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Francis Bacon… José Guadalupe Posada… Gilbert Newton Lewis… Rafael Alberti… Biographies Multiposts

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Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Francis Bacon
  2. Biography of José Guadalupe Posada
  3. Biography of Gilbert Newton Lewis - Gilbert N. Lewis
  4. Biography of Rafael Alberti

Biography of Francis Bacon

(1561/01/22 - 1626/04/09)

Francis Bacon
Baron Verulam
English statesman and philosopher
He was born 22 January 1561 in London. Son of Sir Nicholas Bacon.
He studied at Cambridge. He spent some time as a resident in Paris, as part of the Embassy of England. He was appointed by Isabel I Lord of the Privy Seal, extraordinary realm Advisor and also elected him to the House of Commons.
The editor of the accusation against the Earl of Essex, was previously his protector, when this conspired against Queen Isabel I. The King appointed him in 1607 James I Stuart Attorney-General, Attorney-General in 1613, Lord of the Privy Seal in 1617 and Grand Chancellor in 1618, receiving the titles of Barón Verulam and Viscount of San Albano.
He was accused by Parliament of venality in the exercise of their positions, so he was forced to leave political life. In his philosophical work is the great influence of Montaigne and Machiavelli. Its project of reform of science has its basis in its Novum Organum iudicia vera de interpretatione naturae sive in 16In it he contraponía to the Organon, Aristotelian, as a new method of inductive logic. In 1623 he transcribed the English to latin his proficiency and progress of knowledgework. He also wrote several editions of its Essays until 1925.
Francis Bacon died in Highgate from April 9, 1626, when already it had withdrawn, while trying to ascertain the effects of cold food storage.
His New Atlantis, a utopia based on a city ruled by wise was posthumously published in 16

Biography of José Guadalupe Posada

(1852/02/02 - 1913/01/20)

José Guadalupe Posada
Mexican engraver
He was born on February 2, 1852 in Aguascalientes.
Under the care of his brother Cyril, who was rural teacher, studied letters and started in the drawing. He learned the first woodcut and lithograph with master Trinidad Pedroza. Jose Guadalupe studied at the Municipal Academy of drawing.
He initially began making cartoons for the political newspaper 'El Jicote', but in 1871, coinciding with the departure of number 11, returned to the power of the cacique Jesús Gómez Portugal, for which reason Pedroso and he marched to the city of León and there founded a new printing press. He moved to a town in Guanajuato, where he works as a teacher in high school and makes lithographs for books and cards. In 1888 he travels with his son to Mexico Mexico City which sets up his Studio.
He worked for the Publisher Vanegas Arroyo, illustrating the lives of Saints, legends, horoscopes, etc., work distributed at fairs, markets and streets. He was the author of two calendar illustration of the poet Suarez in La Patria Ilustrada. In the year 1895 José Guadalupe Posada introduced the technique of etching of zinc. He collaborated in satirical newspapers, popularized the skulls or 'calacas' and skeletons used as satires of Mexican social and political life.
José Guadalupe Posada died in Mexico, D. f. on January 20, 1913.

Biography of Gilbert Newton Lewis - Gilbert N. Lewis

(1875/10/23 - 23/03/1946)

Gilbert N. Lewis
Gilbert Newton Lewis
American chemist
He was born on October 23, 1875 in Weymouth, Massachusetts. In 1884 his family settled in Lincoln, Nebraska.
He studied at the universities of Nebraska, Harvard, Leipzig and Göttingen. He was Professor of chemistry at Harvard from 1899 to 1906, and at the Massachusetts Institute of technology from 1907 to 19Later he was Professor of physical chemistry at the University of California at Berkeley, and was also Dean of the school of chemistry.
He was the first to propose that atoms could remain United through the comparison of pairs of electrons; According to this idea, he introduced the symbolism of the structures, in which the electrons are represented by points (Lewis structures). He developed a theory about the attraction and valencia chemical with the chemist Irving Langmuir, based on the atomic structure of substances, known as Langmuir-Lewis theory. In 1926, he coined the term "photon" for the lower unit of radiant energy. It was the first also to prepare and study, in their pure heavy water. Known also for his work on the theory of solutions and the application of the principles of thermodynamics to chemical problems.
Gilbert N. Lewis died in Berkeley on March 23, 1946.

Biography of Rafael Alberti

(1902/12/16 - 1999/10/28)

Rafael Alberti
Rafael Alberti Merello
Spanish dramatist and poet
"I went with the clenched fist and come back with an open hand as a symbol of peace and brotherhood among all Spaniards."
Rafael Alberti
He was born on December 16, 1902 in Puerto de Santa María (Cádiz), son of Agustín Alberti and María Merello, was the fifth of six brothers. Grandson of Italian winemakers suppliers from European courts.
Since his childhood he showed interest in the arts. Its beginnings were in the world of painting. In 1917 he moved with his family to Madrid, where is dedicated to copy paintings in the Museo del Prado, who preferred to the high school, that it would never end. After a period of learning with the painting, he attends the National Salon of autumn and held his first exhibition of paintings and drawings at the Ateneo.
Nostalgia and regret for the death of his father led him to take refuge in poetry and left the painting in the background. His first poem composed it with just twenty years. An incipient tuberculosis forces him to spend some months in a sanatorium of the Sierra de Guadarrama, where has the opportunity to read and enhance his literary vocation. It would be introducing at the Residencia de Estudiantes, which relates to the generation of 27 (Dámaso Alonso, Federico García Lorca, Gerardo Diego and Vicente Aleixandre, among others), intellectual movement that had emerged on the occasion of the tribute held in Seville in 1927 to Luis de Góngora, on the centenary of his death.
In 1924, he received the National prize for literature for the first book published, sailor ashore. The lover, poetic tale of a journey, the following year, a book of poems, was published in 1926, the dawn of the wallflower. In 1929, he published lime and singing, which are influenced by ultraísmo. Also that same year is about angels, surrealallegory. Editing Sermones y moradas (1930) and with shoes on I have to die.
Member of the Communist Party Spanish, he published a set of books called the poet on the street, appeared together in 1938 until 19At the same time are his plays , notably Fermín Galán (1931). Later wrote other plays like the eyesore, 1944 and 1956, night of war in the Prado Museum. Of his non-political poetry highlights between Carnation and sword, 1941, and painting, in 19Returns far living, 1952 and ballads and songs of the Paraná, book of poems, published the following year, includes songs very close to the sailor ashore. The first book published on his return to Europe was Rome, danger of walkers (1968).
Along with his partner, the writer María Teresa León, went into exile after the defeat of the Republic in the Spanish Civil War. He remained in Argentina until the year 1962, then in Rome, and not returned to Spain until 1977, was elected Deputy for the province of Cadiz. It narrates his life during the years of exile in the lost Grove (1959 and 1987). Among the work after his return to Spain, highlights the book of erotic nature, songs for Altair, published in 1989.
He received many awards and recognitions, including the Lenin peace prize in 1966 and the Cervantes Prize in 19In 1989 the Diputación de Cádiz created the foundation that bears his name, to which moved much of its archives and library personal in his hometown.
She got married in second marriage with María Asunción Mateo, who accompanied him and represented during his last years. Rafael Alberti died on the 0.30 am on October 28, 1999 in his home town of Puerto de Santa María.

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