina Xaviera Nicolasa Josefina; Carlos Manuel Alfonso; Alfonso Octavio Luis Manuel and Andrés Manuel Severino de la Riva Agüero Looz Corswarem.
José de la Riva Agüero died on 21 may 1858 in Lima (Peru).
Biography of Taylor Swift
(1989/12/13 - Unknown)Taylor Swift
Taylor Alison Swift
American singer and actress
He was born on December 13, 1989 in Reading, Pennsylvania, United States.
Daughter of Scott Swift, financial advisor, and Andrea Gardner Finlay, housewife who previously worked as an Executive of marketing of investment funds. His brother Austin is two years younger than she.
He spent his childhood in an 11-acre farm where Christmas trees were cultivated.
He attended school in West Reading elementary Center and the Wyomissing Area Junior/Senior High. Being very small was proclaimed winner of a national contest of poetry with his poem "Monster In My Closet "".
With nine years he had interest in musical theatre and began to act in productions of the Berks Youth Theatre Academy. He composed songs and began singing in karaoke competitions very early. When her family settled near Nashville, when she was 14 years old, wrote some songs with composers in the area and through their participation in a contest of The Bluebird Café, he met Scott Borchetta, who offered him a recording contract with Big Machine Records. He acknowledged to Shania Twain as his greatest influence, although it is also a fan of Britney Spears.
With eponymous title, their first album, Taylor Swift, was released on October 24, 2006, with country songs and pop composed during his first year of high school. In the month of October 2007, she was awarded the prize of the Nashville Songwriters Association best singer / songwriter, being the youngest artist to receive it by that date. He recorded the Christmas EP Sounds of the Season, released on October 16, 20In the summer of 2008, put on sale Beautiful Eyes, another EP that sold 45,000 copies in its first week and entering at no. 1 in Billboard completo Top Country Albums chart and 9th on the Billboard 200.
Their second Studio album, Fearless, was released in the United States on November 11, 2008, with all songs written or co-written by herself. It sold 6.173.000 copies between November 2008 and may 2010, in the United States, surpassing the 10,000,000 in the rest of the world. He debuted in the Billboard 200 No., selling 700,000 copies in its first week the album of music country with more sales. His first single Love Story became a successful pop and country. In 2009 appears for the first time on Saturday Night Live, and the 44th Edition of the Academy of Country Music Awards, it was delivered "Album of the year" award being the youngest artist to receive it. Fearless became the most awarded album in country music history.
In January 2009, is presented his first tour, which visited 52 cities in United States and Canada in six months. The tour began on April 23 in Evansville, Indiana. He received the best female Video Prize awarded the channel MTV for You Belong With Me. He debuted in cinema in early 2010 in the film Valentine's Day. For the soundtrack, he contributed with the song Today Was a Fairytale, which sold 1,000,000 copies in its first week on sale. He later collaborated with John Mayer in the third single from his album Battle Studies: Half of My Heart. July 20, 2010, announced that their third album, Speak Now, would be put on sale on October 25 of the same year with 14 songs written by her. Their first single was Mine , released on 4 August. He presented his new tour on September 7, 2010 starting it in February 2011 in Osaka, Japan, and a total of 111 concerts in 18 countries lasted until 2012.
In 2012, she contributed two songs to the film The Hunger Games. The songs were Safe & Sound and Eyes Open. Their Red album was released on October 22, 2012; before, his first single We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together, was released on August 13, 2012 and achieved his first number one on the Billboard Hot 1On 7 September the year 2012, presented the following simple Ronan, dedicated to a child who died of cancer at age Network was nominated for Grammy Awards 2014 as "Album of the year" and "Best Country Album".
To their next album titled it 1989 and launched on October 27, 20Shake It Off, his first single came at no. 1 in the Billboard Hot 100 on August 27, 2014 and the next Blank Space, snatch itself the number one.
Winner of 11 American Music Awards, 7 Grammy Awards, and 6 Country Music Association Awards. On August 30, 2015, the singer, with 25 years at MTV awards, won the award for video of the year, with Bad Blood, in addition to the best pop video with Blank Space and the best female video.
According to the magazine Forbes The Celebrity 100 list, Swift won 18 million dollars in 2009, 45 million in 2010, 45 million in 2011, 57 million in 2012, 55 million in 2013, and 64 in 2014.
He was dating with singer Joe Jonas from August to October 2008, and the actor Taylor Lautner from October to December 20Since the end of 2009 to 2010, related to musician John Mayer; then with actor Jake Gyllenhaal, from October to December 20Later it matches with the politician Conor Kennedy from July to September 2012, and then Harry Styles, singer in One Direction, from October 2012 to January 20In may 2015, he went to live with the DJ and record Scottish producer Calvin Harris, who met three months ago, when both attended the BRIT Awards. Taylor presented his new partner to their parents during a family visit.
Biography of Charles II the Bewitched - Charles II of Spain
(1661/11/06 - 1700/11/01)Charles II
King of Spain (1665-1700)
He was born November 6, 1661 in Madrid.
Son of Philip IV and Mariana de Austria.
Weak and sickly, little equipped physically and mentally. He suffered childhood rickets, as constancy in his bulging head and that no could walk normally up to 10 years, while the heir of Felipe IV had a lactation which lasted almost four years and included 28 suckler. Its education and culture were scarce.
He contracted marriage on two occasions, Marie Louise of Orléans (1679) and Mariana de Neoburgo (1689), without offspring. The first of his wives, was still virgin to the year of marriage. The Queen told their waitress that the King suffered from "premature ejaculation which prevented from consummating the marriage". Sterility who suffered was not the hechizamientobut a genital disease. "The cause of sterility was a hipogenitalismo, since the King was a single testis and atrophic." The history of his hechizamiento starts here.
"Astrologer of Bohemia told the monarch that the cause of infertility was that had not dismissed from his father on the deathbed, so Carlos II went to the monastery of El Escorial, sent out the mummy of Felipe IV, and for a few minutes was contemplating it." He came to the throne when even he had failed four years, so, in accordance with the testament of Felipe IV, his mother, Mariana of Austria, he exercised the Regency, which is advised by a Board of Governors. In this period happened fights between the Queen and their Favorites (Juan Everardo Nithard and Fernando de Valenzuela) and the political opposition, led by the brother of the King, don Juan José of Austria.
In the year 1676, Charles appointed Prime Minister and grande of Spain with Valenzuela, which provoked the coup State in don Juan Jose, who moved to the Queen Mother and ruled as Prime Minister for a little more than two years (1677-1679) the Duke of Medinaceli (1680-1685) and the count of Oropesa (1685-1691) followed.
The monarchy took part in four wars determined by the expansionism of the French King Louis XIV. His frequent illnesses and lack of succession led to negotiations between the European Princes to the Division of the territories of the Kingdom. Although the testament of Carlos II declared heir to the Duke of Anjou, future Philip V.
Charles II died November 1, 1700 in Madrid.