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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Josefina Vázquez Mota
- Biography of Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas
- Biography of Eva Peron - María Eva Duarte de Perón
- Biography of Claude Monet
Biography of Josefina Vázquez Mota
(1961/01/20 - Unknown)Josefina Vázquez Mota
Josefina Eugenia Vázquez Mota
Economist and Mexican politics
He was born on January 20, 1961 in Mexico, D. f..
Called 'pineapple' by friends and family, had as a child very easily to communicate. It has 6 brothers. It is the fourth of seven brothers. As a teenager he gave their first signs of rebellion when he refused to go to a private school and wanted to study in a public school. This was the first confrontation that had with his father, shortly after would have another when they forbade him to see her boyfriend (current husband) and disobeyed.
He studied Bachelor in CECyT of the National Polytechnic Institute, and is subsequently licensed in economics from the Universidad Iberoamericana. He made program development Executive D-1, in the Pan American Institute for high business direction (IPADE) and obtained the diploma of Ideas and institutions at the autonomous technological Institute of Mexico (ITAM). From 1990 he was columnist for economic and social issues in the Newsnewspaper. During 1991 and 1992, he wrote articles for El Financiero, and since 1992 writes in the newspaper El Economista. The radio also participates in various programs as an analyst and commentator on financial topics. He has been Advisor to business organizations such as the Confederation of national Chambers of Commerce, services and tourism (Concanaco) and the Employers Confederation of the Mexican Republic (Coparmex). Holder of the women's secretariat in the Asociación Coordinadora Ciudadana.
It was nominated by the National action party to the Chamber of Deputies in the LVIII legislature, was Deputy Coordinator of economic policy and the President named Vicente Fox Secretaría de Desarrollo Social, staying in office from December 1, 2000 to January 6, 2006, when he resigns to join the campaign of Felipe Calderón Hinojosa , then the PAN candidate for President. After the elections in which Calderon was the winner, Vazquez Mota joined their team as Coordinator of link politician. He also served as National policy adviser of the bread. On 24 November 2006, was named Secretary of public education, succeeding Carlos Jarque, where he served from December 1, 2006, being succeeded by Ana Teresa Aranda on April 4, 2009, when he resigned to be the PAN candidate to the Chamber of Deputies. From the 5 of July 2010 he was Federal Deputy of the Plurinominal type in the LXI legislature as well as coordinator of the parliamentary group for the PAN in the Chamber of Deputies. In September 2010 she was elected Chairman of the Board of political coordination of the same camera.
It was presented as a candidate of his party to the Presidency with a campaign that attempted to approach the popular classes. On February 5, 2012 win the internal election process of presidential candidate of his party, against Santiago Creel and Ernesto Cordero, considered President Felipe Calderón dolphin. Josefina received 55% of the vote, 38.1% Ernesto Cordero and the 6.1% of Santiago Creel to become the first woman candidate for the Presidency of the Republic of Mexico with possibilities of triumph. Previously other three women were candidates for the Presidency of Mexico formally, although in parties with no possibility of victory: Rosario Ibarra de Piedra, in the 1980s, The worker's Revolutionary Party; Cecilia Soto in 1994 by the Labour Party and Patricia Mercado by the social-democratic alternative party in 2006.
Josefina Vázquez Mota has as rivals in the elections of July 1, 2012 to Enrique Peña Nieto, candidate of the PRI, and Andrés Manuel López Obrador, that repeats at the front of the left (Party of the democratic revolution, PRD).
The entrepreneur Sergio Ocampo Muñoz he married and had three daughters: Maria José, Celia María and Montserrat. Sport practice five days a week; amateur 'Agatha Christie' reading and also the paella.
Biography of Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas
(1580/09/17 - 1645/09/08)Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas
"All who seem stupid, are and furthermore so are half of those who do not seem to".
Francisco de Quevedo
He was born on September 17, 1580 in Madrid in the bosom of a family of courtly aristocracy.
It was the third of five children of Pedro Gómez de Quevedo, who filled palatial offices, and Santibañez María. Quevedo lost his father at the age of six, under the tutelage of his uncle don Agustín de Villanueva, of the Council of Aragon.
