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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Dino Buzzati
- Biography of Andrei Chikatilo
- Biography of Wilma Goich
- Biography of Günter Grass
- Biography of Angela Lansbury
- Biography of Dorando Pietri
- Biography of Tim Robbins
- Casey Stoner biography
- Biography of Oscar Wilde
Biography of Dino Buzzati
October 16, 1906
January 28, 1972
Who is Dino Buzzati?Dino Buzzati was born on October 16, 1906 in San Pellegrino near Belluno. From an early age affects him the interests, themes and passions of the future writer, who will remain loyal for life: poetry, music (he studied violin and piano and it should not be forgotten that in the future will also write some librettos), drawing, and the mountain, true companion of childhood, that is also dedicated his first novel , "Barnabo delle montagne".
Just fourteen years have remained orphaned of her beloved father, who shuts down due to pancreatic cancer. The event disrupts so much the small Buzzati which will live in the obsession of being hit by the same evil. Regular studies took place, in which proves good and diligent, but nothing more, he goes in the barracks of his city to perform military service: six months of school Cadet Petty Officer (Sergeant) and three months to four months by an Ensign.
Budding writer, from his youth keeps a diary where you get used to write opinions and happenings. Inside him, in fact, always takes more body desire and dream to dedicate themselves professionally to any job that involved writing. It is deeply attracted such as journalism and, in July 1928, even before completing his studies in law, joined as a trainee in "Corriere della Sera". After graduation, instead, he started working at the weekly "the people of Lombardy" while shortly after he released the previously mentioned "Barnabo delle montagne", which gets a good success. The same fate, unfortunately, doesn't happen to its second test narrative, "Il segreto del Bosco Vecchio," greeted with substantial indifference.
Delivery in January 1939 the manuscript of his masterpiece, his most beloved book and known, that "the desert of the Tartars" which will become an emblem of the literature of the twentieth century. The novel is the story of a young serviceman, Chris Davies, who began her career in fortezza Bastiani, which stands isolated on the edge of an imaginary realm and at a time unspecified. If initially, Drogo, that Fortress is a closed, unfriendly and they don't offer any future, over time you get used to it, until you don't want (and can't) leave, either because of the loss of contact with the rest of the world, both for continued hope that one day the Tatars, from the desert, attacking the fortress. It is clear therefore that in this novel is critical the allegory that there has developed, although they have never abandoned the verisimilitude of the situations and the careful description of characters that become almost.
Drogo's life symbolizes human life, which is hastened by the passage of time and loneliness in a world, represented by fortress, made of absurd laws and hopes in vain. Another point highlighted by Buzzati is how men continue to be mistaken: He constantly repeats that "the important thing is yet to begin," and continues to fuel his hopes although nothing supports. Buzzati seems to tell us, with this novel, and for men it is better to want little, you know please, as the world, the game of life, grant shortly and are ready to disappoint the most reckless or lofty ambitions.
The first player who receives the manuscript is the friend Arturo Brambilla who, after an enthusiastic reading, passes it to Andrew young, who was preparing a new collection for Rizzoli called the "sofa of the muses". Upon notification by Indro Montanelli, he shall accept the publication; However, in a letter, Longanesi prays the author to change the original title "the fortress", to avoid any allusion to the imminent war. Afterwards, Buzzati embarks in Naples on the ship Colombo and leaves for Addis Ababa, as a reporter and photojournalist, Special Envoy of the Corriere della Sera. It's 1939, and the second world war is upon us. The following year, in fact, part of the same port as a war correspondent on the Cruiser River. Participates as well although as a witness, at the battle of Cape Spartivento, and Cape Matapan and the second battle of Sirte, sending his articles in the newspaper. Will his "Chronicle of memorable hours" appeared on the front page of the Corriere della Sera on April 25, 1945, Liberation Day.
In 1949 he released volume of short stories "scare at scale" and in June of the same year is sent by "Corriere della Sera" in the wake of the tour of Italy. In 1950 the Publisher Neri Pozza from Vicenza printing the first edition of 88 pieces of "at that time", a collection of notes, memos, short stories and ramblings while, four years later, he released volume of short stories "the collapse of the Baliverna", with whom will win, equal with Campbell, the Premio Napoli.
In January 1957 temporarily replaces Leonardo Borgese as art critic of the "Courier". He also works for the "Domenica del Corriere", dealing with mostly titles and captions. Composed some poems, which will be part of the poem "Il capitano Pic". In 1958 leaving "painted histories", presented at the solo show of the writer opened on 21 November at the Kings Gallery in Milan.
The 8 June 1961, two years after his mother dies and he will write the Chronicle of that funeral in elzeviro "the two drivers". Follow years of travel as a correspondent of the newspaper. The December 8, 1966 Mhar Antoniazzi, the woman who marries, albeit distantly and in a fictionalized, had inspired the troubled "one love".
In 1970 he was awarded the premio giornalistico "Mario Massai" for articles published in "Corriere della Sera" in the summer of 1969 in commenting on the descent of man on the moon. On February 27, 1971 is represented in Trieste opera in one Act and three quarters of maestro Mario Buganelli titled "Fountain", taken from the short story "Not expected."
