Jimi Hendrix… Samuel Johnson… John McAfee… St. Joseph of Cupertino… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of Laura Barriales
  2. Euler biography
  3. Biography of Léon Foucault
  4. Biography of Franco Franchi
  5. Greta Garbo biography
  6. Keeley Hazell biography
  7. Biography of William Hazlitt
  8. Jimi Hendrix biography
  9. Samuel Johnson biography
  10. Biography of Marco Masini
  11. John McAfee biography
  12. Biography of Paolo Romani
  13. Biography of St. Joseph of Cupertino
  14. Biography of Leo Valiani

Biography of Laura Barriales

September 18, 1982

Who is Laura Barriales?

Laura Barriales was born on 18 September 1982 in León, Spain. Since I was a girl working as a model and lend her face in many commercials: take part, inter alia, to the campaigns of Kiko, Helena Rubinstein, Oxxy Jeans, Nolita, Vodafone and Valia.
In Italy
In 2006 she made her debut on Italian television alongside Carlo Conti-together with Natalia Bush and Pamela Camassa-"recommended" show aired in prime time on Raiuno. At the same time, it is next to Daniele Interrante in "CD: Live Summer Music" program broadcast by BBC two, and is a "special envoys" on Raiuno, Loveerman; on Sky Show, instead, participates in "Shake it".
In 2007 is one of the actresses who appear in "right first time" show-Italy 1 comedy whose protagonists Ale e Franz, playing Laura, the neighbor of the duo.
Back on Raidue, Laura Barriales works in "Matinée", where he manages the book featured artists; Mediaset is the valet for "Controcampo-Diritto di replica", presented by sports gravure Alberto Brandi. In 2009 new on Raidue, where together with Nicola Savino "Slag", comic, and Amadeus and the "Venice Music Awards" "Mezzogiorno in famiglia", directed by Michele Watch.
The years 2010
In 2010 the Spanish showgirl undertakes also the acting career: apart from a small role in the comedy "Maschi contro femmine", is among the protagonists of the third season of the drama "Capri", broadcast on Raiuno.
Leads, in addition, "DivinAmalfi" on Raidue, alongside Savino Zaba, while on Raiuno, in occasion of the World Cup that will be played in South Africa, is among the opinioniste of "Nights" program world entrusted the conduct of Paola Ferrari.
In the spring of 2011 Laura Barriales working closely again with Carlo Conti, one of the contestants of "Let me sing!", talent show broadcast from Raiuno, while next year is between the faces of the ninth edition of "l'isola dei famosi", reality show aired on Raidue presented by Nicola Savino, as columnist.
Later on the second network Rai is called to submit along with the Trio Medusa "" Coast2Coast "Italy", transmission from comic ambitions that would like to see the local tv viewers in Italy: the show, however, is cancelled after just two episodes due to low plays recorded.
By 16 September of 2013 arrives in radio, alongside the actor and imitator Max Giusti in the fourth edition of "Radio 2 SuperMax", broadcast on Radio.
Godmother of Juventus
In 2014, leads on PiuEnne "In House", Naples and after having presented the Festival Show, tour of musical character running through the Veneto, leave "Mezzogiorno in famiglia" and takes the place of Cristina Chiabotto as godmother of the Juventus soccer team and host of JTV, television theme of the black-and-white club packs. The decision, however, raises more than a few grumbling among the fans of the team, because of an alleged support in the past in favour of Laura Barriales Napoli team.

Euler biography

April 15, 1707
September 18, 1783

Who is Euler?

Leonhard Euler is the Italianized name of Leonhard Euler the mathematician and physicist that history remembers as the most important of the Enlightenment period.
He was born in Basel (Switzerland) on April 15, 17Great scientific mind her studies were numerous and prolific: gills of mathematics and physics in which Leonhard Euler provided important contributions span number theory and graph theory, infinitesimal analysis, celestial mechanics and the rational, and special functions.
In astronomical scope determined Euler the orbits of comets.
He held contacts with many mathematicians of his time; Please note in particular the lengthy correspondence with Christian Goldbach which often confronted about their findings and theories. Leonhard Euler was also excellent Coordinator: in fact followed the work of several mathematicians who were neighbors including the sons Johann Albrecht Euler and Christoph Euler, but even Anders Johan Lexell and w. l. Krafft, members of the Academy of St. Petersburg, as well as his staff Secretary Nicolas Fuss (who was also the husband of Euler's grandson); each collaborator acknowledged the deserved recognition.
Euler's publications are over 8The importance he had in the field of science you could measure considering one smeplice as: mathematical symbolism still in use today for imaginary numbers, the sum, the functions were introduced by him.
Euler's name today is in a huge amount, methods, formulas, theorems, relations and equations criteria. Here are some examples: in geometry include the circle, line and Euler points related to triangles, plus the Euler relation, which concerned the circumscribed circle of a triangle; Analysis: the Euler-Mascheroni constant; in logic: the Euler diagram-Venn; in number theory: the policy and the Euler identity and Euler's conjecture; in: Euler angles, the Euler's critical load (instability); in differential calculus: the Euler method (differential equations).
The respected scientist Pierre-Simon de Laplace him said "Read Euler. He is the master of us all ".
He died in St. Petersburg on September 18, 1783 at the age of 76 years. His likeness was used for banknote from Switzerland 10 francs.

Biography of Léon Foucault

September 18, 1819
February 11, 1868

Who is Leon Foucault?

The famous physicist famous for the invention of the pendulum that bears his name-tool that shows the rotation of the Earth-Jean Bernard Leon Foucault was born on 18 September 1819 in Paris, the son of a Publisher. After studying medicine, is passionate about physics, concerning the experiments on the Daguerreotype (ancestor of photography) made by L.J.K Daguerre.
Later, Alfred Donnè assists in his research on the microscopic Anatomy, before performing a series of experiments (with friend A.H.L. Fizeau) about the comparison of the intensity of sunlight and the strength that produces an electric arc which has two carbon electrodes (in those days the arc lamp is widely used as the light source). Then, the same comparison is also made with the light of blowtorch (in turn often used to illuminate the houses at the time).
Interested, still very young, the chromatic polarization of light and the interference of infrared rays contributes-in the 1940s-the "Comptes Rendus", writing an article that explains how a regulator for electromagnetic arc lamps. With Jules Regnauld also writes an article on binocular vision. Since 1845, Foucault is responsible for the preparation of minutes of the meetings that take place every week at the Académie des sciences for the "Journal des débats", an important newspaper. Her excessive candor, however, causes fights and quarrels that make hostile to many members of the scientific community.
In thirty-one years he, using a rotating mirror not too different from that taken by Sir Charles Wheatstone, demonstrates that the propagation speed of light in water is less than the speed of light propagation in the air; shows that the speed of light changes as a function of the refractive index of the environment in which it propagates, in inverse proportion. In 1851, the French scholar provides a direct demonstration (at the same time ingenious and simple) made by the Earth's rotation about its axis: the so-called life takes Foucault pendulum. He, in essence, is a long swinging pendulum striking and significant mass in the Pantheon in Paris, exploiting the very principle of inertia. The swing plane, to respect the laws of inertia, should remain intact; the pendulum, however, changes direction as a result of the Earth's rotation. Thanks to this intuition, and the invention of gyro in it, Foucault sees assigned in 1855 the Copley Medal by the Royal Society of London.
Become an Assistant in physics at the imperial observatory in Paris, continues his studies and discovered that the force required for the rotation of a copper disc directly proportional changes when it is placed in the poles of a magnet: Foucault currents are so called precisely because of that experiment (induced currents that cause the disc to get warm). Having invented the polarizer of Foucault in 1857, a year later the scholar an idea method to ensure that the mirrors of reflecting telescopes have the shape of a paraboloid of revolution or sphere. Establishes, in 1862 with Wheatstone's mirror, that the speed of light is 298mila kilometers per second (at that time thought of 308mila kilometers per second; today, however, it is believed that its value is different for the 0.6% from that indicated by Foucault).
Appointed a member of the Bureau des Longitudes in 1862, the physicist is awarded the Légion d'honneur and, in 1864, he joined the Royal Society as a foreign member. While the awards are followed (in 1865 enters the mechanical section of the Royal Society), continues his studies, publishing-among other things-an article about speed regulator Watts which has some improvements in order to stabilize the speed. Idea, moreover, a new tool to adjust the light from an arc lamp. Afterwards he dedicated himself to carrying out experiments related to deposition, on the outer face of the telescope lens, one thin silver layer, so that the Sun can be observed without causing eye damage.
In 1866 Foucault fell ill, suffering from a mysterious illness that prevents him from moving his legs and removes the use of the word: you don't know whether to blame a primarily progressive multiple sclerosis or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (disease referred to another at the time you ignore the existence). Though paralyzed in bed, he makes himself place the mirror invented by himself in such a way as to be able to see though the movement of the stars and the starry Vault. Died at his home in Paris on 11 February 1868: his body is buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre.
Foucault is today commemorated by a crater on the Moon named after the asteroid and 5668 Foucault: his name is also one of which 72 are engraved on the Eiffel Tower.