Physically suffered a limp by deformation of the legs and its exaggerated myopia forced him to wear glasses. He studied at the College of the Jesuits in Madrid and at the University of Alcalá (Madrid); When he left this first training, he studied theology at the University of Valladolid (1601-1606), because there the Court had moved.
In 1606 he moved to Madrid in search of fortune and success through the Duke of Osuna , who becomes his protector; It also engages in a lawsuit by the possession of the Lordship of La Torre de Juan Abad, village in the province of Ciudad Real, in which until 1631 spent a fortune and many energy.
Began in the world of literature with burlesque and satirical works such as the life of the Buscón called don Pablos, vagamundos example and mirror of stingy, Los sueños (1605-1622) five short pieces based on the disappointments suffered in those years. These works were published in 1631 under the title of childhood toys and antics of wit with a prologue in which attacked against the publishers pirates and declared the intention of these writings that was intended to denounce "abuses, vices and deceptions of all trades and States of the world".
Friend Felix Lope de Vega and Miguel de Cervantes, that was part of the Brotherhood of slaves of the Blessed Sacrament. Estranged with the dramatist Juan Ruiz de Alarcón, and especially with Luis de Góngora, he directed a series of terrible satires and which received the insidious poem "Don Francisco de Quebebo".
His poetry almost a thousand poems are preserved, but knowing that he was never concerned about edit them and that the preserved come from those close to him, it is assumed that he wrote many more. When he died, appeared in two volumes Spanish Parnassus (1648), compiled by his friend José Antonio González de Salas, and the three muses (1670), carried out by his nephew Pedro Aldrete Quevedo y Villegas. He was also author of religious works, such as politics of God and Government of Christ or Life of Saint Paul.
He visited Italy in 1613 to be required by the Duke of Osuna, then viceroy of Naples, which commissioned him to important and risky diplomatic missions in order to defend the Viceroyalty that began to crumble; among these he intrigued against Venice and took part in a conspiracy. In 1620 the Duke of Osuna was defeated, by which Quevedo was banished in La Torre (1620), imprisoned in Uclés (1621) and, finally, banished back into the tower.
In 1634 he married Hope of Mendoza, a widow with children. The marriage lasted three months. Again feel tempted by politics, as it sees the breakdown that is hovering over Spain and is wary of the count-Duke of Olivares, favourite of the King, against whom he wrote some bitter diatribes. Because of an affair on a conspiracy with France, it is in 1639 arrested and imprisoned in San Marcos de León, where harsh conditions diminished his health.
Francisco de Quevedo was released in 1643 and is removed to the tower to then settle in Villanueva de los Infantes, (Ciudad Real), where, from September 8, 1645 he died in a room of the convent of the Dominicans. In 2009, his remains were identified in the crypt of Saint Thomas Church of Andrés Apóstol from the same population. These remains were a person who was 165 centimeters and had an age that was around 65 years old when he died, according to the atropologico-forense website.
Biography of Eva Peron - María Eva Duarte de Perón
(1919/05/07 - 1952/07/26)María Eva Duarte de Perón
Policy and Argentine actress
He was born on May 7, 1919 in Los Toldos (Buenos Aires).
Daughter of Juan Duarte, who had an extramarital affair with his mother Juana Ibarguren. His father had an important political office in the city of Chivilcoy and was deposed for misappropriation of funds, a story that later would repeat with his son John. His father died in a car accident and his mother takes his family to the funeral but the Grisolia (the family of his wife legitimates) denied entry. Moving to Junín where Juana began her seamstress work, new Elisa got a job of substitute teacher and John as salesman of the firm Guereño, Federal SOAP manufacturer.
