John Fitzgerald Kennedy… José Asunción Silva… Mario Vargas Llosa… Domingo Faustino Sarmiento… Biographies Multiposts

Biographies of famous and historical figures

Biographies of famous:

  1. Biography of John f. Kennedy - John Fitzgerald Kennedy
  2. Biography of José Asunción Silva
  3. Biography of Mario Vargas Llosa
  4. Biography of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

Biography of John f. Kennedy - John Fitzgerald Kennedy

(1917-05-29 - 1963/11/22)

John Fitzgerald Kennedy
President of the United States (1961-1963)
He was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline (Massachusetts), a Catholic Irish family.
It was the second of nine children of Joseph p. Kennedy, a prominent member of the American Society of century that moved in the circles of big bankers and politicians of the era that educated their children in a strict Catholic discipline and with a high sense of public service.
Your child develops into a tremendously competitive environment among the brothers.
His passion for the sport, which is common to the entire Kennedy family, contrasted with his fragile health and a lack of interest in studies.
Joseph P. Kennedy was appointed Ambassador to England in 1937 and the family moved to London. John travels to France, Italy and Spain, accompanied by his friend Lem Billings. This trip awakens in John a new interest in the political studies, worrying about the political complexity of a continent on the brink of war. In 1938 he asks permission of Harvard University, where going to embark on a new journey to Paris, Turkey, Palestine, the Balkans, the countries of this and finally Berlin. In 1940 he graduated with outstanding at Harvard and published his doctoral thesis "Why England Slept", which explains the lack of preparation of England to deal with the war. At the outbreak of the war, he participated as a Marine Officer.
He joined the Democratic Party upon his return to Boston, and in 1946 is successfully presented to the House of representatives. In 1952 the population of Massachusetts was elected to the Senate. In 1957, they awarded the Pulitzer Prize to meet political leaders-biographical sketches. He took command of the liberal end of the Democratic Party and in 1960 began to organize its presentation to the presidential election.
He was 43 years old when came out winner of the elections, becoming the President of United States number 35; the youngest and the first Catholic in the history of the United States to occupy the White House. During his first year in office, he received much criticism for some contrary international events. He moved to Vienna where he met with the Soviet Prime Minister. In this interview, they agreed to the neutrality of this issue, but appeared the problem of Berlin.
In October 1962, an aerial reconnaissance said that you were installing medium-range missiles in Cuba so he decided to block the island to avoid the material needed to make operational missiles arrived at their destination, also requested the Soviet Union that it deleted the discovered bases. A few days later Khrushchev accepted their demands by disrupting the blockade. The construction of the Berlin wall, the Bay of Pigs invasion and the first steps that presaged the Viet Nam war took place during its mandate (1961-1963).
In several speeches in Latin America, included some changes in the traditional policy of the United States to Latin American States. Believed necessary to support the economic development under democratic systems. In August 1961 at a meeting of the Inter-American economic and Social Council (CIES) approved the creation of the Alliance for progress (ALPRO), whose official text of the Constitution sets its overall objective: "to improve the lives of all the inhabitants of the continent"; for this several social, political and economic measures were agreed upon.
In the United States Congress some problems arose him to see how some of its most important proposals were blocked, but experienced better luck with his executive actions, got that steel companies will not increase prices in April 1962, and advanced travel the journey of man on the Moon. It also strove to the integration of blacksin universities.
In 1953 he married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier. They formed a couple media and achieved the same fame that stars of film or music. Kennedy is attributed some extra marital sex as it allegedly had with actress Marilyn Monroe. Jacqueline and John had four children. Their first daughter, Arabella, died before he was born. His second daughter, Caroline, is the only one of the brothers is still alive. He was five when his father died. His third son was a man named John F. Kennedy Jr. died in a plane crash in 1999, another of the events for which refers to "the curse of the Kennedy family". The last child of the couple, Patrick, died two days after birth.
On November 22, 1963, during a pre-election tour in Dallas, Texas, was shot several times that impacted on its head and neck that led him to death. After several investigations was concluded in September 1964 that the only murderer was Lee Harvey Oswald, who had been detained hours after the murder. Oswald was murdered two days later by the owner of a night bar in Dallas, Jack Ruby. With respect to crime, many believe that it was a conspiracy. The assassination was in shock to the U.S. population.
John F. Kennedy is buried in Arlington Cemetery, Washington. The wife and children of Kennedy lie next to the former President in Arlington, it being the only civilian buried in this necropolis.