The Publisher Garzanti publishing, by adding captions, the ex-voto paintings from Buzzati "miracles of Val Morel" while, at Mondadori released volume of stories and difficult nights "Elzevir".
In the meantime, continues his work intensely to painter and Illustrator, subterranean passion never wavered. Despite his substantial amateur approach, his paintings are still appreciated by connoisseurs and some exhibitions are dedicated to him.
It is instead the 1971 when she begins experiencing symptoms of the disease (pancreatic cancer, just like his father) that will lead to death.
In October he exhibited at Galleria Castle in Trento, in November the Gallery Space in Rome. Introduces the book "Buzzati, painter", which contains reviews of critics, writers and journalists and Garzanti published "the miracles of Val Morel", while Mondadori the latest collection of stories and Elzevir.
A series of meetings with Yves Panafieu during summer and records of those interviews are the basis of the book-length interview "Dino Buzzati: a self-portrait," which will be published in 1973 by Mondadori.
The 8 December Buzzati comes into the clinic and goes out on 28 January 1972.
Biography of Andrei Chikatilo
October 16, 1936
February 16, 1994
Who is Andrei Chikatilo?The pictures who know him are not at all reassuring. Evidently so wanted to prove to his poor victims, primed in ways more personable and friendly. Also because many of them were that poor helpless children. Unfortunately for them, they could not imagine that the "bravo" ladies who were faced with would pass sorrowfully down in history as one of the most monstrous serial killer known.
Born in Ukraine on October 16, 1936, peasant's son, Andrei Chikatilo grew up in a small village. With the outbreak of World War II, his father was captured by the Germans: he will return home until many years later. However, very little is known about his childhood and the questions that medicine makes him revolve like a crazy looking like a personality so disturbed may have originated.
The only foothold is the rumor that Chikatilo would remain overly troubled by the story of the death of his brother Stepan, first killed and then eaten by the hungry crowd, during an episode of great famine occurred in 1930 in Ukraine. No document was able to prove the existence of the elusive brother. This alleged tragedy, for him real, the marked deeply and probably induced him to believe to have some guilt atone. Next to this nightmare, Andrei was suffering from a sexual dysfunction that made him impotent.
Others interpret his affair as the product ill of glasnost and the subsequent dissolution of Soviet ideals believed all my life (Chikatilo doesn't he disdained political commitment, being an active member of the Communist Party), such as evidenced by the recent movie based on him, the terrifying "Sunil".
Retracing the steps of his life are definitely a series of failures that may have undermined the fragile psychic balance, but that in the light of rationality do not seem as severe.
Andrei Chikatilo in 1954 applies for enrolling at the Law Faculty of the Moscow University but is not admitted. Then, he moved to a small town north of Rostov, got a job as a telephone operator but its integration with the villagers is difficult and uncertain. Yet his image is impeccable, as well as his loyal adaptation to the practice of the party.
In 1963 Knee wedding, friend of sister Tatyana, by whom she had two sons (in 1965 and in 1969 Modu Yuri). In 1971, after many sacrifices, Chikatilo finally gets a degree in Russian literature at the free University of Art of Rostov and can begin a more fulfilling career as a teacher.
Unfortunately his relationships with the students turn out for critics. It is ridiculed by the students, just loved how it happens to many teachers, but nothing would assume that behind that person all in all integrated, there is a murderer.
Yet this bourgeois anonymous and unremarkable gray, hidden among the folds of the society in which he lived, was a stalker who killed more than 52 people, mostly children, after being tortured and mutilated. In some cases it was raging on his victims after death, with incidents of cannibalism.
He was sentenced to death and executed in Moscow on February 16, 1994.
Two mental institutions asked his body to education, offering large sums of money. Unconfirmed reports say that his remains now rest in any institution to be determined by science.
Biography of Wilma Goich
Who is Wilma Goich?Wilma Goich was born on 16 October 1945 in Cairo Montenotte, Savona, refugee parents from Dalmatia. Passionate about music and singing since she was a child, in 1965 he participates in the Sanremo Festival with the song "the hills are in bloom", song that makes it famous both in Italy than in South America. During the same period he recorded his first 33 laps, "the voice of Wilma Goich", to the label Ricordi, and interprets "a kiss on the fingers" and "the right to love" during "Caravella dei successi", an event staged at Bari during which knows a young Teo Teocoli: the two embark on a brief relationship.
In 1966 Wilma Goich participates in the 14th Festival of Neapolitan song, performing together with Maria Paris & Cousins in "Pe ' roads ' e Napule", a song yèyè of farrier and Pattaccini. That year the young singer ligure also participates in Sanremo with "a flower" and "Un disco per l'estate" with "to love".
Back on the stage of the Ariston in 1967, presenting together with The Bachelors "to see how big the world"; After bringing in "disco per l'estate" song "Se stasera sono qui", written by Luigi Tenco, Wilma gets good success with "my eyes" (race in 1968 in Sanremo) and "finally" (proposal in the same year in "Un disco per l'estate"). In 1969 the young performer comes back again at the Sanremo Music Festival with "Kisses kisses kisses"; the following year, in "Canzonissima" receives a warm welcome with "at the fountain".