With 15 years he began his artistic career. Meet the actor José Franco and Joaquín de Vedia , who gave him a small role in four words in the play "Lady of Pérez". Soon leaves the troupe to move to the daughter of José Franco, Eva Franco, who gave him two roles in each House is a world and works the Lady, gentleman and the thief, latter would provide you a winning streak, almost a year of good living, until poverty is returned to take control of his life. After a few months, the company of Eva Franco alerts you to play a somewhat more important role in the play Madame Sans Gêne Moreau and Sardou, where was the sister of Napoleon with incredible success. He managed a role in the Company of Pepita Muñoz. Due to an altercation with José Franco had to also leave this company. After passing by each other and let them all, may 1 de1939 was contracted by the Company of the theatre of the air to near Pascal Pelliciotta form the cast star of the radio plays. They managed such a success that two pictures of him appeared in published in the magazine antenna. In 1941 he worked on three films: "the burden of the brave", "the more unhappy people" with Sandrini and "a girlfriend in distress" of the American John Reinhardt.
In 1944 he met Juan Domingo Perón, and on October 22, 1945 they marry in the city of Junín. It is important to remember that Evita had no surname Duarte as illegitimate daughter and using dubious dealings spread a birth certificate on behalf of María Eva Duarte and not to Eva María Ibarguren as it should have been.
Given that the Government was not strong enough to resist another attempt of coup d'etat, Peron decided to integrate the Labour party the formula Perón-Quijano, who perpetuate in their two presidencies, to participate in the elections of February 24, 19This prevents decides that it would not act as a simple wife of candidate but would act at the same time of Perón, his first appearance at the microphone was at an event at the Luna Park , where "The Argentinian University", "Crusades of the woman" and "Student General Secretariat" organized a ceremony in homage to Perón-Quijano, the formula even if the meeting was a little frustrated because the General could not occur and not Eva give his scheduled first speech , Avoids intervened only once to ask that attendees will calm down before the shouting which claimed Peron its image hit too strong before the women Committee of the 17 October named headquartered in the neighborhood of Almagro with the name of "María Eva Duarte de Perón" Center.
You searched for support for her husband during the presidential campaign, resulting in a great personal popularity. After the inauguration of Juan Domingo Perón (1946), he began to play a very active role in the Government, becoming its liaison with trade unions, creating the Foundation of Social aid Eva Perón and organizing the women's branch of the Peronist party. Idolized by many to be the "bearer of the humble", organized social assistance to the poor from the State, in 1949 was the second most influential figure of Argentina and the most beloved by the working classes, which he called the 'shirtless'. Although he never came to bear an official charge, in practice was responsible for the ministries of health and labour.
In 1947 he visited Madrid where was received with State honors by Francisco Franco, in gratitude because Argentina defied the blockade of the United Nations to Spain and sent boatloads of meat and wheat to alleviate hunger in the civil war.
In 1951 he appeared to get the Vice President but the army forced her to withdraw her candidacy. From the balcony of the Ministry of health, he gave in 1952 a speech of resignation to the candidacy for the Vice-Presidency of Argentina for the elections of that year, while the crowd cried his candidacy next to Peron, who was on the re-election. She rallied to "Renounce to honours, but not to the fight".
On July 18, 1952, at three thirty in the afternoon, it apparently went into a coma, faced with this situation doctors call the Benítez father, also ordered a team of resuscitation and other oxygen therapy; at dawn on the day before Eva rises gracefully and ordered to remove her tubes was ahead and order a cup of coffee. Doctor Finichietto in the presence of relatives lies piously: "... Madam, just remove the nerve that caused him so much pain in the neck. Already suffer no more... "." State Evita did not give for more Perón brought from Germany two medical specialists, they arrive on July 20 and is extracted from their report: "... The death of the sick is inevitable and imminent... "." That day Perón speaks with the father Benítez who asked that it go preparing the mood of the people from the Popular mass that had organized the CGT and the lead.
Saturday, July 26, 1952 enters coma. The Doctor Taquini 20:23 mira Peron saying: "No pulse". Dies in Buenos Aires, and at 21:36 speaker J. Furnot lee by the chain of broadcasting: "meets the Secretary of information of the Presidency of the nation the excruciating duty of informing the people of the Republic that at 20:25 deceased Mrs Eva Perón, the nation's spiritual leader. The remains of Mrs. Eva Perón will be conducted tomorrow, the Ministry of labour and welfare, where the burning Chapel will be installed... "."