Biography of Franco Franchi

UPS and downs of avanspettacolo
September 18, 1928
December 9, 1992

Who is Franco Franchi?

To Fenty is a name that now goes hand in hand with Ciccio Ingrassia, even if the couple's most famous postwar comic was inexorably separated from that St. Francis was called "sister death". And maybe some guy too young might not have ever even heard of. Much worse, and who knows the histrionic and irrepressible Francesco Baert (his real name), hasn't done a mockery, as only he could do, even the dark lady who governs us all, snatching maybe a forced smile as relentlessly mocking.
François Baert, born in Palermo on September 18, 1928, the future comedian had a single school of acting: the road. A bottom made of countless outdoor performances and constant improvisation. Nothing noble and profound lessons in interpretation, but only the instinctive contact with people, the effort to bring a smile to passersby with the sheer force of his art. histrionic And it is precisely along the alleys with shows that botched Sicilian Franco Franchi (has also used the stage name Franco Ferraù), meets another outsider his equal, Ciccio Ingrassia, then a little more "career" than him, since they already held the title of ringmaster at a tour company.
The two still work together for a while and discover that they have a great harmony, in addition to compensate both physically (one tall and wiry while the other down and stocky), than on comic timing: thus was born the legendary comic couple Franco Franchi and Ciccio Ingrassia.
After years of running in the award-winning company launched nationally by Domenico Modugno, already much loved by the public, and then in the eyes of the very people who had them credited debut on screens in 1960 with "Ischia" by Maggie.
The success is overwhelming and luck seems finally kissing the sublime comic face. The success could be fleeting, evanescent instead will dominate for years the comic Italian cinema scene, working on crazy rhythms and churning out dozens of films a year.
It is not just a saying or phrase: effect in 1964 only arrived in Francs turn something like 16: a real actor assembly line, supported by directors often mediocre and muddled scripts.
In fact, the scripts that they were for his hands were often more of the canvas, so that on balance the film shot by them represent a precious testimony of their ability, improvisational and surreal gags based on the extraordinary Faculty of both expressions (although the protagonist is undoubtedly francs), refined over years of street theatre.
Many titles that have seen them protagonists, mostly parodies of "serious" films in vogue in those years. They range from "the two" brigades "bad night" (with obvious reference to the recent "beautiful day" of master Buñuel), from cheeky parodies as "last tango in Zagarolo" in "guess who's coming to snack?" or "the good, the bad, and the moron"; not to mention the "L'esorciccio", which of course was the colossal, the well-known "The Exorcist":
Needless to say for many years Franco e Ciccio were the emblem of popular comedy, slapstick style taken to the extreme, burlesque comedy and gripping fracassona easy and immediate (but always far from every form of vulgarity).
After years spent in a less healthy as artistic regime, a nice time the couple is "cleared" from two race Eggheads, two artists who have been able to glimpse what had these so-called hidden potential acrobats. Pasolini was a sense that their use in films of varying stature would be fruitful and took them in the 1968 episode "what are clouds?" from "Capriccio all'italiana". On this trail g. Grimaldi, who had directed in many commercial films, gave them the burden of "Don Quixote". Were the Fox and the cat in "Pinocchio" Comencini's and super educated Taviani brothers chose them for the episode "La giara" film "Kaos".
If Franks has built his career in theatre and cinema, his popularity grew through the television. Thanks to the small screen that his facial expressions and his humor directed have become assets of the general public. Between programmes to which he participated together with the inseparable Ibu remember "Partitissima", "number one" Cantatutto, editions "Canzonissima", "yesterday and today", "combination", "", "Good Drim, bravo bis" and "curtain-raiser". The latter marks the last appearance of the couple.
In July 1992, during the recording of the show dedicated to avanspettacolo is hospitalized. In "Grand Hotel", due to an illness of Ciccio, Franco had had to work for five episodes with Giampiero Ingrassia (son of Ciccio) which had replaced the father until his return in the last episodes. In "curtain-raiser", instead, is that alone Ciccio, six the two had already recorded several skits used then for the program.
Franco will return only the last episode. Say, "I've been to paradise but they didn't want me."
The beloved Italian mask disappeared on December 9, 1992 in Rome, throwing in dismay everyone, and they were many, who had always respected and who had hoped a recent revival in some movies by "high rank".

Greta Garbo biography

The Divine
September 18, 1905
April 15, 1990

Who is Greta Garbo?