After founding the two musical I Vianella together with Edoardo Vianello, become her husband in 1965 (witnesses Teddy Reno, Rita Pavone and Iller Petaccini and Ennio Morricone), Wilma Goich gets good success with "Vojo er canto de ' na song" and ranks third on the "disco per l'estate" 1972 with the song "Semo gente de borgata", written by Franco Califano; the latter is also the author of "my", carried by Michael "Fijo Un disco per l'estate" in 19The following year the exhibition is attended by Van and Goich with "Flying swallow", written by Sergio Bardotti and music by Amedeo Minghi.
Always at the 1974 33 revolutions "Rome", "Homeide" and "parlaje you Because you hate Sally ... Rome ", while in 1975 are registered" from the rooftops of Rome "and" clothes, get out ", in addition to the 45 rpm" Crazy "and" my friends/go out/Clothes Look ". After having recorded "Napoli 20 years later", "love stories" and "birthday", (and the 45 rpm "Important" and "Look who's here/Cybernella/with you baby"), in the late 1970s the love between Wilma and Edward ends, and so ends their artistic Association.
In 1981 the singer records the disk "To Wilma G7", inside of which is a cover of a song by Abba, "The winner takes it all", entitled "and then grab and go". Between the late 1980s and early 1990s the Goich is starring in "rotonda sul mare" song contest televised on Channel 5 where she performed with "Se stasera sono qui", "Ho capito che ti amo" and "In a flower." In 1990, moreover, is alongside Mike Bongiorno, Franco Nisi, Tony De Vita and Illy real "Tris" trivia game that replaces "Bis".
In 1994 back in the Sanremo Festival: solo, but not within the group Team Italy, born specifically for the Festival at the Ariston, singing "an old Italian song". In the 1996/97 season back on television as part of the cast of "Domenica In", broadcast on Raiuno programme that also sees the participation of Betty Curtis and Jimmy Fontana.
In 2008, after a candidate in local elections for the commune of Rome jumped at the last moment (was supposed to get into The Right directories), against his will to the headlines claiming to be a victim of loan sharking by some loan sharks to whom he had asked for a few thousand euros to help her daughter. In 2011, after being the guest of the transmission of Raiuno "I migliori anni", has a starring role in "we who ... The best years, "musical comedy by Carlo Conti in Rome at the Teatro Salone Margherita; the following year recorded a new album, "If this isn't love", KlasseUno editions.
In 2014, while it was announced the comeback of Michael, it's back to talking about Wilma Goich again for a case of wear that would be suffered by three people who owed ten thousand euro at a monthly interest rate of 20%.
Biography of Günter Grass
October 16, 1927
April 13, 2015
Who is Gunter Grass?The Writer Günter Grass was born in Danzig (now Gdansk, Poland) on October 16, 19Parents are Kashubians who work as tradesmen in the free city of Danzig (semi-independent State founded by Napoleon Bonaparte). Parents ' grocery gains allow Günter to attend high school. At the age of 15 years the young man tries to enlist in the Navy of the Third Reich. Only after receiving the letter of conscription realizes that he instead wore the uniform of the SS.
Günter Grass in 1945 is wounded and captured by the Americans, ending up in a prison camp.
Over the next two years he worked in a mine and learn to sculpt. For many years studied sculpture and graphics, first in Düsseldorf, then in Berlin.
Both married in 1954 and divorced in 1978 to rejoin in marriage a year later. His first literary work, "the Tin drum", was released in 1959 and was an instant success that makes known internationally. From 1960 he settled in Berlin, but spends much of his time in the region of Schleswig-Holstein. In the political field has an active role in the SPD, the Social Democratic Party of Germany, Willy Brandt. Very active in the pacifist movement Günter Grass visit Calcutta for six months.
From 1983 until 1986 is President of the Academy of Arts in Berlin. During the fall of the Berlin wall, Grass declares that it would have been better to hold the two Germanys uniforms, because a United Nation inevitably would resume his role as belligerent. After these historic events, abandons his mission Socialist policy of reform gradual and adopts a philosophy of direct action, inspired by the student movements of 1968.
For his literary work receives over time a number of international prizes, including the Premio Grinzane Cavour in 1992, to the most prestigious and important, the Nobel Prize for literature in 19The literature of Grass is commonly included in the artistic movement of Geschichtsaufarbeitung, movement spread to Germany and Austria that describes the critical reflection on the Nazi period, and especially about the Holocaust.
In Bremen is then created a foundation on behalf of Günter Grass, with the purpose of establishing a centralized collection of his works, with special attention to his many personal readings, its videos and movies. Exists also in Lubeck a museum dedicated to him that includes an archive and a library.
Among the latest literary labors of Grass are "peeling the onion," an autobiography that has done much to discuss, especially for the chapter in which he tells his youth during the latter years of Nazism.
Günter Grass has died at the age of 87 years April 13, 2015 in Lübeck.