Biography of José Asunción Silva

(27/11/1865 - 1896/05/23)

José Asunción Silva
Colombian poet
He was born on November 27, 1865 in Bogotá.
Son of Ricardo Silva Frade and Vicenta Gomez Diago.
In 1875 he writes his first poetry: First communion. Three years later he leaves the studios and works with his father.
He writes the poem sigh.
He travels to Paris, where he meets Mallarmé and Gustave Moreau. He then moved to London and Switzerland.
War hurts the business of his father, and on his return, took charge of the commercial business of the family ending in bankruptcy.
He was Secretary of legation in Caracas.
When he returned, the boat which was wrecked lost much of his literary works.
His work comes from romanticism, although he is considered to be an immediate antecedent of modernism, especially by his emblematic poem, "Night III". In general, his poetry has a character you chose.
His lyrical works know a posthumous Edition with the book of poems (1923), as well as its novel desktop (1925).
On May 23, 1896 José Asunción Silva ended his life in Bogota firing a shot in the heart.

Biography of Mario Vargas Llosa

(1936/03/28 - Unknown)

Mario Vargas Llosa
Spanish-Peruvian writer
He was born on March 28, 1936 in Arequipa (Peru).
Only child of Ernesto Vargas Maldonado, radio operator in a company of aviation, and Dora Llosa Ureta, separated a few months before his birth because his father maintained relations with a German woman with whom he had two other sons: Enrique and Ernesto Vargas.
Mario lived with his maternal family in Arequipa until a year after the divorce of his parents, when his maternal grandfather was named honorary consul of Peru in Bolivia and moved to Cochabamba, where he spent the first years of his childhood. During the administration of the President of Peru, José Bustamante y Rivero, his grandfather obtained a diplomatic post in the Peruvian coastal city of Piura and the family returned to Peru. He attended primary school in the religious Academy Colegio Salesiano in Piura. In 1946, at the age of ten, he moved to Lima, where he met his father for the first time; It made him believe that his father had died. His parents re-established their relationship and lived in Magdalena del Mar, Lima, during their teenage years. In Lima, he studied at the Colegio La Salle, a Christian high school, from 1947 to 1949.
When he was 14, he entered the Academia Militar Leoncio Prado de Lima; at 16, before graduating, he began working as a journalist in local newspapers a fan. After leaving the Academy military finished his studies in Piura, where he worked for the newspaper industry, and represented his first play: the flight of the Inca. In 1953, he enrolled in Lima of the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos to study law and literature. In 1957 he started his literary career with the publication of his first short stories, the heads and The grandfather while working for two Peruvian newspapers. After graduation in 1958, he received a scholarship to study at the Complutense University of Madrid in Spain. In 1960, when his Fellowship in Madrid had expired, he moved to France to believe that he would get another scholarship; However, while in Paris, his request was denied. He decided to stay in the French capital, where he began to write prolifically. He later moved to Madrid, where he studied and published his book, the heads, a collection of short stories. He spent some years in Paris, Barcelona and London, where he lived in voluntary exile; between 1974 and 1990 he lived again in his country.
It supported the Cuban revolution but during the early 1970's it was very critical of the Communist regime of Fidel Castro, proclaiming their faith in democracy and the contempt for authoritarian regimes. In 1990, Vargas Llosa ran for President of Peru launching his candidacy for the Democratic front (Fredemo). He lost in the second round against Alberto Fujimori, a University professor who was later accused of crimes against human rights committed during his presidency.
Fame came after winning the brief library award, Barcelona, with his novel the city and the dogs (1963), that recounts his experiences in the military school Leoncio Prado, then wrote the novels the Green House (1966), about his years in Piura and conversation in the Cathedral (1969), which deals with the dark years of the dictatorship of Manuel A. Odría (1948-1956). His story the Cubsappeared in 19His next work was Captain Pantoja and the special service (1973) and then portrays himself in Aunt Julia and the scriptwriter (1977). In the war of the end of the world (1981) returns to the style of epic composition of its first stage. Subsequently his novels are essentially political History Mayta, (1984), death in the Andes (1993), and lighter ¿quién mató a Palomino Molero? (1986), in praise of the stepmother (1988). In his novel the storyteller (1987) deals with cultural identities and anthropological differences. A significant portion of his essay work can be read in against wind and tide (1983-1990). His memoirs entitled the fish in the water (1993) present a great retelling of his experience as a frustrated presidential candidate in the Peruvian elections of 19The notebooks of don Rigoberto (1997), enters the world of the creative imagination and eroticism. In 2000 his novel is the feast of the goat, about the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo in the Dominican Republic. In 2003 it appeared 'paradise in the other corner', based on the life of the writer Flora Tristán and the painter Paul Gauguin, was released on March 20 in Peru. In 2004 presented an essay on 'Les miserables' by Víctor Hugo titled 'La Tentación de lo imposible' an extended version of the course that taught at the University of Oxford.
He has written also books of literary criticism, works plays and countless newspaper pages in different places of the world. Vargas Llosa, has been translated into many languages and has achieved the greatest international literary prizes, among them the prize Cervantes. Nationalized Spanish in 1993, adds, since January 1996, to its activity as a plural writer Member of the Royal Academy, where he had entered with a discourse on Azorín. Most important distinctions awarded - only among those granted to Spanish literature - include the premio Rómulo Gallegos (1967), the Prince of Asturias (1986), shared with Rafael Lapesa , the planet (1993) with novel Lituma in the Andes, and the Cervantes (1994). In January 2005 the Peruvian University Ricardo Palma appointed him doctor 'honorary' considering it the most outstanding Peruvian writer recognized worldwide. Vargas Llosa devoted his speech to the fourth centenary of 'Don Quixote'.
On February 12, 1976, during the premiere of a film scripted by Vargas Llosa, "La Odisea de los Andes", at the Palace of fine arts, in the city of Mexico, the Peruvian tip you a punch to his hitherto friend Gabriel García Márquez , who fell to the ground, to the amazement of the audience. Mario Vargas Llosa turned round and left. The reasons have never been clear, but everything indicates that it was a personal reason and that their political tendencies only Egged the distancing. Vargas Llosa spent the qualifier of "courtier of Castro"the Colombian. In a television interview with García Márquez asked if had lost a friend throughout his life, he replied: "Only one".
October 7, 2010, it was reported that the Nobel Prize was awarded to the Spanish-Peruvian writer, who always appeared among the favourites although this year it occupied a secondary place in the pools. The Committee granted the Nobel Vargas Llosa "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt and defeat". He received the news in New York, where he teaches at Princeton University.
Spouse of Julia Urquidi (his political aunt), from 1955 until 19They married when he was 19 years old and her 10 years more. After divorcing, married his first cousin, Patricia Llosa, with whom he had three children: Álvaro (born 1966), writer and editor, Gonzalo (born in 1967), and Morgana (born in 1974), photographer. On June 11, 2015, after relate to you the sociality Isabel Preysler, confirmed the separation from his wife, two weeks after celebrating his 50th anniversary of marriage in New York.

