Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Hans Christian Oersted
- Biography of Paul Cézanne
- Biography of Adolfo de Huerta
- Biography of Jürgen Habermas - Jürgen Habermas
Biography of Hans Christian Oersted
(1777/08/14 - 1851/03/09)Hans Christian Ørsted
Danish chemist and physicist
He was born August 14, 1777 in Rudkøbing.
He studied at the University of Copenhagen, where he was Professor of physics at that University in 1806.
In the year 1819 he discovers electromagnetism, when in an experiment for students, the compass needle accidentally placed near a cable moved. This discovery was crucial in the development of electricity, since it highlighted the relationship between electricity and magnetism.
Oersted It is the unit of measurement of the magnetic reluctance. In 1844 appeared his mechanical physics Manual.
Hans Christian Oersted died in Copenhagen on March 9, 1851.
Biography of Paul Cézanne
(1839/01/19 - 1906/10/22)Paul Cézanne
He was born on 19 January 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, South of France. Son of a wealthy banker, he met in his childhood Émile Zola. At the end of the 1950s he decides to devote himself to painting, although it begins studied law to please his father.
In 1862 he began his studies of art in Paris. He attended the Académie Suisse for drawing. There he meets Guillaumin. He made his first works with thick pigments and in dark tones. He developed a style of painting hard, dense, thick, strong strokes, taking as a model the Caravaggio Italian and the Spanish Diego Velázquez. The most significant influence in its beginnings was Camille Pissarro, who introduced him in the new impressionist technique to achieve the effects of natural light. Under the tutelage of Pissarro, in the period between 1872 and 1873, went from dark tones to bright colors and began to concentrate on scenes of rural life.
The Impressionist him accepted into the Group and exhibited with them in 1874 and 18His major contribution to painting was done after the dissolution of the group Impressionist, when it drifts towards a more intellectualized painting. During the Decade of 1880 he spent much time in his Aix en Provence native.
In 1886 he thought he saw references to his failures in a Zola novel and broke relations with him. That same year he inherited the fortune of his father and achieved economic independence, but remained in their social isolation. He continued painting directly from life with bright colorful Impressionist type, and was gradually simplifying the application of the paint. He complained of his failure in the representation of the figure human and, indeed, the great works with human figures in his last years, as bathers (c. 1899 - c. 1906, Philadelphia Museum of art), reveal a curious distortions.
In the year 1895 Ambroise Vollard, Paris art dealer, he organized an exhibition of his works and promoted them with great success during the following years. To 1904, it reached the consecration in one of the large official halls of painting.
Many young artists traveled to Aix-en-Provence to see you work and advice in his later years. Before his death on October 22, 1906 in Aix, Paul Cézanne had already achieved a considerable reputation.
Biography of Adolfo de Huerta
(1881/05/26 - 1955/07/09)Adolfo de la Huerta
He was born on May 26, 1881 in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico.
He studied at the Colegio de Sonora in his hometown and in the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria in Mexico; He took courses of accounting, music and singing.
In 1900 it was orphaned and moved to Guaymas, where he was Assistant to fork of books, dealer, a bank clerk, Manager of a tannery and singing teacher.
In 1908 he joined the Antirreeleccionista party, he was representative in Guaymas. On February 20, 1913 arose in Monclova to Carranza , who had risen in arms against the General market gardens. Defeated the usurper, he was provincial of Sonora Governor, from may 1916 to August 31, 19After being the Senator of the Republic, was consul general in New York, 1918, and constitutional Governor of Sonora, 1 ° of September of 1919 to April 23, 1920.
As Governor of Sonora, he headed the revolution of Agua Prieta that ended with the Government and life of Venustiano Carranza. The Congress appointed him substitute President of the Republic, on June 1, 19During his rule he managed the pacification of the country, establishing good relations with the last zapatistas on war footing by approving the execution to the author of the assassination of Emiliano Zapata, Jesús Maria Guajardo (who was later executed), and subjecting the intellectual author Pablo González. He also managed the coup military Félix Díazmeant weapons. However, their success was to achieve the surrender of general Francisco Villa through dialogue.
Under his rule were the elections in those who succeeded Álvaro Obregón, who incorporated it into his Government as Secretary of the Treasury. However, years later would have to confront the same Obregón as part of the rebellion without a head. After the defeat of this uprising, he escaped to Los Angeles, California, where he earned life as a singing teacher. In 1935, President Lázaro Cárdenas granted him amnesty, and appointed him general inspector of the Mexican consulates in the United States.
Adolfo de la Huerta died in the City of Mexico, July 9, 19
Biography of Jürgen Habermas - Jürgen Habermas
(1929/06/18 - Unknown)Jürgen Habermas
German philosopher and sociologist
He was born on June 18, 1929 in Düsseldorf.
The fact of being born with cleft palate made it difficult talking clearly and establish social relationships because it often suffered rejection. He received twice corrective surgery in childhood and declared that his disability made him reflect on the importance of communication, preferring word written as a means.
Until his graduation at the gymnasium, he lived in Gummersbach, near Cologne. He was raised in the bosom of a Protestant family, being his grandfather director of the seminary in Gummersbach. His father, Ernst Habermas, was executive director of the Chamber of industry and Commerce of Cologne, and is described by Habermas as a nazi sympathizer.
He studied at the universities of Göttingen (1949-1950), Zurich (1950-1951) and Bonn (1951-1954), obtaining a doctorate in philosophy in 1954 with a dissertation written on the conflict between the absolute and the story thought of Friedrich von Schelling, entitled "Das absolute und die Geschichte." Von der Zwiespältigkeit in Schellings Denken".
In 1955 he married with with Ute Wesselhoeft and worked as a journalist, until Theodor Adorno was invited to be part of the re-opened Institute for Social Research (IIS) in Frankfurt, where he came in contact with the Empirical Social Research redirecting their studies towards the critical theory of society. It was Adorno Assistant from 1954 until 19Habermas is the heir of the Frankfurt School and the best known representative of the "critical theory" that fascinated the young people on the threshold of the student movement of the 1960s.
He was often misunderstood in their own country and they also made a mockery of his "free speech", confusing the ideal tenets with concrete communication conditions, and at the political level his social criticism was made responsible for the terror of the extremist "Group of the Red Army" (RAF), while already in the summer of 1967 Habermas had denounced the "left fascism".
It is a critique of positivism and the technique in his work science and technique as ideology (1968), raising a series of questions about the possible forms of coexistence between the advanced industrial societies and democracy. Contributed by its critical approach to society to remember that"freedom and justice are the indisputable pillars of common democratic values". Theory of communicative action, published in two volumes in 1981, it presents a theory of modern society in which applies the methods of philosophy along with the of the sociology, social philosophy and philosophy of language. It became one of the great contemporary philosophers, with findings of thought as influential as the concept of constitutional patriotism. Their positions on bioethics or on European policy, lie you, as committed intellectual.
He was Professor of philosophy in Heidelberg and Professor of philosophy and sociology at Frankfurt. Between 1971 and 1980 is director of the Institute Max Planck in Stamberg. Since 1994, he is Professor Emeritus of the Goethe University in Frankfurt.
In 2001, he received the prestigious Peace prize of the German booksellers. In 2003, he was awarded in Spain the Príncipe de Asturias prize for Social Sciences. Doctor honoris causa of the universities of Jerusalem, Buenos Aires, Hamburg, Northwestern University Evanston, Utrecht, Tel Aviv, Athens and the New School for Social Research in New York among others. Member of the German Academy of language and poetry.