Major works of Günter Grass
1959: the Tin drum
1961: cat and mouse
1963: Dog Years
1968: Letters across the border (a dialogue with Czech author Pavel Kohout on "Prague Spring")
1977: the ROAR
1986: The ratta
1995: it's a long story (a novel about reunification)
1999: my century
2002: the shrimp
2006: peeling the onion
Biography of Angela Lansbury
October 16, 1925
Who is Angela Lansbury?When it comes to Angela Lansbury refers to one of the most refined and sensitive film actresses, plays and television shows of the last century. Exceptionally talented performer, in over fifty years of the actress's career has been distinguished by a delicate beauty, a poignant and interpretive sensitivity solar, a fine irony and natural class.
Angela Brigid Lansbury was born in London, England, on October 16, 1925: daughter of art can be defined as the mother is a popular Irish actress, while his grandfather a uk labour party leader. His father, Edgar Lansbury, dies when Angela has only nine.
Passionate about theatre since girl, decides to become an actress, and so he attended the Webber-Douglas School of Singing and Dramatic Art ", and subsequently the Feagin School of Drama" and Radio ". In 1939, following the German invasion during World War II, the young and beautiful Angela moved to the United States.
In 1944 the are given the opportunity to debut on screen in "Distress" (Gaslight) by George Cukor, alongside Ingrid Bergman, in which, although still very young, already demonstrates a good temperament in interpreting the role of the arrogant and petty servant. For this first film role Angela Lansbury receives even an Oscar nomination.
Subsequently will be engaged mostly in roles of pretty girls and subdued or mature women and decided: between the roles of this kind include the defiant owner of a saloon in the musical "the Harvey girls" (The Harvey Girls, 1946) by George Sidney, with Judy Garland; the betrothed of Herculean Samson destined to end in "Samson and Delilah" (Samson and Delilah, 1949) by Cecil b. DeMille; the charming and wistful lover of surly bitter land owner in "the long hot summer" (The Long, Hot Summer, 1958) by Martin Ritt, starring Paul Newman and Orson Welles.
We also recall the role of submissive owns a beauty salon in the gloomy "the dark at the top of the stairs" (The Dark at the Top of the Stairs, 1960) by Delbert Mann; the ubiquitous and influential mother of a war hero (played by Frank Sinatra) in anguished "go and kill" (The Manchurian Candidate, 1962) by John Frankenheimer, for which he receives an Oscar nomination; the jovial lady that some children learn about being an apprentice witch in Disney's "bedknobs and broomsticks" (Bedknobs and Broomsticks, 1971) by Robert Stevenson; and Grandma whose niece fantasy-altering Fables in the fancy horror "the company of wolves" (The Company of Wolves, 1984) by Neil Jordan.
Join the adjustments of two famous Agatha Christie murder mysteries, such as "death on the Nile" (Death on the Nile, 1978) by John Guillermin, along with celebrities such as Peter Ustinov and Bette Davis, and "the mirror crack'd" (The Mirror Crack'd, 1980) by Guy Hamilton, in which she played the famous character of Miss Marple.
Angela Lansbury also plays a long and triumphant career: from 1971 to 1982 working in London, then in New York, where he received four Tony Award in sixteen years of work, acting in musicals and comedies. His greatest theatrical success is certainly "Mame," Jerry Herman's musical comedy, in which he impersonates with grace and irony an eccentric and carefree Lady 20 years, struggling with her shy grandson of ten years. The title role, which declined from Mary Martin and, it seems, from forty other actresses, makes Angela Lansbury a Broadway star, and the musical succeeds 1508 replicas, plus four more tour companies in the United States, London, plus various revivals, including one in which the actress briefly resumed the role in 1983.
But the interpretation that will consecrate to internationally renowned actress, will be the one of the famous television series "La signora in giallo" (Murder, She Wrote), that CBS sends first aired on September 30, 19The pilot episode will be so successful that collects for a series that will become in short the weekly appointment for millions of Americans. Here she plays the character of Jessica b. Fletcher, a mystery writer so kind and gentle as witty and insightful, always striving to solve intricate cases where, despite himself, is involved.
On this occasion Angela Lansbury has the opportunity to reconfirm all his graceful brio Recitative, and its unsurpassed refinement. This stunning television experience, which leads to Lansbury a fame and numerous awards, ending in 1996, after 264 episodes and twelve years are richly deserved success.
In the following years, always following the success of "the Lady in yellow," are produced several television movies, they see the actress committed again as the witty detective writer, as "the Lady in yellow-sleeper with murder" (Murder, She Wrote: South by Southwest, 1997) and "the Lady in yellow-the Ballad of lost boy" (Murder, She Wrote: The Celtic Riddle, 2003), both directed by Anthony p. Shaw.
Angela Lansbury has had two husbands: the first was the actor Richard Cromwell, with whom she was married for less than a year, while the second was Peter Shaw, former manager of Metro Goldwyn Mayer, whom she married in 1949 and with whom she remained happily tied for fifty-three years, until the death of man in January 20From his second marriage, Angela Lansbury had two sons, Anthony Peter and Angela Deidre. In addition to acting, Angela Lansbury has been given several times as a voice actress, to voice the characters by cartoons like that of Mrs. Potts, mom-teapot in Disney's masterpiece, "beauty and the beast" (Beauty and the Beast, 1991).
In 2014 receives honorary Oscar.