Greta Lovisa Gustafsson, Garbo's real name, was born on September 18, 1905 in Stockholm. Shy and retiring, he prefers solitude and, although integrated and full of friends, prefer to fantasize with her mind, so much so that some swear I heard you say, at an early age, that fantasize was "much more important than playing". She herself later affirmed: "I was happy and the next very depressed; I don't remember being really little girl like many of my other peers. But the favorite game was doing Theatre: acting, organizing shows in the home kitchen, make-up, wearing old clothes or rags and imagine dramas and comedies ".
At the age of fourteen small Greta was forced to leave school because of a serious illness contracted by his father. In 1920, shortly before the death of parent, Greta accompanies him on a hospital admission. Here is forced to undergo a grueling series of questions and controls, designed to ensure that the family was able to pay for the hospital stay. An episode that triggers the spring in her ambition. In a chat with playwright s. n. Bherman, in fact, confessed: "from that moment I decided that I needed to earn a lot of money by not having to ever again be subjected to a similar humiliation."
After the death of his father, the young actress finds herself in considerable economic hardship. While pulling a living does a bit of everything, accepting what happen. Working in a barber shop, typically male tasks, but dissipates. Abandoned the store is a job as a saleswoman at the Department store PUB in Stockholm where it is appropriate to say, fate was lurking.
In the summer of 1922 the Director Erik Petschler enters the millinery Department to buy hats for his next film. It's the same Greta to serve him. Thanks to the friendly and helpful ways of Garbo, two come immediately in tune and becoming friends. Needless to say, the Garbo asking to participate in any way in any of the film, receiving an unexpected agreement. So question the direction of the "PUB" an advance that leave is denied; He decides to quit, to follow his dream.
Of course, the beginnings are not exciting. After a series of advertising photographs, his first film appearance sees a modest part of "bathing beauty" in the film "Peter the tramp", passing virtually unnoticed. But Garbo did not give up. The Academy is directed by Norway with the hope of passing the difficult entrance exam that allows you to study free three years dramaturgy and acting.
The specimen fails, enter the Academy after the first semester is chosen for an audition with Mauritz Stiller as brilliant and famous Swedish Director of the moment. Noticeably quirky and unconventional, Stiller will be master and mentor, the real masterpiece that will launch the Garbo, exerting a profound influence and an equally deep emotional grip on her. The explanation also lies in the difference in age, nearly 20 years. The young actress has in fact just over eighteen, while Stiller exceeded forty. Among other things, dates from this period, the change of name of the actress who, at the urging of Stiller, always leaves the tricky last name Lovisa Gustafsson to become permanently Greta Garbo.
With the new pseudonym comes to Stockholm for the world premiere of "the Saga of Gosta Berlin", based on the novel by Selma Lagendorf, representation which is a good appreciation from the audience but not equally. The usual, volcanic, Stiller, however, didn't give up.
Decides to make a first performance in Berlin where gathers consensus finally.
Greta Berlin is appreciated by Pabst, who is about to turn "the street without joy." The famous filmmaker offers a hand, representing the final breakthrough: the film will become one of the classics of cinema anthology and projects, done, Garbo to Hollywood.
Once landed in America, however, will a perverse mechanism, fueled mainly by the first movie, which tends to label it as "femme fatale" and to frame his personality too rigid schemes. For its part the actress asked loudly manufacturers to be released from that image, for example asking reductive roles from heroin positive, encountering stiff opposition and sarcastic by the Hollywood tycoon. These were convinced that the image from "good girl" is not suited to Garbo, but especially not suited at the box office (a heroin positive, according to their opinion, would not have attracted the audience).
From 1927 to 1937, Garbo plays some twenty films which represents a seductress destined for a tragic end: Russian spy, double-crossing and murder in "mysterious woman", aristocratic, spoiled appraiser who ends up killing himself in "destiny", irresistible woman and unfaithful wife in "Wild Orchid", or "the Kiss". Still, prostitute in "Anne Christie" and etèra "luxury Courtesan" and "Camille" (in which he plays the famous and fatal character of Marguerite Gauthier). Suicide ends in "Anna Karenina", shot as dangerous and treacherous spy in "Mata Hari". Are fatal seductress roles, mysterious, proud and unattainable, and contribute significantly to creating the myth of the "divine".
However, the creation of his legend is shaped thanks to some attitudes held by itself and accepted, if not fed, from Stiller's mentor. The set, for example, was extremely protected, inaccessible to anyone (with the excuse to defend vouyeurisme and gossip), except for the operator and the actors who were to attend the scene. Stiller arrived to cordon off the set point with a dark tent.
These safeguards will be maintained consistently and claims from the Garbo. The filmmakers, then, generally preferred to work in front of the camera and behind, but not the Grace required that they were well hidden behind the camera.
In the shooting were not allowed even the big names of the era or the heads of production. Also, just noticed that some stranger looked at her stop acting and took refuge in the dressing room. Certainly couldn't stand the "Star System", that would never be bent. He disliked publicity, hated interviews and couldn't stand the worldly life. In other words, he was able to protect with determination his private life until the end. Its confidentiality, that something mysterious that surrounded her and her timeless beauty, the birth of the legend of Garbo.
On October 6, 1927 at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York cinema, which until that time had been silent, introduces the sound. The movie is projected that night is "the jazz singer". The usual prophets of doom prophesy that the sound won't last, let alone the Garbo. In fact, after the advent of talkies Garbo plays seven silent films because the Director of Metro was a conservative hostile to the introduction of new technologies, and then also to sound hostile.
The "divine" However insists on studying English and improve your accent, as well as to enrich his vocabulary.
Finally she is appearing in "Anna Christie" (from a play by O'Neill) of 1929, his first sound film; It is said that when the famous scene, Greta/Anna enters the dingy bar del porto, tired and holding a suitcase grungy, pronouncing the phrase "historical ... Jimmy, a whiskey with ginger ale on the side. And don't be stingy, baby ... ", all held their breath, including electricians and machinists, such was the seductive aura of mystery that ammantava the" divine ".
In 1939 the Lubitsch film director trying to enhance it more on artistic grounds, entrusted with the role of the protagonist in "Ninotchka", a beautiful movie in which, inter alia, the actress for the first time ride on the screen (the film is launched with written in large letters on billboards in which he promised "Garbo laughs"). The war broke out the failure of "two-faced woman" by Cukor (1941) the causes, only 36 years to abandon forever the cinema, in which he is still remembered as the prototype of the legendary diva and as an exceptional cultural phenomenon.
Lived up to that time in absolute privacy and total distance from world, Greta Garbo died in New York on April 15, 1990, at the age of 85 years.
The memorable essay semiologist Roland Barthes has dedicated to Greta Garbo's face, content in his anthology of writings "mythologies", one of the earliest and most acute one surveys that lurks behind the symbols, myths and fetishes built by and for the media (and not only).
Greta Garbo's films:
Gosta Berlin Saga. (The saga of Gosta Berlin) 1924, silent. Directed by Mauritz Stiller
Die Freudlose gasse (joyless Street), 1925 silent era. Directed by g. Wilhelm Pabst
The Torrent (torrent) 1926, silent. Directed by Monta Bell
The Temptress (the Temptress) 1920, silent. Directed by Fred Niblo
Flesh and the Devil (The flesh and the devil) 1927, silent. Directed by Clarence Brown
Love (Anna Karenina) 1927, silent. Directed by Edmund Goulding
The Divine Woman (the divine), 1928 silent film. Directed by Victor Saki (lost)
The Mysterious Lady (mysterious woman), 1928 silent film. Directed by Fred Niblo
A Woman of Affairs (destiny), 19Directed by Clarence Brown
Wild Orchids (Wild Orchid), 19Directed by Sidney Franklin
The Single Standard (woman who loves), 19Directed by John s. Robertson
The Kiss (Il bacio) 1929, silent. Directed by Jacques Feyder
Anna Christie, 19Directed by Clarence Brown; German version, directed by j. Feyder Romance (novel) 1930, spoke. Directed by Clarence Brown
Inspiration (the model), 19Directed by Clarence Brown
Susan Lenox, her Fall and Rise (Courtesan), 19Directed by Robert z. Leonard
Mata Hari, 19Directed by George Fitzmaurice
Grand Hotel, 19Directed by Edmund Goulding
As You Desire Me (Come tu mi vuoi) 1932, spoke. Directed by George Fitzmaurice
Queen Christina (Queen Christina), 19Directed by Rouben Mamoulian
The Painted Veil (the painted veil), 19Directed by Richard Boleslawski
Anna Karenina, 19Directed by Clarence Brown
Camille (Camille), 19Directed by George Cukor
Conquest (Maria Waleska) 1937, spoke. Directed by Clarence Brown
1939 Ninotchka, spoke. Directed by Ernest Lubitsch
Two Faced Woman (not cheat with me), 19Directed by George Cukor

Keeley Hazell biography

The channel curves
September 18, 1986

Who is Keeley Hazell?

