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Encyclopedia of Biographies of famous and historical figures
- Biography of Karl Benz
- Biography of Robert Andrews Millikan
- Biography of Arthur Conan Doyle
- Biography of Rudyard Kipling
Biography of Karl Benz
(25/11/1844 - 1929/04/04)Karl Benz
German mechanical engineer
He was born on November 25, 1844 in Karlsruhe.
He studied mechanical engineering at the Polytechnic School of his town, and after graduating at the age of 20, worked for a while as editor of a foundry.
In his hometown, he opened a workshop together with a partner. However, an economic crisis forced him to sell the machinery, but without being able to reduce his interest for mechanics.
Benz was a pioneer of the automobile industry.
In the year 1878 he developed a two-stroke internal combustion engine and, later, one of four times. He invented the differential and other accessories.
He got a patent that identifies you as a creator of "able to move by itself" first automobile with an internal combustion engine. It was a tricycle with front wheel steerable (as it had not been able to solve the problems of address with two wheels), a single cylinder and 0.88 horses. It was circulated through the streets of Munich in 18Together with the German Gottlieb Daimler also manufactured the first automobile.
Founder of the famous automobile factory that bears his name.
Karl Benz died on April 4, 1929 in Ladenburg, Germany.
Biography of Robert Andrews Millikan
(1868/03/22 - 1953/12/19)Robert Andrews Millikan
Physicist and award us Nobel
He was born on March 22, 1868 in Morrison (Illinois). The son of a clergyman with a large family.
Being a sophomore at Oberlin College, he taught in physics. He studied at the universities of Columbia, Berlin and Göttingen. He taught at the University of Chicago in 1896, in 1910 he was Professor of physics. In 1921 is the laboratory director Norman Bridge in physics at the California Institute of technology.
In 1923 is awarded the Nobel Prize in physics for experiments that measured the charge of an electron, checking the load only exists as a multiple of the elementary charge. Also conducted investigations of the cosmic rays (also known with the name of Ray Millikan), x-ray, and the experimental determination of the Planck constant.
Robert Andrews Millikan died in San Marino, California, on December 19, 1953.
Biography of Arthur Conan Doyle
(1859/05/22 - 1930/07/07)Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
British doctor and writer
He was born on 22 May 1859 in Edinburgh.
He studied at Stonyhurts before entering the University of Edinburgh. He traveled as a naval doctor by the Arctic seas and between 1882 and 1890 worked as doctor in Southsea (England). He was initiated into Freemasonry on January 26, 1887, at the Phoenix lodge no. 257 in SouthSea, Hampshire.
Study in scarlet, is the first of the 68 accounts in which appears the figure of Sherlock Holmes, published in 18Conan Doyle signed the contract for the publication of his first story, A study in scarlet, by 25 pounds. For its creation is based on a University Professor's ingenious ability for deductive reasoning. Accompanied Holmes to his friend, doctor Watson, who is the narrator of the stories, and the criminal Professor Moriarty.
His best stories are: the sign of the four (1890), the adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892), the Hound of the Baskervilles (1902) and his last greetings on stage (1917). He also had success with historical novels such as Micah Clarke (1888), the white company (1890), Rodney Stone (1896) and Sir Nigel (1906), as well as his play History of Waterloo (1894).
During the Boer War he was medical to military and on his return to England he wrote the Boer War (1900) and the war in South Africa (1902). During World War I he wrote the British in France and Flanders campaign (1916-1920). The death in the war of his son made him advocate of Spiritism dedicating itself to give lectures and write widely on the subject. His autobiography, memories and adventures, was published in 1924.
Arthur Conan Doyle died on July 7, 1930 in Crowborough (Sussex).
Biography of Rudyard Kipling
(30/12/1865 - 1936/01/18)Rudyard Kipling
He was born on 30 December 1865 in Bombay (India).
When she was just 6 years old, he was sent to study in England. He stayed five years in a social home in Southsea, experience which it describes in his story 'black sheep'. In 1882 he returned to India, beginning to work for the Civil and Military Gazette in Lahore until 1889, as editor and writer of short stories.
Some time later he published Sermonettes from the Department (1886), a series of satirical verses about civil and military life in the barracks of the colonial India, plus a collection of her short stories written for the press collected in Tales from the hills (1887). His literary fame is due to six stories on the life of the British in the India, published between 1888 and 18Most popular long stories or his novels include light which goes off (1891), The Jungle Book (1894), The second Jungle Book (1895), intrepid captains (1897), Stalky & Cia. (1899), based on his childhood experiences in the United Services College, and Kim of India (1901), a picaresque tale of life in the India. The highlight of his poetry is perhaps barrack ballads (1892) and the five Nations (1903).
He traveled Asia and United States, where he married Caroline Balestier on January 18, 1892 and lived for a short period in Vermont. In 1903, he settled in England.
It rejected the national prize of poetry Poet Laureat in 1895 (poet laureate); the Order of Merit and the title of Sir in the Order of the British Empire (Knight of the order of the British Empire). In 1907 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature, becoming the first English author deserving of this award. He was initiated into Freemasonry at the age of twenty in Lahore, he devoted his life and his writings to delve into the human condition, and its existential evolution.
Rudyard Kipling died on January 18, 1936 in London.