Biography of Dorando Pietri
16 October 1885
February 7, 1942
Who's Dorando Pietri?Dorando Pietri was born in Mandrio, a frazione of Correggio (Reggio Emilia), on 16 October 1885, third of four children born to Desire Pietri and Teresa uncertain. On 22 October 1897 the family moved to Carpi (Modena) where Desire Pietri opens a fruit and vegetable store.
In 14 years he worked as an apprentice and apprentice Dorando pastry Rome, at number 42 in the central square. Minute man, of short stature (159 cm), in his spare time he devotes to the bicycle or foot race. In 1903 he joined the Sports Club Gym "Home".
In September 1904 at an athletic contest which is held right in Carpi, between participants is Pericles Pagliani, the most famous Italian runner of the time. It is said that Dorando Pietri, attracted by the event, he ran behind Pagliani, with still work clothes on him, and he held up his pace to the finish. A few days later Pietri makes its debut in an official competition, running the 3000 metres in Bologna: comes second.
The following year the first successes, both in Italy and abroad: the most important of these is the 30 kilometers of Paris, won by Clinton with a lead of 6 minutes on the second classified.
On April 2, 1906, with a time of 2 hours and 48 minutes, Dorando Pietri is the winner of the qualifying marathon for the summer Olympics, which were held in the summer in Athens. Unfortunately in Athens will be forced to withdraw for intestinal problems at 24 km, when he was in command with 5 minutes of advantage on the peloton.
In 1907 he obtained many victories including the 5000 metres titles at the Italian Championships (with the national record of 16 ' 27 "2) and 20 kilometers. Dorando Pietri is the Italian symbol figure of the Fund, which could win from middle distance running in the marathon, feared even by rivals on the international scene.
The 1908 was the year of the London Olympics, an event for which Dorando Pietri trained for several months. On 7 July runs 40 kilometers marathon held in its 2 hours and 38 minutes wins in Carpi-performance never achieved before in Italy-earning the Italian Athletics team.
The Olympic Marathon would run only a few days later, on July On this occasion, for the first time, the route would have been of 42.195 kilometres (distance it will be official recognized starting from 1921): the race was originally from Windsor Castle and finish in the Olympic Stadium, with a distance of 26 miles accurate (approximately 41843 meters) to which the organizers added 385 yards (or approximately 352 meters), so put the finishing line in front of the Royal box.
At the start, an unseasonably warm for the British weather, there are 56 athletes; These include two Italians, Umberto Blasi and Dorando Pietri, the latter with the number 19 on the chest, white t-shirt and Red shorts.
At the Princess of Wales 14.33 kicks off. A trio of Brits brings you straight to the command of the race by imposing a high pace. Pietri is maintained in the rear in order to conserve energy for the second half of the race. Half way through the race begins its progression that allows him to gradually replace numerous positions. At 32° kilometer is second, four minutes away from race leader, South African Charles Hefferon. The latter is in crisis and Pietri further increased the pace to catch DT. At 39 km reaches and exceeds Hefferon.
There are only a couple of kilometres upon arrival, when Clinton is to deal with dehydration due to the heat and with the huge expenditure of energy consumed during the comeback. Exhaustion makes him lose lucidity and when it arrives at the entrance of the stadium is wrong road.
The judges they do go back, but Dorando Pietri falls lifeless. To get up again you need the help of the judges. But Pietri, now exhausted, struggle to stand up to finish the last few steps.
Are only 200 meters that divide it from the finish. More than 75000 spectators at the stadium live this dramatic moment with bated breath, in great trepidation for the Italian.
The slope around Pietri there are the judges and some doctors quickly rushed to rescue him. Pietri falls four more times, and each fall receives a help to get up again. Keeps advancing unsteadily toward the arrival: finally crosses the finish line, totally exhausted, supported by a judge and a doctor (final time recorded will be 2 hours 54 ' 46 "4 up, of which nearly ten minutes needed for the last 500 meters). Beyond the finish line Pietri, unconscious, is brought off the track with the help of a stretcher.
The American team has immediately a complaint for the help received from Pietri. The claim is accepted: Pietri is disqualified and removed from the finishing order of the race. The gold medal is awarded the American Johnny Hayes.
The drama of Dorando Pietri would have moved all the spectators in the stadium: almost to compensate lack of Olympic medal, Queen Alexandra will award him a gilded silver Cup. To propose the award of recognition would be the writer Arthur Conan Doyle who was there on the sideline in order to establish the race for the Daily Mail; the account of journalist-writer ends with the words: "the great Italian enterprise will never be erased from the archives of sport, whatever might be the decision of the judges."
Then Conan Doyle will suggest the Daily Mail to give money to Clinton, in the form of subscription to allow him to open a bakery once back in Italy. The proposal will get success and arrriverà to collect three hundred pounds (the same Doyle collection began donating five pounds).
The story of the ill-fated company of Pietri would instantly travelled the world, delivering the sports history this unique and dramatic episode. Dorando Pietri became a celebrity in Italy and abroad, famous for not having won. His exploits affect the imagination of the composer Irving Berlin, which dedicates a song entitled "Dorando".