Keeley Rebecca Hazell was born in London on September 18, 1986.
His fame must initially to the popular newspaper "The Sun" who launched as "third girl" Page, daily space dedicated to photos of a topless girl.
Keeley Hazell is almost unknown in Italy when he became very famous in Britain; due to its attractiveness and appealing face, soon to become a well known and popular character; In short the uk tabloids describe it as an icon of female beauty in English.
Between 2006 and 2009 creates five sexy calendars, marketing vehicle that certainly helps the sales and that the proxy model world fame. Playboy magazine the contact but she refuses the offer, stating that they are not at ease in posing completely naked.
Artistic activities appears in side a feature film titled "Cashback"; She was then offered the lead female role in the television series Baywatch, where she replaced Pamela Anderson. The dream, however, lasts only the time of seeing the footage circulated on the internet at red lights with your boyfriend, that leads to the cancellation of the contract.
Try to engage even as a singer and presenter for broadcaster TV Bytes.

Biography of William Hazlitt

Discovering philosophy
April 10, 1778
September 18, 1830

Who is William Hazlitt?

William Hazlitt was born in Mitre Lane, Maidstone, Kent (United Kingdom), April 10, 17Son of an Irish Shepherd of the Unitarian Church (Protestant), follows the father in his travels between England, Ireland and even United States of America. Back at home, begins but soon give up an ecclesiastical career that his father had decided to let him go.
William Hazlitt prefers to devote himself to painting and to investigate the arts moves to Paris. Back in England in 1803 to attend in London literary circles. Plays here an intense activity of essayist and lecturer.
He spends much of his time in intensive study of English, Scottish and Irish. Deepens the study of thinkers such as John Locke, David Hartley, George Berkeley and David Hume, and French thinkers like Claude Adrien Helvétius, Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, the Marquis de Condorcet, and Baron d'holbach. Mature so the goal of becoming a philosopher. His thoughts were focused on man as a social and political animal, and, even more intensely, on the philosophy of mind, who would later become psychology.
In this period she discovers Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who became one of the most important influences on his thinking of grass and philosopher Edmund Burke, whose writing style hits him enormously.
In 1805 He published "Essay on principles of human activity"; in 1906 following a volume of "free thoughts on public affairs".
Meanwhile, spend time at a journalist working with the heads of "Morning Chronicle", "Edinburgh Review" and "Examiner"; Hazlitt writes articles in moral philosophy, addressing political themes, and literary criticism. These articles were later collected and published in several volumes, including "the characters of Shakespeare's plays (1817)," Panorama of British theatre "(1818)," lectures on the English poets "(1818) and" lectures on dramatic literature of the Elizabethan era "(1820).
Writes and gives prints "the spirit of the century" (1825) and "life of Napoleon Bonaparte (1830). The security of critical judgment and acuity along with the modernity of his analyses make Hazlitt one of the initiators of literary criticism and modern English.
During his career and established literary life amicize with great personalities of 19th-century literature, including Charles and Mary Lamb, Stendhal, Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth.
William Hazlitt dies in London on September 18, 1830.

Jimi Hendrix biography

Skewed visions
November 27, 1942
September 18, 1970

Who is Jimi Hendrix?

James Marshall Hendrix, born on November 27, 1942 in Seattle, was considered unanimously the greatest electric guitarist of all time. From his instrument of choice was able to draw a huge number of different tonal effects, and to play it with your teeth, with your elbow or with boom microphone, in a manner consistent to the character and his instinctive exhibitionist concerts.
The result of the intersection of Indian blood, black and Mexican Cherooke, the brilliant musician living his early years immersed in a family situation of not happier. For years living with his grandmother (indiana Thoroughbred Cherooke that brings him closer to his roots and Indian rebels), while father and mother fend in a thousand jobs.
At the age of twelve years receives as a gift his first electric guitar, which he affectionately called "Al", a small tool with which begins his first musical experience was self-taught.
The problems start shortly thereafter. The mother dies when Jimi has only fifteen years old and at the age of sixteen is expelled from school, probably for racial reasons (we are in America and Puritan Maccartista degli anni ' 50). In fact begins to be given to wandering, eking out a living with rhythm and blues and rock 'n' roll. After serving as a paratrooper, twenty-one fits within the session-man, or those that are paid piecework for their musical performances.
Thanks to his extraordinary skills in a short time become a guitarist of no personlità as Little Richard, Wilson Pickett, Tina Turner and King Curtis, some of the rock stars of the time.
In 1965 Greenwich Village their first form stable complex, getting a contract to perform regularly. With a more secure situation behind has to focus even more on the study of the technique, in which reaches the top hardly approachable-not so much in technology itself, as it reached capacity in treatment of sound or single note: this approaching, albeit intuitively, jetties of classical music of the 20th century.
The innovative style of combining Hendrix distortion hinting, full of pain, to a pure blues vein actually creates a new musical form, making use of all the technology related to the instrument-from finger-picking to Wah-Wah pedals to pick from, from feedback to the Larsen effect, the tone controls distortion. In his brief four-year "reign", Jimi Hendrix expanded the vocabulary of the electric rock guitar more than any other. Hendrix master in being able to pull off the guitar sounds never heard before; often with amplification experiments that lead to limit, if not beyond, the capacity of the equipment used.
His performances you differentiate for the wild energy of his playing and the irresistible sexual charge of its attitudes (on everything, even abundantly peppered with acids and psychotropic substances).
Anyway, if it weren't for the concerned care to Chas Chandler, ex-Animals, manager to New York in search of new talent, maybe Hendrix would be just one of the many names circulating in the environment, obscured by the white young talents that so much attention was the public opinion and the media in General.
Chandler eventually leads him to London where he gets a rhythm section: the Jimi's new band, called significantly "The Jimi Hendrix Experience" (formed by drummer Mitch Mitchell and bassist Noel Redding), soon became the main topic of conversation in London during the 1966 final. In addition, the Experience's first single, "Hey Joe", remains in the British charts for ten weeks, peaking at number six in late 19The debut single is quickly followed by the launch of the album "Are You Experienced?", a compilation of psychedelic generational anthems. The LP in case remains one of the most popular rock albums of all time, with immortal songs such as "Purple Haze", "The Wind Cries Mary", "Foxy Lady", "Fire" and "Are You Experienced?".
Despite the overwhelming success of the Hendrix Experience in England, it is only when this, in June 1967, flashing back to America the crowd literally Monterey International Pop Festival that became the most popular band in the world. At the end of his grueling performance (with a demonic version of "Wild thing"), after having burned the guitar, Jimi collects endless standing ovation.
The next LP produced by bands is "Axis: Bold As Love" and, after taken total control of the band and having spent considerable time in the console in studio, in 1968 it was the turn of "Electric Ladyland", a masterpiece in the history of rock (despite the "real" Jimi Hendrix is listenable, it should be remembered, only through live recordings).
But already in 1968 begins physical decline, moral and artistic centre of Hendrix. During that fateful year pressing requests for concerts and studio recordings they Psych out fiber group considerably, so much so that in 1969 the Experience melts, maybe even under the pressures of the black movement of "Black Panther", in which Hendrix had joined, who disdains the membership of Hendrix to a trio composed of whites.
In August in Woodstock, triumphs as well as the usual exhibition also ignited a frenzied version of the American anthem ("the Star spangled banner"), a mockery become famous. With his guitar Hendrix doesn't just distort the famous melody but in line with pacifism and the challenges of time, imitates the sound of gunfire and shelling, reminding everyone that there was the tragic war in Viet Nam.
The 1969 began with a new collaboration between Jimi, Billy Cox and drummer Buddy Miles (all black musicians), which give life to the "Band of Gypsys". The three embark on a series of stellar performances in the days between December 31, 1969 and January 1, 19These recordings are performed concerts then put on the market starting from the mid 70 's in a single album.
Later Jimi youth sells drummer Mitch Mitchell and bassist Billy Cox collection, puts up the Jimi Hendrix Experience. In the studio the band recorded several tracks for another album, tentatively titled First Rays Of The New Rising Sun ".
Unfortunately fail to see Hendrix published this new job: a month after 28 years, not yet completed, was found dead in London on a back room of the Samarkand Hotel, smothered in his own vomit for an overdose of barbiturates. It's the September 18, 1970.
Since then it has been a succession of tributes to his memory, but also innuendo about his death, considered "mysterious", a bit like all rockstar disappeared prematurely. Around the heritage of Hendrix, predictably, has unleashed a hornet's nest of legal wrangling and speculatrici operations.
As in life, even after his death the great guitarist black was manipulated by unscrupulous businessmen. Hendrix was undoubtedly one of the most exploited by the recording industry, which did not hesitate (and still do not hesitate) to publish everything he played.
No one knows how it would have evolved the star of Hendrix, nor that would follow the path his parable. Respected by all real musicians, shortly before his death circulated the rumor of a possible collaboration with another genius: Miles Davis.
As the critic Paolo Galori wrote, the last Hendrix is "a musician only and visionary, ready to fly even higher, up to burn the wings, destroyed the excesses in a desperate attempt to not replicate himself before the one who asks him for proof of his divinity.

