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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Gabino Barreda
- Biography of Mario Benedetti
- Biography of Fray Bartolome of the houses
- Biography of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
Biography of Gabino Barreda
(1820/02/19 - 20/03/1881)Gabino Barreda
Physician, philosopher and Mexican politician
He was born on 19 February 1820 in Puebla.
In 1843 he entered the School of medicine. At the outbreak of war with United States joined ranks to fight in the battles and attending to the wounded.
He moved to Paris where he was a student of Auguste Comte between 1847 and 1851 and introduced the positivism in the tradition of the philosophy of mexicana. In 1851 he returned to his homeland where he obtained by opposition the Chair in medical philosophy at the school of Medicine of Mexico and later the Natural history and General pathology when it was created at the Faculty of Mexico that module.
It belonged for a few seasons to the Legislative Chamber of the country, which represented in the international postal Conference, held in Paris in 1878, and as a Minister Plenipotentiary of Germany. Barreda believed that it is not within the limits of the experience should be considered as inaccessible.
He served an important social influence and drafted on behalf of the President Benito Juárez, Victor Maximiliano and conservative reaction law of public instruction of 1867, created also the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria. In his civic prayer, distinguished in the history of Mexico a stage colonial, corresponding to the State religion; followed from the independence on the other, the metaphysical State; advocating the next start of a positive period.
His works include "moral education" (1863).
Gabino Barreda died on March 20, 1881 in City of Mexico.
Biography of Mario Benedetti
(1920/09/14 - 2009/05/17)Mario Benedetti
He was born on September 14, 1920 in Paso de los Toros, Tacuarembó Department 200 kilometers north of Montevideo. At the age of four, he moved to Montevideo, due to the work of his father, pharmacist.
She attended primary school in the German school of that city and high school, as a free student. From the age of fourteen, he began to work as a stenographer, teller, salesman, bookseller, journalist, translator, public employee and trade.
Member featured calledUruguayan 45 generation", his books participated in the"boom"in sales of Latin American narrative of the 50s to the 70s and its texts were collected and reported by singers like Viglieti, Rosa León, Jairo, Luis Pastor, Isabel Parra, Soledad Bravo, and Claudia and Alberto.
From 1945 to 1975, he works on the weekly March, closed by the dictatorship. He is Professor of literature and part as exiled in the 1970s Buenos Aires, Lima, Havana , and Spain. It has cultivated all genres, with initiation in poetry in books such as office poems (1956), everyday life and existential tone. Montevideans tales (1960) ventured into the realism. In 1960 he tried socio-political critique with the country of the tail of straw. His novels the truce (1960) and thank you for the fire (1965) try the social vices of the consumer society. Its narrative became politicized with the birthday of Juan Angel (1971) and spring with a broken corner (1982), incorporating the theme of exile and return in the House and the brick (1977), winds of exile (1982), geography (1984) and the solitude of Babel (1991). His play Pedro and the captain (1979) deals with torture.
It has picked up its critical task in the continent mestizo lyrics (1967), on arts and crafts (1968), the desexilio and other guesses (1984) and critical accomplice (1988) as well as the autobiographical evocation in the dregs of coffee (1993). In 1996 he published his complete stories, and in 1995, the poetry book oblivion is full of memory. In 1997, scaffolding published another novel in an autobiographical style.
On May 16 of the same year, Mario Benedetti was named Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Alicante, in Spain , and on 30 September was awarded the Premio Léon Felipe- 97 to the Civic values that provides the Foundation of the same name.
In October, he read his poem "Che 1997", in Mexico, which paid tribute to the guerrilla fighter Ernesto "Che" Guevara on the 30th anniversary of his death in Bolivia. On May 31, 1999, it received the VIII Premio Reina Sofía de Poesía Iberoamericana. In this same year publishes two works "time box", which brings together 25 previously unpublished tales, and 'Haiku corner', a book of poetry inspired by the Japanese poetry.
In 2003 he returned to the novel with the title "the sadness and other joys". In September 2003 he presented in the Círculo de Bellas Artes of Madrid his book "the future of my past" and appears "memory and hope" in September 20"A message to young people", written to ask them to never stop fighting for their dreams and is at the service of new generations who want to listen to their advice.
In November 2002 La Intendencia (Mayor) of Montevideo declared 'Illustrious citizen' of the city during a ceremony headed by the Mayor of the capital of Uruguay, Mariano Arana. In his last public appearance, in December 2007, Benedetti was awarded the Francisco de Miranda order by Venezuelan President, Hugo Chávez, at the University of the Republic of the Uruguay, acclaimed by the hundreds of students who recognized in the poet to his national Bard.
