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Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Joseph Priestley
- Biography of Carlos Pellicer
- Biography of Rembrandt
- Biography of Leopoldo Alas Clarín
Biography of Joseph Priestley
(1733/03/13 - 1804/02/06)Joseph Priestley
He was born March 13, 1733 in Fieldhead (Yorkshire).
He studied in the Daventry Academy. He was Minister of the Church in Nantwich (Cheshire) from 1758 to 17Later he was a tutor at the Academy Warrington in Lancashire.
Philosopher, educator, and theoretical politician, published over 150 works. Author of rudiments of English grammar (1761), was ordained in 17In 1767 he wrote history of electricity. He discovered that charcoal is a conductor of electricity.
Minister of the Church in Leeds (Yorkshire). He was elected member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1772, the same year that William Petty Fitzmaurice, second Earl of Shelburne, employed as a librarian. He received the Copley Medal of the Royal Society, also in 1772.
During their experiments in 1774, he discovered oxygen and described his role in combustion and respiration. He also isolated and described the properties of many other gases, such as ammonia, nitrous oxide, sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide. Appointed Minister in Birmingham (now in the West Midlands).
His book history of the corruptions of the cristianismor (1782), was officially burned in 17Due to its declared support for the French Revolution, the mob burned their house and belongings in 17In 1794, he moved to London and later immigrated to the United States.
Joseph Priestley died in Northumberland, on February 6, 1804.
Biography of Carlos Pellicer
(1897/01/16 - 1977/02/16)Carlos Pellicer
He was born on January 16, 1897 in Villa Hermosa, Tabasco.
Carlos Pellicer is one of the most outstanding poets of the Contemporary group. For 4 years he was director of the Department of fine arts. His love for painting and archaeology led him to specialize in museography: several of the museums of the country are his works: the Museum of the culture olmeca in sale, Tabasco, Frida Kahlo in the City of Mexico, and the Diego Rivera anahuacalli Museum of Prehispanic art.
Considered as a poet of the tropics, among his books colors in the sea and other poems (1921), hour and 20 (1927), road (1929), hour of June (1937), enclosure and other images (1941), subordinations (1948) and flight practice (1956) are.
In 1933 he was appointed member of the Mexican Academy of the language , and in 1964 he is awarded the National prize for literature.
In 1976, and by his home State, he is elected Senator of the Republic. He has travelled from his adolescence by South America, Europe, Middle East.
Carlos Pellicer died in the City of Mexico on February 16, 19
Biography of Rembrandt
(1606/07/15 - 1669/10/04)Rembrandt
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn
Dutch artist of the Baroque
He was born July 15, 1606 in Leiden (Netherlands). His father was a Miller called Harmen Gerritszoon van Rijn and his mother, Neeltje Willemsdochter van Suydtbroek, daughter of a Baker. It is believed that the couple had ten children, of which two girls would die at an early age.
He studied at the Latin school and fourteen entered the University of Leiden, where he remained for some time then to study art, first with Jacob van Swanenburch and then in Amsterdam, with Pieter Lastman, who remained six months. That same year, he returned to Leiden, where he meets Jan Lievens, son of a Dyer, one year younger than Rembrandt. In 1625, with 19 years, opens a workshop in his parental home, where Lievens and Rembrandt work together. His fame increases, and even, in February 1628, in his workshop enters its first pupil, teenager Gerrit Dou, who stays with his master until Rembrandt moved to Amsterdam in 1631.
In the year 1634, he married Saskia van Uylenburgh, the cousin of a famous art dealer, made that helped boost his career. During this period he painted the Portrait of Nicolaes Ruts (1631, Frick Collection, New York) and the blinding of Samson (1636, Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main). His workshop had an enormous number of disciples, some such as Carel Fabritius, who were already experienced artists.