Samuel Johnson biography

The benefits of vast readings
September 18, 1709
December 13, 1784

Who is Samuel Johnson?

Poet, lexicographer, essayist and biographer are just a few of the merits which reminded Samuel Johnson; but his work was even and perhaps especially to literary critic.
September 18, 1709 in England was born in Lichfield (Staffordshire). In 1764 he founded the famous literary club, "The Club", which then became "Literary Club". Among the original members of the Club include Edmund Burke and Oliver Goldsmith; Subsequently the Club welcomes the actor David Garrick in addition to James Boswell. These personalities and those who come to understand over the years, as evidenced by the photo of Samuel Johnson spiccasse literary and social scope of the era. In this period between Johnson's friendships there is also the novelist Fanny Burney.
For economic Johnson is forced to leave Oxford without a degree, however the major will be assigned the same doctorates at Oxford University as well as from Trinity College Dublin.
Her career began as a teacher and as a journalist continues, however, to a possible approaching economic collapse. Is opposed to the independence of the American colonies but also against the abuses of the English Government in Ireland.
As a writer will get fame with the adaptation of two satires of Iovenalis: "London" (1738) and "the vanity of human wishes (1749, The vanity of human wishes). However his fame is mostly tied to the "English Dictionary" (Dictionary of the English language, 1747-1755), first and then unique, built on its extensive readings and almost entirely written by him.
From then on, within a few years, they spread businesses aimed at cataloging human knowledge, such as the "Encyclopédie" of Denis Diderot and Jean d'Alembert.
The best prose work of Samuel Johnson is the philosophical novel "Rasselas" (The History of Rasselas, prince of Abyssinia, 1759), characterized by long periods of time and well built.
Johnson then care an edition of Shakespeare's plays "(The plays of w. Shakespeare, 1765) explanatory notes and rich with a thorough critical preface.
Johnson is a man of vast reading, great connoisseur of the classics: with his "lives of the poets" (Lives of the poets, 1779-1781) proves in a way that knowledge of biographies of authors, enhanced with a meaning of literature value. "Lives of the poets" literary criticism mixed with the pure bio-data sourced from the same Johnson often in person-even mentioning to the cultural context of England at the end of ' 700 and 600; among the authors subject of Johnson's critics include John Dryden, Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope.
Samuel Johnson dies in London December 13, 1784.
In 1791 James Boswell will publish "life of Samuel Johnson" (The life of Samuel Johnson, 1791) which will then be considered a masterpiece in the genre of Biography: the principle of Boswell was to Plutarch as a biographer of Alexander the great, according to which a minor occurrence, or a short phrase, would reveal much more effectively than the essence of a personality than his most important battles.
Fifty years later, thanks to this biography, the important Scottish critic Thomas Carlyle will define Samuel Johnson as "capable of overcoming his era up to incorporate the romantic idea of culture as a long and uninterrupted process".

Biography of Marco Masini

Diaries and feelings
September 18, 1964

Who is Marco Masini?

