Biographies of famous and historical figures
Biographies of famous:
- Biography of Louis XVI of France
- Biography of José Santos Chocano
- Mario Moreno biography - Cantinflas
- Biography of Parmenides of Elea
Biography of Louis XVI of France
(1754/08/23 - 1793/01/21)Louis XVI
Overthrown during the French Revolution and beheaded King of France (1774-1792)
He was born 23 August 1754 in Versailles.
Grandson of Louis XV. Upon the death of his two older brothers and his father, only son of Luis XV, became the Dauphin (Crown Prince) of France in 1765.
On May 16, 1770 was married in the chapel of the Palace of Versailles with Marie-Antoinette, younger daughter of Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria. The marriage was not consummated until seven years after the wedding, when he had already been crowned. They had four children.
When you reach the throne, the primary problem he had to face was the deficit accumulated by the two previous reigns. It immediately reduced some of the more onerous contributions and modified the financial system with the support of politicians like Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Minister of finance, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, Minister of State, and Charles Gravier, Comte de Vergennes, Minister of Foreign Affairs, although the nobility prevented him from carrying out more extensive reforms.
After grant Anglo-American colonies economic aid during its war of independence against British rule (1778-1781), Necker proposed taxes to the nobility to balance the budget deficit. The unpopularity of this measure among the influential classes led to his resignation in 1781.
On 14 July 1789 the Parisian people stormed Bastille and retained by the Royal family in the Palace of the Tuileries. The monarchs, along with their children, attempted to flee to Austria in June 1790, but were captured and sent to Paris.
Louis swore obedience to the new French Constitution in July 1790, although continued plotting against the revolutionary Government. In 1792 the National Convention, the French Assembly, proclaimed the Republic. The King, stripped of their titles was processed as the "Citizen Louis Capet" (the surname of his family), accused traitor to the nation, to have maintained a secret correspondence with European monarchs who were interested in his salvation.
Louis XVI was guillotined in the Plaza of the revolution, now Place de la Concorde, on January 21, 1793, 1 of the Republic. His last words were: "people, I die innocent!".
Biography of José Santos Chocano
(1875/05/14 - 1934/12/13)José Santos Chocano
He was born on May 14, 1875 in Lima. Son of a soldier and the daughter of a Spanish mining in Potosi.
At the age of 19 is imprisoned in the Casemates of the Callao prison for his political ideas.
In 1895 he pronounced his famous speech "of the revolution". In the year 1896 he publishes the magazine "The fog". From 1901 to 1905 he is diplomat in Central America and Colombia. He also resides in Spain and New York.
He sang outside of America: nature, legends and historical events, stories with Indians, issues of political action. It was at the head of the modernist movement in Peru.
Very controversial character, in 1920, shoots and kills the journalist Edwin Elmoreto produce a strong confrontation between the two. Defender of Americanism, revolutionary, protector of the Indians and opponent of US imperialism. In Guatemala it is caught in a conspiracy and sentenced to death. Save you the intercession of Pope and Alfonso XIII .
He returned to Peru and is arrested, tried and sentenced. To stay free travel to Santiago de Chile and remained there until his death tragically on December 13, 19Chocano was on the tram, and an individual, whom the poet had committed itself in search of a hidden treasure, feeling disappointed boarded it and killed stabbed to death.
Chocano was married three times, without bothering to cancel the previous ties.
Mario Moreno biography - Cantinflas
(1911/08/12 - 20/04/1993)Mario Moreno Cantinflas
Mario Fortino Alfonso Moreno Reyes
Mexican comic actor
He was born on August 12, 1911 in Santa María la Redonda, city of Mexico.
It was the sixth of 12 children of the marriage of Pedro Moreno Esquivel, postal officer, and Soledad Reyes Guízar. Four of them died due to bad delivery. They resided in the neighborhood of Santa Maria la Ribera in the city of Mexico, and grew up in the barrio bravo de Tepito.
In 1928, he entered the Mexican army. On 23 May of the same year, his father requested formally low, claiming that his son had 16 years and no 21, as he had pointed out to enlist.
He studied medicine to please his father, but because of the bad economic situation that lived, had to drop out of school to earn a living. After a failed attempt to enter the United States through California, it became Boxer. He was also a shoe shine, maletilla, postman and taxi driver. He enlisted in a tent of street comedians in 19He was a member of the CARP Ofelia, Sotelo and Valentina, where he met his wife. He played small roles in variety shows (was also comic torero). However, soon his talent was recognized starting to do roles actors and acting in the Theatre.