Biography of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento

(1811/02/15 - 1888/09/11)

Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
Argentine writer and politician
He was born in February 15, 1811 in San Juan, United Provinces of the Río de la Plata.
Son of José Clemente Sarmiento and Paula Albarracín, had 14 brothers of which only 5 reached old age: Paula, processing, welcome, Rosario and himself. Of the rest, little is known, but there are records of death they were collected by one of his sisters, that includes that among the dead, had 5 brothers: Honorio, Manuel, Juan Crisóstomo, Jesus and Antonino.
Training was self-taught. During the Civil War that ravaged the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata at the end of the Decade of 1820, he fought on the liberal side, and when Juan Manuel de Rosas established his dictatorship in 1835, left in exile to Chile. In this country, he worked as a journalist and Professor, and was there where he published Facundo, civilization and barbarism (1845), against the regime of Roses which became a classic of Argentine literature.
In 1842 he began to serve as director of the important school of preceptors in Santiago and, three years later, the Chilean Government sent him to Europe and the United States to study their education systems. During his first exile in Chile, was the father of Ana Faustina (married to Julio Belín was mother of Augusto Belín Sarmiento). In 1848 he married with Benita Martínez, widow of his friend Domingo Castro, and adopted son, Domingo Fidel "Dominguito" (who died in the war against Paraguay), and settled in the city of Santiago. During that time he wrote travels in Europe, Africa and America, and popular education, about his project of public, free and secular education. After separated from his wife, and after the fall of Rosas in 1852, he returned to his country with Dominguito.
Minister Plenipotentiary of Argentina Republic (proclaimed in 1862) in the United States, from 1864 to 1868; at the end of his tenure he was elected President of the Republic. His administration was energetic and progressive, extended trade, improved transport, favored immigration and promoted education.
On August 22, 1873, Sarmiento suffered an attack. He was aboard his carriage returning from a session of the Congress and was intercepted in Maipú and currents by three men. One of them shot him, but the gun exploded him in the hands. The attackers were brothers Pedro and Francisco Guerri and Luis Casimiro, Italian immigrants hired by Aquiles Seagrugo to commit the murder.
When his presidential period ended, he returned to teach. As a director of schools in Buenos Aires, he reorganized the school system.
His writings include conflicts and harmonies of the races in America (1883), the life of Dominguito (1885), dedicated to his son died in the Guerra of the Paraguay. In 1885 he founded The Censor and opposed the candidacy of Miguel Juárez Celman. Sunday.
Faustino Sarmiento died on September 11, 1888 in the city of Asunción, Paraguay, at the age of His remains were buried in the Cementerio de la Recoleta in Buenos Aires 10 days later.
In 1947 the Inter-American Conference of education established September 11 as Pan American teacher's day, in tribute to its figure of educator.