Marco Masini was born in Florence on September 18, 1964 by father Giancarlo, who works as a representative of products for hairdressing, and mother Anna Maria, who teaches in elementary school as a teacher. The first time Magoon onstage is a twenty years to replace its main which has no voice, in a piano bar in Florence.
But music Marco has in the blood since birth so much that as a child he spent his days whistling songs reasons he feels around. This passion is conveyed by the mother who sings and plays the piano very well; Marco likes to remember her with affection, while sfaccenda or preparing to eat, with her beautiful voice, which accompanies the pieces that he plays. She and her father go frequently to dance with Marco which often takes the stage and sings "the Ivy", his favorite song.
The first important musical experience began when Christmas has only three years: for a gift received pianola-Bontempi toy and putting on your hands already proves to be brought to the music, by ear, playing the notes of White Christmas. Under guidance of his uncle, some years later, Marco starts to go to music lessons from a teacher, studying Bach, Chopin and Mozart, despite love pop music, Pop and Rock.
Marco holds its first "concert" for 11 years when he plays for the feast of the patron of a town in the province of Florence. During high school creates, along with some friends, a small musical group called "Errata" and this passion he joins another, that of football: in 15 years to play in the team "Sanger"; It even makes a try out for Fiorentina in the very young goalkeeper. However will be forced to abandon the sport for his great love, music.
The hard life of a musician (which causes him to playing every evening until late fall at night) and the student during the day are incompatible so he decides to drop out of school in fourth accounting, causing not a few quarrels and fights with family and friends. For some time he worked with his father and the tile as a representative until in 1980 the family opens a bar in Florence, where Marco from a hand, along with her sister Susanna.
A few years later are forced to sell the asset for disease, colon cancer, which affects the mother. It is a bad period for Marco, also because it coincides with the call to military service. After the c.a.r. who performs in New York City his destination is Pisa but, at the last moment, he was sent to Florence in the air force as a gunner. This unexpected closeness at home is a fortune considering the health of the mother, which goes off on 22 August 1984, the day after returning from military service by Mark; you will plunge headlong into the music to try to stifle the pain.
Marco Masini leaves Florence because the city does not offer many perspectives in music and goes to Modena where he worked for six months doing arrangements for disco music in a recording studio. After this period he returned to Florence to continue study composition, harmony and melody, and remained working in the piano bar. He studied under Walter Savelli, Claudio Baglioni's pianist and teacher of many other famous artists.
For four years, Marco Masini si fa bones night dancing to engrave the initials of a disco (1984). Simultaneously retrieves a repertoire consisting of pieces written by him over the years but it is difficult at the moment of their presentation to record companies, which complain of not having "the face of the artist" and produce songs too atypical texts compared to what the audience wants to hear.
With the help of Bob Rosati, arranger and owner of a studio in Sesto Fiorentino, Marco has the opportunity to support the first auditions. In a 1986 meeting with Bigazzi, in the study of Settignano, where Marco does listen to some tracks. Baker puts it to work in order to hone his skills: working at the realization of soundtracks (Mediterraneo, Mary per sempre, Ragazzi fuori), makes the voice guidance of "Si può dare di più" (flow in Sanremo by the trio Morandi, Ruggeri and Tozzi) and live concert tour of Tan at the Royal Albert Hall in London (arranges , plays keyboards and create the remix of "Immensely"). In 1987 he left for his first tour followed by a tour with Raf, whose album "Cosa resterà degli anni ' 80" is responsible for implementation and arrangements.
In 1988, he released a 45 rpm called "Men" from an idea of Mario Ragni with which Marco Masini should participate to Sanremo that year but then goes in its place some Charlie Deanesi.
Never gives up and begins to write the melody of "Desperate", then working with Bigazzi and Dati on the text, which in 1990 brings to the Sanremo Festival coming in first place among young proposals.
Participates in "Sanremo in the World" and returning from America begins working with her first album, "Marco Masini" for which he prepared only the tracks from "Desperate" and "darkness", written shortly before for Massimo Ranieri.
In 1991 finished the first album gets straight to work to realize the second and to participate again in Sanremo. For the race prepares a song titled "oxygen" but eventually chose "Because you do" which is in third place after Riccardo Cocciante and Renato Zero, and whose single is the most sold in Italy in 1991.
The new album was released entitled ' Mio Cammino "(name coined by him) even in Vocabolario della lingua italiana Devoto and g. g. c. Oli.
Marco Masini now begins to prepare his first tournée with the friends with whom he has performed and released several records, including: Mario Manzani (guitars), Massimo Rastrelli (guitars, with whom he played in the "Errata"), Marcello De Toffoli (keyboards), Bruno Illiano (bass), Cesare Chiodo (bass), Alfredo Golino (drums), Andrea Corsellini (phonic). In the same year, he took part in the Festivalbar where receives the award for best album of the year, while the video of Malinconoia, recorded during a concert at Palaeur in Rome, won the praise of best of Riminicinema videolive 1991.
On 14 January 1993 esce "t'innamorerai, the album" that opens the doors of the world and the other creates many problems arousing controversy and censorship both on tv and in radio because of the piece entitled "fuck you".
Meanwhile in Spain comes a collection of excerpts from the first two albums entitled Marco Masini "and that, enjoying great success previously acquired, received a gold disc. "T'innamorerai" comes out even in Germany and France, confirming the great expectations and gets the "gold disc".
In January 1995 they released their fourth album "Il cielo della Vergine", published in Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, Holland, Germany and, in the Spanish version (El cielo de Virgo), Spain and Latin America.
This album is also criticised for the two songs "bitch" and "Princess", both very direct and explicit.
In 1996 released "love is with you" a compilation that collects the achievements of Marco Masini, with the inclusion of previously unreleased track that gives the title to the collection and the song "better off alone", an old song recorded in 1989 b-side of 45 rounds of "Desperate". During the summer tour "l'amore sia con te".
In 1997 Enrico Ruggeri called Marco Masini to interpret with him the song "La gente di cuore", included in the album "tomorrow is another day" of Milan.
Following nearly four years of silence in which Masini quit the music scene, then the November 12, 1998 the album "apes" released by Ma.Ma. Marco fonda himself along with Mario Manzani and Marco Poggioni. This new album marks a turning point in the production of Magallanes that presents itself to the public with a new look: white hair and beard.
The great novelty of this work is characterized by separation from Bigazzi. With respect to works that precede this disc is much more rock and the lyrics are on the whole less sentimental, but even more hermetic: with "monkeys" Marco declares its intention to resume the 70 's music that he loved and that begins to go out of fashion. The result is final, noted critics positively, but not by the public, which establishes the commercial failure of the album not understood.
Controversies and their fans "want" Marco from sentimental content, texts by the incredible depth and poetry, from love songs that made them fall in love affect its production in 1999 was Masini has a throwback.
Following the release of the single "The most mundane day" at Christmas of that year confirms its return to Sanremo, in 2000, with the song "tell me about yourself", which ranks next-to-last.
This edition of the Festival della canzone italiana lit many controversies about the new voting system, which leads to unexpected results. Mark, having regard to other distinguished predecessors, happily accepts the result considering the fifteenth a place of honor.
At the same time as the album Festival "Raccontami di te" which contains the song presented in Sanremo, "Il giorno più banale" (which has the new album title "Christmas day") and nine other works that combine the new arrangements of "monkeys" poetic themes and melodies sweets of the first album.
The January 26, 2001 publishes "safe exit", a disc that collects well 14 new songs, which he writes during the whole of his career, a kind of "secret diary" rediscovered.
Among the new songs stands a Metallica cover and a song dedicated to distance adoptions, in which Marco wants to embrace the cause of the children of Sudan. This new disc marks the artistic reconciliation with Bigazzi, and is characterized by the proposal for a modern sound with many foreign influences the public proposals with a rediscovered grit and determination.
The album however did not take off for poor promotion of his label BMG Ricordi and the continuous obstructionism of media towards the figure of Magallanes which affibbiano the term "loser". Several affected sales, partly because "emergency exit" is a multifaceted album and therefore more difficult to understand.
Marco, exhausted, Tuesday April 17 on the news publicly announces his retirement from the singer's career, perhaps to become a manufacturer of other youth groups: people like Adriano Celentano and Maurizio Costanzo are fighting so that the artist can retrace his steps.
Not to come to fulfil commitments made several months before, however at the end of April 2001 tour, which lasts until October in the squares of several countries of the province throughout Italy.
Autumn 2003 is marked by the return of Masini with independent label MBO Music of Mario Ragni (who discovered at the time of Memories). The new work is presented to the press on October 7, 2003 entitled "... my path ", an album that traces the story of the artist with new arrangements and three previously unreleased songs" Generation "," I'm not going to marry you "and" Welcome ".
This unexpected and unpredictable return to music Marco to rediscover the climate chart peaks, numerous radio and television studies on again for him. But the best time the test when, thanks to a radio promotional tour, he finds the warmth and embrace of all those fans who have always believed in him and they never abandoned.
In 2004 back to the Festival of Sanremo and won with the song "The flying man". The 2005 see Marco Masini again at 55° Festival della Canzone Italiana with the song "In dreams". In June, after four and a half years since the last publication, released their new cd entitled "Il giardino delle api".
In the fall of 2007 Marco Masini and Beppe Dati write musical comedy "Il Brutto Anatroccolo (little praise of ugliness ...)", a retelling of Hans Christian Andersen's celebrated from January 2008 which takes him on a Tour of Theatres in the major cities of Italy.
Back then the 2009 Sanremo Festival with the song "Italy" and again in 2015, with the song "That day".