The actor Manuel Medel said in several interviews that Cantinflas, the legendary character played by Mario Moreno, was inspired by a drunk he met when he worked at the teatro Follies. Olegario was called and worked as a sweeper in the mentioned theatre. When they saw him coming, Mario Moreno asked Medel that cause him to get him to talk, the man said things inconsistent and repetitive. Regarding the name, the writer Carlos Monsiváis argues that a spectator, that to hear him talk and talk nonsense shouted the phrase "how much you inflate!", which was reduced to Cantinflas gave it.
Inventor of cantinflismo, empty, incongruous and absurd theory to interpret the language, with mixtures of colloquial Deadbolts and poorly educated terms. Career film began in advertising, field in which became so popular that next to the Russian producer Jacques Gelman formed their own film production company: Posa Films. Gelman, who produced, directed and distributed, while he acted. He made his debut in cinema in 1936, and left nearly 50 tapes, including face and cross (1937), which launched him to fame when just he was 26 years old in his filmography. In 1940 achieved great success with is there detail (1940, Juan Bustillo Oro), thanks to which could fix his character and from the unknown gendarme (1941) Miguel M. Delgado began directing his films.
However, his first appearance in the film had occurred with don't be fooled heart, of Miguel Contreras. His first films, such as the three Musketeers (1943), of Miguel M. Delgado, were hits that broke box office in Latin AmericaAmerica records. He made nearly 50 films, including two forays into the English-speaking market in Hollywood: around the world in 80 days (1956, Michael Anderson), a success that encouraged him to star in the second, Pepe (1960, George Sidney). However, the success was not repeated and Cantinflas did not return to making films outside of Mexico, with the sole exception of Don Quixote rides again (1972, Miguel Delgado), in Spain.
Among his most outstanding titles El bolero de Raquel (1956), his first film in colour, El padrecito (1965), seesaw (1958) or El profe (1971), are also all of them directed by Miguel Delgado. The sweeper was his last film; It was shot in 19In it he played Napoleon, a humble sweeper.
The number 1722 of the Hollywood Walk of Fame Star was awarded. He received two Golden Globe nominations in the best actor category, and had the recognition to the achievements of his life by the Academia Mexicana de Artes y Ciencias Cinematográficas.
He was initiated into Freemasonry in the ancient Scottish Rite and accepted in the MRGL Valley of Mexico, in the same lodge as Joaquín Pardavé.
Peace Ambassador by the Organization of American States (OAS), was named in recognition of his "brilliant work of rapprochement between the peoples of the world".
On October 27, 1936 he married Valentina Ivanova Zubareff, of Russian origin, and with which he remained until his death in January 19He had a son in 1961 with another woman; the child was adopted by Valentina and was named Mario Arturo Moreno Ivanova.
Mario Moreno passed away on April 20, 1993 at his home in the City of Mexico, surrounded by their families and without suffering. Lung cancer, detected a month and a half ago, forced him to spend his last days in bed.
Biography of Parmenides of Elea
(Unknown - Unknown)Parmenides
He was born among the 530 b.c. and the 515 b.c. in the city of Elea, Greek colony of Magna Greece (Italy) South, it is believed that in a wealthy family and noble.
It appears an impressive number of Greek philosophical concepts that will endure through history. He was a pupil of Xenophanes, then was it Aminias a Pythagorean, also said that he was a disciple of Anaximander.
His unique work that has survived is a philosophical poem in epic verse with extensive fragments of a didactic poem on nature, where calls for the existence of the absolute being, whose existence not declared to be inconceivable, but whose nature was be also unthinkable, since the absolute being is dissociated from any limitation under which thinks the human being.
He argued that the phenomena of nature are only apparent. He maintained that reality, be real, not it is known by the senses, but that can only be found in the reason. In his poem, he makes a series of mythological references, the daughters of the Sun, leaving the abodes of the night - the darkness-which uprooted the veils that cover the real thing - which is, in a metaphorical way, the great Greek concept of truth, aletheia, which is discovery, unveiling, demonstration, patencia are.
His theory of that being not may arise from not being, and being neither emerges or disappears, it was applied to the matter by its successors Empedocles and Democritus, which in turn made it the Foundation of his materialist explanation of the universe.