Between 1635 and 1641 his wife gave birth to four children, of which only survived the small, Titus. Saskia died in 16Rembrandt hires the services of a nurse, call Geertige Dircx, widow of a horn. It seems that this woman had intercourse with the painter. Gifts offered, including jewelry from his wife, thus bear witness to it. The woman who is fond of with the child, decides to leave him all his possessions in his will, written in 16The following year, enters the House as aya, a 22-year-old girl, call Hendrickje Stoffels, daughter of a soldier and a woman of the people. The painter falls for the young woman and dismisses Dircx. This accuses Rembrandt to justice of having reneged on its promise of marriage, therefore, should keep her or marry her. The Dutch painter denies the accusation, but once the trial has paid 200 florins per year. Hendrickje Stoffels finally became his mistress and model of many of his works.
His penchant for ostentatious life led him to bankruptcy in 16The inventory of his collection of art and antiques, made before the public auction will be held to pay its debts, exposes their artistic tastes: sculptures, Flemish and Italian Renaissance painting, art Eastern, weapons and armor...
He painted more than 600 pictures and produced numerous drawings and engravings. In the noble Slav (1632, Metropolitan Art Museum, New York) is appreciated his predilection for exotic costumes, characteristic feature of many works of his early period. Portrait of husband and wife (1633, Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston), exposes his concern by the features of the portrayed characters, details of clothing and the furniture in the room. Also the members of his family who posed for him are portrayed with different costumes, as in the case of his mother as the prophetess Anna (1631, Rijksmuseum), or Saskia as Flora (1634, Hermitage, Petersburgo). A self-portrait (1640, National Gallery, London), based on works by Raphael and Titian, reflects its assimilation of classicism.
The work known as the night round, whose exact title is the company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenburch (1642, Rijksmuseum), represents the bustling activity of a military company preparing for a parade. While there is the belief that the work was rejected by those who commissioned it and this led to deterioration of the reputation and fortune by Rembrandt, actually the box had a good reception.
His most important works belong to the past two decades. His palette acquired a richer color and his brushwork became increasingly more vigorous. Picture Atemisa (1634), portrait of the Queen of Pergamon is preserved in the Museo del Prado, Madrid. It is believed that it served as a model Saskia van Uylenburgh, the wife. Some of his greatest works belonging to this period are the Jewish bride (1666), the Trustees of the Drapers Guild (1661, Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam), Bathsheba (1654, Louvre, Paris), Jacob blessed Ephraim and Manasseh (1656, Staatliche Gemäldegalerie, Kassel) and a self-portrait (1658, Frick Collection )).
Her lover died in 1663 and his son in 16Rembrandt died October 4, 1669 in the House of Rozengrancht, accompanied by her daughter, and is buried four days later in the Westerkerk Church.
Biography of Leopoldo Alas Clarín
(1852/04/25 - 1901/06/13)Leopoldo Alas Clarín
"Those who think it's been the time of combat with all weapons the power of fanaticism and the absurdities of superstition, are so dangerous for progress as those who think that the time has not come"
He was born on April 25, 1852 in Zamora. His father was civil Governor.
It starts with compositions religious and satirical, and will be the only editor of the newspaper John Ruiz, written by hand, which will be distributed among his fellow students. He studied law in Madrid, where he began to write in journals.
Dazzling storyteller, feared incisive, critical writer, polemist acid intellectual krausista linked to the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, anti-clerical and political liberal and Republican.
With fellow Thomas Tuero, Pío Rubin and Armando Palacio Valdés creates in Madrid the tertulia of the English brewery of the Carrera de San Jerónimo, also called Bile Club by the sharpness of criticism that it was pouring, and that there will be three numbers of the satirical magazine Rabagas (1872).
His critical works include Solos de Clarín (1881) and Galdos (1912). He also wrote stories and two novels, La regenta and his only son (1890). The Regent (1884-1885) was his masterpiece and its central plot adultery. The provincial and inexperienced young Ana Ozores marries Víctor Quintanar, Regent of the audience of Vetusta (Oviedo), kindly, boring man and much bigger than her. Ana becomes prey to the don Juan provincial don Alvaro and her own confessor don Fermín de Pas, proud and ambitious man. In 1895 he premiered his only play, Teresa.
He obtained the Chair of Canon law at Oviedo in 1883, where he remained until his death.
Leopoldo Alas Clarín died in Oviedo in 1901.