John McAfee biography

September 18, 1945

Who is John McAfee?

Discussed and bizarre character, John McAfee is the inventor of a well-known anti-virus software that bears his name. He was born in September 1945 or 1946 perhaps (probably on 18) in England, the son of a security guard and an employee of the Bank. Just fifteen years, becomes an orphan: his father, in fact, violent and alcoholic (often beats his wife), commits suicide. Raised in Virginia, in Salem, John-keeping with small jobs-he attended Roanoke College in 1967 obtained his bachelor's degree in mathematics.
In the following years is called Northeast Louisiana State College to teach, but was fired after she embarked on a relationship with one of his students. He then worked as a computer programmer in New York, at the Institute for Space Studies: Nasa in 1970 moves to Univac, where it is employed as a software designer, and later becomes the architect of operating systems for Xerox. In 1978 John McAfee joined the Computer Sciences Corporation as a software consultant, while in the 1980s, he found a job at Lockheed.
After coming in contact with a copy of the Pakistani Brain virus, began to focus on the development of anti-virus programs. In 1987, he founded McAfee Associates, a company of anti-virus software, among the first to deploy this kind of programs as shareware. In 1989 McAfee decided to leave Lockheed to work full time for his organization (although it actually carries out its activity directly from his home in Santa Clara, California).
The company is registered in Delaware, 1992 and is traded for a value of 80 billion; John decides to resign two years later. In 2008, has become a wealthy businessman, he chose to move to Belize and abandon the United States, partly because of two legal actions concerning him: a for an accident at work by an employee, the other concerning the death of a boy in his flight school.
Sold, so its properties, John McAfee travels to Central America, where it invests its money in distribution of coffee, in a cigar factory, a pharmaceutical research company and a taxi company. The following year, the New York Times reports that the personal property of McAfee fell by 100 million dollars to four million dollars, as a result of the recession and global financial crisis.
In April 2012 was arrested at his home in Orange Walk Town for possession of undeclared weapons and unlicensed drugs cultivation: is released without being paid any deposit. In November of the same year, while on "Wired" an interview in which he declares to be afraid that the local police could kill him, his neighbor, named Gregory Faull, is killed: on his body are found the unmistakable signs of gunfire. John McAfee is the prime suspect, police also because of frequent quarrels had in the past with the victim: he defends himself by accusing the Gang Suppression Unit, the Belize police force, which would like to frame him.
Ran away from home, takes refuge in Guatemala in December, after having entered illegally, after trying in vain to ask for political asylum, is arrested to be extradited to the United States, while the Belize Government sources they know that McAfee was not sought as a suspect in the assassination, but simply as a person informed about the facts. Shortly after being admitted to hospital because of anxiety attacks and high blood pressure: later confess that he faked a heart attack just to earn time. On December 12, however, is released from Guatemala, and deported to the Usa. In January 2013 John McAfee moved to Portland, Oregon, and began work on his autobiography in the form of graphic novels. After the release of an eBook for biographical hand of Joshua Davis (Wired magazine) entitled "John McAfee Last Stand", Warner Bros. acquired the rights necessary to the making of a film inspired by the story.

Biography of Paolo Romani

September 18, 1947

Who is Paul Romans?

Paolo Romani was born on September 18, 1947 in Milan. After graduating from high school, he worked as an editor of local television stations: in 1974, for example, get the second Free Radio TV private broadcaster in Italy. Two years later, however, he became General Manager of the network (formerly Milano Tv and Canale51) to Alberto Peruzzo.
The experience lasts until 1985; the following year Paolo Romani is called by Salvatore Ligresti to become ceo of Telelombardia. Afterwards he worked as a war correspondent, following the Romanian revolution of 19Abandoned Telelombardia in 1990, directs the private television Lombardy In 1994, with the general election victory of Silvio Berlusconi, becomes Deputy to Italy Force in XII legislature, elected in 22 College (Cinisello Balsamo) circumscriptions Lombardy 1 III.
In the Roman Parliament is member of the Board of elections and the Finance Committee, as well as vice President IV Commission defense and member of the Permanent Special Commission for the reorganization of the broadcasting industry. After leaving Lombardia7 in 1995, he was re-elected in the XIII legislature, with the pole for freedoms in the Lombardy constituency III 1, but this time in 15 College (Rawalpindi).
Member of the Board of Directors of the Chamber of Deputies, Italy Force in these years is the parent company of the bicameral Committee for supervision of broadcasting services and member of the 9th Standing Committee on transport, posts and telecommunications. After being appointed Regional Coordinator of Forza Italy in Lombardy, in 1999 for preferential bankruptcy is investigated by prosecutors in Monza, following the failure of Lombardy 7: since the company was sold before the bankruptcy, however, the offence is derubricato in false bankruptcy.
In 2001, with the victory of Berlusconi policies, Paolo Romani is reconfirmed the 14TH parliamentary term, elected by the House of freedoms in the Lombardy constituency III 1 15 College (Rawalpindi). Deputy group leader of Forza Italy, the Chamber is appointed President of the 9TH Standing Committee on transport, posts and telecommunications, and is a member of the bicameral Committee for supervision of broadcasting services.
After providing a contribution to the drafting of the Gasparri Law on broadcasting, on the occasion of the Berlusconi III Cabinet, started in 2005, he was appointed Undersecretary for communications. In the same year left the position of regional coordinator in Lombardia, Italy force replaced by Maria Stella Gelmini. In 2006 was again elected to Parliament with the House of freedoms in the Lombardy constituency While it is appointed in the XV legislature, in June 2007, he was named Paolo Romani urbanism Councillor for the municipality of Monza; a few months later received the delegation at the Expo.
The Prodi government fell in 2008 back to new elections: in this case the Romans he was elected Deputy in the Lombardy constituency The milanese politician though also joined Berlusconi IV Cabinet, being appointed Undersecretary of economic development with responsibility for communications. In May of 2009 gets Deputy Minister: in these months is developed the so-called Roman plan, it intends to bring, in three years, 20 Mb Broadband to 96% of the Italian population and 2 Mb at 4% remaining, with a budget of 800 million euros. The plan, however, is canceled due to lack of funds.
The work of State Secretary and Deputy Minister of Romans, however, is much criticized as too favorable to Mediaset: viewfinder ends, for example, lobbying to prevent Sky (competitor of Mediaset) have a waiver to take part in the auction dedicated to digital terrestrial frequencies. On 4 August 2010, Mediaset also is authorized to occupy 58 channel for digital terrestrial tv in high definition: an action deemed favourable to Mr Berlusconi's company, who has the chance to test before high definition beauty contest.
Also in 2010, the Roman Decree (Decree 169/210) forces the cut of advertising for pay tv broadcasters from 18% to 12%: a measure that clearly hurts Sky. Punitive damages against the network by Murdoch seems also a ban on broadcast of films banned for children under fourteen years beyond the night: a decision which affects the market for porn on demand.
In the fall of 2010 Paolo Romani is appointed Minister of economic development (although the controversies, because of his past in Lombardy 7): during his term, signing among other things the so-called Kill Decree, which is Renewable lambasted by companies that operate in the field of photovoltaics.
In November 2011, with the fall of the Government Berlusconi (replaced by Mario Monti), leaving the Ministry. A month later comes as cosigner a bill for the introduction of universal suffrage election of the President of the Republic and the introduction of a semi-presidential form of Government. In April 2012 is also co-signed a Bill in which it is proposed the establishment of a solidarity fund to provide grants to small entrepreneurs in case credit intermediaries or banks withdraw submission or reject credit requests. At the same time, the Romans is under investigation for embezzlement by prosecutors in Monza, accused of having spent two months more than 5 thousand euro with the phone. shortly after, it is revealed that the responsibility of the municipality, the Romans produced invoices for more than 22,000 euro to pay for lunches and dinners.
On 16 November of 2012, after the suspension of the activities of the people of freedom, choose to accede to Italy Force, party of which he became group leader in the Senate.