Biography of Claude Monet
(1840/11/14 - 1926/12/05)Claude Monet
French Impressionist painter
He was born on 14 November 1840 on the fifth floor of 45 rue Laffitte, in the 9th arrondissement of Paris.
He was the second son of Claude Adolphe Monet, entrepreneur, and Louise Justine Aubrée Monet, singer.
On May 20, 1841, was baptized in the parish church, Notre - Dame-de-Lorette, as Oscar-Claude, give but his parents called him simply Oscar. Despite being baptized as a Catholic, become an atheist.
In 1845, his family moved to Le Havre, in Normandy, where he grew up and where studied drawing and painted marine along with Eugène Louis Boudin. He won some money by drawing cartoons.
In 1855, at the age of fifteen, already enjoys certain reputation as a cartoonist. In 1857, with seventeen years, sees his mother dying. A year later, in 1858, participates for the first time in the Exposition Municipale du Havre, held between the months of August and October, with the painting entitled Vue prise à Rouelles, dated the same year. With the support of his father and of his aunt Jeanne-Marie Lecadre, who recommends to the painter Armand Gautier, travels to Paris in 18There, he attends a free Academy, the Académie Suisse, where models available for the drawing of figures and joins a small group of young painters. His family waives to pay its replacement in military service, being thus interrupted his artistic training to leave for Algeria in the spring of 18A year later he falls ill and is repatriated to France for a six-month convalescence, assuming his aunt his replacement in the military expenses during the five years that still remaining to fulfill.
He entered the Studio of Gleyre, where he met Bazille, Renoir and Sisley. You haunt this study until the winter of 1863-On August 8, 1867, was born their first child, Jean, ignored by the family of the painter. In May 1868 he lives in Fécamp with his wife Camille and her son. Your family situation is very difficult and after a failed suicide attempt in June, receives financial support from Gaudibert. In that same summer he moved to Le Havre, where is awarded the silver medal of the Exposition Maritime Internationale du Havre. Monet marries Camille on June 26, 1870, and they move to Normandy, to Trouville, where they are surprised by the Declaration of the Franco-Prussian War. Monet, of Republican ideas, do not want to fight for your Empire, and travels to London. There, and upon learning of the death of his aunt and protective Jeanne-Marie on July 7, will meet with Camille Pissarro, Sisley and Daubigny. Thanks to this latest Monet comes into contact with the Parisian dealer Durand-Ruel. From September onwards, a work of the artist will appear in the exhibition organized by the art dealer in London. After the death of his father on January 17, 1871, Monet left London late may Hollandroad. Fascinated by its landscape settles in Zaandam, city close to Amsterdam, where he stayed until October and that, once the war was over, he returned to Paris.
He painted outdoors landscapes and scenes of bourgeois society, and enjoyed some success in the official exhibitions. As his style evolved, it crossed the conventions in favour of a more direct artistic expression. In 1874, together with his colleagues, they organize their own exhibitions. Called themselves independents, although applied them derisively label impressionists because of the unfinished aspect of his works (as a first impression) and also because one of the paintings by Monet was entitled impression: Sunrise (1872, Museum Marmottan, Paris). He tried to capture the variations of color through its series on the same topic, at different times or during different seasons. It was gradually accentuating lighting effects up occasionally to blend the forms or even to merge them together.
In 1878 and Monet is provisionally set to Paris, where on 17 March this year is born his second son, Michel, made that will definitely break the health of his wife. The death of Camille on 5 September 1879 lets it without knowing how to organize their lives and those of their children.
In the mid-1880, is considered the leader of the Impressionist school, achieving recognition and a good economic position. Valued as master of meticulous observation. In 1890, he acquired a property in the village of Giverny, near Paris, and there began to build a new Garden (now open to the public) -a pond with water lilies, crossed by a Japanese bridge with willows and clumps of bamboo. On July 16, 1892, he married Alice Hoschedé. In 1906 he began to paint series of pond with water lilies that are exposed in the Orangerie in Paris, at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Museum of modern art in New York.
Claude Monet continued painting, while view fail him, almost until the time of his death from lung cancer, on December 5, 1926 in Giverny. He was buried in the cemetery of the Church.