His last published work, the collection of poems 'witness of one's own', was presented in August 20In this work he already sensed the end of his days, while insisting on the loneliness without his beloved light (his wife, who died in 2006 after 60 years of marriage). "Happens overnight and I'm alone / charge myself barely / good love death took him / and I don't know who keep on living", said. Benedetti, who was dragging a delicate state of health.
He died on May 17, 2009 at his home in the Uruguayan capital.
Biography of Fray Bartolome of the houses
(1484/08/24 - 1566/07/17)Bartolomé de Las Casas
He was born August 24, 1484 in Seville. The son of a Baker of surname Penalosa and his wife's surname Casaus (Spanish form in Las Casas).
He studied in Seville and Valladolid. At age 19, with his father, he accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second voyage to America. He entered the Order of Santo Domingo. Back to Hispaniolain 1502, to work on the conversion of the Indians, he was ordained priest.
There he met well system the encomiendas territorial, the conquerors applied at will. Those practices resulted in the enslavement of the indigenous and the depopulation of its lands. In order to put an end to the abnormalities that Indians deal gave rise, he returned to Spain, where convinced the Cardinal Cisneros to send a Commission to the Spanish in order to inquire into the facts and reported abuses. The intrigues and the ineffectiveness of this Commission made it to fail its management and Las Casas returned to Spain to adoption of more vigorous measures for the protection of indigenous peoples.
Finally, the Government adopted ideas that had been designed to prevent the evils denounced. Carlos V requested the granting of territory stretching along the coast from the Gulf of Paria to the western border of the province, today known as Santa Marta. He proposed to form a colony composed of farmers, craftsmen and ecclesiastical awaiting civilizing, within the period of two years, 10,000 Indians and instruct them in the useful arts in order to make his art and its industry 15,000 ducats of income for the Crown of Castile.
The capitulations were signed and became the sea in 15The company failed because it took refuge in a Dominican convent of Santo Domingo where was devoted to the work of the missions and began his "General history of the Indies" (1552-61). He made a new trip to Spain (1539), charged with a mission of your order and in order to also get, again, support and help for the Indians. Charles V promised him that the Indians would be treated as subjects and not as slaves.
In 1544, embarked for the fifth time to America refusing to give communion to the Spanish which after promulgated the new laws followed taking into slavery to their indigenous settlers. In 1545, he was appointed Bishop of Chiapas, in Mexico, whose diocese had until 1547, date in which again returned to Spain, when he was about to appear in the works of Ginés Sepúlveda in which made considerations on the just war, its causes and conditions, and judging as such which had developed against the Indians in America.
The two authors clashed in Valladolid, where Las Casas defended the thesis of the character exclusively spiritual of the donation and the legitimacy of the sovereignty of Indians. With the work of Las Casas the Black legend of the conquest of America will begin.
Bartolomé de Las Casas died July 17, 1566 in Madrid.
Biography of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
(Unknown - 1579/02/16)Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
Lawyer, writer and Spanish conquistador
He was born in Córdoba in 1509.
Degree in law from the University of Salamanca. He enlists as Chief Justice in the expedition of Pedro Fernández de Lugo , who had as destination Santa Marta (today Colombia), where they arrived in 15On 5 April he departed with 600 soldiers to explore the Magdalena river, in search of Peru. Their ranks were diminished by hunger and the repeated attacks of the Indians. They arrived at the plateau of Cundinamarca, which christened Nuevo Reino de Granada, and the city of Santafé de Bogotá founded August 6, 1538.
After recognizing several places, decided to choose the place that served as the playground of the Zipa, in a part of the square that today is known as the Chorro de Quevedo, between the intersection of calle 13 with carrera 2a, at the foot of the hills that today surround the capital. Jiménez de Quesada, Nicolás Federmann and Sebastián of Benalcázar attended at the same time and in one place, so that each of them was attributed the conquest of the territory. They return to Spain so the Crown UNCLOS in the dispute. Not be recognized his merits is dedicated to particular activities, until in 1550 he returned to Bogota as Marshal and regidor perpetuo.
Being an old man, he began in 1569 a new expedition, in which he lost nearly all his men and 150,000 ducats. Jiménez Gonzalo de Quesada died ruined the 16 February 1579 in Mariquita (Nueva Granada).