Failure to Olympic victory would become the key to the success of Italian: Pietri receives a lavish engagement for a series of races-exhibition in the United States. The November 25, 1908, at Madison Square Garden in New York, is staged the rematch between Pietri and Hayes. Viewers flocked are twenty thousand, while some 10,000 people remain outside because of availability.
The two athletes will compete in track to the marathon distance, and after going head to head for almost the entire race, eventually Pietri manages to win in the last 500 metres, for removing Hayes immense joy of immigrants of Italian origin present. The second challenge took place on March 15, 1909, is won by Italian.
During the trip to America Pietri will participate in 22 races with distances varying from 10 miles to the marathon, winning 17.
He returned to Italy in May 1909 he continued racing for another two years. His last marathon is to Buenos Aires, running on May 24, 1910, where Pietri closes with his personal best, 2:38 ' 48 "2.
The farewell race in Italy takes place on September 3, 1911 in Parma: a 15 kilometers, won easily. He runs his last race abroad on 15 October of that year (the day before his 26° birthday), in Göteborg (Sweden), concluding with yet another victory.
In three years of professionalism and 46 races behind, Dorando Pietri has gained more than 200,000 lire only with the awards, which together with the weekly allowance of 1250 pounds, were a huge figure for the time. Pietri invests his earnings in a hotel business with his brother: as an entrepreneur, however, will not have the same results in sports. After the failure of the hotel moves to San Remo where he opened a garage.
Dies at the age of 56 years, the day February 7, 1942, due to a heart attack.
Biography of Tim Robbins
Who is Tim Robbins?Tim Robbins, whose full name is Timothy Francis Robbins, was born on October 16, 1958 in West Covina, California, the youngest of four children of a Catholic family of Irish descent. After moving from small to Greenwich Village in New York in the wake of father Gil, a famous folk singer of the Group The Highwaymen, debuted in show business by joining, just twelve years, Theater for the New City, avant-garde theatre company where it remains for seven years. After having attended Stuyvesant High School, drama school, follows two years of lessons from the State University of New York at Plattsburgh; then, he moved to Los Angeles, where he enrolled at UCLA and, to keep his studies, worked as a waiter.
After graduating in 1981, together with some fellow softball and experimental theater company she founded a studio, the Actors ' Gang. Then, it gets the first parts to the movies: in 1984 is directed by David Fisher in "Toy Soldiers" and Jerry Schatzberg in "a major crush", and the following year he took part in "Queen size sleeping bag", Rob Reiner, and "from College ... with fury!", by James Frawley.
After the great success of Tony Scott "Top Gun," opposite Tom Cruise, and reciting for Willard Huyck in "Howard the duck", in 1987 located behind the camera Tony Bill in "inside the Big Apple". However, the 1988 to consecrate Tom Robbins internationally, thanks to the movie "Bull Durham-a game with three hands". The film changed his life, not only because of the professional success that the guarantees, but also because it allows him to know on set, Susan Sarandon, what will be his life partner for over twenty years (the two will split in 2009).
Meanwhile Tim Robbins gets a great success at the theatre, as a Director, as the Actors ' Gang has stopped its activities. At the cinema reads for Bill Fishman in Tapeheads-heads "matte" and Thomas Huffington Post in "uncrowned Queen." After guest-starring on "Jacob's ladder" and "Cadillac Man", has the opportunity to work with two big Hollywood stars like Spike Lee and Robert Altman: the first in "Jungle fever," and second in "protagonists", a film that won him the recognition of best actor at the Cannes Film Festival.
Is the 1992, when the Californian interpreter also Debuts as a film director with a satiric mockumentary entitled "Bob Roberts," which depicts a candidate Senator conservative and populist. The debut is well received by critics and viewers, to the point that a record company proposes to publish a disk to take advantage of the success: he, however, rejects both respect for real singers and musicians (like his father) and because it believed at the time, they have nothing to say in the form of song. Returned to work with Altman for "America today", in 1994 Tim Robbins starred in "the Shawshank Redemption" (with Morgan Freeman), film based on a story by Stephen King, while the following year he wrote and directed "Dead Man Walking"--sentenced to death, "starring Susan Sarandon, his partner at the time. The film, based on a true story, gets an Oscar nomination for Best Director (while Sarandon won the statuette for best actress), and is a tremendous and exciting complaint against the death penalty, the result of political commitment that inspires the Director.
Go back to acting at the cinema in "nothing to lose" by Steve Oedekerk, in October 1997 Robbins is inserted by the "Empire Magazine" at the 66th place in the list of top 100 movie stars of all time; then, appears in "Arlington Road-deception" before joining the cast of the play by Jay Roach "Austin Powers-the Spy Who Shagged Me". It's 1999, when Tim Robbins double an episode of "the Simpsons". Later, back on the big screen with Brian De Palma in "Mission to Mars", and with Stephen Frears in "high fidelity". After "S.Y.N.A.P.S.E.-danger on the net", by Peter Howitt, in 2003 the actor appearing in "code 46" by Michael Winterbottom, but especially in "Mystic River" directed by Clint Eastwood, for an interpretation that won him an Oscar for best supporting actor (with its 196 cm tall is, curiously, the highest winner ever).