Biography of St. Joseph of Cupertino

The study and the sky
June 17, 1603
September 18, 1663

Who is St. Joseph of Cupertino?

Giuseppe Maria Desa was born in a stable (still in its primitive State) on June 17, 1603 in Cupertino, city of Salento in the province of Lecce. His parents were Happy Desa and Feng Panaca. The future Saint at the age of seven he started school, but a serious illness forced him to abandon it. When healed, at fifteen, attributes this miracle to the Madonna delle Grazie di Galatone (Lecce).
During the disease had decided to embark on the road to become a Franciscan priest: but lacked the proper education.
With commitment is dedicated to the study and then feeling protected by the same divine assistance that cured him. He was ordained a priest on March 18, 1628, to the order of Friars Minor. For 17 years living in the sanctuary of our Lady of Grottella in Cupertino. Vast is his love for the Lady that is usually called "Mamma Mia".
St Joseph of Cupertino, life, miracles that are attributed him undergo two processes of the Holy Office. One of the themes is the levitation that according to the Chronicles of the time, Joseph of Cupertino would have been in a State of ecstasy. Is acquitted of abuse of popular gullibility, but relegated in Assisi, in the years between 1639 and 16Will be transferred and between 1653 and 1657 will reside first in Pietrarubbia, then Fossombrone (Pesaro), insulated-monasteries monasteries of Capuchins. His confreres is returned on July 9, 1657; intended to Osimo (Ancona), September 18, 1663 died here.
Will be beatified by Benedict XIV February 24, 1753 and declared a Saint by Pope Clement XIII on July 16, 1767.
In Catholic devotion is called the Saint of aviators and flight u.s. Catholics venerate him as their protector.
It is also referred to as the Saint of the students, because he was consecrated priest after passing the exams difficult, overcoming difficulties prodigious considered confronting him in spite of the efforts made in the study.
The body of St. Joseph of Cupertino is guarded in Osimo in the crypt of the sanctuary dedicated to him, in a gilded bronze urn.

Biography of Leo Valiani

Continued civil commitment
February 9, 1909
September 18, 1999

Who is Leo Valiani?

The protagonist of the resistance and the rise of Republican Italy, historian, journalist, Senator for life and a man of the highest moral character, Leo Valiani was born on February 9, 1909 in Rijeka, a city that at the time belonged to the Kingdom of Hungary, but of Italian ethnicity. His real name was Leo Weiczen but in eighteen Italianized his surname in Valiani.
From a German-speaking Jewish family, had formed in the years of the regime of Benito Mussolini. He moved with his family to Budapest in September 1919, after returning to the River, saw the occupation of the city by D'annunzio, an experience that led him to later write a memoir about the incident. In 1921, however, witnessed a fire Chamber of labour by the fascists.
In September 1926, in Milan, he met Carlo Rosselli and Pietro Nenni: begins the Fronde and the opposition towards the regime, so much so that the March 2, 1928 is sued for crime against State security and arrested; in December the same year forced exile in Ponza but decides to join the underground organisation of the Communist island. After a year of exile but he returned to River in February 1931, he was arrested while distributing leaflets in the port of the city and sentenced to twelve years and seven months in prison. Will stay in Civitavecchia prison until 1936.
In March of 1936, out of jail, is expelled from the Kingdom of Italy and went to Paris, where he became collaborator of the "Grido del Popolo" which offers the opportunity to travel to the troubled Spain as an Envoy, where he participated in the war in the dual role of journalist and activist. An experience that marked his life, also in consideration of the fact that the French police stop him in 1939 to lock him up in a concentration camp in the Pyrenees. Meanwhile, mature reflections criticism of communism.
He quit the Communist Party and to break with the Soviet Union. In fact, 1939 shortly before the outbreak of war, the Russians signed with the Germans the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact. "That deal-Valiani later wrote in a letter to Paolo Spriano-ended to my doubts. It proved the innocence of Trotskyists and buchariniani that Stalin had accused of being agents of Nazi Germany ".
Then enters in "Giustizia e Libertà", greeted by Franco Venturi, which shall be bound by close friendship.
With the invasion of the Germans after the 8 September ' 43, Valiani starred in extreme close up in the partisan war on the home front, alongside Milan Pertini, Longo and serene.
Shortly before the capitulation of Mussolini's regime back to Italy and joined the Partito d'Azione (PdA), where "liberal" includes La Malfa and Parri.
"All roads lead to Rome", writes: "it was natural that I immediately inquadrassi in the Partito d'Azione. It had absorbed the liberty and justice movement, which I joined abroad. What justice and liberty fascinated me, was his intellectual boldness, his effort to reconcile, in a higher synthesis, Marxism and the workers ' movement with the great 19th century liberal philosophy. Policies, this meant an attitude of European reconstruction, beyond the limits set by existing State structures, and therefore a strong criticism of all democratic parties, pre-existing traditional fascism and that fascism was able to easily overwhelm ".
Valiani becomes Secretary of the PdA for Northern Italy. With Pertini, Longo and makes the decision to shoot Mussolini. From 4 to 8 February, she took part in the first Congress of the PdA.
The constituent Assembly elected in 1946, the small group "shareholder" lost almost all his battles to uninominale: the system and the presidential system, administrative decentralization and regional levels and to the secular State.
The reason is simple: the action party, despite being the most prolific cultural standpoint, it was also less rooted in the working masses and in the collective consciousness.
When the prominent members of the Party decided then to flow in the Republican party by Ugo La Malfa or Socialists of Pietro Nenni, Valiani remained to watch. Decided to abandon politics, to devote himself to journalism and essay writing.
In 1980 he was appointed Senator for life, which led him to choose to enter, as an independent, in the Republican parliamentary group. In 1994-96, however, he joined the democratic left group created and chaired by Senator Libero Gualtieri, his old friend.
Saturday, September 18, 1999 Leo Valiani died in his Milan after celebrating alone seven months on his 90th birthday. With him passed away a generation of Italians rare and precious, but also a piece of history today too often forgotten.

Sources: Biografieonline.it

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