In 2005 he directed "Embedded" film released on DVD in which she played an actor: the film, about the war in Iraq which started two years earlier, comes from a play of the same Robbins. After taking part in "war of the worlds", by Steven Spielberg, and "the secret life of words," by Isabel Coixet, in 2006 Tim acted in "Tenacious D in the pick of destiny," directed by Liam Lynch. Also directs a stage adaptation of George Orwell's novel "1984", written by Michael Gene Sullivan: the show is being staged by the Actors ' Gang at The Ivy Substation in Culver City, California, and is also available in Athens, at the Hong Kong Arts Festival and the Melbourne International Festival.
Robbins gives then a cameo in Helen Hunt for "when everything changes" and is among the stars of "The lucky ones-an unexpected trip", by Neil Burger, alongside Rachel McAdams. In 2010 publishes the album "Tim Robbins & The Rogues Gallery Band", a collection of songs written in over twenty-five years, and the following year starred in "Green Lantern", by Martin Campbell, where he plays the Senator Hammons, father of the protagonist of the film (negative) Hector.
Working, so, "Thanks for sharing", by Stuart Blumberg, and at the same time, he directed two episodes of "Treme," television series aired on HBO about the interconnected lives of a group of people in New Orleans following Hurricane Katrina. In 2013 is a member of the jury of the 63rd Edition of the Berlin Film Festival and working on the film "Man under", of which he is Director, and you see him play alongside Chloe Grace Moretz and Michelle Pfeiffer.
Casey Stoner biography
October 16, 1985
Who is Casey Stoner?Casey Stoner was born on October 16, 1985 to Kurri-Kurri, small town in New South Wales, Australia (Aboriginal language the name of the town means "the beginning"). Just 3 years appropriates PeeWee 50cc sister also motorcycle champion. Later she moved to Queensland where he will begin his racing career.
In 4 years the small Casey runs his first Dirt Track, in the category under 9 years, Hatchers, on the Gold Coast. In 6 years won her first Australian title. From now on all his life will split only between workouts, trips and competitions: from 6 to 14 years traveling with a companion from his father Colin, who follows him as her teacher, mechanic, by his mother and sister, Bronwyn; Casey Stoner compete in all Australian States.
There is still a teenager and has already won over 40 Australian Dirt and Long Track titles, in addition to over 70 State titles obtained in five different categories, in competitions of seven rounds each. With a quick recap you get to an impressive total of 35 races every weekend! On one occasion he managed to win just 32 35 races.
The track I am precluded in Australia because the legal limit are 16 years of age, so when Casey turns 14 years old the family decided to move to Europe. Casey Stoner's mentor is the champion Mick Doohan and thanks to his help debuts on the track.
In 2000 takes part in some races of the Championship of Spain 125cc; then, in England, finds the necessary financial aid to deal with a Championship. At the end of his first season he won the 125cc Aprilia Championship title.
While competing in two rounds of the 125cc Spanish Championship, Casey Stoner is spotted by Alberto Puig, who engage in team Telefonica Movistar 125cc 125cc Spanish Championship to race the following year. In 2001 he runs both in English and Spanish series and, despite not having competed in several races due to injury, finished second in both Championships.
Also in 2001 he runs as a wild card in world 125cc in England and Australia coming respectively 18° and 12°.
The Italian manager Lucio Cecchinello takes Stoner under his wing in 2002 offering him a place in the 250cc. Just 16-year-old Stoner becomes the youngest driver to qualify on the first two rows of a GP 250cc.
In 2003, maybe not completely convinced of the experience, decides to go down by category, team LCR, with an Aprilia factory also in Team of Cecchinello. At the end of the season will be eighth overall.
In 18 years (in 2004) switch to KTM, always in the 125cc class, where it contributes significantly to the development of Austrian House project, which gives the first world victory in GP at Assen. World ends in fifth place.
In 2005 Casey Stoner back in the LCR team to guide official 250cc Aprilia. Title fight with Dani Pedrosa and the podium ten times, five of them on the top step (Portugal, Shanghai, Qatar, Sepang and Istanbul); at the end of the season will come second.
Casey Stoner arrives to the premier class in 2006, barely twenty years of age, always wearing the LCR team Lucio Cecchinello. It shows just a breeze. It's just his second MotoGp race in Qatar, when performing the pole position in Turkey; fight for victory until the last corner, and finished in second place, 2 tenths behind the winner Marco Melandri.
In his debut year in MotoGp is eighth absolute but proves to be perfectly inserted among the top riders in the premier class, which is the youngest; because of frequent falls someone his nickname of "Rolling Stoner."
At the beginning of 2007, 22 years not yet accomplished, bride Adriana Tuchyna (18 years). Adriana follows Casey in every Grand Prix, around the world. The two met at a race when her 15-year-old, had asked for an autograph by pulling up your shirt and sign the belly. The neo-family Stoner she then moved to Monaco where they reside near the House of his friend rider Troy Bayliss and his wife Kim. Sometimes the two, when the respective commitments allow it, they train together hills bike of the Principality.
In 2007 Casey Stoner Ducati reds robe, running alongside veteran Capirossi. In winter testing is often among the fastest proving to be adapted quickly to the Desmosedici GP7 and Bridgestone tyres. During the Championship achieves resounding, stringing together eight wins and three podium finishes: world champion was consecrated on 23 September, the Motegi circuit with three races to spare.
In 2008 he participates in MotoGp still riding the Desmosedici. In Qatar WINS with a first place wins the first 25 points. The season saw him do battle with Valentino Rossi for the title. At the end of the season will have to relinquish the scepter to the Italian and his Yamaha R1.
The year 2010 is brilliant but the different falls mean that Stoner concludes the Championship, won by Jorge Lorenzo, in fourth place. 2011 Championship leaves Ducati for Honda fit riding a renewed and promising. And is on the new bike that gets a new world title: Champion at his home, in Australia, in October 2011, starting from pole position and winning the Grand Prix two races from the end of the season.
During the next Championship, in may 2012, says in surprise to abandon the moto GP at the end of the season.
Biography of Oscar Wilde
16 October 1854
November 30, 1900
Who is Oscar Wilde?Oscar Fingal o'flahertie Wills Wilde was born in Dublin on 16 October 18His father William was a renowned surgeon and a versatile writer. his mother Jane Francesca Elgée, a poet and a lively Irish nationalist.
The future writer after attending the prestigious Trinity College in Dublin and Magdalen College, it soon became popular for his tongue lashing, for his extravagant ways and versatile intelligence.
At Oxford, where, among other things, he won the Newdigate prize with his poem Ravenna, he met two of the leading intellectuals of the time, Pater and Ruskin, who introduced him to the most advanced aesthetic theories and refined his artistic taste.
In 1879 he moved to London where he began writing journalistic essays and occasionally publish poems. In 1881 the "Poems" that they had in a year as many as five editions. Its clarity, its brilliant conversational, his ostentatious lifestyle and his extravagant dress made him one of the most important figures of the fascinating London clubs. A reading tour lasted a year in the United States increased his fame and gave him the opportunity to formulate his aesthetic theory that revolves around the concept of "art for art's sake".
In 1884, returning to London after spending a month in Paris, marries Constance Lloyd: a wedding more cosmetic than dictated by the feeling. Wilde is in fact homosexual and lives this condition with huge discomfort, especially because of the stuffy Victorian morality that reigned in England of the time. Papier-mâché construction built by Oscar Wilde could not last for long and in fact, after the birth of his sons Cyril and Vyvyan, separates from wife due to the onset of his first homosexual relationship.
In 1888 he published his first collection of stories for boys "the happy Prince and other stories", while three years later appeared his only novel, the picture of Dorian Gray ", a masterpiece which gave him undying fame and for which he is known today. The peculiar aspect of the story, besides the various fantastic inventions (like the oil portrait that ages instead of the hero), is that Dorian has undoubtedly many of the characteristic features of the writer, which did not fail to unleash the wrath of critics, who ravvedevano in Wilde's prose characters of revocation and moral disintegration.
In 1891, his "annus mirabilis", publishes the second volume of tales "the House of pomegranates" and "intentions" a collection of essays including the famous "The decadence of lies". In the same year stretches the famous actress Sarah Bernhardt drama "Salomé", written in France and once again source of grave scandal. The theme is that of strong obsessive passion, which could not activate the claws of British censorship, that prohibits the representation.
But Wilde's pen can hit in multiple directions and if the dark picture familiar, nevertheless best expresses itself also in the portrait sarcastic and subtly virulent. The veneer of niceness is also the one that paints one of his greatest theatrical successes: the brilliant "Lady Windermere's fan", where, under the graceful appearance and the barrage of jokes, vitriolic criticism lurks at the Victorian society. The same as it was in line to see the play.
Galvanized by the success, the writer produces a considerable amount of valuable works. "A woman of no importance" go back to burning issues (having to do with sexual and social exploitation of women), while "an ideal husband" is focused on nothing less than on political corruption. His umorisitca explodes again with the catchy "the importance of being earnest", another jab at the heart of current moral hypocrite.
These works were defined as perfect examples of "commedy of manners", by virtue of their illustrations of the manners and morals of the fascinating and somewhat frivolous society of the time.
But the Victorian society was not so willing to be teasing and especially to see revealed the contradictions in a manner so blatant and sarcastic. Since 1885, the glittering career of the writer and his private life were thus destroyed. Since 1893 his friendship with Lord Alfred Douglas, known as Bosie, view its dangerousness causing many hassles and arousing scandal in the eyes of the good society. Two years later, is on trial for the crime of sodomy.
Entered into jail goes on trial for bankrupt, its assets are auctioned off while his mother dies soon after.
Is sentenced to two years hard labor; It is during the period of imprisonment that writes one of his most moving works "De profundis" which is nothing more than a long letter addressed to never forgotten Bosie (which in the meantime had strayed greatly from comrade, almost dropping it).
Will the old friend Ross, the only one outside the prison waiting for him at the time of release, keep one copy and publish, as executor, thirty years after Wilde's death.
The last work, written after a rapprochement to Bosie, is "Ballad of Reading gaol" ending in 1898 after his release from prison, during a stay in Naples. Back in Paris, learns of the death of his wife and, after a couple of years travelling together with the beloved Bosie, on 30 November 1900 Oscar Wilde died of meningitis.